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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 3 of 17

  1. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity is emerging as a major public health problem worldwide. To date, most studies of obesity and overweight in Peru are focused on adults, with few of them involving children, a population at a c...

    Authors: J. Smith Torres-Roman, Diego Urrunaga-Pastor, Jose L. Avilez, Luis M. Helguero-Santin and German Malaga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:353

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCDs) multi-morbidity is becoming one of the public health problems in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of NCCDs and multi-morbidity amon...

    Authors: Endrias Markos Woldesemayat, Andargachew Kassa, Taye Gari and Mesay Hailu Dangisso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:352

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is reportedly growing fast in sub-Saharan Africa. There is however a scarcity of epidemiologic data on DM in Burkina Faso. We carried out a secondary analysis of the fi...

    Authors: Tieba Millogo, Brice W. Bicaba, Joseph Kouesyandé Soubeiga, Estelle Dabiré, Isaie Médah and Séni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:350

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Whether constitutional low blood pressure (BP) causes substantive health problems has been controversial, and subjects with hypotension exhibit a range of symptoms, from mild typical conditions such as tiredne...

    Authors: Kyung-in Joung and Sung-il Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:200

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The best anthropometric indicator to verify the association between obesity and hypertension (HTN) has not been established. We conducted this study to evaluate and compare the discriminatory power of waist-to...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Rezende, Ludimila Garcia Souza, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Naiana Borges Perillo, Ymara Cássia Luciana Araújo, Samanta Garcia de Souza, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Humberto Graner Moreira, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza, Maria do Rosário Gondim Peixoto and Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:281

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The burden of metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as type 2 diabetes, elevated cholesterol and hypertension, is unequally distributed across ethnic groups. Recent findings suggest an ...

    Authors: Lara Hartog, Martijn S. van Rooijen, Joanne Ujčič-Voortman, Maria Prins and Irene G. M. van Valkengoed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:276

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a major morbidity factor contributing largely to health care costs and individual quality of life. The aim of the study was to test whether obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) is one ...

    Authors: Livia Maccioni, Susanne Weber, Magdeldin Elgizouli, Anne-Sophie Stoehlker, Ilona Geist, Hans-Hartmut Peter, Werner Vach and Alexandra Nieters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:271

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity is recommended for all people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the dose of physical activity required to gain mortality benefit in this population is not yet kno...

    Authors: Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Zoe McKeough, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Mark Hamer and Emmanuel Stamatakis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:268

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The effect of cardio-metabolic profile on the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with mortality is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore association between BMI and mortality at all ages, taking acc...

    Authors: Chih-Cheng Hsu, Mark L. Wahlqvist, I-Chien Wu, Yu-Hung Chang, I-Shou Chang, Yi-Fen Tsai, Ting-Ting Liu, Chwen Keng Tsao and Chao A. Hsiung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:142

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The population-based incidence of sarcoma and its histological subtypes in Germany is unknown. Up-to-date information on a disease with an incidence comparable to other cancer entities is of high public health...

    Authors: Meike Ressing, Eva Wardelmann, Peter Hohenberger, Jens Jakob, Bernd Kasper, Katharina Emrich, Andrea Eberle, Maria Blettner and Sylke Ruth Zeissig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:235

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Suicidal ideation may lead to deliberate self-harm which increases the risk of death by suicide. Globally, the main cause of deliberate self-harm is depression. The aim of this study was to explore prevalence ...

    Authors: Epiphany Munetsi, Victoria Simms, Lloyd Dzapasi, Georgina Chapoterera, Nyaradzo Goba, Tichaona Gumunyu, Helen A. Weiss, Ruth Verhey, Melanie Abas, Ricardo Araya and Dixon Chibanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:227

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often associated with chronic pain, but pain in COPD remains poorly understood, particularly in comparison to pain in other groups. We compared the pain reported...

    Authors: Randi Andenæs, Astrid Momyr and Idunn Brekke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:181

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The differences between breast cancer risk factors in white British/Irish and Asian women attending screening in the UK are not well documented.

    Authors: D. Gareth Evans, Adam R. Brentnall, Michelle Harvie, Susan Astley, Elaine F. Harkness, Paula Stavrinos, Louise S. Donnelly, Sarah Sampson, Faiza Idries, Donna Watterson, Jack Cuzick, Mary Wilson, Anil Jain, Fiona Harrison, Anthony J. Maxwell and Anthony Howell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:178

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To examine the relation between self-reported hypoglycemic events, worries about these episodes, and the burden of diabetes in adults with diabetes and family members from The Netherlands.

    Authors: Giesje Nefs and François Pouwer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:156

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) frequently complicated with more cardiovascular risk factors, but received fewer evidence-based medications (EBMs). This study explored the association of EB...

    Authors: Tian-li Xia, Fang-yang Huang, Yi-ming Li, Hua Chai, Bao-tao Huang, Yuan-Wei-Xiang Ou, Qiao Li, Xiao-bo Pu, Zhi-liang Zuo, Yong Peng, Mao Chen and De-jia Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:150

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we compared stage at diagnosis, standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of most frequent cancer diagnoses between re-settlers (Aussiedler) from the former Sovie...

    Authors: An Bin Cho, Philipp Jaehn, Bernd Holleczek, Heiko Becher and Volker Winkler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:148

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The disease burden related to mental disorders and metabolic syndrome is growing in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS) is a population-based sample of twins a...

    Authors: Kaushalya Jayaweera, Lisa Aschan, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Nicholas Glozier, Khalida Ismail, Carmine M. Pariante, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M. S. Zavos, Patricia A. Zunszain, Athula Sumathipala and Matthew Hotopf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:145

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, with 80% of the cases occurring in developing countries. Cervical cancer is largely preventable by effective screening programs. This has not been...

    Authors: Ghufran Jassim, Alaaeddin Obeid and Huda A. Al Nasheet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:128

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  19. Content type: Research article

    A rising trend in Sri Lanka for asthma and wheezing illness is observed with higher morbidity in younger children and a paucity of related research. ‘Under-served settlements’ (USS) of Colombo Municipal Counci...

    Authors: Ruwanika Seneviratne and Nalika S. Gunawardena

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:127

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The association between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and all-cause mortality in Chinese adults remains unclear. This study aimed to identify the relationship of SBP with all-cause mortality in Chinese men and...

    Authors: Chunsheng Li, Youren Chen, Qiongbing Zheng, Weiqiang Wu, Zhichao Chen, Lu Song, Shasha An, Zhifang Li, Shuohua Chen and S. L. Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:107

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Many interventions have attempted to increase vulnerable and remote populations’ access to ORS and zinc to reduce child mortality from diarrhoea. However, the impact of these interventions is difficult to meas...

    Authors: Jayachandran A. Ayyanat, Catherine Harbour, Sanjeev Kumar and Manjula Singh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:103

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Youth with chronic physical health problems often experience social and emotional problems. We investigate the relationship between participation in the Big Brothers Big Sisters of Canada community-based mento...

    Authors: Ellen L. Lipman, David DeWit, David L. DuBois, Simon Larose and Gizem Erdem

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:102

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Real life implementation studies performed in different settings have proved that lifestyle interventions in the prevention of type 2 diabetes (DM2) can be effective, although the weight reduction results are ...

    Authors: Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Beata Piwońska-Solska, Jaana Lindström, Ewa Wójtowicz, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Peter E. H. Schwarz, Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek, Zbigniew Szybiński, Adam Windak and Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:97

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Telephone survey (TS) has been a popular tool for conducting health surveys, particularly in developed countries. However, the feasibility, and reliability of TS are not adequately explored in Sri Lanka. The m...

    Authors: H. M. M. Herath, N. P. Weerasinghe, T. P. Weerarathna, A. Hemantha and A. Amarathunga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:984

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Bhutan is currently facing a double burden of non-communicable (NCDs) and communicable diseases, with rising trends of NCDs. The 2014 STEPS survey identified high prevalence of several NCD risk factors; howeve...

    Authors: Dorji Pelzom, Petros Isaakidis, Myo Minn Oo, Mongal Singh Gurung and Pemba Yangchen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:975

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Social isolation is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but it is unclear which elements play a crucial role in this association. Therefore, we assessed the associations of a broad range of structural and ...

    Authors: Stephanie Brinkhues, Nicole H. T. M. Dukers-Muijrers, Christian J. P. A. Hoebe, Carla J. H. van der Kallen, Pieter C. Dagnelie, Annemarie Koster, Ronald M. A. Henry, Simone J. S. Sep, Nicolaas C. Schaper, Coen D. A. Stehouwer, Hans Bosma, Paul H. M. Savelkoul and Miranda T. Schram

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:955

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The increasing number of people with chronic diseases challenges workforce capacity. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) can have work-related consequences, such as early retirement. Laws of most high-income countries requi...

    Authors: M. A. Nexo, B. Cleal, Lise Hagelund, I. Willaing and K. Olesen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:938

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  28. Content type: Research article

    There is sufficient evidence supporting a relationship between increased body mass index (BMI) and an increased risk for breast cancer among postmenopausal women. However, most studies have found a decreased r...

    Authors: Yanzi Chen, Li Liu, Quan Zhou, Mustapha Umar Imam, Jialin Cai, Yaxuan Wang, Minjie Qi, Panpan Sun, Zhiguang Ping and Xiaoli Fu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:936

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Some longitudinal studies have shown that blood pressure tracks from adolescence to adulthood, yet there is limited evidence regarding the predictive factors of adulthood hypertension during adolescence. This ...

    Authors: Saeed Kalantari, Davood Khalili, Samaneh Asgari, Noushin Fahimfar, Farzad Hadaegh, Maryam Tohidi and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:915

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Substantial evidence suggests that weight gain in early life is associated with increased adiposity and other metabolic disorders later in life. It is, however, unknown whether physical activity (PA) may modif...

    Authors: Elin Kolle, Bernardo L. Horta, Jonathan Wells, Soren Brage, Fernando C. Barros, Ulf Ekelund and Pedro C. Hallal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:905

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Social relations influence mental health through different pathways. To capture the complexity of social relations, it is beneficial to consider both the structural (e.g., reachability of social network and so...

    Authors: Lise Røntved Hansen, Stinna Bibi Pedersen, Charlotte Overgaard, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Line Rosenkilde Ullits

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:860

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a global problem and pediatric obesity has risen dramatically. Early NAFLD might progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or liver cirrhosis and significantly...

    Authors: Ming-Shyan Lin, Tsai-Hui Lin, Su-Er Guo, Ming-Horng Tsai, Ming-Shin Chiang, Tung-Jung Huang and Mei-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:851

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and little is known about trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment and the control of hypertension in Myanmar. This study aims at evaluati...

    Authors: Aung Soe Htet, Marius B. Bjertness, Win Myint Oo, Marte Karoline Kjøllesdal, Lhamo Y. Sherpa, Ko Ko Zaw, Ko Ko, Hein Stigum, Haakon E. Meyer and Espen Bjertness

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:847

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between multiple chronic diseases and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly populations.

    Authors: JooYeon Seo, BoYoul Choi, Shinah Kim, HyeYoung Lee and DongHoon Oh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:844

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The two-way relationship between obesity and socioeconomic disadvantage is well established but previous studies on social and economic consequences of obesity have primarily focused on relatively young study ...

    Authors: Aapo Hiilamo, Tea Lallukka, Minna Mänty and Anne Kouvonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:842

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    The latest scientific reports raise concerns about the rapidly increasing burden of chronic diseases in the state of Qatar. Pregnant Qatari women often confront complications during pregnancy including gestati...

    Authors: Eman Sadoun, Vasiliki Leventakou, Maribel Casas, Heba Fawzy Ahmed, Manolis Kogevinas and Eleni Fthenou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:836

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Disparities in health status occur between people with differing socioeconomic status and disadvantaged groups usually have the highest risk exposure and the worst health outcome. We sought to examine the soci...

    Authors: Kathleen Hill, Paul Ward, Blair S. Grace and Jonathan Gleadle

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:802

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Studies on the relationship between vegetarian diet and breast cancer in Asian populations are limited. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between vegetarian diet, dietary patterns, and breast ca...

    Authors: Yao-Jen Chang, Yi-Cheng Hou, Li-Ju Chen, Jing-Hui Wu, Chao-Chuan Wu, Yun-Jau Chang and Kuo-Piao Chung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:800

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the association between smoking and blood pressure is unclear. Thus, the current study examined the association between cigarette ...

    Authors: Guoju Li, Hailing Wang, Ke Wang, Wenrui Wang, Fen Dong, Yonggang Qian, Haiying Gong, Chunxia Hui, Guodong Xu, Yanlong Li, Li Pan, Biao Zhang and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:797

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is a major health problem and cause of death worldwide. It is predicted that the prevalence of diabetes will increase from 415 million in 2015 to 642 million in 2040. However, the burden of diabetes i...

    Authors: Chipo Mutyambizi, Lumbwe Chola, Wim Groot, Milena Pavlova, Demetre Labadarios and Charles Hongoro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:745

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Asthma remains a leading cause of illness, where primary care can assist to reduce hospitalisations through prevention, controlling acute episodes, and overall management of asthma. In Victoria, Asthma hospita...

    Authors: Daniel Terry, Shalley Robins, Samantha Gardiner, Ruby Wyett and Md Rafiqul Islam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:723

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategi...

    Authors: Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso and Ana Lydia Sawaya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:708

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Public concerns are commonly expressed about widening health gaps. This cohort study examines variations and trends in cancer survival by socio-economic disadvantage, geographical remoteness and country of bir...

    Authors: Hanna E. Tervonen, Sanchia Aranda, David Roder, Hui You, Richard Walton, Stephen Morrell, Deborah Baker and David C. Currow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:691

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Overweight and obesity is a major public health concern that includes associations with the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors during childhood and adolescence as well as premature mortal...

    Authors: Amna Umer, George A. Kelley, Lesley E. Cottrell, Peter Giacobbi Jr, Kim E. Innes and Christa L. Lilly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:683

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  45. Content type: Research article

    High blood pressure is increasing worldwide, disproportionately so in developing countries. Inadequate health care systems and adoption of unhealthy lifestyles have been linked to this emergent pattern. To bet...

    Authors: L. K. Katalambula, D. N. Meyer, T. Ngoma, J. Buza, E. Mpolya, A. H. Mtumwa and P. Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:659

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