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Chronic disease epidemiology

Section edited by Jianguang Ji.

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 19

  1. Dental problems (DPs) and physical chronic diseases (CDs) are highly prevalent and incident in people with low socioeconomic status such as homeless individuals. Yet, evidence on the association between DPs an...

    Authors: Cilia Mejia-Lancheros, James Lachaud, Rosane Nisenbaum, Andrea Wang, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Stephen W. Hwang and Patricia O’Campo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Hypertension is highly prevalent and is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). While declining in some developed countries, it is increasing rapidly in some ...

    Authors: Zhuo Wang, Yu Luo, Shujuan Yang, Mingliang Zuo, Rong Pei, Jun He, Yin Deng, Maigeng Zhou, Li Zhao, Hui Guo and Kun Zou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:406

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Handgrip strength (HGS) is an important health biomarker whose low scores have been shown to be associated with the morbimortality. This study aimed to analyze the factors associated with low HGS in older peop...

    Authors: Cledir de Araújo Amaral, Thatiana Lameira Maciel Amaral, Gina Torres Rego Monteiro, Maurício Teixeira Leite de Vasconcellos and Margareth Crisóstomo Portela

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:395

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The exact prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and pre-diabetes in Swaziland remains unknown. Estimates suggest that the prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus is between 2.5 and 6.0% in Swazilan...

    Authors: Mojeed Akorede Gbadamosi and Boikhutso Tlou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:392

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Early-life hormonal and nutritional factors can greatly influence the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Adult height is a simple marker for these factors. This study aimed to investigate the a...

    Authors: Shubham Kumari, Xuena Wang, Yunyun Liu, Yeqing Gu, Yuhan Huang, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Guolin Wang, Kun Song and Kaijun Niu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:388

    Content type: Research article

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  6. An Amerindian genetic background could play an important role in susceptibility to metabolic diseases, which have alarmingly increased in recent decades. Mexico has one of the highest prevalences of metabolic ...

    Authors: Elvia Cristina Mendoza-Caamal, Francisco Barajas-Olmos, Humberto García-Ortiz, Isabel Cicerón-Arellano, Angélica Martínez-Hernández, Emilio J. Córdova, Marcelino Esparza-Aguilar, Cecilia Contreras-Cubas, Federico Centeno-Cruz, Miguel Cid-Soto, Mirna Edith Morales-Marín, Adriana Reséndiz-Rodríguez, Juan Luis Jiménez-Ruiz, María Guadalupe Salas-Martínez, Yolanda Saldaña-Alvarez, Elaheh Mirzaeicheshmeh…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:339

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is increasingly become a serious global public health concern in developed and developing countries including Ethiopia. It imposes significant burden of care on the individual, health ca...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele Ketema, Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Moges Agazhe Assemie, Alehegn Aderaw Alamneh, Getachew Mullu Kassa and Animut Alebel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:309

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Little is known about the potential role of central obesity among men. Our first aim was to confirm what is already known from prior research, namely that both BMI and WHR are inversely associated with selecte...

    Authors: Márton Keszthelyi, V. Anna Gyarmathy, András Kaposi and Zsolt Kopa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:307

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There was little known on how the interaction effect between obesity and current smoking affected the incidence of hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate how body mass index (BMI) modified the ...

    Authors: Feifei Yao, Wenfeng Liu, Rencheng Zhao, Guangxiao Li, Xiaojuan Huang and Yongjie Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hypertension is becoming an increasingly common health issue worldwide, especially in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Hypertension is the leading risk factor for premature death and disability worldwide, and ...

    Authors: Saeed M. Omar, Imad R. Musa, Osman E. Osman and Ishag Adam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:291

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Adiposity plays a crucial role in the risk of osteoporosis. However, the impact of body fat distribution on the skeleton is contentious. The study was designed to explore the association of various adiposity i...

    Authors: Huiling Tian, Jun Pan, Dou Qiao, Xiaokang Dong, Ruiying Li, Yikang Wang, Runqi Tu, Tanko Abdulai, Xiaotian Liu, Jian Hou, Gongyuan Zhang and Chongjian Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  12. While a dose-response relationship between physical activity and risk of diabetes has been demonstrated, few studies have assessed the relative importance of different measures of physical activity on diabetes...

    Authors: Pascal M. Mutie, Isabel Drake, Ulrika Ericson, Stanley Teleka, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Tanja Stocks and Emily Sonestedt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The rates of non-communicable diseases (NCD’s) appear to be increasing in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected people as compared to non-HIV infected people and this will have major implications for cli...

    Authors: Rudy Londile Mathebula, Eric Maimela and Nthembelihle Samuel Ntuli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Osteoarthritis (OA) holds significance as a highly prevalent disorder in elderly populations. Various studies have been conducted on the association between alcohol consumption and OA, but the results have oft...

    Authors: Ah. Hyun Kang, Me-riong Kim, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Yeoncheol Park, Dongwoo Nam, Eun-Jung Kim and In-Hyuk Ha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:227

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Evidence suggests that body composition has impact on arterial stiffness. However, evidence in Chinese are limited, and results remain controversial. The aim of our study is to investigate whether skeletal mus...

    Authors: Mingzhe Yang, Xuguang Zhang, Zhenkai Ding, Feijie Wang, Yufang Wang, Changya Jiao and Jie-Hua Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In order to close existing information gaps on diabetes-related health perceptions, diabetes knowledge, and information-seeking behaviors among adults in Germany, a representative population-based survey targe...

    Authors: Lena M. Stühmann, Rebecca Paprott, Christin Heidemann, Thomas Ziese, Sylvia Hansen, Daniela Zahn, Christa Scheidt-Nave and Paul Gellert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  17. While smoking elevates the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, whether smoking cessation after AF diagnosis actually leads to reduced CVD risk is unclear. We aimed to...

    Authors: Seulggie Choi, Jooyoung Chang, Kyuwoong Kim, Sung Min Kim, Hye-Yeon Koo, Mi Hee Cho, In Young Cho, Hyejin Lee, Joung Sik Son, Sang Min Park and Kiheon Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Over the past few decades, the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has risen rapidly in Iran and other low and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DM, pre-diabetes, undiagnosed and unco...

    Authors: Masoud Mirzaei, Masoud Rahmaninan, Mohsen Mirzaei, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh and Abbas Ali Dehghani tafti

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Mortality rates due to coronary heart disease (CHD) have decreased in most countries, but increased in low and middle-income countries. Few studies have analyzed the trends of coronary heart disease mortality ...

    Authors: C. Arroyo-Quiroz, T. Barrientos-Gutierrez, M. O’Flaherty, M. Guzman-Castillo, L. Palacio-Mejia, E. Osorio-Saldarriaga and A. Y. Rodriguez-Rodriguez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Metabolic syndrome (MS) has abruptly increased in China in the past two decades, gradually representing an important public health threat over the years. Here, we firstly reported the prevalence and associated...

    Authors: Li Ting Wu, Yun Feng Shen, Lei Hu, Mei Ying Zhang and Xiao Yang Lai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of the study was to assess trends in mortality and the number of lost years of life due to breast cancer in the female population in the years 2000–2016, with consideration given to differences regardi...

    Authors: Monika Burzyńska, Irena Maniecka-Bryła and Małgorzata Pikala

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:120

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To analyze the trend of lower extremity major amputations (MA) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Regions of Spain from year 2001 until 2015.

    Authors: María del Cristo Rodríguez Pérez, Chiara Chines, Arturo J. Pedrero García, Djeniffer Sousa, Francisco J. Cuevas Fernández, Itahisa Marcelino-Rodríguez, Santiago Domínguez Coello and Antonio Cabrera de León

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Perceived neighborhood characteristics, including satisfaction with one’s neighborhood as a place to live, are associated with lower obesity rates and more favorable cardiovascular risk factor profiles. Yet, f...

    Authors: Tiffany L. Gary-Webb, Natalie Suder Egnot, Alvin Nugroho, Tamara Dubowitz and Wendy M. Troxel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Diabetes and its complications including foot ulcer constitute a global public health challenge attributing to a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Foot ulcer is one of the long-term complication of...

    Authors: Tadesse Tolossa, Belayneh Mengist, Diriba Mulisa, Getahun Fetensa, Ebisa Turi and Amanuel Abajobir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Substantial number of women who deliver at home (WDH) are not captured in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. This delays HIV infection detection that negatively impacts endeavours to ...

    Authors: Juma Adinan, Bridgit Adamou, Caroline Amour, Aisa Shayo, Paulo Lino Kidayi and Levina Msuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1758

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Measurement of breast cancer burden and identification of its influencing factors help in the development of public health policy and strategy against the disease. This study aimed to examine the variability o...

    Authors: Tengku Muhammad Hanis, Najib Majdi Yaacob, Suhaily Mohd Hairon, Sarimah Abdullah, Noorfariza Nordin, Noor Hashimah Abdullah and Mohd Faiz Md Ariffin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1754

    Content type: Research article

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  27. National smoking cessation strategies in Nigeria are hindered by lack of up-to-date epidemiologic data. We aimed to estimate prevalence of tobacco smoking in Nigeria to guide relevant interventions.

    Authors: Davies Adeloye, Asa Auta, Ademola Fawibe, Muktar Gadanya, Nnenna Ezeigwe, Rex G. Mpazanje, Mary T. Dewan, Chiamaka Omoyele, Wondimagegnehu Alemu, Michael O. Harhay and Isaac F. Adewole

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1719

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Control of blood pressure among hypertensives is a major challenge around the world. Interventions for improving hypertension control in India are very limited. This paper describes the protocol for a cluster ...

    Authors: G. K. Mini, P. S. Sarma and K. R. Thankappan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1718

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Diet-related cardiovascular diseases have produced a large health burden in China. Coal miners are a high-risk population for cardiovascular disease, but there is little evidence concerning associations betwee...

    Authors: Qian Sun, Jin-Sha Ma, Hui Wang, Shu-Hong Xu, Jun-Kang Zhao, Qian Gao, Jian-Jun Huang and Tong Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1704

    Content type: Research article

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  30. First-degree relatives of patients with diabetes (FDR) tend to have impaired insulin activity, which lead to the alternation of circulating cytokine levels. Liver is a main target tissue of insulin action; the...

    Authors: Yiting Xu, Yun Shen, Xiaojing Ma, Chengchen Gu, Yufei Wang and Yuqian Bao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1628

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Recommendations on preventive lipid screening among children and adolescents remain controversial. The aim of the study was to assess age and puberty-related changes in serum lipids, including total cholestero...

    Authors: Anja Schienkiewitz, Julia Truthmann, Andrea Ernert, Susanna Wiegand, Karl Otfried Schwab and Christa Scheidt-Nave

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1627

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The co-occurrence of two or more chronic medical conditions in an individual is defined as multimorbidity. Lifestyle factors, including poor dietary patterns, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and excessive al...

    Authors: Mythily Subramaniam, Yunjue Zhang, Jue Hua Lau, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong and Eng Sing Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1612

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Higher dietary acid load (DAL) was considered to be associated with an elevated risk of hypertension, while related data from mainland China remains scarce and incomplete. We aim to evaluate the association be...

    Authors: Shao-wei Chen, Gui-yuan Ji, Qi Jiang, Ping Wang, Rui Huang, Wen-jun Ma, Zi-hui Chen and Jie-wen Peng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1599

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2020 20:360

  34. The co-occurrence of breast cancer (BC) and thyroid cancer (TC) has been mentioned for several years, researchers observed an increased risk of BC patients to develop TC, but few researches concern about the f...

    Authors: Shuting Li, Jiao Yang, Yanwei Shen, Xiaoai Zhao, Lingxiao Zhang, Biyuan Wang, Pan Li, Yunmei Wang, Min Yi and Jin Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1592

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Combined with the increasing life expectancy, chronic medical conditions have gradually become the dominant cause of death and disability, and multimorbidity became an increasingly serious public health challe...

    Authors: Hantong Zhao, Changcong Wang, Yingan Pan, Yinpei Guo, Nan Yao, Han Wang, Lina Jin and Bo Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1589

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Evidence on cognitive function in older South Africans is limited, with few population-based studies. We aimed to estimate baseline associations between cognitive function and cardiometabolic disease risk fact...

    Authors: Brian Houle, Thomas Gaziano, Meagan Farrell, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Lindsay C. Kobayashi, Nigel J. Crowther, Alisha N. Wade, Livia Montana, Ryan G. Wagner, Lisa Berkman and Stephen M. Tollman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1579

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A healthy lifestyle has been shown to reduce the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The extent to which lifestyle influences the risk of CAD for people with pre-existing non-modifiable risk factors is less...

    Authors: Kristian Dimovski, Marju Orho-Melander and Isabel Drake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1575

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Digital rectal examination (DRE) is one of the most common strategies for prostate cancer early detection. However, the use for screening purposes has a controversial benefit and potential harms can occur due ...

    Authors: Samara Carollyne Mafra Soares, Marianna de Camargo Cancela, Arn Migowski and Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1573

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Childhood obesity is a growing public health concern in many low-income urban settings; but its determinants are not clear. The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of childhood obesity and associ...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Priscilla Pokuaa Boakye and Leonard Baatiema

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1561

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Few large cohort studies have examined the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), coronary artery disease (CAD), obesity, and smoking among middle-aged and older adults in the major Asian-Am...

    Authors: Nancy P. Gordon, Teresa Y. Lin, Jyoti Rau and Joan C. Lo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1551

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There is high prevalence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Saudi Arabia that is still increasing. Early diagnosis of prediabetes, and immediate, effective intervention is yet unestablished....

    Authors: Rasmieh Alzeidan, Zeinab Shata, Marwah Mazen Hassounah, Leena Rashad Baghdadi, Ahmad Hersi, Amel Fayed, Tarek Kashour and Hala Elmorshedy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1550

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. WHO addresses the infectious disease like Tuberculosis, and non- communicable disease like Diabetes among the top 10 causes of death worldwide, which collectively leads to increasing mortality and premature de...

    Authors: Babita Sharma, Vijay Kumar Khanal, Nilambar Jha, Prajjwal Pyakurel and Gyanu Nepal Gurung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1545

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing worldwide. Adults with abdominal obesity have been reported to have increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders.

    Authors: Anita Lukács, Edina Horváth, Zsuzsanna Máté, Andrea Szabó, Katalin Virág, Magor Papp, János Sándor, Róza Ádány and Edit Paulik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1533

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Dyslipidemia is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We investigated the prevalence and associated risk factors of dyslipidemia- raised total cholesterol (TC), raised triglycerides (TG), ...

    Authors: Sampson Opoku, Yong Gan, Wenning Fu, Dajie Chen, Emmanuel Addo-Yobo, Diana Trofimovitch, Wei Yue, Feng Yan, Zhihong Wang and Zuxun Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1500

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has grown significantly in China. However, little is known about the survival outcome of people with type 2 diabetes and diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The purpose of this stu...

    Authors: Zihou Zhao, Lili Huo, Lianying Wang, Lijuan Wang, Zuodi Fu, Yufeng Li and Xiaohong Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1498

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The prevalence of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) has increased rapidly in Vietnam. This study aimed to elucidate the factors influencing OW/OB among secondary schoolchildren.

    Authors: Thuy Thi Phuong Pham, Yumi Matsushita, Lien Thi Kim Dinh, Thanh Van Do, Thanh Thi The Nguyen, Anh Tuan Bui, Anh Quoc Nguyen and Hiroshi Kajio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1478

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Chronic heart failure patients typically suffer from tremendous strain and are managed mainly in primary care. New care concepts adapted to the severity of heart failure are a challenge and need to consider he...

    Authors: Sigrid Boczor, Anne Daubmann, Marion Eisele, Eva Blozik and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1464

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Studies have demonstrated that high or low haemoglobin increases the risk of stroke. Previous studies, however, performed only a limited number of haemoglobin measurements, while there are dynamic haemoglobin ...

    Authors: Alimu Dayimu, Wendi Qian, Bingbing Fan, Chunxia Wang, Jiangbing Li, Shukang Wang, Xiaokang Ji, Guangshuai Zhou, Tao Zhang and Fuzhong Xue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1395

    Content type: Research article

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