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Chronic disease epidemiology

Section edited by Jianguang Ji.

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

Page 1 of 17

  1. Content type: Research article

    Several epidemiological studies have suggested that optimal obesity and visceral adiposity indicators and their cut-off values to predict cardio-metabolic risks varied among different ethnic groups. However, f...

    Authors: Zhoubin Zhang, Shujun Fan, Zhenxiang Xue, Jun Yuan, Ziyan Zhou, Tongmin Wang, Junling Liu, Ayxamgul Bawudun, Nazibam Nurmamat, Yuzhong Wang and Zhicong Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:613

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In an ageing world facing an epidemic of chronic diseases, there is great interest in the burden of multimorbidity on individuals and caregivers, yet no studies have examined the longitudinal association betwe...

    Authors: Jianan Bao, Kia-Chong Chua, Matthew Prina and Martin Prince

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:585

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The objective is to analyze the behavioral risk factors among the adult population and to identify the determinants of and their association with self-reported and symptom or measured chronic diseases in India.

    Authors: Sunita Patel, Faujdar Ram, Surendra Kumar Patel and Kaushalendra Kumar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:560

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Even though depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders, it is under-recognized in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Existing literature does not provide enough information on evaluation of predictors...

    Authors: Amjad Khan, Amer Hayat Khan, Azreen Syazril Adnan, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman and Saima Mushtaq

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:531

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There is an increasing burden of hypertension (HTN) across sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence is the highest in the world, but current care models are inadequate to address the dual epidemics. HIV treatme...

    Authors: Dalsone Kwarisiima, Mucunguzi Atukunda, Asiphas Owaraganise, Gabriel Chamie, Tamara Clark, Jane Kabami, Vivek Jain, Dathan Byonanebye, Florence Mwangwa, Laura B. Balzer, Edwin Charlebois, Moses R. Kamya, Maya Petersen, Diane V. Havlir and Lillian B. Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:511

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Identifying disparities in myocardial infarction (MI) burden and assessing its temporal changes are critical for guiding resource allocation and policies geared towards reducing/eliminating health disparities....

    Authors: Evah W. Odoi, Nicholas Nagle, Shamarial Roberson and Kristina W. Kintziger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:505

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Our study aimed to determine the association between forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and subsequent fatal and non-fatal events in a general population.

    Authors: Siew-Mooi Ching, Yook-Chin Chia, Marleen A. H. Lentjes, Robert Luben, Nicholas Wareham and Kay-Tee Khaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:501

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Many developing countries are experiencing the epidemiological transition, with the majority of deaths attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and others. In some countries, large ...

    Authors: Stephen Morrell, Richard Taylor, Devina Nand and Chalapati Rao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:481

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic status (SES) has a strong association with depression or physical and mental health in general. However, as SES is a multifaceted construct these associations are not easy to explain. Further, th...

    Authors: Jasmin Schlax, Claus Jünger, Manfred E. Beutel, Thomas Münzel, Norbert Pfeiffer, Philipp Wild, Maria Blettner, Jasmin Ghaemi Kerahrodi, Jörg Wiltink and Matthias Michal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:430

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  10. Content type: Research article

    There has been a limited recognition of hypertension and diabetes in China which has compromised optimal treatment. It is not clear if a screening program implemented by a national health survey has improved a...

    Authors: Chihua Li and L. H. Lumey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:421

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Leishmaniasis is a parasitic infection endemic in more than ninety countries of the world. The cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a most common form of leishmaniasis and it remains to be a major public health iss...

    Authors: Zafar Rasheed, Ahmed A. Ahmed, Tarek Salem, Mohammed S. Al-Dhubaibi, Ahmad A. Al Robaee and Abdullateef A. Alzolibani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:384

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Global increase of metabolic syndrome (MetS) may have affected Indonesia, however, lack of data in this multiethnic group country warrants a nationwide study for MetS and its components. This study aims to det...

    Authors: Elizabeth Henny Herningtyas and Tian Sheng Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:377

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Over the last decade, the Kenyan HIV treatment program has grown exponentially, with improved survival among people living with HIV (PLHIV). In the same period, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become a le...

    Authors: Dunstan Achwoka, Anthony Waruru, Tai-Ho Chen, Kenneth Masamaro, Evelyn Ngugi, Maureen Kimani, Irene Mukui, Julius O. Oyugi, Regina Mutave, Thomas Achia, Abraham Katana, Lucy Ng’ang’a and Kevin M. De Cock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:372

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have assessed the association between consumption of red and processed meat and the risk of heart failure, but the results are not consistent. This meta-analysis aimed to comprehensively evaluate ...

    Authors: Kun Cui, Yabin Liu, Lingjun Zhu, Xia Mei, Ping Jin and Yuhui Luo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:354

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Racial discrimination is recognised as a key social determinant of health and driver of racial/ethnic health inequities. Studies have shown that people exposed to racism have poorer health outcomes (particular...

    Authors: James Stanley, Ricci Harris, Donna Cormack, Andrew Waa and Richard Edwards

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:346

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Communities in low-to-middle income countries undergoing rapid urbanisation as well as nutrition transition are particularly at risk for associated health issues such as overweight and obesity. South Africa ha...

    Authors: Sandra S. Pretorius, Natalia Neophytou and Estelle D. Watson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:314

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  17. Content type: Research article

    As the data on the association of mental disorders and chronic physical diseases in developing and emerging countries is heterogeneous, this study aims to produce the first meta-analysis of these comorbidities.

    Authors: Labanté Outcha Daré, Pierre-Emile Bruand, Daniel Gérard, Benoît Marin, Valerie Lameyre, Farid Boumédiène and Pierre-Marie Preux

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:304

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Health information on the dimensions of asthma and allergic conditions in Khuzestan Province, as a major industrial and polluted area in Iran as and the Middle East, is inadequate. This study was performed to ...

    Authors: Esmaeil Idani, Hanieh Raji, Farzan Madadizadeh, Bahman Cheraghian, Maryam Haddadzadeh Shoshtari and Maryam Dastoorpoor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:303

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity can be defined as the presence of more than one chronic condition in an individual. Research on multimorbidity has predominantly focused on older adults and few studies have examined multimorbid...

    Authors: Mohammad Nazmus Sakib, Shahin Shooshtari, Philip St. John and Verena Menec

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:243

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Mental health problems have an adverse effect on the course of cardiac disease. The integration of their diagnosis and treatment into cardiology care is generally poor. It is particularly challenging in cultur...

    Authors: H. Allabadi, A. Alkaiyat, A. Alkhayyat, A. Hammoudi, H. Odeh, J. Shtayeh, M. Taha, C. Schindler, E. Zemp, S. Haj-Yahia and N. Probst-Hensch

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:232

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Administrative patient registers are often used to estimate morbidity in epidemiological studies. The validity of register data is thus important. This study aims to assess the positive predictive value of myo...

    Authors: Else-Marie Dalsgaard, Daniel Rinse Witte, Morten Charles, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Torsten Lauritzen and Annelli Sandbæk

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:228

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Recent large-scale population data on the prevalence of asthma and its risk factors are lacking in Uganda. This survey was conducted to address this data gap.

    Authors: Bruce J. Kirenga, Corina de Jong, Winceslaus Katagira, Samuel Kasozi, Levicatus Mugenyi, Marike Boezen, Thys van der Molen and Moses R. Kamya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:227

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin-D deficiency is a universal health problem caused primarily by inadequate exposure to sunlight. This study aimed to assess the vitamin D status and investigate the factors affecting vitamin D distribut...

    Authors: Karim H. Farhat, Mostafa A. Arafa, Danny M. Rabah, Hussein S. Amin and Nahla K. Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:211

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Ageing is a risk factor for both coronary artery disease (CAD) and reduced renal function (RRF), and it is also associated with poor prognosis in patients with CAD or RRF. However, little is known about whethe...

    Authors: Fei Chen, Zhi-liang Zuo, Fang-yang Huang, Tian-li Xia, Bao-tao Huang, Hua Chai, Qiao Li, Xiao-bo Pu, Yi-yue Gui, Yong Peng, Mao Chen and De-jia Huang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:205

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Sweden. This study aims to assess the impact of a CVD intervention implemented in 1993 in northern Sweden on the reduction of premat...

    Authors: Miguel San Sebastián, Paola A. Mosquera and Per E. Gustafsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:202

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The aims of this study were to determine the geographic and time variation of social determinants of health (SDH) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in Panama from 2012 to 2016, and to identify which o...

    Authors: Luis Quiel, Ilais Moreno Velásquez, Beatriz Gómez, Jorge Motta and Víctor Herrera-Ballesteros

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:199

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is related with cardiovascular disease. However, its relationship with diabetes mellitus (DM) has not been examined in Chinese population with a larger sample. We aimed to assess ...

    Authors: Wenzhen Li, Dongming Wang, Xiaojun Wang, Yanhong Gong, Shiyi Cao, Xiaoxv Yin, Xianbo Zhuang, Wenhuan Shi, Zhihong Wang and Zuxun Lu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:192

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Maternal family history of diabetes was significantly and positively associated with birth weight in grandchildren, we aim to assess the effect of grandparental diabetes on the grandchild’ body mass index (BMI...

    Authors: Yaping Lai, Juan Qi, Xingyong Tao, Kun Huang, Shuangqin Yan, Maolin Chen, Jiahu Hao and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:172

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Kerala, the southern state of India, has experienced sudden rise in the prevalence estimates of diabetes. A cohort study on the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Kerala state thus aptly bridges t...

    Authors: Gadadharan Vijayakumar, Sreeja Manghat, Revathi Vijayakumar, Leena Simon, Liss Maria Scaria, Aswathi Vijayakumar, Ganapathy K. Sreehari, V. Raman Kutty, Arun Rachana and Abdul Jaleel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:140

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The epidemiological characteristics of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the autonomous region of Xinjiang Uygur have been largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and demographic risk factors o...

    Authors: Jianghua Zhang, Xianhui Zhou, Qiang Xing, Yaodong Li, Ling Zhang, Qina Zhou, Yanmei Lu, Yinwen Fan, Abu Lizi, Wenhong Yan, Hongyan Wang, Meiling Zhai, Jianfu Bao, Liping Chen, Maihe Tuoti, Haidong Cui…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:116

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Atherosclerosis and COPD are systemic inflammatory diseases that share common risk factors including cigarette smoking. A high level of nicotine dependence is emerging as a recently identified risk factor for ...

    Authors: Junjia Zhu, Kevin Nelson, Jennifer Toth and Joshua E. Muscat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:103

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Painful Diabetic Neuropathy (PDN) is a complication that affects up to one third of people living with diabetes. There is limited data on the prevalence of PDN from countries in the Middle East and North Afric...

    Authors: Sabri Garoushi, Mark I. Johnson and Osama A. Tashani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:78

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The risk of mortgage foreclosure disproportionately burdens Hispanic/Latino populations perpetuating racial disparities in health. In this study, we examined the relationship between area-level mortgage forecl...

    Authors: Earle C. Chambers, David B. Hanna, Simin Hua, Dustin T. Duncan, Marlene Camacho-Rivera, Shannon N. Zenk, Jessica L. McCurley, Krista Perreira, Marc D. Gellman and Linda C. Gallo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:77

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and the carotid plaque score (cPS) are valid markers for detecting subclinical atherosclerosis. Evaluation of ASI and ABI for detection of atherosclerosis is assessed in t...

    Authors: Javad Alizargar and Chyi-Huey Bai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:65

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus is a major chronic disease, which is connected to direct and indirect costs and productivity losses. However, its effects on labour market participation are not straightforward to identify, n...

    Authors: Sara Pedron, Karl Emmert-Fees, Michael Laxy and Lars Schwettmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:25

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Mexico and understudied among indigenous populations. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and identify correlates of Type 2 diabetes mellitus ...

    Authors: Lorena S. Pacheco, David A. Hernández-Ontiveros, Esmeralda Iniguez-Stevens, Stephanie Brodine, Richard S. Garfein, Margarita Santibañez and Miguel A. Fraga

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1397

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies found regional differences in the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes between Northeast and South of Germany. The aim of this study was to investigate if regional variations are also p...

    Authors: Violetta Ptushkina, Esther Jacobs, Sabine Schipf, Henry Völzke, Marcello Ricardo Paulista Markus, Matthias Nauck, Christa Meisinger, Annette Peters, Werner Maier, Christian Herder, Michael Roden and Wolfgang Rathmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1331

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension and prehypertension pose significant public-health and clinical challenges for both economically developed and developing nations. Prevalence of these conditions are frequently underreported becau...

    Authors: Abdurrahman Aldiab, Mamdouh M. Shubair, Jamaan M. Al-Zahrani, Khaled K. Aldossari, Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Mowafa Househ, Hira Abdul Razzak, Ashraf El-Metwally and Hoda Jradi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1327

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is one of the most common diseases of childhood and is a health problem globally, particularly in developing counties and in children less than 2 years of age. Anemia during childhood has short- and lon...

    Authors: Zhi Huang, Fu-xiang Jiang, Jian Li, Dan Jiang, Ti-gang Xiao and Ju-hua Zeng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1267

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Few countries in the Middle East have a population-based cancer registry, despite a clear need for accurate cancer statistics in this region. We therefore established a registry in the East Azerbaijan province...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Somi, Roya Dolatkhah, Sepideh Sepahi, Mina Belalzadeh, Jabraeil Sharbafi, Leila Abdollahi, Azin Nahvijou, Saeed Nemati, Reza Malekzadeh and Kazem Zendehdel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1266

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Non-optimal blood pressure (BP) levels are a major cause of disease burden globally. We describe current BP and treatment patterns in rural India and compare different approaches to BP lowering in this setting.

    Authors: Devarsetty Praveen, David Peiris, Stephen MacMahon, Kishor Mogulluru, Arvind Raghu, Anthony Rodgers, Shailaja Chilappagari, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Gari D. Clifford, Pallab K. Maulik, Emily Atkins, Rohina Joshi, Stephane Heritier, Stephen Jan and Anushka Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1264

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Assessment of the differences in the outcomes of care by socioeconomic status (SES) is beneficial for both the efficient targeting of health care services and to decrease health inequalities. This study compar...

    Authors: Maija Toivakka, Aki Pihlapuro, Markku Tykkyläinen, Lauri Mehtätalo and Tiina Laatikainen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1258

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The Brazilian indigenous population is currently undergoing a process of epidemiological transition regarding the occurrence of communicable diseases, malnutrition and non-communicable chronic diseases. Chroni...

    Authors: Zilmar Augusto de Souza Filho, Alaidistânia Aparecida Ferreira, Juliano dos Santos, Karina Cardoso Meira and Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1251

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The aim was to analyse participation trajectories in organised breast and cervical cancer screening programmes and the association between socioeconomic variables and participation.

    Authors: Maria Michela Gianino, Jacopo Lenzi, Marco Bonaudo, Maria Pia Fantini, Roberta Siliquini, Walter Ricciardi and Gianfranco Damiani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1236

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have shown positive associations between higher WBC count and deaths from all-causes, CHD, stroke and cancer among occidental populations or developed countries of Asia. No study on the associa...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Chao Qiang Jiang, Lin Xu, Wei Sen Zhang, Feng Zhu, Ya Li Jin, G. Neil Thomas, Kar Keung Cheng and Tai Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1232

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a major need for longitudinal research examining the experiences of people with dementia and their primary carers, as relatively little is known about how the factors associated with capability to ‘li...

    Authors: Barbora Silarova, Sharon M. Nelis, Rosalie M. Ashworth, Clive Ballard, Marta Bieńkiewicz, Catherine Henderson, Alexandra Hillman, John V. Hindle, Julian C. Hughes, Ruth A. Lamont, Rachael Litherland, Ian R. Jones, Roy W. Jones, Martin Knapp, Piers Kotting, Anthony Martyr…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1214

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The associations of famine exposure with diabetes risk in adulthood are still unclear. This study aimed to explore the association between famine exposure in early life and risk of diabetes in adulthood.

    Authors: Zhenghe Wang, Zhiyong Zou, Zhongping Yang, Yanhui Dong, Jieyun Song, Bin Dong, Jun Ma and Luke Arnold

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1205

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and overweight are related to changes in blood pressure, but existing research has mainly focused on the impact of body mass index (BMI) on short-term blood pressure variability (BPV). The study aimed ...

    Authors: Haojia Chen, Ruiying Zhang, Qiongbing Zheng, Xiuzhu Yan, Shouling Wu and Youren Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1193

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