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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Previous studies have evaluated the association of multimorbidity with higher mortality, but epidemiologic data on the association between the disease clusters and all-cause mortality risk are rare. We aimed t...

    Authors: Kun He, Wenli Zhang, Xueqi Hu, Hao Zhao, Bingxin Guo, Zhan Shi, Xiaoyan Zhao, Chunyu Yin and Songhe Shi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1080

    Content type: Research article

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  2. As a country with one-fifth of the global population, China has experienced explosive growth in ischaemic stroke (IS) burden with significant ethnic and geographic disparities. The aim of this study was to exa...

    Authors: Na Zhang, Xinrui Wu, Mengyuan Tian, Xiaolei Wang, Jian Ding, Yong Tian, Chengcai Liang, Zhi Zeng, Hua Xiang and Hongzhuan Tan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1059

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The objective of the study was to evaluate the updated prevalence of MetS and provide a comprehensive illustration of the possible ...

    Authors: Bo Liu, Guanqun Chen, Ruijie Zhao, Dan Huang and Lixin Tao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1045

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The rate of decline in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality has lessened nationally. How these findings apply to specific states or causes of CVD deaths is not known. Examining these trends at the state leve...

    Authors: Sheila M. Manemann, Yariv Gerber, Suzette J. Bielinski, Alanna M. Chamberlain, Karen L. Margolis, Susan A. Weston, Jill M. Killian and Véronique L. Roger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:1031

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Osteoporosis is a gradually recognized health problem with risks related to disease history and living habits. This study aims to establish the optimal prediction model by comparing the performance of four pre...

    Authors: Yuqi Wang, Liangxu Wang, Yanli Sun, Miao Wu, Yingjie Ma, Lingping Yang, Chun Meng, Li Zhong, Mohammad Arman Hossain and Bin Peng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:991

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Musculoskeletal disorders are a leading cause of disability adjusted life years (DALY) in the world. We aim to describe the prevalence and to compare the DALYs and loss of health state utilities (LHSU) attribu...

    Authors: Pedro Zitko, Norberto Bilbeny, Carlos Balmaceda, Tomas Abbott, Cesar Carcamo and Manuel Espinoza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:937

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The study aimed to investigate the independent and combined effects of midpoint of sleep and night sleep duration on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in areas with limited resources.

    Authors: Zhihan Zhai, Xiaotian Liu, Haiqing Zhang, Xiaokang Dong, Yaling He, Miaomiao Niu, Mingming Pan, Chongjian Wang, Xiaoqiong Wang and Yuqian Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:879

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Influenza may be associated with increased stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) risk. We hypothesized that risk of stroke and MI after influenza-like illness (ILI) would be higher in patients in New York Stat...

    Authors: Erin R. Kulick, Trevor Alvord, Michelle Canning, Mitchell S. V. Elkind, Bernard P. Chang and Amelia K. Boehme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:864

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study was performed to investigate the association between the amount of alcohol consumption or binge drinking and obesity-related comorbidities in Korean men.

    Authors: Bo-Yeon Kim, Hyewon Nam, Jeong-Ju Yoo, Yoon-Young Cho, Dug-Hyun Choi, Chan-Hee Jung, Ji-Oh Mok and Chul-Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:733

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although obesity is a well-recognised risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the impact of long-term body mass index (BMI) changes in overweight or obese adults, on the risk of heart failure, CVD and mo...

    Authors: Barbara Iyen, Stephen Weng, Yana Vinogradova, Ralph K. Akyea, Nadeem Qureshi and Joe Kai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:576

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Serum potassium levels have been positively associated with cardiovascular mortality, but little is known about the association with cancer mortality and death due to other causes. We examined whether serum le...

    Authors: Ragnhild S. Falk, Trude Eid Robsahm, Jan Erik Paulsen, Tanja Stocks, Isabel Drake and Trond Heir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:711

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We aimed to test which life course model best described the association between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and multimorbidity at age 55. We analyzed data from birth to age 55 using the database from...

    Authors: Natan Feter, Jayne S. Leite, Daniel Umpierre, Eduardo L. Caputo and Airton J. Rombaldi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:700

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in early life may influence cardiovascular outcome later in adulthood. There is limited data regarding MetS among Thai adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the preval...

    Authors: Sirinapa Siwarom, Wichai Aekplakorn, Kwanchai Pirojsakul, Witchuri Paksi, Pattapong Kessomboon, Nareemarn Neelapaichit, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Sawitri Assanangkornchai and Surasak Taneepanichskul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:678

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Kuwait is amongst countries in the Gulf region with high income economy. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), one in five adults in the Gulf region is obese. This study sought to evaluate the prev...

    Authors: Victor M. Oguoma, Neil T. Coffee, Saad Alsharrah, Mohamed Abu-Farha, Faisal H. Al-Refaei, Fahd Al-Mulla and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:667

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This study determined (1) whether a change in frailty status after a 1 year follow up is associated with healthcare utilization and evaluated (2) whether a change in frailty status after a 1 year follow up and...

    Authors: Chia-Ming Li, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Tsai-Chung Li and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:645

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are diseases of the immune system that share some genetic and lifestyle-related predisposing factors. Increasing incidences have been reported in all age groups. Based on exp...

    Authors: Nathalie Fogh Rasmussen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Katrine Hass Rubin and Vibeke Andersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:634

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Triglycerides are lipids in the human body that are produced from the consumption of daily food and drink. However, elevated serum triglycerides, also known as hypertriglyceridemia (HTG), are key biomarkers in...

    Authors: Panupong Upala, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Chanyanut Wongfu, Siriyaporn Khunthason, Niwed Kullawong, Vivat Keawdounglek, Chalitar Chomchoei, Fartima Yeemard and Ratipark Tamornpark

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:581

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pulmonary embolism (PE) epidemiological data about the disease prevalence in the general population are unclear. The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of PE in Greece and the associated temporal...

    Authors: Ioannis C. Lampropoulos, Dimitrios G. Raptis, Zoe Daniil, Sotirios K. Tasoulis, Vassilis P. Plagianakos, Foteini Malli and Konstantinos I. Gourgoulianis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:559

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Diabetes leads to severe complications and imposes health and financial burdens on the society. However, currently existing domestic public health studies of diabetes in South Korea mainly focus on prevalence,...

    Authors: Sung-Hee Oh, Hyemin Ku and Kang Seo Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:548

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The growing rates of obesity in developing countries are alarming. There is a paucity of evidence about disparities of obesity in Lesotho. This study examined socioeconomic and area-based inequalities in obesi...

    Authors: Betregiorgis Zegeye, Gebretsadik Shibre and Gashaw Garedew Woldeamanuel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:537

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is one of the most important types of cholesterol and has an impact on health. Certain lifestyle and dietary habits in different populations may leads to increased l...

    Authors: Niwed Kullawong, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Panupong Upala, Ratipark Tamornpark, Vivat Keawdounglek, Chanyanut Wongfu, Fartima Yeemard, Siriyaporn Khunthason and Chalitar Chomchoei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:498

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Early detection of prehypertension is important to prevent hypertension-related complications, such as cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Data regarding the prevalence of ...

    Authors: Aida Lydia, Siti Setiati, Czeresna Heriawan Soejono, Rahmi Istanti, Jessica Marsigit and Muhammad Khifzhon Azwar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:493

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The proportion of elderly individuals is increasing globally. They should be well cared for to enable them to enjoy their full lifespans. Good health is a vital component of one’s overall quality of life. Our ...

    Authors: Sathees Santhalingam, Sivayogan Sivagurunathan, Shamini Prathapan, Sivapalan Kanagasabai and Luxmi Kamalarupan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:464

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Obesity is well known as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to determine the performance of and the optimal cutoff values for obesity indices to discriminate the presence of metabolic abnormali...

    Authors: Sooyoung Cho, Aesun Shin, Ji-Yeob Choi, Sang Min Park, Daehee Kang and Jong-Koo Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:459

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Tobacco use is one of the world-leading preventable killers. There was a varied prevalence of tobacco use and cigarette smoking across different areas. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and fac...

    Authors: Befikadu Tariku Gutema, Adefris Chuka, Gistane Ayele, Wubshet Estifaons, Zeleke Aschalew Melketsedik, Eshetu Zerihun Tariku, Zerihun Zerdo, Alazar Baharu and Nega Degefa Megersa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:441

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Age-adjusted lymphoma incidence rates continue to rise in France since the early 80’s, although rates have slowed since 2010 and vary across subtypes. Recent improvements in patient survival in major lymphoma ...

    Authors: Hervé Ghesquières, Cédric Rossi, Fanny Cherblanc, Sandra Le Guyader-Peyrou, Fontanet Bijou, Pierre Sujobert, Pascale Fabbro-Peray, Adeline Bernier, Aurélien Belot, Loic Chartier, Luc-Matthieu Fornecker, Isabelle Baldi, Krimo Bouabdallah, Camille Laurent, Lucie Oberic, Nadine Morineau…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:432

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The prevalence of hypertension is high and rising in China, but most people with hypertension do not have their blood pressure under control. This study investigated hypertension awareness, treatment, and cont...

    Authors: Junxiang Wei, Yang Mi, Yan Li, Bo Xin and Youfa Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Although epilepsy is one of the most prevalent neurological problems, it is highly surrounded by stigma and prejudice, which results in negative attitude towards the illness. Due to numerous misconceptions and...

    Authors: Alemayehu Molla, Birhanie Mekuriaw, Endashaw Habtamu and Moges Mareg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:420

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Although sex differences in cardiovascular diseases are recognised, including differences in incidence, clinical presentation, response to treatments, and outcomes, most of the practice guidelines are not sex-...

    Authors: Giulia Cesaroni, Gian Francesco Mureddu, Nera Agabiti, Flavia Mayer, Massimo Stafoggia, Francesco Forastiere, Roberto Latini, Serge Masson, Marina Davoli and Alessandro Boccanelli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:415

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Accurately defining obesity using anthropometric measures that best capture obesity-related risk is important for identifying high risk groups for intervention. The purpose of this study is to compare the asso...

    Authors: Saria Hassan, Carol Oladele, Deron Galusha, Oswald Peter Adams, Rohan G. Maharaj, Cruz M. Nazario, Maxine Nunez and Marcella Nunez-Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:399

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is becoming an epidemic with significant disability and premature death in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Benin. However, little is known about the level of knowledge, attitude, and practi...

    Authors: Halimatou Alaofè, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Francois Djrolo, John Ehiri and Cecilia Rosales

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:339

    Content type: Research article

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  32. We aim to describe the prevalence and trends of hypertension among 9–17 school-aged students from 2017 to 2019 in Yunnan, China.

    Authors: Yunjuan Yang, Jieqing Min, Litao Chang, Jiajia Chai, Zhizhong Song, Shun Zha, Min Zhang, Hong Liu and Fan Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:338

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) variability is a significant predictor of mortality, especially in patients with poor glycemic control. This study aimed to explore the temporal age- and sex-specific profiles of t...

    Authors: Agyei Helena Lartey, Xiaona Li, Zhongqi Li, Qun Zhang and Jianming Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:320

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Improvements of population health in China have been unevenly distributed among different sexes and regions. Mortality Registration System provides an opportunity for timely assessments of mortality trend and ...

    Authors: Qian Peng, Na Zhang, Hongjie Yu, Yueqin Shao, Ying Ji, Yaqing Jin, Peisong Zhong, Yiying Zhang, Yingjian Wang, Shurong Dong, Chunlin Li, Ying Shi, Yingyan Zheng, Feng Jiang, Yue Chen, Qingwu Jiang…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic non-infectious medical condition which is evident by raised levels of glucose in the blood, because the body cannot produce any or enough of the hormone insulin or use insulin ef...

    Authors: David Mohammed Umar and Panjasaram Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:288

    Content type: Research article

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  36. National-level prevalence of tobacco use and betel quid chewing, and associated socio-demographic factors were estimated using first-ever, Myanmar Demographic Health Survey, 2015–16.

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Saint Nway Aye and Sunil Pazhayanur Venkateswaran

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:277

    Content type: Research article

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  37. People with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are best managed by a chronic care model that is associated with enhanced quality of care and improved patient outcome. Assessing patients’ perceived quality of care...

    Authors: Noorfariza Nordin, Suhaily Mohd Hairon, Najib Majdi Yaacob, Anees Abdul Hamid, Seoparjoo Azmel Mohd Isa and Norzaihan Hassan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:268

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Hypertension is a common chronic condition affecting nearly a quarter of Canadians. Hypertension surveillance in Canada typically relies on administrative data and/or national surveys. Routinely-captured data ...

    Authors: Stephanie Garies, Kerry McBrien, Hude Quan, Donna Manca, Neil Drummond and Tyler Williamson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:264

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Current conceptual models of health literacy (HL) illustrate the link between HL and health outcomes. However, these models fail to recognize and integrate certain elements of disease management, health system...

    Authors: Iraj Poureslami, Noah Tregobov, Jessica Shum, Austin McMillan, Alizeh Akhtar, Saron Kassay, Kassandra Starnes, Maryam Mahjoob and J. Mark FitzGerald

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:252

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To date, limited data are available on metabolic syndrome prevalence among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and abnorma...

    Authors: Mohd Razif Shahril, Syed Amirfaiz, Pei Lin Lua, Ali Nurnazahiah, Nor Syamimi Zakarai, Ving Lok Kow, Aryati Ahmad and Suhaina Sulaiman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:238

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Metabolic syndrome (MS) can promote the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to examine the association of MS and its components with CVD, to further prevent and control...

    Authors: Wenwen Yang, Shuxia Guo, Haixia Wang, Yu Li, Xianghui Zhang, Yunhua Hu, Heng Guo, Kui Wang, Yizhong Yan, Jingyu Zhang, Jiaolong Ma, Lei Mao, Lati Mu, Jiaming Liu, Yanpeng Song, Changjing Li…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:216

    Content type: Research article

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  42. There is considerable evidence that repetitive negative thoughts are often associated with adverse health outcomes. The study aims are (i) to identify the frequency and valence of thoughts about health in peop...

    Authors: Sandra O. Borgmann, Nadja Chernyak, Burkhard Haastert, Ute Linnenkamp, Silke Andrich, Rabea Schlenker, Oliver Razum and Andrea Icks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Ethiopia is a developing sub-Saharan African country with increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including oral conditions. Oral health and dental care have been given little consideration,...

    Authors: Birke Bogale, Fasikawit Engida, Charlotte Hanlon, Martin J. Prince and Jennifer E. Gallagher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research article

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  44. As a complex phenomenon, sleep quality is difficult to objectively define and measure, and multiple factors related to sleep quality, such as age, lifestyle, physical activity, and physical fitness, feature pr...

    Authors: Min-Fang Hsu, Kang-Yun Lee, Tsung-Ching Lin, Wen-Te Liu and Shu-Chuan Ho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Evidence for correlation between the cigarette use and blood pressure change remains ambiguous. This study modelled relationship between the duration of smoking and systolic blood pressure in a large national ...

    Authors: Yuelun Zhang, Yunying Feng, Shi Chen, Siyu Liang, Shirui Wang, Ke Xu, Dongping Ning, Xianxian Yuan, Huijuan Zhu, Hui Pan and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  46. In view of the upcoming demographic transition, there is still no clear evidence on how increasing life expectancy will affect future disease burden, especially regarding specific diseases. In our study, we pr...

    Authors: Valeska Milan, Stefan Fetzer and Christian Hagist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:123

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The objective of this work was to analyse the prevalence trends of multimorbidity among European community-dwelling adults.

    Authors: Dyego L. B. Souza, Albert Oliveras-Fabregas, Eduard Minobes-Molina, Marianna de Camargo Cancela, Paola Galbany-Estragués and Javier Jerez-Roig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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