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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the risk of chronic liver disease (CLD) due to alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI) and the effects of their interaction in a prospective cohort study of women recruited to the UKCTOCS...

    Authors: Paul M Trembling, Sophia Apostolidou, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Julie Parkes, Andy Ryan, Sudeep Tanwar, Matthew Burnell, Ian Jacobs, Usha Menon and William M. Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:603

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  2. Content type: Research article

    A recent recalibration of the ONCOTYROL Prostate Cancer Outcome and Policy (PCOP) Model, assuming that latent prostate cancer (PCa) detectable at autopsy might be detectable by screening as well, resulted in c...

    Authors: Nikolai Mühlberger, Kristijan Boskovic, Murray D. Krahn, Karen E. Bremner, Willi Oberaigner, Helmut Klocker, Wolfgang Horninger, Gaby Sroczynski and Uwe Siebert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:596

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Data on prevalence and characteristics of different high blood pressure subtypes are lacking among Chinese children. Regarding the mechanistic differences between isolated systolic high blood pressure and isol...

    Authors: Yide Yang, Bin Dong, Shuo Wang, Yanhui Dong, Zhiyong Zou, Lianguo Fu and Jun Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:598

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a major contributing factor in the growing problem of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in urban and rural Sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine PA and associa...

    Authors: Beatrice John, Jim Todd, Innocent Mboya, Mary Mosha, Mark Urassa and Tara Mtuy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:588

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Depressive disorder is the largest contributor to years lived with disability in the Caribbean, adding 948 per 100,000 in 2013. Depression is also a major risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Social inequalitie...

    Authors: Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Natasha Sobers-Grannum, Shawn M Hercules, Nigel Unwin, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan and Madhuvanti M Murphy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:577

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Adequate awareness of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and their risk factors may help reduce the population’s exposure to modifiable risk factors and thereby contribute to prevention and control strategies. Ther...

    Authors: Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Noah Takah, Calypse Ngwasiri, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Maxime Tindong, Anastase Dzudie and J. Lennert Veerman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:545

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to review all published systematic reviews on the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors among women from the Gulf Cooperation Council countries (GCC). This is the first r...

    Authors: Mashael K. Alshaikh, Filippos T. Filippidis, Hussain A. Al-Omar, Salman Rawaf, Azeem Majeed and Abdul-Majeed Salmasi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:536

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a global epidemic with significant disability and premature death. Identification of the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to diabetes among the g...

    Authors: H. M. M Herath, N. P. Weerasinghe, H. Dias and T. P. Weerarathna

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:535

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Long-term adherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is particularly important for fecal testing. Some U.S. studies report that only 25% of individuals repeat fecal testing annually. The purpose of this qu...

    Authors: Beverly B. Green, June BlueSpruce, Leah Tuzzio, Sally W. Vernon, L. Aubree Shay and Sheryl L. Catz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:531

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and is growing rapidly globally including in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to assess the trend in adiposity markers in Cameroonian unive...

    Authors: Simeon-Pierre Choukem, André-Pascal Kengne, Maxime-Leolein Nguefack, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel Nebongo, Jackson T Guimezap and Jean Claude Mbanya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:499

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular risk factors are increasing in most developing countries. To date, however, very little standardized data has been collected on the primary risk factors across the spectrum of economic developme...

    Authors: Lara R. Dugas, Terrence E. Forrester, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Pascal Bovet, Estelle V. Lambert, Ramon A. Durazo-Arvizu, Guichan Cao, Richard S. Cooper, Rasha Khatib, Laura Tonino, Walter Riesen, Wolfgang Korte, Stephanie Kliethermes and Amy Luke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:438

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Prevalences of multimorbidity vary between European studies and several methods and definitions are used. In this study we examine the prevalence of multimorbidity in relation to age, gender and educational at...

    Authors: Michaela L. Schiøtz, Anders Stockmarr, Dorte Høst, Charlotte Glümer and Anne Frølich

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:422

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  13. Content type: Research article

    An array of risk factors has been associated with cardiovascular diseases, and developing nations are becoming disproportionately affected by such diseases. Cardiovascular diseases have been reported to be hig...

    Authors: Gabriel Anaya and Wael K Al-Delaimy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:400

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The role of an individual’s social network satisfaction (SNS) in the association of social isolation or living alone and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) is unclear. We assessed the association of SNS with incid...

    Authors: K. Lukaschek, J. Baumert, J. Kruse, C. Meisinger and K.H. Ladwig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:379

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Ghana faces an increasing burden of non-communicable disease with rates of hypertension estimated as high as 36% in adults. Despite these high rates, hypertension control remains very poor in Ghana (4%). The c...

    Authors: Peter Lamptey, Amos Laar, Alma J. Adler, Rebecca Dirks, Aya Caldwell, David Prieto-Merino, Ann Aerts, Neil Pearce and Pablo Perel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:368

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Although low birth weight (LBW) is common in South Asian region there are not many studies being done to evaluate LBW and adulthood hypertension association in this region, including in Sri Lanka. Although thi...

    Authors: Dileepa Senajith Ediriweera, Nuwani Dilina, Usha Perera, Francisco Flores and S. Samita

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:358

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in th...

    Authors: Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol and Robert B. Wallace

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:342

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Few nationally representative surveys regarding body composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been done in a large-scale representative Chinese population to explore the prediction of body composition in...

    Authors: Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Junxiu Liu, Guangjin Zhu and Shaomei Han

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:337

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Lung cancer aetiology and clinical aspects have been mainly studied in men, although specific risk factors probably exist in women. Here we present the rationale, design and organization of the WELCA study (Wo...

    Authors: Isabelle Stücker, Diane Martin, Monica Neri, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Hélène Blons, Martine Antoine, Anne Guiochon-Mantel, Sylvie Brailly-Tabard, Marianne Canonico, Marie Wislez and Jean Trédaniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:324

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Despite the importance of immigrant population in Portugal few studies have analyzed the patterns of overweight/obesity in this subpopulation. The aims of this study are: (i) describe and compare the prevalenc...

    Authors: Liliane Peralta da Costa, Sónia Ferreira Dias and Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:316

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  21. Content type: Research article

    A large volume of research has been published on both the socio economic and demographic determinants of cancer and on the health of immigrants and minority groups. Yet because of data limitations, little rese...

    Authors: James Ted McDonald, Michael Farnworth and Zikuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:296

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has rapidly become a major public health concern in Vietnam. Although the prevalence of DM has been studied in northern and southern Vietnam, little data are available for the central re...

    Authors: Masami Miyakawa, Takayuki Shimizu, Nguyen Van Dat, Phung Thanh, Pham Thi Phuong Thuy, Nguyen Thi Hoang Anh, Nguyen Huu Chau, Yumi Matsushita, Hiroshi Kajio, Vien Quang Mai and Masahiko Hachiya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:298

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are identified as one of the leading causes of mortality. NCDs have several modifiable risk factors including unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use and alc...

    Authors: Ankur Singh, Shalini Bassi, Gaurang P. Nazar, Kiran Saluja, MinHae Park, Sanjay Kinra and Monika Arora

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:292

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Asthma is one of the main non-infectious diseases of the respiratory system with substantial economic burden worldwide. The objective of this study was to estimate the economic burden of adult asthma in Cyprus...

    Authors: Savvas Zannetos, Theodora Zachariadou, Andreas Zachariades, Andreas Georgiou and Michael A. Talias

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:262

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Obese Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and represents a critical opportu...

    Authors: Erica G. Soltero, Yolanda P. Konopken, Micah L. Olson, Colleen S. Keller, Felipe G. Castro, Allison N. Williams, Donald L. Patrick, Stephanie Ayers, Houchun H. Hu, Matthew Sandoval, Janiel Pimentel, William C. Knowler, Kevin D. Frick and Gabriel Q. Shaibi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:261

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is prevailing in Saudi Arabia. Recent national data indicated an inverse association between vitamin D status and coronary heart disease (CHD), which increases concerns about vitamin D def...

    Authors: Najlaa M. Aljefree, Patricia Lee and Faruk Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:266

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Association between caesarian section (C-section) and obesity is controversial and mostly based on body mass index (BMI), which has inherent limitations. Using direct estimates of body fat mass, we aimed to as...

    Authors: Aluisio J. D. Barros, Leonardo Pozza Santos, Fernando Wehrmeister, Janaina Vieira dos Santos Motta, Alicia Matijasevich, Ina S. Santos, Ana M. B. Menezes, Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Bernardo L. Horta and Fernando C. Barros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:256

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization recommends cervical cancer screening and vaccination programmes as measures to combat cervical cancer. The uptake of these measures remains low in Uganda, most especially in rural...

    Authors: Rawlance Ndejjo, Trasias Mukama, Geofrey Musinguzi, Abdullah Ali Halage, John C. Ssempebwa and David Musoke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:255

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  29. Content type: Research article

    A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic dise...

    Authors: Thomas A. Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F. Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J. Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W. Bärnighausen, Lisa F. Berkman and Stephen Tollman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:206

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Real life implementation studies performed in different settings and populations proved that lifestyle interventions in prevention of type 2 diabetes can be effective. However, little is known about long term ...

    Authors: Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Jaana Lindström, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Beata Piwońska-Solska, Roman Topór-Mądry, Zbigniew Szybiński, Markku Peltonen, Peter E. H. Schwarz, Adam Windak and Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:198

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  31. Content type: Research article

    There are about 70 small islands in the Aegean and Ionian Sea, of less than 300 Km2 and 5000 inhabitants each, comprising a total population of more than 75,000 individuals with geographical and socioeconomic cha...

    Authors: Chris J. Kapelios, Ioannis Kyriazis, Ioannis Ioannidis, Charilaos Dimosthenopoulos, Erifili Hatziagelaki and Stavros Liatis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:147

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Refined grains and white rice have been associated with elevated risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, we sought to quantify the effect of white rice intake on incident T2DM in two prospectiv...

    Authors: Asieh Golozar, Davood Khalili, Arash Etemadi, Hossein Poustchi, Akbar Fazeltabar, Firoozeh Hosseini, Farin Kamangar, Masoud Khoshnia, Farhad Islami, Farzad Hadaegh, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta, Christian C. Abnet, Sanford M. Dawsey, Fereidoun Azizi, Reza Malekzadeh…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:133

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence of chronic diseases and unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among the adult population of Puerto Rico (PR) is high; however, few epidemiological studies have been conducted to address these. We aimed to d...

    Authors: Josiemer Mattei, José F. Rodríguez-Orengo, Martha Tamez, Francheska Corujo, Aida Claudio, Héctor Villanueva, Hannia Campos, Walter C. Willett, Katherine L. Tucker and Carlos F. Ríos-Bedoya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:136

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The Asia-Pacific region is home to nearly half of the world’s population. The region has seen a recent rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The present syste...

    Authors: P. Ranasinghe, Y. Mathangasinghe, R. Jayawardena, A. P. Hills and A. Misra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:101

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased betw...

    Authors: Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong and Jin-Kyoung Oh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:71

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  36. Content type: Research article

    High blood pressure (HBP) is an increasing public health issue for developing countries. HBP is an important contributing factor to many non-communicable diseases that were until very recently thought to be ra...

    Authors: Joseph Kouesyandé Soubeiga, Tieba Millogo, Brice W. Bicaba, Boukare Doulougou and Séni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:64

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    This 7 year NIHR programme [2011–2018] tests the primary hypothesis that the NDPS diet and physical activity intervention will reduce the risk of transition to type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in groups at high risk of ...

    Authors: Melanie Pascale, Nikki Murray, Max Bachmann, Garry Barton, Allan Clark, Amanda Howe, Colin Greaves and Mike Sampson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:31

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Previous researches aiming to estimate the association between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms come out with inconsistent results. Besides, most of them are conducted in the developed areas. There i...

    Authors: Shasha Yu, Hongmei Yang, Xiaofan Guo, Liqiang Zheng and Yingxian Sun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:43

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and there are reports of increasing prevalence of prediabetes in Nigeria. This study therefore characterised CVDs risk factors in subjects with impa...

    Authors: Victor M. Oguoma, Ezekiel U. Nwose, Ifeoma I. Ulasi, Adeseye A. Akintunde, Ekene E. Chukwukelu, Phillip T. Bwititi, Ross S. Richards and Timothy C. Skinner

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:36

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Body weight is highly associated with overall health status. Being severely thin or obese may impose the risk of many health problems. Early detection of body mass index (BMI) status may help to reduce the ass...

    Authors: Aryati Ahmad, Nurzaime Zulaily, Nor Saidah Abdul Manan, Mohd Razif Shahril, Sharifah Wajihah Wafa Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, Rahmah Mohd Amin, Engku Fadzli Hasan Syed Abdullah and Amran Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:9

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Recognizing patterns of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in families helps to identify and target individuals who may have the most to gain from preventive interventions. The overall goal of the study is to t...

    Authors: Panniyammakal Jeemon, S. Harikrishnan, G. Sanjay, Sivasankaran Sivasubramonian, T. R. Lekha, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Nikhil Tandon and Dorairaj Prabhakaran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:10

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension and diabetes prevalence is high in Africans. Data from HIV infected populations are limited, especially from Malawi. Integrating care for chronic non-communicable co-morbidities in well-establishe...

    Authors: Oscar H. Divala, Alemayehu Amberbir, Zahra Ismail, Teferi Beyene, Daniela Garone, Colin Pfaff, Victor Singano, Harriet Akello, Martias Joshua, Moffat J. Nyirenda, Alfred Matengeni, Josh Berman, Jane Mallewa, Gift S. Chinomba, Noel Kayange, Theresa J. Allain…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1243

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to identify corresponding body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference cut-offs for equivalent levels of insulin sensitivity in a Middle Eastern immigrant population compared with na...

    Authors: Louise Bennet, Karin Stenkula, Samuel W Cushman and Kerstin Brismar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1242

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is recognised as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very limited evidence about its epidemiology in the Central African Republic. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Ghose Bishwajit, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Barbara Esther Ouansaba, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Yuanli Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu and Boniface Koffi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1230

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Recent societal and political reforms in Myanmar may upturn the socio-economy and, thus, contribute to the country’s health transition. Baseline data on urban-rural disparities in non-communicable disease (NCD...

    Authors: Aung Soe Htet, Marius B. Bjertness, Lhamo Y. Sherpa, Marte Karoline Kjøllesdal, Win Myint Oo, Haakon E. Meyer, Hein Stigum and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1225

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Individuals routinely receive information about their risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) based on traditional risk factors as part of their primary care. We are also able to calculate individual’s risk of CH...

    Authors: Guy Shefer, Barbora Silarova, Juliet Usher-Smith and Simon Griffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1221

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Mississippi. However, the prevalence of no known CVD risk factors among Mississippi adults and the change of prevalence in the past 9 years have no...

    Authors: Vincent L. Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Lamees El-sadek and Vanessa L. Short

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1220

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Actual caries figures emphasize the need to identify the risk indicators involved in the disease’s development. The hypothesis that certain risk indicators might affect the dynamic evolution of the caries proc...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giovanna Congiu, Fabio Cocco, Gianfranco Meloni, Silvana Sale and Guglielmo Campus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1213

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