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Energy balance-related behaviors

This section aims to publish studies looking at the health behaviors which may positively or negatively influence the energy balance (physical activity, sedentary behavior, diet/nutrition) and which may be related to weight-status, -gain and -control.

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  1. Preventing childhood obesity is a public health challenge of the twenty-first century and it must be a priority. Governments play a major role in creating and supporting a healthy school environment and should...

    Authors: Raquel J. Ferreira, Telma Nogueira, Vitória Dias da Silva, Mariana Liñan Pinto, Joana Sousa, Ana Margarida Pereira, Paulo Jorge Nogueira, Rute Borrego, Ana Raposo, João Martins, Marcos Onofre, Adilson Marques, António Rodrigues, Ana Quitério and António Pereira

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1615

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. This study aims to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity in Iranian adolescents aged 10–12 years and the impact of socioeconomic inequality on it.

    Authors: Ghobad Moradi, Farideh Mostafavi, Bakhtiar Piroozi, Bushra Zareie, Marzieh Mahboobi and Mohammad Aziz Rasouli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1499

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Schools play an important role in providing access to physical activity opportunities for children. There are common economic and gender disparities in physical activity and health-related fitness among childr...

    Authors: Timothy J. Walker, Derek W. Craig, Andjelka Pavlovic, Shelby Thiele and Harold W. Kohl III

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1495

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Excessive screen time behaviors performed by children and parents at home is a major public health concern. Identifying whether child and parent screen time behaviors cluster and understanding correlates of th...

    Authors: Lauren Arundell, Kate Parker, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon and Jenny Veitch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1492

    Content type: Research article

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  5. ‘Food variety’ is a key term that is frequently used in dietary guidelines around the world. Consuming a variety of foods – be it within a meal, across meals, or as part of the whole diet – is one factor that ...

    Authors: Rochelle Embling, Aimee E. Pink, Michelle D. Lee, Menna Price and Laura L. Wilkinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1449

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Whether physical activity can reduce cardiometabolic risk particularly in understudied populations such as US Hispanics/Latinos is of public health interest. We prospectively examined the association of physic...

    Authors: Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Simin Hua, Qibin Qi, Garrett Strizich, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Gregory A. Talavera, Kelly R. Evenson, Marc D. Gellman, Mark Stoutenberg, Sheila F. Castañeda, Linda C. Gallo, Krista M. Perreira, Lisa A. P. Sanchez-Johnsen and Robert C. Kaplan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1400

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Norwegian children have a lower intake of fruit, vegetables, and a higher intake of unhealthy snacks compared to dietary guidelines. Such dietary inadequacies may be detrimental for their current and future he...

    Authors: Frøydis N. Vik, Kaia E. P. Heslien, Wendy Van Lippevelde and Nina C. Øverby

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1369

    Content type: Research article

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  8. COVID-19 restrictions such as the closure of schools and parks, and the cancellation of youth sports and activity classes around the United States may prevent children from achieving recommended levels of phys...

    Authors: Genevieve F. Dunton, Bridgette Do and Shirlene D. Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1351

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The purpose of this study was to examine whether extended use of a variety of screen-based devices, in addition to television, was associated with poor dietary habits and other health-related characteristics a...

    Authors: Maricarmen Vizcaino, Matthew Buman, Tyler DesRoches and Christopher Wharton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1295

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Lifestyles habits such as eating unhealthy foodscommence at home and are associated with the development of obesity and comorbidities such as insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and chronic degenerative di...

    Authors: Iris Nallely López-Contreras, Jenny Vilchis-Gil, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Salvador Villalpando-Carrión and Samuel Flores-Huerta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1240

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the European Feel4Diabetes intervention, promoting a healthy lifestyle, on physical activity and its correlates among families at risk for type 2 diabetes me...

    Authors: Nele Huys, Vicky Van Stappen, Samyah Shadid, Marieke De Craemer, Odysseas Androutsos, Katja Wikström, Konstantinos Makrilakis, Luis A. Moreno, Violeta Iotova, Tsvetalina Tankova, Anna Nánási, Yannis Manios and Greet Cardon

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1231

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Maternal undernutrition is a pervasive health problem among Ethiopian mothers. This study aims at identifying the level of maternal undernutrition and its associated factors in Kilte Awaleo-Health and Demograp...

    Authors: Semaw Ferede Abera, Eva Johanna Kantelhardt, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Mache Tsadik, Judith Lauvai, Gebisa Ejeta, Andreas Wienke, Jan Frank and Veronika Scherbaum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1214

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Undernourished people have an increased risk of premature mortality from both infectious and non-communicable diseases. Aside from screening purposes, assessment of nutritional status is a useful tool in manag...

    Authors: Lene Thorup, Sophie Amalie Hamann, Per Kallestrup, Vibeke Elisabeth Hjortdal, Ashish Tripathee, Dinesh Neupane and Cecilie Blenstrup Patsche

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1187

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Canadians spend the majority of their days sedentary. Gender and education are important social determinants of health that impact health behaviours. There is evidence that gender and educational differences i...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Prince, Karen C. Roberts, Alexandria Melvin, Gregory P. Butler and Wendy Thompson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1170

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The associations between various kinds of parental support and children and adolescents’ physical activity (PA) are inconclusive. This study aimed 1) to examine the associations between various kinds of parent...

    Authors: Jin-Tao Hong, Si-Tong Chen, Yan Tang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Jie Zhuang, Zheng Zhu, Peijie Chen and Yang Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1161

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This review examines the effectiveness of diet and physical activity interventions to reduce cardiometabolic risk among Chinese immigrants and their descendants living in high income countries. The objective o...

    Authors: Jeannette M. Beasley, Janelle M. Wagnild, Tessa M. Pollard, Timothy R. Roberts and Nasima Ahkter

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1019

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Community-based weight loss programs may have potential to address overweight and obesity at the population level. However, participation patterns and individual outcomes from these programs are understudied. ...

    Authors: Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Aaron Cashmore, Rose Fonua, Andrew Milat, Kate Reid, Leah Shepherd, Adrian Bauman and Anne C. Grunseit

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1003

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Physical activity and dietary change programmes play a central role in addressing public health priorities. Programme evaluation contributes to the evidence-base about these programmes; and helps justify and i...

    Authors: Judith F. Fynn, Wendy Hardeman, Karen Milton and Andy P. Jones

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1000

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The majority of children and adolescents are insufficiently physically active. Self-efficacy is considered one of the most important determinants of physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to val...

    Authors: Joachim Bachner, David J. Sturm, Stephan Haug and Yolanda Demetriou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:979

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Physical activity is known to provide important health benefits in children ages 3 years and above, but little is known about the effects of physical activity on health in very young children under age 3. LAUN...

    Authors: Russell R. Pate, Edward A. Frongillo, Kerry Cordan, Marsha Dowda, Alexander C. McLain, Myriam E. Torres, William H. Brown, Agnes Bucko and Emily R. Shull

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:931

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. The inverse association between physical activity and body fat percentage (%) varies among different populations. We aim to examine whether the significant association between them was uniform across the subpo...

    Authors: Qinpei Zou, Chang Su, Wenwen Du, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Gangqiang Ding and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:732

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The World Health Organization (WHO-2007) and the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF-Cole) systems assess child weight status. However, derived estimations often differ. We aimed to a) compare the prevalenc...

    Authors: Wilton Pérez, Paul Melgar, Ana Garcés, Ana Daysi de Marquez, Gerardo Merino and Carolina Siu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:687

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Behavioural approaches to weight loss are often initially successful but less so in the longer term, as some people maintain the necessary behaviour changes while others do not. This study aimed to derive poss...

    Authors: Leon Poltawski, Samantha Barbara van Beurden, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer and Colin Greaves

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:573

    Content type: Research article

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  24. There is little information about the diet, lifestyle and parental characteristics associated with habitual sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in Asian children. The aim of the present study was to ass...

    Authors: Leng Huat Foo, Ying Huoy Lee, Che Yahya Suhaida and Andrew P. Hills

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:552

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Current guidelines suggest too little sleep, too little physical activity, and too much sedentary time are associated with poor health outcomes. These behaviours may also influence academic performance in scho...

    Authors: Erin K. Howie, John Joosten, Courtenay J. Harris and Leon M. Straker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:520

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Social inequalities in bodyweight start early in life and track into adulthood. Dietary patterns are an important determinant of weight development in children, towards both overweight and underweight. Therefo...

    Authors: Viyan Rashid, Martinette T. Streppel, Marielle F. Engberink, Peter J. M. Weijs, Mary Nicolaou and Arnoud P. Verhoeff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Early childhood education (ECE) centers are an important place for preschool-aged children to obtain physical activity (PA). A U.S. state government (Louisiana) recently updated requirements for licensed cente...

    Authors: Chelsea L. Kracht, E. Kipling Webster and Amanda E. Staiano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:387

    Content type: Research article

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  28. During the recent decade presence of digital media, especially handheld devices, in everyday life, has been increasing. Survey data suggests that children and adults spend much of their leisure on screen media...

    Authors: Martin Gillies Banke Rasmussen, Jesper Pedersen, Line Grønholt Olesen, Søren Brage, Heidi Klakk, Peter Lund Kristensen, Jan Christian Brønd and Anders Grøntved

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:380

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Evidence is unclear on whether inequalities in average levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) reflect differences in participation, differences in the amount of time spent active, or both. Usi...

    Authors: Shaun Scholes and Jennifer S. Mindell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:361

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Living in urban or rural environments may influence children’s levels of physical activity and sedentary behaviours. We know little about variations in device-measured physical activity and sedentary levels of...

    Authors: Paul McCrorie, Rich Mitchell, Laura Macdonald, Andrew Jones, Emma Coombes, Jasper Schipperijn and Anne Ellaway

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:304

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Little is known about changes in overweight/obesity and central obesity status among schoolchildren from preadolescence to adolescence in Japan, where waist circumference (WC) is generally not measured in annu...

    Authors: Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Rimei Nishimura, Takahiko Yoshimoto, Akira Minoura, Kosuke Oikawa, Ayako Miki, Hiromi Hoshino and Akatsuki Kokaze

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The main objective of the study is to analyse the changes in the prevalence of obesity among Czech adolescents between 2002 and 2018 with regard to the socioeconomic status (SES) of adolescents’ families and t...

    Authors: Erik Sigmund, Dagmar Sigmundová, Petr Badura, Jaroslava Voráčová, Hobza Vladimír Jr, Tomáš Hollein, Jan Pavelka, Zuzana Půžová and Michal Kalman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) is applied internationally as a tool to assess the level of physical activity. The GPAQ was designed as an interview, including the use of show cards, which vi...

    Authors: Kevin Rudolf, Florian Lammer, Gerrit Stassen, Ingo Froböse and Andrea Schaller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:223

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Ready-to-eat (RTE) food consumption has become popular in the working community with the increase in full-time jobs and the limited time to prepare food. Although RTE food is essential for this community, its ...

    Authors: Thin Zar Thike, Yu Mon Saw, Htin Lin, Khin Chit, Aung Ba Tun, Hein Htet, Su Myat Cho, Aye Thazin Khine, Thu Nandar Saw, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eiko Yamamoto and Nobuyuki Hamajima

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:206

    Content type: Research article

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  35. It has been suggested that specific interventions delivered through the education sector in low- and middle-income countries might improve children’s health and wellbeing. This cluster-randomised controlled tr...

    Authors: Akina Shrestha, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Jana Gerold, Séverine Erismann, Subodh Sharma, Rajendra Koju, Jürg Utzinger and Guéladio Cissé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:158

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Evidence suggests that South Asian school-aged children and adults are less active compared to the white British population. It is unknown if this generalises to young children. We aimed to describe variabilit...

    Authors: Paul J. Collings, Sufyan A. Dogra, Silvia Costa, Daniel D. Bingham and Sally E. Barber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:109

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Latino fathers may play important roles in adolescents’ physical activity and screen time. However, informant discrepancies regarding paternal activity parenting practices may challenge studies supporting evid...

    Authors: Youjie Zhang, Aysegul Baltaci, Francine Overcash, Stephanie Druziako, Alejandro Peralta, Ghaffar Ali Hurtado and Marla Reicks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:92

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Most UK adolescents do not achieve recommended levels of physical activity. Previous studies suggested that perceptions of the neighbourhood environment could contribute to explain differences in physical acti...

    Authors: Nicolas Berger, Daniel Lewis, Matteo Quartagno, Edmund Njeru Njagi and Steven Cummins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1760

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Establishing healthy nutrition, activity, and sleep behaviours early in life is a key strategy in childhood obesity prevention. Parents are the primary influence on the development and establishment of obesity...

    Authors: Andrea B. Fuller, Rebecca A. Byrne, Rebecca K. Golley and Stewart G. Trost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1740

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Finding effective intervention strategies to combat rising obesity levels could significantly reduce the burden that obesity and associated non-communicable diseases places on both individuals and the National...

    Authors: Aidan Q. Innes, Greig Thomson, Mary Cotter, James A. King, Niels B. J. Vollaard and Benjamin M. Kelly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1732

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Transition to college is characterized by change, ambiguity, and adjustment compared to the previous lifestyle before entering college. Our study aimed was to determine the pattern of students’ physical exerci...

    Authors: Sarah Ahmed Alkhateeb, Najwa Fahad Alkhameesi, Ghadeer Nazeh Lamfon, Shahad Zuhair Khawandanh, Lujain Khalid Kurdi, Murooj Yaseen Faran, Alya Abdullah Khoja, Lujain Muhammed Bukhari, Hadeel Rajeh Aljahdali, Nuha Abdullah Ashour, Hessan Turki Bagasi, Raghdah Adel Delli, Ohood Abdullah Khoja and Osama Yousof Safdar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1716

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Given the widespread problem of physical inactivity, and the continued growth in prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity, promotion of regular physical activity (PA) among young people has become a publ...

    Authors: Rikstje Wiersma, Congchao Lu, Esther Hartman and Eva Corpeleijn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1647

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Recent 24-h movement guidelines for the early years established recommendations for physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), and sleep. To date, few studies have focused on compliance with meeting the guideli...

    Authors: Marja H. Leppänen, Carola Ray, Heini Wennman, Christina Alexandrou, Katri Sääksjärvi, Leena Koivusilta, Maijaliisa Erkkola and Eva Roos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1618

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Caffeine containing energy drinks (EDs) are heavily consumed, particularly among young adults. The number of reports of caffeine intoxication from caffeinated EDs and problems related to caffeine dependence an...

    Authors: Gehad M. Subaiea, Ali F. Altebainawi and Thamir M. Alshammari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1539

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Many individuals aspire to attain various goals in life, such as committing to a healthful diet to slim down or saving for retirement to enhance future welfare. While these behaviors (weight loss and saving) s...

    Authors: Kerem Shuval, Bob M. Fennis, Qing Li, Amir Grinstein, Meike Morren and Jeffrey Drope

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1538

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Studies indicate an effect of smoking toward abdominal obesity, but few assess hip and waist circumferences (HC and WC) independently. The present study aimed to assess the associations of smoking status and v...

    Authors: Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Stephen Hewitt, Lisa Forsén, Liv Grøtvedt and Inger Ariansen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1439

    Content type: Research article

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