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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes prevalence is increasing globally, and Sub-Saharan Africa is no exception. With diverse health challenges, health authorities in Sub-Saharan Africa and international donors need robust data on the epi...

    Authors: Victoria Hall, Reimar W Thomsen, Ole Henriksen and Nicolai Lohse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:564

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with subsequent appearance of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. As compared to other Spanish regions, Murcia (southern Spain) registers increased obesity as well as car...

    Authors: Diana Gavrila, Diego Salmerón, José-Manuel Egea-Caparrós, José M Huerta, Alfonso Pérez-Martínez, Carmen Navarro and María-José Tormo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:562

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The population in Norway has become multi-ethnic due to migration from Asia and Africa over the recent decades. The aim of the present study was to explore differences in the self-reported prevalence of cardio...

    Authors: Anh T Tran, Jørund Straand, Lien M Diep, Haakon E Meyer, Kåre I Birkeland and Anne K Jenum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:554

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Depressive disorders have been associated with a number of co-morbidities, and we hypothesized that patients with a depression diagnosis would be heavy users of health care services, not only when first evalua...

    Authors: David Andersson, Henrik Magnusson, John Carstensen and Lars Borgquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:552

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  5. Content type: Research article

    We sought to evaluate the hypothesis that mental health impairment in underweight women, where this occurs, is due to an association between low body weight and elevated levels of body dissatisfaction and/or e...

    Authors: Jonathan Mond, Bryan Rodgers, Phillipa Hay and Cathy Owen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:547

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Limited studies have prospectively examined the role of body mass index (BMI) as a major risk factor for asthma during adolescence. This study investigates whether BMI is associated with increased risk of deve...

    Authors: Wen-Chao Ho, Yu-Sheng Lin, James L Caffrey, Meng-Hung Lin, Hui-Tsung Hsu, Leann Myers, Pau-Chung Chen and Ruey-Shiung Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:542

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Self-management is the cornerstone of diabetes control and prevention of complications; however, it is undetermined whether differences in intention to adopt healthy lifestyles and actual healthy behavior exis...

    Authors: James R Gavin III, Kathleen M Fox and Susan Grandy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:533

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cancer patients' knowledge about cancer and experiences with its treatment play an important role in long-term adherence in their disease management. This study aimed to explore cancer patients' knowledge abou...

    Authors: Maryam Farooqui, Mohamed A Hassali, Aishah K Shatar, Asrul A Shafie, Tan B Seang and Muhammad A Farooqui

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:525

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Ethnic differences in body fat distribution contribute to ethnic differences in cardiovascular morbidities and diabetes. However few data are available on differences in fat distribution in Asian children from...

    Authors: Ailing Liu, Nuala M Byrne, Masaharu Kagawa, Guansheng Ma, Kallaya Kijboonchoo, Lara Nasreddine, Bee Koon Poh, Mohammad Noor Ismail and Andrew P Hills

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:500

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) constitutes a major public health problem in China and worldwide. We aimed to examine classical risk factors and their magnitudes for CVD in a Chinese cohort with over 20 years fol...

    Authors: Jingfeng Ji, Enchun Pan, Jianxin Li, Jichun Chen, Jie Cao, Dongling Sun, Xiangfeng Lu, Shufeng Chen, Dongfeng Gu, Xiufang Duan, Xigui Wu and Jianfeng Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:497

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Few cohort studies have been conducted in low and middle-income countries to investigate non-communicable diseases among school-aged children. This article aims to describe the methodology of two birth cohorts...

    Authors: Antônio A Silva, Marco A Barbieri, Viviane C Cardoso, Rosângela F Batista, Vanda M Simões, Elcio O Vianna, Manoel R Gutierrez, Maria L Figueiredo, Nathalia A Silva, Thaís S Pereira, Juliana D Rodriguez, Sônia R Loureiro, Valdinar S Ribeiro and Heloisa Bettiol

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:486

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Several studies conducted during the past two decades suggested increasing trend of childhood allergic diseases in China. However, few studies have provided detailed description of geographic variation and exp...

    Authors: Fei Li, Yingchun Zhou, Shenghui Li, Fan Jiang, Xingming Jin, Chonghuai Yan, Ying Tian, Yiwen Zhang, Shilu Tong and Xiaoming Shen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:437

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to (1) describe the dental status using DMFT for the whole dentition and the anterior, premolar and molar regions; (2) determine associations of demographic variables and socio-economic status ...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Dick J Witter, Ewald M Bronkhorst and Nico HJ Creugers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:420

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  14. Content type: Research article

    India's population exhibits diverse dietary habits and chronic disease patterns. Nutritional epidemiologic studies in India are primarily of cross-sectional or case-control design and subject to biases, includ...

    Authors: Rashmi Sinha, Carrie R Daniel, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Hemali Shetty, Susan Yurgalevitch, Leah M Ferrucci, Preethi S George, Kerry Grace Morrissey, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Barry I Graubard, Kavita Kapur, K Srinath Reddy, Mary J McAdams, Tanuja Rastogi, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Prakash C Gupta…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:405

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Diagnosis of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome or ME/CFS is largely based on clinical history, and exclusion of identifiable causes of chronic fatigue. Characterization of cases and the impact...

    Authors: Luis C Nacul, Eliana M Lacerda, Peter Campion, Derek Pheby, Maria de L Drachler, José C Leite, Fiona Poland, Amanda Howe, Shagufta Fayyaz and Mariam Molokhia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:402

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes and related complications are common among ethnic minority groups. Community-based social support interventions are considered promising for improving diabetes self-management. To access such interven...

    Authors: Mirjam JE Kohinor, Karien Stronks and Joke A Haafkens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:399

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  17. Content type: Research article

    A body of research has shown that neighborhood environment may have an effect on a variety of health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease. One explanation for the mechanism of the effect of neighborhood ...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Fujino, Naohito Tanabe, Kaori Honjo, Sadao Suzuki, Kokoro Shirai, Hiroyasu Iso and Akiko Tamakoshi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:398

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and body mass index (BMI, kg.m-2) are established independent risk factors in the development of diabetes; we prospectively examined their relative contributions and joint relationship w...

    Authors: Farzad Hadaegh, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh, Maryam Safarkhani, Davood Khalili and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:383

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  19. Content type: Research article

    There is a high prevalence of mental health problems amongst adolescents. In addition there is a high prevalence of spinal pain in this population. Evidence suggests that these conditions are related. This stu...

    Authors: Clare S Rees, Anne J Smith, Peter B O'Sullivan, Garth E Kendall and Leon M Straker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:382

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The recent increase in the prevalence of allergic disorders might be a consequence of increased intake of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and reduced intake of n-3 PUFAs. The current cross-sectional st...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Satoshi Sasaki and Masashi Arakawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:358

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The implementation project of the national diabetes prevention programme in Finland, FIN-D2D, was carried out in primary health care in the area of five hospital districts during 2003-2007.

    Authors: Titta M Salopuro, Timo Saaristo, Heikki Oksa, Hannu Puolijoki, Mauno Vanhala, Tapani Ebeling, Leo Niskanen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Matti Uusitupa and Markku Peltonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:350

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence and incidence of asthma are believed to be increasing but research on the true incidence, prevalence and mortality from asthma has met methodological obstacles since it has been difficult to def...

    Authors: Jaime Correia de Sousa, Maria Espírito Santo, Tânia Colaço, Filipa Almada-Lobo and John Yaphe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:347

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Mental health problems in young people are an important public health issue. Students leaving their hometown and family at a young age to pursue better educational opportunities overseas are confronted with li...

    Authors: Pi-Chi Chou, Yu-Mei Y Chao, Hao-Jan Yang, Gwo-Liang Yeh and Tony Szu-Hsien Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:352

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  24. Content type: Research article

    With the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity, the metabolic syndrome has been studied among children in many countries but not in Malaysia. Hence, this study aimed to compare metabolic risk factors betw...

    Authors: Bee S Wee, Bee K Poh, Awang Bulgiba, Mohd N Ismail, Abdul T Ruzita and Andrew P Hills

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:333

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Immigrants from the Middle-East are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of the present survey was to measure, in a single deprived neighbourhood, the prevalence rates of impaired fasting ...

    Authors: Louise Bennet, Sven-Erik Johansson, Carl-David Agardh, Leif Groop, Jan Sundquist, Lennart Råstam and Kristina Sundquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:303

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The complications of hypertension cause severe health problems in rural areas in China. We (i) screened the major factors inducing hypertensive complications and provided intervention measures; and (ii) verifi...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Yong Meng, Yongli Yang, Yancai Liu, Caiqin Dong, Jianming Xiao, Ling Zhao and Fang Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:301

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to look at the prevalence and characteristics of postpartum depression symptomatology (PPDS) among Canadian women. Studies have found that in developed countries, 10-15% of new mothers were aff...

    Authors: Andrea Lanes, Jennifer L Kuk and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:302

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Public health promotes an ecological approach to chronic disease prevention, however, little research has been conducted to assess the integration of an ecological approach in community-based prevention progra...

    Authors: Margaret Cargo, Elisabeth Marks, Julie Brimblecombe, Maria Scarlett, Elaine Maypilama, Joanne Garnggulkpuy Dhurrkay and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:299

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  29. Content type: Research article

    This paper initially describes premature mortality by Aboriginality in South Australia during 1999 to 2006. It then examines how these outcomes vary across area level socio-economic disadvantage and geographic...

    Authors: David Banham, Heather Jury, Tony Woollacott, Robyn McDermott and Fran Baum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:286

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on cardiovascular diseases and risk factors is widely known, although the role of different SES indicators is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to inve...

    Authors: Barbara Schumann, Alexander Kluttig, Daniel Tiller, Karl Werdan, Johannes Haerting and Karin H Greiser

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:289

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Determinants of public healthcare expenditures in type 2 diabetics are not well investigated in developing nations and, therefore, it is not clear if higher physical activity decreases healthcare costs. The pu...

    Authors: Jamile S Codogno, Rômulo A Fernandes, Flávia M Sarti, Ismael F Freitas Júnior and Henrique L Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:275

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare professionals can play a crucial role in optimizing the health status of patients with cardiovascular risk factors (abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol, elevated triglyceride...

    Authors: Barbara Sassen, Gerjo Kok and Luc Vanhees

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:246

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Trafficking in women is a widespread human rights violation commonly associated with poor mental health. Yet, to date, no studies have used psychiatric diagnostic assessment to identify common forms of mental ...

    Authors: Nicolae V Ostrovschi, Martin J Prince, Cathy Zimmerman, Mihai A Hotineanu, Lilia T Gorceag, Viorel I Gorceag, Clare Flach and Melanie A Abas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:232

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Parkinson disease (PD) causes physical disability that negatively affects the quality of life of the sufferer's and their families. There are no Parkinson's disease (PD) social science studies published from A...

    Authors: Gerry Mshana, Catherine L Dotchin and Richard W Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:219

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has increased over the last few decades in adolescents and has become an important health challenge worldwide. This study analyzed the relationships between metabolic risk ...

    Authors: Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior, Susana Vale, Paula C Santos, Luísa Soares-Miranda, Ana I Marques and Jorge Mota

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:214

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Although self-management support improves diabetes outcomes, it is not consistently provided in health care settings strained for time and resources. One proposed solution to personnel and funding shortages is...

    Authors: Amireh Ghorob, Maria Mercedes Vivas, Diana De Vore, Victoria Ngo, Thomas Bodenheimer, Ellen Chen and David H Thom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:208

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  37. Content type: Research article

    It is desirable that those at highest risk of cardiovascular disease should have priority for preventive measures, eg. treatment with prescription drugs to modify their risk. We wanted to investigate to what e...

    Authors: Mette Brekke and Jørund Straand

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:144

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Education is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease incidence in developed countries. Blood pressure may be an explanatory biological mechanism. However few studies have investigated educational grad...

    Authors: Eric B Loucks, Michal Abrahamowicz, Yongling Xiao and John W Lynch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:139

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increased level of familial risk, research indicates that family members of patients with melanoma engage in relatively low levels of sun protection and high levels of sun exposure. The goal of thi...

    Authors: Sharon L Manne, Elliot J Coups, Paul B Jacobsen, Michael Ming, Carolyn J Heckman and Stuart Lessin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:122

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  40. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the association of cumulative smoking exposure and duration of smoking cessation with peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

    Authors: Young-Hoon Lee, Min-Ho Shin, Sun-Seog Kweon, Jin-Su Choi, Jung-Ae Rhee, Hye-Ran Ahn, Woo-Jun Yun, So-Yeon Ryu, Bok-Hee Kim, Hae-Sung Nam, Seul-Ki Jeong and Kyeong-Soo Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:94

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to quantify the contribution of comorbidity to activity limitations in populations with chronic cardiovascular disease, diabetes or respiratory disease (index conditions), with em...

    Authors: Morgan Slater, Anthony V Perruccio and Elizabeth M Badley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:77

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Whilst the prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression are well established, far less is known about postpartum anxiety. Studies have described the association between socio-demographic factors and post...

    Authors: Jane Yelland, Georgina Sutherland and Stephanie J Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2010 10:771

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