Skip to content


Energy balance-related behaviors

Section edited by Richard Rosenkranz, Dianne Stanton Ward, Carol Maher, Marc Adams, Janice Thompson

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health behaviors which may positively or negatively influence the energy balance (physical activity, sedentary behavior, diet/nutrition) and which may be related to weight-status, -gain and -control.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical inactivity and unhealthy diet are modifiable behaviors that lead to several cancers. Biologically, these behaviors are linked to cancer through obesity-related insulin resistance, inflammation, and ox...

    Authors: Marta M. Jankowska, Dorothy D. Sears, Loki Natarajan, Elena Martinez, Cheryl A. M. Anderson, James F. Sallis, Stephen A. Matthews, Katie Crist, Lindsay Dillon, Eileen Johnson, Angelica Barrera-Ng, Kelsey Full, Suneeta Godbole and Jacqueline Kerr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:186

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    We assessed the effect of equivalent weight loss with or without exercise on (intra-) abdominal fat in postmenopausal women in the SHAPE-2 study.

    Authors: Willemijn A. van Gemert, Petra H. Peeters, Anne M. May, Adriaan J. H. Doornbos, Sjoerd G. Elias, Job van der Palen, Wouter Veldhuis, Maaike Stapper, Jantine A. Schuit and Evelyn M. Monninkhof

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:174

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Healthy lifestyle programs that are designed specifically to appeal to and support men to improve lifestyle behaviors and lose weight are needed. The Rugby Fans in Training-New Zealand (RUFIT-NZ) program is de...

    Authors: Ralph Maddison, Elaine Anne Hargreaves, Sally Wyke, Cindy M. Gray, Kate Hunt, Justin Ihirangi Heke, Stephen Kara, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Andrew Jull, Yannan Jiang, Gerhard Sundborn and Samantha Marsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:166

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    The overweight and obesity among military personnel, as an occupational group, beside the health issues, might affect their military performance. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to estimat...

    Authors: Yahya Salimi, Maryam Taghdir, Mojtaba Sepandi and Ali-Akbar Karimi Zarchi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:162

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Participation in regular physical activity (PA) has many health benefits for school-aged children. However, only about 20% of children worldwide meet recommendations for being sufficiently active. Children spe...

    Authors: David Kahan, Kent A. Lorenz, Eyad Kawwa and Andrew Rioveros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:141

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Study protocol

    What we eat as infants and children carries long-term consequences. Apart from breastfeeding, the composition of the complementary diet, i.e. the foods given to the infant during the transition from breast mil...

    Authors: Torbjörn Lind, Ulrica Johansson, Inger Öhlund, Lene Lindberg, Bo Lönnerdal, Catharina Tennefors and Olle Hernell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:134

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Calorie labeling on restaurant menus is a public health strategy to guide consumer ordering behaviors, but effects on calories purchased have been minimal. Displaying labels communicating the physical activity...

    Authors: Anthony J. Viera, Ziya Gizlice, Laura Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Julie Gras-Najjar, Derek Hales, Laura Linnan, Feng-Chang Lin, Seth M. Noar and Alice Ammerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:107

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Increasing children’s physical activity (PA) at school is critical to obesity prevention and health promotion. Implementing novel, low-cost PA programs offers potential to contribute to children’s in-school PA...

    Authors: Catherine M. Wright, Virginia R. Chomitz, Paula J. Duquesnay, Sarah A. Amin, Christina D. Economos and Jennifer M. Sacheck

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:73

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    The impact of social isolation and loneliness on health risk may be mediated by a combination of direct biological processes and lifestyle factors. This study tested the hypothesis that social isolation and lo...

    Authors: Stephanie Schrempft, Marta Jackowska, Mark Hamer and Andrew Steptoe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:74

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy has been identified as a contributor to obesity. We have shown that a diet intervention postpartum produced a 2-y weight loss of 8%. Here, we present the impact of the diet intervention on cost-effec...

    Authors: Lars Hagberg, Anna Winkvist, Hilde K Brekke, Fredrik Bertz, Else Hellebö Johansson and Ena Huseinovic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:38

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    The growth and development that occurs in early childhood has long-term implications, therefore understanding the relevant determinants is needed to inform early prevention and intervention. The objectives of ...

    Authors: Valerie Carson, Eun-Young Lee, Kylie D. Hesketh, Stephen Hunter, Nicholas Kuzik, Madison Predy, Ryan E. Rhodes, Christina M. Rinaldi, John C. Spence and Trina Hinkley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:27

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Characteristics of different participation groups can provide important information to increase participation in group-based physical activity programmes (GPAPs). This study examined four types of participatio...

    Authors: Susanne Jordan, Susanne Krug and Elena von der Lippe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1371

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that young females are more likely to try to lose weight than young males, however whether this sex difference persists across demographic characteristics and weight status is unclear. Furthe...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Houle-Johnson and Lisa Kakinami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1343

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Excess body weight (EBW: overweight and obesity) has high and rising prevalence in Brazil. Up-to-date information about the distribution and changes in the prevalence of EBW and their associated factors are es...

    Authors: Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Diva Aliete dos Santos Vieira, Maria Cecília Goi Porto Alves, Chester Luís Galvão César, Moisés Goldbaum and Regina Mara Fisberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1332

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Ecological models suggest that a strategy for increasing physical activity participation within a population is to reconstruct the “social climate”. This can be accomplished through 1) changing norms and belie...

    Authors: Lira Yun, Leigh Vanderloo, Tanya R. Berry, Amy E. Latimer-Cheung, Norman O’Reilly, Ryan E. Rhodes, John C. Spence, Mark S. Tremblay and Guy Faulkner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1301

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Despite known health benefits of physical activity (PA), older adults remain among the least physically active age group globally with 30–60% not meeting guidelines. In Canada, 87% do not meet recommended guid...

    Authors: Heather McKay, Lindsay Nettlefold, Adrian Bauman, Christa Hoy, Samantha M. Gray, Erica Lau and Joanie Sims-Gould

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1289

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    There is limited evidence for the prevalence of the co-existence of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SED), and its correlates among children and adolescents. This study has two aims: 1) to invest...

    Authors: Si-Tong Chen, Yang Liu, Jin-Tao Hong, Yan Tang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Jie Zhuang, Zheng Zhu and Pei-Jie Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1287

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of evidence regarding clusters of health-related behaviors among adolescents from low, lower-middle, and upper-middle income countries. This study aimed to identify clustering patterns of healt...

    Authors: Thiago Sousa Matias, Kelly Samara Silva, Jaqueline Aragoni da Silva, Gabrielli Thais de Mello and Jo Salmon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1283

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) describes a combination of risk factors that increase the risk of developing chronic diseases. The prevalences of MetS and its risk factors are increasing, especially in the Arab regi...

    Authors: Dalia Haroun, Rola Mechli, Razan Sahuri, Safa AlKhatib, Omar Obeid, Carla El Mallah, Lesley Wood and Khulood AlSuwaidi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1284

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity tracks into adulthood with detrimental effects on health. We aimed to examine the relationships of diet in childcare settings and daily physical activity (PA) of preschoolers with body mass i...

    Authors: Vanessa Er, Kaiseree Ioni Dias, Angeliki Papadaki, James White, Sian Wells, Dianne Stanton Ward, Chris Metcalfe, Russell Jago and Ruth Kipping

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1262

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    In 2014 the Danish Government introduced a wide-ranging school reform that applies to all public schools in Denmark. The reform involves changes in several aspects of the school structure and content. In a phy...

    Authors: Natascha Holbæk Pedersen, Sofie Koch, Kristian Traberg Larsen, Peter Lund Kristensen, Jens Troelsen, Niels Christian Møller, Jan Christian Brønd, Jacob von Bornemann Hjelmborg, Søren Brage and Anders Grøntved

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1245

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies in various countries have found that informal childcare (provided by relatives, friends etc.) was associated with an increased risk of obesity in children aged 0–5 years. However, no qualitati...

    Authors: Eleanor Diana Lidgate, Bai Li and Antje Lindenmeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1229

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Maternal perceived stress has been discussed to contribute to the development of childhood overweight. Our aim was to investigate the longitudinal relationship of early maternal perceived stress and BMI z-scor...

    Authors: Beate Leppert, Kristin M. Junge, Stefan Röder, Michael Borte, Gabriele I. Stangl, Rosalind J. Wright, Anja Hilbert, Irina Lehmann and Saskia Trump

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1211

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Excess screen media use is a robust predictor of childhood obesity. Understanding how household factors may affect children’s screen use is needed to tailor effective intervention efforts. The preschool years ...

    Authors: Jennifer A. Emond, Lucy K. Tantum, Diane Gilbert-Diamond, Sunny Jung Kim, Reina K. Lansigan and Sara Benjamin Neelon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1210

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    There is growing evidence of the public health benefits of promoting cycling. The ways that the built environment and perceived social norms independently influence cycling participation is well established. H...

    Authors: Matthew Bourke, Toni A Hilland and Melinda Craike

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1162

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    It has been recognized that alternate day calorie restriction (ADCR) or exercise has positive effects on cardio-metabolic risk factors. It is unclear whether the combined effect of ADCR and exercise (aerobic +...

    Authors: Minsuk Oh, Sue Kim, Ki-Yong An, Jihee Min, Hyuk In Yang, Junga Lee, Mi Kyung Lee, Dong-Il Kim, Hye-Sun Lee, Ji-Won Lee and Justin Y. Jeon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1124

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Even though Latinos have become a priority population for the promotion of physical activity in the United States, several widely used scales in physical activity promotion research have not been validated amo...

    Authors: Andrea S. Mendoza-Vasconez, Becky Marquez, Tanya J. Benitez and Bess H. Marcus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1097

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Obesity is a widespread problem that not only leads to medical and psychological diseases in adults, but also in children and adolescents at an early stage in life. Because of its global burden on both the ind...

    Authors: Tiffany Naets, Leentje Vervoort, Marijke Ysebaert, Annelies Van Eyck, Stijn Verhulst, Luc Bruyndonckx, Benedicte De Winter, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Ann Tanghe and Caroline Braet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1075

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity plays a fundamental role in the health and well-being of children. Walking is the most common form of physical activity and the journey to and from school provides an opportunity for children...

    Authors: Katherine Wilson, Andrew F. Clark and Jason A. Gilliland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1053

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is important in combating childhood obesity. Parents, and thus parental PA, could influence PA in young children. We examined whether the time spent at different intensities of PA and th...

    Authors: Silvia I. Brouwer, Leanne K. Küpers, Lotte Kors, Anna Sijtsma, Pieter J. J. Sauer, Carry M. Renders and Eva Corpeleijn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1033

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Evidence for the context-specific influence of parental modelling on physical activity (PA) in childhood remains inconclusive. This nationwide Swiss study assessed the cross-sectional association between objec...

    Authors: Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Christian Schindler, Bengt Kayser, L. Suzanne Suggs and Nicole Probst-Hensch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1024

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    People living in deprived areas are more likely to be overweight or obese, have poorer health outcomes, and tend to benefit less from interventions than those from more affluent backgrounds. One approach to ad...

    Authors: Nia Coupe, Sarah Cotterill and Sarah Peters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:967

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1147

  33. Content type: Research article

    The socioecological model proposes a wide array of factors that influence behaviours. There is a need to understand salient correlates of these activity behaviours in a specific population. However, few studie...

    Authors: Erin K. Howie, Joanne A. McVeigh, Elisabeth A. H. Winkler, Genevieve N. Healy, Romola S. Bucks, Peter R. Eastwood and Leon M. Straker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:916

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    As other westerns countries, a large portion of Norwegians do not meet the minimum recommendations for weekly physical activity (PA). One of the primary targets of the WHO’s Global action plan for the prevention ...

    Authors: Alessio Rossi and Giovanna Calogiuri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:913

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    It has been proposed that compensations in physical activity, energy expenditure and sedentary parameters can occur as a result of overfeeding studies in order to maintain body weight; however, the evidence ha...

    Authors: Valerie Giroux, Soraya Saidj, Chantal Simon, Martine Laville, Berenice Segrestin and Marie-Eve Mathieu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:903

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Exercise and nutrition are important for older adults to maintain or to regain their muscle mass, function, strength, and ultimately quality of life. The effectiveness of combined resistance exercise and diet ...

    Authors: Ellen J. I. van Dongen, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Nick L. W. Wezenbeek, Berber G. Dorhout, Esmée L. Doets and Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:877

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based behavioral weight loss interventions are under-utilized. To inform efforts to increase uptake of these interventions, it is important to understand the perspectives of adults with obesity regard...

    Authors: Megan A. McVay, William S. Yancy Jr, Gary G. Bennett, Seung-Hye Jung and Corrine I. Voils

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:854

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Study protocol

    The environment affects children’s energy balance-related behaviors to a considerable extent. A context-based physical activity and nutrition school- and family-based intervention, named KEIGAAF, is being impl...

    Authors: S. R. B. Verjans-Janssen, Dave H. H. Van Kann, Sanne M. P. L. Gerards, Steven B. Vos, Maria W. J. Jansen and Stef P. J. Kremers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:842

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Advances in sensor technology allow for objective and high-resolution monitoring of physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Novel epidemiological data is required to provide feedback on an individual’s habi...

    Authors: Kimberley S. van Schooten, Jaap H. van Dieen, Mirjam Pijnappels, Andrea B. Maier, Alex J. van ‘t Hul, Martijn Niessen and Rob C. van Lummel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:824

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms explaining the positive relationship between television (TV) viewing and body mass index (BMI) are unclear. ‘Mindless eating’ and ‘physical activity displacement’ theories have been suggested, b...

    Authors: Verity J. Cleland, Kira Patterson, Monique Breslin, Michael D. Schmidt, Terence Dwyer and Alison J. Venn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:797

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Screen-time and unhealthy dietary behaviours are highly pervasive in young children and evidence suggests that these behaviours often co-occur and are associated. Identifying clusters of unhealthy behaviours, ...

    Authors: Natalie Pearson, Stuart J. H. Biddle, Paula Griffiths, Julie P. Johnston and Emma Haycraft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:753

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The number of deaths per year attributed to non-communicable diseases is increasing in low- and middle-income countries, including Thailand. To facilitate the development of evidence-based public health progra...

    Authors: Nucharapon Liangruenrom, Kanyapat Suttikasem, Melinda Craike, Jason A. Bennie, Stuart J. H. Biddle and Zeljko Pedisic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:733

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Participation in sport is very popular for young children. Many children participate in entry-level modified sports programs. These programs are modified to match the developmental capacity of children and are...

    Authors: Rochelle Eime, Jack Harvey and Melanie Charity

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:718

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Older adults spend more time sitting than any other age group, contributing to poor health outcomes. Effective behavioral interventions are needed to encourage less sitting among older adults, specifically tho...

    Authors: Theresa E. Matson, Anne D. Renz, Michelle L. Takemoto, Jennifer B. McClure and Dori E. Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:706

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    To date, few mobile health (mHealth) interventions aimed at changing lifestyle behaviors have measured long term effectiveness. At the 6-month follow-up the MINISTOP trial found a statistically significant int...

    Authors: Christine Delisle Nyström, Sven Sandin, Pontus Henriksson, Hanna Henriksson, Ralph Maddison and Marie Löf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:658

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Physical inactivity is associated with excess weight and adverse health outcomes. We synthesize the evidence on physical inactivity and its social determinants in Arab countries, with special attention to gend...

    Authors: Eman Sharara, Chaza Akik, Hala Ghattas and Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:639

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are parti...

    Authors: Laureen H. Smith, Rick L. Petosa and Abigail Shoben

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:633

    Published on:

  48. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between sleep duration and overweight risk remains unexplored among Chinese children. This study aims to evaluate this association in a national investigation with school-aged population.

    Authors: Muqing Cao, Yanna Zhu, Xiuhong Li, Yajun Chen, Jun Ma and Jin Jing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:615

    Published on: