Skip to content


Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 2 of 17

  1. Content type: Research article

    The use of solid biomass as cooking fuel could be a potential risk factor for chronic bronchitis (CB) and airflow obstruction (AFO) among never-smoking women. The disease burden in India among women is general...

    Authors: Asmi Panigrahi and Bijaya K. Padhi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:924

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the increase globally. Prevention of this condition is ideal, however early detection of the disease becomes desirable where the disease process has begun as there are known ...

    Authors: Adaobi I. Bisi-Onyemaechi, Henrietta U. Okafor and Maduka D. Ughasoro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:922

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    The association between obesity and depression has been documented in previous systematic studies but remains controversial. Many prospective studies have focused on children and youth, and several studies hav...

    Authors: Huiqiang Luo, Jijie Li, Qi Zhang, Peiya Cao, Xiaohui Ren, Aiping Fang, Haiying Liao and Lijuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:909

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Prostate cancer remains the leading cause of cancer deaths among Caribbean men. However, little data exists on the influence of social factors on prostate cancer in the Caribbean setting. This article supports...

    Authors: Catherine R. Brown, Ian Hambleton, Shawn M. Hercules, Nigel Unwin, Madhuvanti M. Murphy, E. Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan and Natasha Sobers-Grannum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:900

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Mission of Mercy (MOM) emergency dental clinics are a resource for populations lacking access to dental care. We designed a MOM event incorporating health equity components with established community partners ...

    Authors: Devlon N. Jackson, Susan Passmore, Craig S. Fryer, Jie Chen, Dushanka V. Kleinman, Alice M. Horowitz, James Butler III, Mary A. Garza, Sandra C. Quinn and Stephen B. Thomas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:878

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Research on the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS), its components and eating speed is limited in China. The present study aimed to clarify the association between MetS, its components and eating s...

    Authors: Lixin Tao, Kun Yang, Fangfang Huang, Xiangtong Liu, Xia Li, Yanxia Luo, Lijuan Wu and Xiuhua Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:855

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes is commonly missed in most health facilities in Nigeria. Adequate knowledge of childhood diabetes is necessary for the recognition and possible intervention for the control of ...

    Authors: Ugo Nnenna Chikani, Adaobi Ijeoma Bisi-Onyemaechi, Tagbo Oguonu, Shalewa Modupe Ugege and Chinwe Ogugua

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:852

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of multimorbidity, defined by having two or more chronic diseases, is increasing in many Western countries. Simultaneously, the migrant population in Western countries has increased, making up a...

    Authors: Nasim Taleshan, Jorgen Holm Petersen, Michaela Louise Schioetz, Helle Gybel Juul-Larsen and Marie Norredam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:844

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity has been shown to attenuate the age-associated decline in lung function; however, there is little research evaluating different movement behaviours as potential correlates of lung function. M...

    Authors: Shilpa Dogra, Joshua Good, Matthew P. Buman, Paul A. Gardiner, Michael K. Stickland and Jennifer L. Copeland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:818

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pain is currently a significant health problem in the United States. A comprehensive strategy is needed to increase prevention of chronic pain and to improve care for chronic pain patients. However, de...

    Authors: Jennifer Malon, Parth Shah, Woon Yuen Koh, Gary Cattabriga, Edward Li and Ling Cao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:810

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Our study aimed to investigate the prevalence of two conditions, angina and stroke, and relevant risk factors among older adults in...

    Authors: Ye Ruan, Yanfei Guo, Yang Zheng, Zhezhou Huang, Shuangyuan Sun, Paul Kowal, Yan Shi and Fan Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:778

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Ethnic minority populations in the United States (US) are disproportionately affected by cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, including hypertension, overweight/obesity, and diabetes. The size and divers...

    Authors: Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Elizabeth Selvin, Jonathan Aboagye, Ruth-Alma Turkson-Ocran, Ximin Li, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb, Rexford S. Ahima and Lisa A. Cooper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:773

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Immigrants to the United States are usually healthier than their U.S.-born counterparts, yet the health of immigrants declines with duration of stay in the U.S. This pattern is often seen for numerous health p...

    Authors: Gilbert C. Gee, A. B. de Castro, Catherine M. Crespi, May C. Wang, Karen Llave, Eleanor Brindle, Nanette R. Lee, Maria Midea M. Kabamalan and Anna K. Hing

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:771

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Daytime napping has been postulated as both a protective and a risk factor for depression in previous studies. In addition to these conflicting results, research gaps also exist with regard to controlling conf...

    Authors: Yuning Liu, Tingting Peng, Siqiao Zhang and Kun Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:759

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, and chronic kidney disease are three major chronic conditions that develop with increasing risks among adults as they get older. The interconnectedness of these three...

    Authors: Chathura Siriwardhana, Eunjung Lim, James Davis and John J. Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:752

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the correlates of self-rated health (SRH) can help public health professionals prioritize health-promotion and disease-prevention interventions. This study aimed to investigate the association be...

    Authors: Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan and Liming Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:744

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    People with psychosis die on average 25 years earlier than those in the general population, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) contributing to much of the excess mortality. This cross-sectional study aimed to i...

    Authors: Doreen Mucheru, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E. Campbell, Mark McEvoy and Lesley MacDonald-Wicks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:742

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Both short and long sleep duration have been consistently studied as a risk factor for obesity, hyperglycemia and hypertension. In this cross-sectional study, we provide an updated analysis of the Health Exami...

    Authors: Claire E. Kim, Sangah Shin, Hwi-Won Lee, Jiyeon Lim, Jong-koo Lee, Aesun Shin and Daehee Kang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:720

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension (HT) are major noncommunicable health problems in both developing and developed countries, including Thailand. Each year, a large amount of money is budgeted fo...

    Authors: Tawatchai Apidechkul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:694

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of mortality in low- and middle-income countries like Nepal. Different risk factors usually cluster and interact multiplicatively to increase the risk of develo...

    Authors: Mahesh Kumar Khanal, M. S. A. Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Moniruzzaman, Palash Chandra Banik, Raja Ram Dhungana, Pratiksha Bhandari, Surya Devkota and Arun Shayami

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:677

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    High quality, contemporary data regarding patterns of chronic disease is essential for planning by health services, policy makers and local governments, but surprisingly scarce, including in rural Australia. T...

    Authors: Kristen M. Glenister, Lisa Bourke, Leslie Bolitho, Sian Wright, Stuart Roberts, William Kemp, Leigh Rhode, Ravi Bhat, Sönke Tremper, Dianna J. Magliano, Mike Morgan, Rodrigo Mariño, William Adam and David Simmons

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:670

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Prospective cohort studies are considered ideal choices to study multiple outcomes and risk factors for Non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Our aim is to set-up the protocol and analyze risk factors, incidence r...

    Authors: Arsalan Khaledifar, Morteza Hashemzadeh, Kamal Solati, Hosseion Poustchi, Valentina Bollati, Ali Ahmadi, Soleiman Kheiri, Keihan Ghatreh samani, Mehdi Banitalebi, Morteza Sedehi and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:660

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    With the social development and lifestyle transition, increasing trends of overweight and obesity prevalence are commonly reported worldwide. Data focusing on overweight and obesity trends in rural residents a...

    Authors: Ye Wang, Li Pan, Shaoping Wan, Huowuli Yi, Fang Yang, Huijing He, Zheng Li, Jia Zhang, Xiaoyang Wang, Zhengping Yong and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:659

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    While the direct (medical) costs of arthritis are regularly reported in cost of illness studies, the 'true' cost to indivdiuals and goverment requires the calculation of the indirect costs as well including lo...

    Authors: Deborah Schofield, Michelle Cunich, Rupendra N. Shrestha, Robert Tanton, Lennert Veerman, Simon Kelly and Megan E. Passey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:654

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    We describe hospital-based management of acute ischaemic stroke patients in 2010–2013 in Barbados, by comparing documented treatment given in the single tertiary public hospital with international guideline re...

    Authors: Asanchia S. Harewood-Marshall, Leslie S. Craig, Tanya P. Martelly, David O. C. Corbin, Lauren Maul, Damani McIntosh-Clarke, Tracey Blackman, Kenneth S. George, Anselm J. M. Hennis, Ian R. Hambleton and Angela M. C. Rose

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:648

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    An elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level is a surrogate marker of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disorder in adolescents. The majority of previous NAFLD studies in ado...

    Authors: Ju Whi Kim, Kyung Jae Lee, Hye Ran Yang, Ju Young Chang, Jin Soo Moon, Young-Ho Khang and Jae Sung Ko

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:617

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    This study includes, for the first time, estimates of general and abdominal obesity prevalence for all ages of the Portuguese population, using common standardized methodologies. Results are compared by sex, a...

    Authors: Andreia Oliveira, Joana Araújo, Milton Severo, Daniela Correia, Elisabete Ramos, Duarte Torres and Carla Lopes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:614

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    There have been previous representative nutritional status surveys conducted in Hungary, but this is the first one that examines overweight and obesity prevalence according to the level of urbanization and in ...

    Authors: Gergő Erdei, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Barbara Nagy, Csilla Kaposvári, Erzsébet Mák, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Zoltán Cserháti and Viktória Anna Kovács

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:611

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of death and more than 40% of NCD deaths are premature occurring before the age of 70 years. In 2012, World Health Assembly declared its commitme...

    Authors: Dileepa Senajith Ediriweera, Palitha Karunapema, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran and Mahendra Arnold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:584

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in developed countries appears to be plateauing. The purpose of this study was to provide the most recent data on the prevalence and trends in overweight and ...

    Authors: Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Xiaofang Jia, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:571

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, the burden of Sickle Cell disease (SCD) has not been amply addressed. In Africa, Uganda has the 5th highest burden, a situation aggravated by limited and inaccessible formal social support structure...

    Authors: Sharifu K. Tusuubira, Ritah Nakayinga, Bashir Mwambi, John Odda, Sylvia Kiconco and Alimah Komuhangi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:561

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    From the public health perspective, epidemiological data of child mental health and psychosocial correlates were necessary and very lacking in Lithuanian society that has been undergoing rapid socio-economic c...

    Authors: Sigita Lesinskiene, Sigita Girdzijauskiene, Grazina Gintiliene, Dovile Butkiene, Dainius Puras, Robert Goodman and Einar Heiervang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:548

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Central obesity and overweight/obesity can result in various chronic non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. Waist circumference (WC) and body mass...

    Authors: Xiaoting Pei, Li Liu, Mustapha Umar Imam, Ming Lu, Yanzi Chen, Panpan Sun, Yaxin Guo, Yiping Xu, Zhiguang Ping and Xiaoli Fu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:529

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    To report associations between different adiposity indices [anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measures] and blood pressure (BP) and hypertension in urban black South African adults.

    Authors: Pedro T. Pisa, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Juliana Kagura, Michele Ramsay, Nigel J. Crowther and Shane A. Norris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:524

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Isoflavones, a class of phytoestrogenic compounds, are abundant in soybeans. A number of epidemiological studies have investigated the association between dietary isoflavones intake and the risk of gastric can...

    Authors: Jie You, Yafei Sun, Yacong Bo, Yiwei Zhu, Dandan Duan, Han Cui and Quanjun Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:510

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population’s health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health c...

    Authors: Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F. Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S. Xiao, Katherine L. Tucker and José F. Rodríguez-Orengo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:491

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    While previous studies have shown that regular physical activity can delay the onset of certain chronic diseases; less is known about the changes in physical activity practices following chronic disease diagno...

    Authors: Peiling Zhou, Anne K. Hughes, Sue C. Grady and Li Fang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:486

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    To investigative the association of triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations with impaired fasting glucose/ impaired glucose tolerance (IFG/IGT) in Chinese adults.

    Authors: Jing Cui, Jianping Sun, Wei Wang, Nafeesa Yasmeen, Ma Ke, Hualei Xin, Qing Qiao, Aiguo Ma and Zulqarnain Baloch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:444

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Current primary prevention guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prioritize risk identification, risk stratification using clinical and risk scores, and risk reduction with lifestyle interventions and ph...

    Authors: Sarah S. Singh, Courtney S. Pilkerton, Carl D. Shrader Jr and Stephanie J. Frisbee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:429

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    A number of prior studies have examined the association between anthropometric measures and mortality, but studies investigating the sex-specific predictive value of novel anthropometric measures on mortality ...

    Authors: Susanne Rost, Dennis Freuer, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Rolf Holle, Jakob Linseisen and Christa Meisinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:427

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the association between self-reported skirt size (SS) and change in SS, and incidence of chronic liver disease (CLD) in a prospective cohort study of women recruited to the UKCTOCS trial.

    Authors: P. M. Trembling, S. Apostolidou, A. Gentry-Maharaj, J. Parkes, A. Ryan, S. Tanwar, M. Burnell, U. Menon and W. M. Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:409

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to determine if the achievement of control targets in patients with type 2 diabetes was associated with personal socioeconomic factors and if these associations were sex-dependent.

    Authors: Berta Ibáñez, Arkaitz Galbete, María José Goñi, Luis Forga, Laura Arnedo, Felipe Aizpuru, Julián Librero, Oscar Lecea and Koldo Cambra

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:408

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Grip strength in early adulthood and midlife is an important predictor of disability, morbidity and mortality in later life. Understanding social patterning in grip strength at different life stages could impr...

    Authors: Caroline Carney and Michaela Benzeval

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:385

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Active smoking is an important risk factor for all-cause mortality and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In contrast, published studies on the associations with secondhand smoke (SHS) are limited. The aim of ...

    Authors: Liya Lu, Daniel F. Mackay and Jill P. Pell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:348

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    To describe the prevalence of alcohol dependence and to explore the relationship between alcohol dependence and newly detected hypertension in China.

    Authors: Ailing Ji, Peian Lou, Zongmei Dong, Chunrong Xu, Pan Zhang, Guiqiu Chang and Ting Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:364

    Published on: