Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Research article

    Social disparities in the prevalence of diabetes in Australia and in the development of end stage renal disease due to diabetes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in Australia and Maori and Pacific Islanders in New Zealand

    Disparities in health status occur between people with differing socioeconomic status and disadvantaged groups usually have the highest risk exposure and the worst health outcome. We sought to examine the soci...

    Kathleen Hill, Paul Ward, Blair S. Grace and Jonathan Gleadle

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:802

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  2. Research article

    Is vegetarian diet associated with a lower risk of breast cancer in Taiwanese women?

    Studies on the relationship between vegetarian diet and breast cancer in Asian populations are limited. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between vegetarian diet, dietary patterns, and breast ca...

    Yao-Jen Chang, Yi-Cheng Hou, Li-Ju Chen, Jing-Hui Wu, Chao-Chuan Wu, Yun-Jau Chang and Kuo-Piao Chung

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:800

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  3. Research article

    The association between smoking and blood pressure in men: a cross-sectional study

    Cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the association between smoking and blood pressure is unclear. Thus, the current study examined the association between cigarette ...

    Guoju Li, Hailing Wang, Ke Wang, Wenrui Wang, Fen Dong, Yonggang Qian, Haiying Gong, Chunxia Hui, Guodong Xu, Yanlong Li, Li Pan, Biao Zhang and Guangliang Shan

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:797

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  4. Research article

    The extent and determinants of diabetes and cardiovascular disease comorbidity in South Africa – results from the South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES-1)

    Diabetes is a major health problem and cause of death worldwide. It is predicted that the prevalence of diabetes will increase from 415 million in 2015 to 642 million in 2040. However, the burden of diabetes i...

    Chipo Mutyambizi, Lumbwe Chola, Wim Groot, Milena Pavlova, Demetre Labadarios and Charles Hongoro

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:745

    Published on: 26 September 2017

  5. Study protocol

    Effectiveness of a 16-month multi-component and environmental school-based intervention for recovery of poor income overweight/obese children and adolescents: study protocol of the health multipliers program

    Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategi...

    Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso and Ana Lydia Sawaya

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:708

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  6. Research article

    Cancer survival disparities worsening by socio-economic disadvantage over the last 3 decades in new South Wales, Australia

    Public concerns are commonly expressed about widening health gaps. This cohort study examines variations and trends in cancer survival by socio-economic disadvantage, geographical remoteness and country of bir...

    Hanna E. Tervonen, Sanchia Aranda, David Roder, Hui You, Richard Walton, Stephen Morrell, Deborah Baker and David C. Currow

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:691

    Published on: 14 September 2017

  7. Research article

    Childhood obesity and adult cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review with meta-analysis

    Overweight and obesity is a major public health concern that includes associations with the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors during childhood and adolescence as well as premature mortal...

    Amna Umer, George A. Kelley, Lesley E. Cottrell, Peter Giacobbi Jr, Kim E. Innes and Christa L. Lilly

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:683

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  8. Research article

    Dietary pattern and other lifestyle factors as potential contributors to hypertension prevalence in Arusha City, Tanzania: a population-based descriptive study

    High blood pressure is increasing worldwide, disproportionately so in developing countries. Inadequate health care systems and adoption of unhealthy lifestyles have been linked to this emergent pattern. To bet...

    L. K. Katalambula, D. N. Meyer, T. Ngoma, J. Buza, E. Mpolya, A. H. Mtumwa and P. Petrucka

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:659

    Published on: 16 August 2017

  9. Research article

    Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia in older persons in urban and rural population in the Astana region, Kazakhstan

    Despite high cardiovascular mortality in Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union, there is limited information about major risk factors, including blood lipids. We investigated the prevalence of imp...

    Adil Supiyev, Talgat Nurgozhin, Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Anne Peasey, Jaroslav A. Hubacek and Martin Bobak

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:651

    Published on: 11 August 2017

  10. Research article

    High burden of hypertension across the age groups among residents of Gondar city in Ethiopia: a population based cross sectional study

    According to a report on the worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015, mean blood pressure is increasing in low and middle income countries while it is either decreasing or stabilizing in high inco...

    Abayneh Girma Demisse, Ermias Shenkutie Greffie, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Abera Balcha Bulti, Shitaye Alemu, Bewketu Abebe and Nebiyu Mesfin

    BMC Public Health 2017 17:647

    Published on: 9 August 2017

  11. Research article

    The incidence of acute myeloid leukemia in Calgary, Alberta, Canada: a retrospective cohort study

    The incidence rate of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was determined in the Calgary Metropolitan Area, a major Canadian city.

    Andrea Christine Shysh, Leonard Tu Nguyen, Maggie Guo, Marcus Vaska, Christopher Naugler and Fariborz Rashid-Kolvear

    BMC Public Health 2017 18:94

    Published on: 3 August 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  12. Research article

    Metabolic syndrome and parental history of cardiovascular disease in young adults in urban Ghana

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young adults poses significant cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk for later years. Parental history of CVDs is known to affect the prevalence of CVD risk in adulthood. In sub-Sahar...

    Kwame Yeboah, Kennedy Konlan Dodam, Patrick Kormla Affrim, Linda Adu-Gyamfi, Anormah Rashid Bado, Richard N. A. Owusu Mensah, Afua Bontu Adjei and Ben Gyan

    BMC Public Health 2017 18:96

    Published on: 3 August 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  13. Research article

    Correlates of physical activity and sitting time in adults with type 2 diabetes attending primary health care in Oman

    Despite evidence of the benefits of physical activity in the management of type 2 diabetes, it is poorly addressed in diabetes care. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of meeting ≥600ME...

    Thamra S. Alghafri, Saud M. Alharthi, Yahya Al-farsi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela M. Craigie and Annie S. Anderson

    BMC Public Health 2017 18:85

    Published on: 1 August 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  14. Research article

    Mortality trends for ischemic heart disease in China: an analysis of 102 continuous disease surveillance points from 1991 to 2009

    In the past 20 years, the trends of ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in China have been described in divergent claims. This research analyzes mortality trends for IHD by using the data from 102 continuou...

    Xia Wan, Hongyan Ren, Enbo Ma and Gonghuan Yang

    BMC Public Health 2017 18:52

    Published on: 25 July 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  15. Research article

    Alcohol use disorders and associated chronic disease – a national retrospective cohort study from France

    Evidence on diseases caused by or associated with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) has been based on two meta-analyses including rather dated studies. The objective of this contribution was to estimate the risks o...

    Michaël Schwarzinger, Sophie Pascale Thiébaut, Sylvain Baillot, Vincent Mallet and Jürgen Rehm

    BMC Public Health 2017 18:43

    Published on: 21 July 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

  16. Research article

    Impact of injury-related mortality on life expectancy in Zhejiang, China based on death and population surveillance data

    Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of injury-related mortality on life expectancy in Zhejiang Pro...

    Fang-Rong Fei, Jie-Ming Zhong, Min Yu, Wei-Wei Gong, Meng Wang, Jin Pan, Hai-bin Wu and Ru-Ying Hu

    BMC Public Health 2017 18:24

    Published on: 17 July 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2017 17:736

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