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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is one of the leading non-communicable diseases in Africa, contributing to the increasing disease burden among the old adults. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determina...

    Authors: Samwel Maina Gatimu, Benson Williesham Milimo and Miguel San Sebastian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1174

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) remains at quite notable levels. Research on the risk factors and the treatment of CHD has focused on physiological factors, but there is an increasing amount of evi...

    Authors: Mikko Pänkäläinen, Tuomas Kerola, Olli Kampman, Markku Kauppi and Jukka Hintikka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1124

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have shown that prison is characterized by a higher prevalence of chronic diseases than unconfined settings. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and health of inmates, foc...

    Authors: Fabio Voller, Caterina Silvestri, Gianrocco Martino, Eleonora Fanti, Giorgio Bazzerla, Fabio Ferrari, Marco Grignani, Sandro Libianchi, Antonio Maria Pagano, Franco Scarpa, Cristina Stasi and Teresa Di Fiandra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1162

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity is recommended for people with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and can improve walking capacity and quality of life; and reduce pain, requirement for surgery and cardiovascular events. Thi...

    Authors: Nicola W. Burton, Zanfina Ademi, Stuart Best, Maria A. Fiatarone Singh, Jason S. Jenkins, Kenny D. Lawson, Anthony S. Leicht, Yorgi Mavros, Yian Noble, Paul Norman, Richard Norman, Belinda J. Parmenter, Jenna Pinchbeck, Christopher M. Reid, Sophie E. Rowbotham, Lisan Yip…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1148

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Mental symptoms are prevalent among populations, but their associations with premature mortality are inadequately understood. We examined whether mental symptoms contribute to cause-specific mortality among mi...

    Authors: Eero Lahelma, Olli Pietiläinen, Ossi Rahkonen, Jouni Lahti and Tea Lallukka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1142

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The DisMod II model is designed to estimate epidemiological parameters on diseases where measured data are incomplete and has been used to provide estimates of disease incidence for the Global Burden of Diseas...

    Authors: Peter Scarborough, Kate Smolina, Anja Mizdrak, Linda Cobiac and Adam Briggs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1135

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In correctional settings tuberculosis is a public health concern. The incarcerated population is at greater risk for tuberculosis (TB) than the general population. The aim of this study was to determine the pr...

    Authors: Teklay Gebrecherkos, Baye Gelaw and Belay Tessema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1091

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the main causes of morbidity and mortality even in rural areas of many developing countries, including Iran. In view of this increased risk, Fasa Cohort Study (FACS...

    Authors: Mojtaba Farjam, Hossein Bahrami, Ehsan Bahramali, Javad Jamshidi, Alireza Askari, Habibollah Zakeri, Reza Homayounfar, Hossein Poustchi and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1090

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low among immigrant women and those of low socioeconomic status. The Cancer Awareness: Ready for Education and Screening (CARES) project ran a peer-led multi-l...

    Authors: Jennifer Hulme, Catherine Moravac, Farah Ahmad, Shelley Cleverly, Aisha Lofters, Ophira Ginsburg and Sheila Dunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1077

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Adiposity rebound is considered critical to the development of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate how growth has changed in comparison to the UK 1990 BMI growth reference curv...

    Authors: Lawrence Doi, Andrew James Williams and John Frank

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1081

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of short stature (SS) and underweight in Jordan on a national level is unknown. This study aimed to investigate, on a national level, the prevalence of short stature (SS), underweight, overweigh...

    Authors: Ayman A. Zayed, Abdallah M. Beano, Faris I. Haddadin, Sohab S. Radwan, Suhaib A. Allauzy, Motasem M. Alkhayyat, Zaid A. Al-Dahabrah, Yanal G. Al-Hasan and Al-Motassem F. Yousef

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1040

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pain interfering with activities of daily living is highly prevalent in the community. More than 600 million people worldwide are obese. The aim of this paper is to assess if such chronic pain is assoc...

    Authors: Sharon A. Allen, Eleonora Dal Grande, Amy P. Abernethy and David C. Currow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1034

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence is rising in many countries, supposedly because of changing environmental factors, which are yet largely unknown. The purpose of the study was to unra...

    Authors: F. Balazard, S. Le Fur, S. Valtat, A. J. Valleron, P. Bougnères, Dominique Thevenieau, Corinne Fourmy Chatel, Rachel Desailloud, Hélène Bony-Trifunovic, Pierre-Henri Ducluzeau, Régis Coutant, Sophie Caudrelier, Armelle Pambou, Emmanuelle Dubosclard, Florence Joubert, Philippe Jan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1021

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Low levels of muscular fitness (MF) are recognized as an important marker of nutritional status and a predictor of metabolic complications, cardiovascular disease and death, however, the relationship between M...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge E. Correa-Bautista, Felipe Lobelo, Mikel Izquierdo, Alicia Alonso-Martínez, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez and Carlos Cristi-Montero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1012

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that early menarche is positively associated with adiposity in adulthood. However, it is important to assess whether this association is due to early menarche or to the association of adiposi...

    Authors: Susana Bubach, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Fernando Celso Barros, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção and Bernardo Lessa Horta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1007

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  16. Content type: Correspondence

    Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of premature death and disability in the Pacific. In 2011, Pacific Forum Leaders declared “a human, social and economic crisis” due to the significant and ...

    Authors: Hilary Tolley, Wendy Snowdon, Jillian Wate, A. Mark Durand, Paula Vivili, Judith McCool, Rachel Novotny, Ofa Dewes, Damian Hoy, Colin Bell, Nicola Richards and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:958

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity has become a public health concern in many countries. In Southern China, the prevalence of childhood obesity increased from 6.2 to 7.5 % between 2007 and 2011. This study aimed to report the ...

    Authors: Ting Zhang, Li Cai, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen and Jun Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:954

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCD-RFs) may differ in populations at different stages of the epidemiological transition. We assessed the social p...

    Authors: Silvia Stringhini, Terrence E. Forrester, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Estelle V. Lambert, Bharathi Viswanathan, Walter Riesen, Wolfgang Korte, Naomi Levitt, Liping Tong, Lara R. Dugas, David Shoham, Ramon A. Durazo-Arvizu, Amy Luke and Pascal Bovet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:956

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The negative impact of childhood overweight on psychosocial well-being has been demonstrated in a number of studies. There is also evidence that psychosocial well-being may influence future overweight. We exam...

    Authors: Monica Hunsberger, Susanna Lehtinen-Jacks, Kirsten Mehlig, Wencke Gwozdz, Paola Russo, Nathalie Michels, Karin Bammann, Iris Pigeot, Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Dénes Molnar, Toomas Veidebaum, Charalambos Hadjigeorgiou and Lauren Lissner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:949

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. In 2010, a goal released by the American Heart Association (AHA) Committee focused on the primary reduction in cardiov...

    Authors: J. Ren, X. L. Guo, Z. L. LU, J. Y. Zhang, J. L. Tang, X. Chen, C. C. Gao, C. X. Xu and A. Q. Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:942

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  21. Content type: Research article

    It is well established that childhood maltreatment (CM) is a risk factor for various mental and substance use disorders. To date, however, little research has focused on the possible long-term physical consequ...

    Authors: Margot E. Shields, Wendy E. Hovdestad, Catherine Pelletier, Jennifer L. Dykxhoorn, Siobhan C. O’Donnell and Lil Tonmyr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:879

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:1086

  22. Content type: Research article

    The 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study demonstrated the increasing burden of diabetes and the challenge it poses to the health systems of all countries. The chronic and complex nature of diabetes requires act...

    Authors: M. A. Riddell, J. A. Dunbar, P. Absetz, R. Wolfe, H. Li, M. Brand, Z. Aziz and B. Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:864

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the association of dissatisfaction with body weight - a component of body image - with depression in individuals of different sex, age, and with different body mass index (BMI). Hence, th...

    Authors: Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Tina Lohse and Monika Eichholzer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:863

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Favourable trends in risk factor levels in the general population may partly explain the decline in coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to present long-term national trends in est...

    Authors: C. Koopman, I. Vaartjes, A. Blokstra, W. M. M. Verschuren, M. Visser, D. J. H. Deeg, M. L. Bots and I. van Dis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:835

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The rising morbidity and mortality due to non-communicable diseases can be partly attributed to the urbanized lifestyle leading to unhealthy dietary practices and increasing physical levels of inactivity. The ...

    Authors: Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J. S. Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sohan Chawla, Sanjay Jain and Rajender Prasad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:816

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Lifecourse studies suggest that the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may be rooted in the early life environment. This study aims to examine the pathways linking early nutritional and psychosocial exposures and the p...

    Authors: C. Delpierre, R. Fantin, C. Barboza-Solis, B. Lepage, M. Darnaudéry and M. Kelly-Irving

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:815

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Malawi has the highest cervical cancer incidence and mortality in the world with age-standardized rate (ASR) of 75.9 and 49.8 per 100,000 population respectively. In response, Ministry of Health established a ...

    Authors: Kelias Phiri Msyamboza, Twambilire Phiri, Wesley Sichali, Willy Kwenda and Fanny Kachale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:806

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Up to date, most of previous studies about Chinese prehypertension were conducted based on a small sample or in only one province, which could not represent the general population in China. Furthermore, no inf...

    Authors: Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Guangjin Zhu, Junxiu Liu and Shaomei Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:775

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Few studies explored the effects of nutritional changes on body mass index (BMI), weight (Wt), waist circumference (WC) and hypertension, especially for the older Chinese population.

    Authors: Xiaoyue Xu, Julie Byles, Zumin Shi, Patrick McElduff and John Hall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:743

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  30. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to assess the trends in the prevalence and levels of risk factors and mortality from main non-communicable diseases in the Lithuanian population aged 45–64 years during 1985 to 2013.

    Authors: Abdonas Tamosiunas, Jurate Klumbiene, Janina Petkeviciene, Ricardas Radisauskas, Olga Vikhireva, Dalia Luksiene and Dalia Virviciute

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:717

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Measuring and monitoring the true prevalence of risk factors for chronic conditions is essential for evidence-based policy and health service planning. Understanding the prevalence of risk factors for cardiova...

    Authors: Karen Louise Peterson, Jane Philippa Jacobs, Steven Allender, Laura Veronica Alston and Melanie Nichols

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:695

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Although previous research suggests a relationship between chronic low back pain (cLBP) and adiposity, this relationship is poorly understood. No research has explored the relationship between abdominal-specif...

    Authors: Cristy Brooks, Jason C. Siegler and Paul W. M. Marshall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:700

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The aim was to develop and validate a food-based diet quality index for measuring adherence to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) in a pregnant population with high risk of gestational diabetes (GDM).

    Authors: Jelena Meinilä, Anita Valkama, Saila B. Koivusalo, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Jaana Lindström, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G. Eriksson and Maijaliisa Erkkola

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:680

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Elevated blood pressure in childhood is a risk factor for adult hypertension which is a global health problem. Excess adiposity in childhood creates a predisposition to develop adult hypertension. Our aim was ...

    Authors: Richard J. Munthali, Juliana Kagura, Zané Lombard and Shane A. Norris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:665

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    The Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) is a pan-Canadian, prospective, multi-ethnic cohort study being conducted in Canada. The overarching objective of the CAHHM is to understand the assoc...

    Authors: Sonia S. Anand, Jack V. Tu, Philip Awadalla, Sandra Black, Catherine Boileau, David Busseuil, Dipika Desai, Jean-Pierre Després, Russell J. de Souza, Trevor Dummer, Sébastien Jacquemont, Bartha Knoppers, Eric Larose, Scott A. Lear, Francois Marcotte, Alan R. Moody…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:650

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is increasingly being recognized as a serious public health concern. Research into its determinants, prevalence, and management is needed and as the risk of experiencing multiple chronic conditi...

    Authors: Jessica Li, Mark Green, Ben Kearns, Eleanor Holding, Christine Smith, Annette Haywood, Cindy Cooper, Mark Strong and Clare Relton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:649

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviours (time spent sitting, with low energy expenditure) are associated with deleterious health outcomes, including all-cause mortality. Whether this association can be considered causal has yet ...

    Authors: Stuart J. H. Biddle, Jason A. Bennie, Adrian E. Bauman, Josephine Y. Chau, David Dunstan, Neville Owen, Emmanuel Stamatakis and Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:635

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Living in a socially deprived neighborhood is associated with lifestyle risk factors, e.g., smoking, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, as well as an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, i.e., corona...

    Authors: Susanna Calling, Xinjun Li, Naomi Kawakami, Tsuyoshi Hamano and Kristina Sundquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:634

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Evidence linking caries in primary dentition and children’s anthropometric measures is contradictory. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of primary dental caries and its relationship with body mass index (BMI...

    Authors: Jing-jing Liang, Zhe-qing Zhang, Ya-jun Chen, Jin-cheng Mai, Jun Ma, Wen-han Yang and Jin Jing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:638

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), malaria and tuberculosis dominate the disease pattern in Myanmar. Due to urbanization, westernized lifestyle and economic development, it is likely that NCDs such as cerebrova...

    Authors: Marius B. Bjertness, Aung Soe Htet, Haakon E. Meyer, Maung Maung Than Htike, Ko Ko Zaw, Win Myint Oo, Tint Swe Latt, Lhamo Y. Sherpa and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:590

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Feeling angry about their health status may influence disease progression in individuals, creating a greater burden on the health care system. Identifying associations between different variables and feeling a...

    Authors: Tiffany K. Gill, K. Price, E. Dal Grande, A. Daly and A. W. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:588

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus, and their related morbidity and mortality, are currently the most common public health problems and also a higher burden of disease in Brazil. They represe...

    Authors: Julio Baldisserotto, Luciane Kopittke, Fulvio Borges Nedel, Silvia Pasa Takeda, Claunara Schilling Mendonça, Sérgio Antonio Sirena, Margarita Silva Diercks, Lena Azeredo de Lima and Belinda Nicolau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:573

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Recent emphasis has been placed on elucidating the biologic mechanism linking socioeconomic status (SES) to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Positive associations of inflammatory biomarkers provide evidence sugge...

    Authors: Sharon K. Davis, Ruihua Xu, Pia Riestra, Samson Y. Gebreab, Rumana J. Khan, Amadou Gaye, DeMarc Hickson, Mario Sims and Aurelian Bidulescu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:511

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