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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 5 of 17

  1. Content type: Research article

    The Asia-Pacific region is home to nearly half of the world’s population. The region has seen a recent rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The present syste...

    Authors: P. Ranasinghe, Y. Mathangasinghe, R. Jayawardena, A. P. Hills and A. Misra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:101

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased betw...

    Authors: Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong and Jin-Kyoung Oh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:71

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  3. Content type: Research article

    High blood pressure (HBP) is an increasing public health issue for developing countries. HBP is an important contributing factor to many non-communicable diseases that were until very recently thought to be ra...

    Authors: Joseph Kouesyandé Soubeiga, Tieba Millogo, Brice W. Bicaba, Boukare Doulougou and Séni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:64

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Previous researches aiming to estimate the association between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms come out with inconsistent results. Besides, most of them are conducted in the developed areas. There i...

    Authors: Shasha Yu, Hongmei Yang, Xiaofan Guo, Liqiang Zheng and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:43

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and there are reports of increasing prevalence of prediabetes in Nigeria. This study therefore characterised CVDs risk factors in subjects with impa...

    Authors: Victor M. Oguoma, Ezekiel U. Nwose, Ifeoma I. Ulasi, Adeseye A. Akintunde, Ekene E. Chukwukelu, Phillip T. Bwititi, Ross S. Richards and Timothy C. Skinner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:36

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    This 7 year NIHR programme [2011–2018] tests the primary hypothesis that the NDPS diet and physical activity intervention will reduce the risk of transition to type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in groups at high risk of ...

    Authors: Melanie Pascale, Nikki Murray, Max Bachmann, Garry Barton, Allan Clark, Amanda Howe, Colin Greaves and Mike Sampson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:31

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Recognizing patterns of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in families helps to identify and target individuals who may have the most to gain from preventive interventions. The overall goal of the study is to t...

    Authors: Panniyammakal Jeemon, S. Harikrishnan, G. Sanjay, Sivasankaran Sivasubramonian, T. R. Lekha, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Nikhil Tandon and Dorairaj Prabhakaran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:10

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Body weight is highly associated with overall health status. Being severely thin or obese may impose the risk of many health problems. Early detection of body mass index (BMI) status may help to reduce the ass...

    Authors: Aryati Ahmad, Nurzaime Zulaily, Nor Saidah Abdul Manan, Mohd Razif Shahril, Sharifah Wajihah Wafa Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, Rahmah Mohd Amin, Engku Fadzli Hasan Syed Abdullah and Amran Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:9

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension and diabetes prevalence is high in Africans. Data from HIV infected populations are limited, especially from Malawi. Integrating care for chronic non-communicable co-morbidities in well-establishe...

    Authors: Oscar H. Divala, Alemayehu Amberbir, Zahra Ismail, Teferi Beyene, Daniela Garone, Colin Pfaff, Victor Singano, Harriet Akello, Martias Joshua, Moffat J. Nyirenda, Alfred Matengeni, Josh Berman, Jane Mallewa, Gift S. Chinomba, Noel Kayange, Theresa J. Allain…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1243

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to identify corresponding body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference cut-offs for equivalent levels of insulin sensitivity in a Middle Eastern immigrant population compared with na...

    Authors: Louise Bennet, Karin Stenkula, Samuel W Cushman and Kerstin Brismar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1242

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is recognised as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very limited evidence about its epidemiology in the Central African Republic. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Ghose Bishwajit, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Barbara Esther Ouansaba, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Yuanli Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu and Boniface Koffi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1230

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Recent societal and political reforms in Myanmar may upturn the socio-economy and, thus, contribute to the country’s health transition. Baseline data on urban-rural disparities in non-communicable disease (NCD...

    Authors: Aung Soe Htet, Marius B. Bjertness, Lhamo Y. Sherpa, Marte Karoline Kjøllesdal, Win Myint Oo, Haakon E. Meyer, Hein Stigum and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1225

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Individuals routinely receive information about their risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) based on traditional risk factors as part of their primary care. We are also able to calculate individual’s risk of CH...

    Authors: Guy Shefer, Barbora Silarova, Juliet Usher-Smith and Simon Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1221

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Mississippi. However, the prevalence of no known CVD risk factors among Mississippi adults and the change of prevalence in the past 9 years have no...

    Authors: Vincent L. Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Lamees El-sadek and Vanessa L. Short

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1220

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Actual caries figures emphasize the need to identify the risk indicators involved in the disease’s development. The hypothesis that certain risk indicators might affect the dynamic evolution of the caries proc...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giovanna Congiu, Fabio Cocco, Gianfranco Meloni, Silvana Sale and Guglielmo Campus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1213

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is one of the leading non-communicable diseases in Africa, contributing to the increasing disease burden among the old adults. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determina...

    Authors: Samwel Maina Gatimu, Benson Williesham Milimo and Miguel San Sebastian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1174

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) remains at quite notable levels. Research on the risk factors and the treatment of CHD has focused on physiological factors, but there is an increasing amount of evi...

    Authors: Mikko Pänkäläinen, Tuomas Kerola, Olli Kampman, Markku Kauppi and Jukka Hintikka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1124

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have shown that prison is characterized by a higher prevalence of chronic diseases than unconfined settings. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and health of inmates, foc...

    Authors: Fabio Voller, Caterina Silvestri, Gianrocco Martino, Eleonora Fanti, Giorgio Bazzerla, Fabio Ferrari, Marco Grignani, Sandro Libianchi, Antonio Maria Pagano, Franco Scarpa, Cristina Stasi and Teresa Di Fiandra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1162

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity is recommended for people with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and can improve walking capacity and quality of life; and reduce pain, requirement for surgery and cardiovascular events. Thi...

    Authors: Nicola W. Burton, Zanfina Ademi, Stuart Best, Maria A. Fiatarone Singh, Jason S. Jenkins, Kenny D. Lawson, Anthony S. Leicht, Yorgi Mavros, Yian Noble, Paul Norman, Richard Norman, Belinda J. Parmenter, Jenna Pinchbeck, Christopher M. Reid, Sophie E. Rowbotham, Lisan Yip…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1148

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Mental symptoms are prevalent among populations, but their associations with premature mortality are inadequately understood. We examined whether mental symptoms contribute to cause-specific mortality among mi...

    Authors: Eero Lahelma, Olli Pietiläinen, Ossi Rahkonen, Jouni Lahti and Tea Lallukka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1142

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The DisMod II model is designed to estimate epidemiological parameters on diseases where measured data are incomplete and has been used to provide estimates of disease incidence for the Global Burden of Diseas...

    Authors: Peter Scarborough, Kate Smolina, Anja Mizdrak, Linda Cobiac and Adam Briggs

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1135

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In correctional settings tuberculosis is a public health concern. The incarcerated population is at greater risk for tuberculosis (TB) than the general population. The aim of this study was to determine the pr...

    Authors: Teklay Gebrecherkos, Baye Gelaw and Belay Tessema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1091

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the main causes of morbidity and mortality even in rural areas of many developing countries, including Iran. In view of this increased risk, Fasa Cohort Study (FACS...

    Authors: Mojtaba Farjam, Hossein Bahrami, Ehsan Bahramali, Javad Jamshidi, Alireza Askari, Habibollah Zakeri, Reza Homayounfar, Hossein Poustchi and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1090

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Adiposity rebound is considered critical to the development of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate how growth has changed in comparison to the UK 1990 BMI growth reference curv...

    Authors: Lawrence Doi, Andrew James Williams and John Frank

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1081

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low among immigrant women and those of low socioeconomic status. The Cancer Awareness: Ready for Education and Screening (CARES) project ran a peer-led multi-l...

    Authors: Jennifer Hulme, Catherine Moravac, Farah Ahmad, Shelley Cleverly, Aisha Lofters, Ophira Ginsburg and Sheila Dunn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1077

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of short stature (SS) and underweight in Jordan on a national level is unknown. This study aimed to investigate, on a national level, the prevalence of short stature (SS), underweight, overweigh...

    Authors: Ayman A. Zayed, Abdallah M. Beano, Faris I. Haddadin, Sohab S. Radwan, Suhaib A. Allauzy, Motasem M. Alkhayyat, Zaid A. Al-Dahabrah, Yanal G. Al-Hasan and Al-Motassem F. Yousef

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1040

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pain interfering with activities of daily living is highly prevalent in the community. More than 600 million people worldwide are obese. The aim of this paper is to assess if such chronic pain is assoc...

    Authors: Sharon A. Allen, Eleonora Dal Grande, Amy P. Abernethy and David C. Currow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1034

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence is rising in many countries, supposedly because of changing environmental factors, which are yet largely unknown. The purpose of the study was to unra...

    Authors: F. Balazard, S. Le Fur, S. Valtat, A. J. Valleron, P. Bougnères, Dominique Thevenieau, Corinne Fourmy Chatel, Rachel Desailloud, Hélène Bony-Trifunovic, Pierre-Henri Ducluzeau, Régis Coutant, Sophie Caudrelier, Armelle Pambou, Emmanuelle Dubosclard, Florence Joubert, Philippe Jan…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1021

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Low levels of muscular fitness (MF) are recognized as an important marker of nutritional status and a predictor of metabolic complications, cardiovascular disease and death, however, the relationship between M...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge E. Correa-Bautista, Felipe Lobelo, Mikel Izquierdo, Alicia Alonso-Martínez, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez and Carlos Cristi-Montero

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1012

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that early menarche is positively associated with adiposity in adulthood. However, it is important to assess whether this association is due to early menarche or to the association of adiposi...

    Authors: Susana Bubach, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Fernando Celso Barros, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção and Bernardo Lessa Horta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1007

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  31. Content type: Correspondence

    Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of premature death and disability in the Pacific. In 2011, Pacific Forum Leaders declared “a human, social and economic crisis” due to the significant and ...

    Authors: Hilary Tolley, Wendy Snowdon, Jillian Wate, A. Mark Durand, Paula Vivili, Judith McCool, Rachel Novotny, Ofa Dewes, Damian Hoy, Colin Bell, Nicola Richards and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:958

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCD-RFs) may differ in populations at different stages of the epidemiological transition. We assessed the social p...

    Authors: Silvia Stringhini, Terrence E. Forrester, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Estelle V. Lambert, Bharathi Viswanathan, Walter Riesen, Wolfgang Korte, Naomi Levitt, Liping Tong, Lara R. Dugas, David Shoham, Ramon A. Durazo-Arvizu, Amy Luke and Pascal Bovet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:956

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity has become a public health concern in many countries. In Southern China, the prevalence of childhood obesity increased from 6.2 to 7.5 % between 2007 and 2011. This study aimed to report the ...

    Authors: Ting Zhang, Li Cai, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen and Jun Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:954

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The negative impact of childhood overweight on psychosocial well-being has been demonstrated in a number of studies. There is also evidence that psychosocial well-being may influence future overweight. We exam...

    Authors: Monica Hunsberger, Susanna Lehtinen-Jacks, Kirsten Mehlig, Wencke Gwozdz, Paola Russo, Nathalie Michels, Karin Bammann, Iris Pigeot, Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Dénes Molnar, Toomas Veidebaum, Charalambos Hadjigeorgiou and Lauren Lissner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:949

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. In 2010, a goal released by the American Heart Association (AHA) Committee focused on the primary reduction in cardiov...

    Authors: J. Ren, X. L. Guo, Z. L. LU, J. Y. Zhang, J. L. Tang, X. Chen, C. C. Gao, C. X. Xu and A. Q. Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:942

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  36. Content type: Research article

    It is well established that childhood maltreatment (CM) is a risk factor for various mental and substance use disorders. To date, however, little research has focused on the possible long-term physical consequ...

    Authors: Margot E. Shields, Wendy E. Hovdestad, Catherine Pelletier, Jennifer L. Dykxhoorn, Siobhan C. O’Donnell and Lil Tonmyr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:879

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:1086

  37. Content type: Research article

    The 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study demonstrated the increasing burden of diabetes and the challenge it poses to the health systems of all countries. The chronic and complex nature of diabetes requires act...

    Authors: M. A. Riddell, J. A. Dunbar, P. Absetz, R. Wolfe, H. Li, M. Brand, Z. Aziz and B. Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:864

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the association of dissatisfaction with body weight - a component of body image - with depression in individuals of different sex, age, and with different body mass index (BMI). Hence, th...

    Authors: Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Tina Lohse and Monika Eichholzer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:863

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Favourable trends in risk factor levels in the general population may partly explain the decline in coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to present long-term national trends in est...

    Authors: C. Koopman, I. Vaartjes, A. Blokstra, W. M. M. Verschuren, M. Visser, D. J. H. Deeg, M. L. Bots and I. van Dis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:835

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The rising morbidity and mortality due to non-communicable diseases can be partly attributed to the urbanized lifestyle leading to unhealthy dietary practices and increasing physical levels of inactivity. The ...

    Authors: Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J. S. Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sohan Chawla, Sanjay Jain and Rajender Prasad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:816

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Lifecourse studies suggest that the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may be rooted in the early life environment. This study aims to examine the pathways linking early nutritional and psychosocial exposures and the p...

    Authors: C. Delpierre, R. Fantin, C. Barboza-Solis, B. Lepage, M. Darnaudéry and M. Kelly-Irving

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:815

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Malawi has the highest cervical cancer incidence and mortality in the world with age-standardized rate (ASR) of 75.9 and 49.8 per 100,000 population respectively. In response, Ministry of Health established a ...

    Authors: Kelias Phiri Msyamboza, Twambilire Phiri, Wesley Sichali, Willy Kwenda and Fanny Kachale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:806

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Up to date, most of previous studies about Chinese prehypertension were conducted based on a small sample or in only one province, which could not represent the general population in China. Furthermore, no inf...

    Authors: Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Guangjin Zhu, Junxiu Liu and Shaomei Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:775

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