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Chronic disease epidemiology

Section edited by Jianguang Ji.

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 3 of 17

  1. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension (HT) are major noncommunicable health problems in both developing and developed countries, including Thailand. Each year, a large amount of money is budgeted fo...

    Authors: Tawatchai Apidechkul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:694

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of mortality in low- and middle-income countries like Nepal. Different risk factors usually cluster and interact multiplicatively to increase the risk of develo...

    Authors: Mahesh Kumar Khanal, M. S. A. Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Moniruzzaman, Palash Chandra Banik, Raja Ram Dhungana, Pratiksha Bhandari, Surya Devkota and Arun Shayami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:677

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    High quality, contemporary data regarding patterns of chronic disease is essential for planning by health services, policy makers and local governments, but surprisingly scarce, including in rural Australia. T...

    Authors: Kristen M. Glenister, Lisa Bourke, Leslie Bolitho, Sian Wright, Stuart Roberts, William Kemp, Leigh Rhode, Ravi Bhat, Sönke Tremper, Dianna J. Magliano, Mike Morgan, Rodrigo Mariño, William Adam and David Simmons

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:670

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Prospective cohort studies are considered ideal choices to study multiple outcomes and risk factors for Non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Our aim is to set-up the protocol and analyze risk factors, incidence r...

    Authors: Arsalan Khaledifar, Morteza Hashemzadeh, Kamal Solati, Hosseion Poustchi, Valentina Bollati, Ali Ahmadi, Soleiman Kheiri, Keihan Ghatreh samani, Mehdi Banitalebi, Morteza Sedehi and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:660

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  5. Content type: Research article

    With the social development and lifestyle transition, increasing trends of overweight and obesity prevalence are commonly reported worldwide. Data focusing on overweight and obesity trends in rural residents a...

    Authors: Ye Wang, Li Pan, Shaoping Wan, Huowuli Yi, Fang Yang, Huijing He, Zheng Li, Jia Zhang, Xiaoyang Wang, Zhengping Yong and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:659

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  6. Content type: Research article

    While the direct (medical) costs of arthritis are regularly reported in cost of illness studies, the 'true' cost to indivdiuals and goverment requires the calculation of the indirect costs as well including lo...

    Authors: Deborah Schofield, Michelle Cunich, Rupendra N. Shrestha, Robert Tanton, Lennert Veerman, Simon Kelly and Megan E. Passey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:654

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We describe hospital-based management of acute ischaemic stroke patients in 2010–2013 in Barbados, by comparing documented treatment given in the single tertiary public hospital with international guideline re...

    Authors: Asanchia S. Harewood-Marshall, Leslie S. Craig, Tanya P. Martelly, David O. C. Corbin, Lauren Maul, Damani McIntosh-Clarke, Tracey Blackman, Kenneth S. George, Anselm J. M. Hennis, Ian R. Hambleton and Angela M. C. Rose

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:648

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  8. Content type: Research article

    An elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level is a surrogate marker of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disorder in adolescents. The majority of previous NAFLD studies in ado...

    Authors: Ju Whi Kim, Kyung Jae Lee, Hye Ran Yang, Ju Young Chang, Jin Soo Moon, Young-Ho Khang and Jae Sung Ko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:617

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  9. Content type: Research article

    This study includes, for the first time, estimates of general and abdominal obesity prevalence for all ages of the Portuguese population, using common standardized methodologies. Results are compared by sex, a...

    Authors: Andreia Oliveira, Joana Araújo, Milton Severo, Daniela Correia, Elisabete Ramos, Duarte Torres and Carla Lopes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:614

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  10. Content type: Research article

    There have been previous representative nutritional status surveys conducted in Hungary, but this is the first one that examines overweight and obesity prevalence according to the level of urbanization and in ...

    Authors: Gergő Erdei, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Barbara Nagy, Csilla Kaposvári, Erzsébet Mák, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Zoltán Cserháti and Viktória Anna Kovács

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:611

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of death and more than 40% of NCD deaths are premature occurring before the age of 70 years. In 2012, World Health Assembly declared its commitme...

    Authors: Dileepa Senajith Ediriweera, Palitha Karunapema, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran and Mahendra Arnold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:584

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in developed countries appears to be plateauing. The purpose of this study was to provide the most recent data on the prevalence and trends in overweight and ...

    Authors: Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Xiaofang Jia, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:571

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, the burden of Sickle Cell disease (SCD) has not been amply addressed. In Africa, Uganda has the 5th highest burden, a situation aggravated by limited and inaccessible formal social support structure...

    Authors: Sharifu K. Tusuubira, Ritah Nakayinga, Bashir Mwambi, John Odda, Sylvia Kiconco and Alimah Komuhangi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:561

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  14. Content type: Research article

    From the public health perspective, epidemiological data of child mental health and psychosocial correlates were necessary and very lacking in Lithuanian society that has been undergoing rapid socio-economic c...

    Authors: Sigita Lesinskiene, Sigita Girdzijauskiene, Grazina Gintiliene, Dovile Butkiene, Dainius Puras, Robert Goodman and Einar Heiervang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:548

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Central obesity and overweight/obesity can result in various chronic non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. Waist circumference (WC) and body mass...

    Authors: Xiaoting Pei, Li Liu, Mustapha Umar Imam, Ming Lu, Yanzi Chen, Panpan Sun, Yaxin Guo, Yiping Xu, Zhiguang Ping and Xiaoli Fu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:529

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To report associations between different adiposity indices [anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measures] and blood pressure (BP) and hypertension in urban black South African adults.

    Authors: Pedro T. Pisa, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Juliana Kagura, Michele Ramsay, Nigel J. Crowther and Shane A. Norris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:524

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Isoflavones, a class of phytoestrogenic compounds, are abundant in soybeans. A number of epidemiological studies have investigated the association between dietary isoflavones intake and the risk of gastric can...

    Authors: Jie You, Yafei Sun, Yacong Bo, Yiwei Zhu, Dandan Duan, Han Cui and Quanjun Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:510

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population’s health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health c...

    Authors: Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F. Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S. Xiao, Katherine L. Tucker and José F. Rodríguez-Orengo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:491

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  19. Content type: Research article

    While previous studies have shown that regular physical activity can delay the onset of certain chronic diseases; less is known about the changes in physical activity practices following chronic disease diagno...

    Authors: Peiling Zhou, Anne K. Hughes, Sue C. Grady and Li Fang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:486

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To investigative the association of triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations with impaired fasting glucose/ impaired glucose tolerance (IFG/IGT) in Chinese adults.

    Authors: Jing Cui, Jianping Sun, Wei Wang, Nafeesa Yasmeen, Ma Ke, Hualei Xin, Qing Qiao, Aiguo Ma and Zulqarnain Baloch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:444

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Current primary prevention guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prioritize risk identification, risk stratification using clinical and risk scores, and risk reduction with lifestyle interventions and ph...

    Authors: Sarah S. Singh, Courtney S. Pilkerton, Carl D. Shrader Jr and Stephanie J. Frisbee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:429

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A number of prior studies have examined the association between anthropometric measures and mortality, but studies investigating the sex-specific predictive value of novel anthropometric measures on mortality ...

    Authors: Susanne Rost, Dennis Freuer, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Rolf Holle, Jakob Linseisen and Christa Meisinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:427

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  23. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the association between self-reported skirt size (SS) and change in SS, and incidence of chronic liver disease (CLD) in a prospective cohort study of women recruited to the UKCTOCS trial.

    Authors: P. M. Trembling, S. Apostolidou, A. Gentry-Maharaj, J. Parkes, A. Ryan, S. Tanwar, M. Burnell, U. Menon and W. M. Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:409

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to determine if the achievement of control targets in patients with type 2 diabetes was associated with personal socioeconomic factors and if these associations were sex-dependent.

    Authors: Berta Ibáñez, Arkaitz Galbete, María José Goñi, Luis Forga, Laura Arnedo, Felipe Aizpuru, Julián Librero, Oscar Lecea and Koldo Cambra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:408

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Grip strength in early adulthood and midlife is an important predictor of disability, morbidity and mortality in later life. Understanding social patterning in grip strength at different life stages could impr...

    Authors: Caroline Carney and Michaela Benzeval

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:385

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Active smoking is an important risk factor for all-cause mortality and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In contrast, published studies on the associations with secondhand smoke (SHS) are limited. The aim of ...

    Authors: Liya Lu, Daniel F. Mackay and Jill P. Pell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:348

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To describe the prevalence of alcohol dependence and to explore the relationship between alcohol dependence and newly detected hypertension in China.

    Authors: Ailing Ji, Peian Lou, Zongmei Dong, Chunrong Xu, Pan Zhang, Guiqiu Chang and Ting Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:364

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity is emerging as a major public health problem worldwide. To date, most studies of obesity and overweight in Peru are focused on adults, with few of them involving children, a population at a c...

    Authors: J. Smith Torres-Roman, Diego Urrunaga-Pastor, Jose L. Avilez, Luis M. Helguero-Santin and German Malaga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:353

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCDs) multi-morbidity is becoming one of the public health problems in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of NCCDs and multi-morbidity amon...

    Authors: Endrias Markos Woldesemayat, Andargachew Kassa, Taye Gari and Mesay Hailu Dangisso

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:352

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is reportedly growing fast in sub-Saharan Africa. There is however a scarcity of epidemiologic data on DM in Burkina Faso. We carried out a secondary analysis of the fi...

    Authors: Tieba Millogo, Brice W. Bicaba, Joseph Kouesyandé Soubeiga, Estelle Dabiré, Isaie Médah and Séni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:350

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Whether constitutional low blood pressure (BP) causes substantive health problems has been controversial, and subjects with hypotension exhibit a range of symptoms, from mild typical conditions such as tiredne...

    Authors: Kyung-in Joung and Sung-il Cho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:200

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The best anthropometric indicator to verify the association between obesity and hypertension (HTN) has not been established. We conducted this study to evaluate and compare the discriminatory power of waist-to...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Rezende, Ludimila Garcia Souza, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Naiana Borges Perillo, Ymara Cássia Luciana Araújo, Samanta Garcia de Souza, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Humberto Graner Moreira, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza, Maria do Rosário Gondim Peixoto and Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:281

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The burden of metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as type 2 diabetes, elevated cholesterol and hypertension, is unequally distributed across ethnic groups. Recent findings suggest an ...

    Authors: Lara Hartog, Martijn S. van Rooijen, Joanne Ujčič-Voortman, Maria Prins and Irene G. M. van Valkengoed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:276

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a major morbidity factor contributing largely to health care costs and individual quality of life. The aim of the study was to test whether obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) is one ...

    Authors: Livia Maccioni, Susanne Weber, Magdeldin Elgizouli, Anne-Sophie Stoehlker, Ilona Geist, Hans-Hartmut Peter, Werner Vach and Alexandra Nieters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:271

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity is recommended for all people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the dose of physical activity required to gain mortality benefit in this population is not yet kno...

    Authors: Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Zoe McKeough, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Mark Hamer and Emmanuel Stamatakis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:268

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The effect of cardio-metabolic profile on the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with mortality is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore association between BMI and mortality at all ages, taking acc...

    Authors: Chih-Cheng Hsu, Mark L. Wahlqvist, I-Chien Wu, Yu-Hung Chang, I-Shou Chang, Yi-Fen Tsai, Ting-Ting Liu, Chwen Keng Tsao and Chao A. Hsiung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:142

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The population-based incidence of sarcoma and its histological subtypes in Germany is unknown. Up-to-date information on a disease with an incidence comparable to other cancer entities is of high public health...

    Authors: Meike Ressing, Eva Wardelmann, Peter Hohenberger, Jens Jakob, Bernd Kasper, Katharina Emrich, Andrea Eberle, Maria Blettner and Sylke Ruth Zeissig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:235

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Suicidal ideation may lead to deliberate self-harm which increases the risk of death by suicide. Globally, the main cause of deliberate self-harm is depression. The aim of this study was to explore prevalence ...

    Authors: Epiphany Munetsi, Victoria Simms, Lloyd Dzapasi, Georgina Chapoterera, Nyaradzo Goba, Tichaona Gumunyu, Helen A. Weiss, Ruth Verhey, Melanie Abas, Ricardo Araya and Dixon Chibanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:227

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often associated with chronic pain, but pain in COPD remains poorly understood, particularly in comparison to pain in other groups. We compared the pain reported...

    Authors: Randi Andenæs, Astrid Momyr and Idunn Brekke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:181

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The differences between breast cancer risk factors in white British/Irish and Asian women attending screening in the UK are not well documented.

    Authors: D. Gareth Evans, Adam R. Brentnall, Michelle Harvie, Susan Astley, Elaine F. Harkness, Paula Stavrinos, Louise S. Donnelly, Sarah Sampson, Faiza Idries, Donna Watterson, Jack Cuzick, Mary Wilson, Anil Jain, Fiona Harrison, Anthony J. Maxwell and Anthony Howell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:178

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  41. Content type: Research article

    To examine the relation between self-reported hypoglycemic events, worries about these episodes, and the burden of diabetes in adults with diabetes and family members from The Netherlands.

    Authors: Giesje Nefs and François Pouwer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:156

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) frequently complicated with more cardiovascular risk factors, but received fewer evidence-based medications (EBMs). This study explored the association of EB...

    Authors: Tian-li Xia, Fang-yang Huang, Yi-ming Li, Hua Chai, Bao-tao Huang, Yuan-Wei-Xiang Ou, Qiao Li, Xiao-bo Pu, Zhi-liang Zuo, Yong Peng, Mao Chen and De-jia Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:150

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we compared stage at diagnosis, standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of most frequent cancer diagnoses between re-settlers (Aussiedler) from the former Sovie...

    Authors: An Bin Cho, Philipp Jaehn, Bernd Holleczek, Heiko Becher and Volker Winkler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:148

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The disease burden related to mental disorders and metabolic syndrome is growing in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS) is a population-based sample of twins a...

    Authors: Kaushalya Jayaweera, Lisa Aschan, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Nicholas Glozier, Khalida Ismail, Carmine M. Pariante, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M. S. Zavos, Patricia A. Zunszain, Athula Sumathipala and Matthew Hotopf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:145

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, with 80% of the cases occurring in developing countries. Cervical cancer is largely preventable by effective screening programs. This has not been...

    Authors: Ghufran Jassim, Alaaeddin Obeid and Huda A. Al Nasheet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:128

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