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Chronic disease epidemiology

This section aims to publish studies on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and the use of public health interventions for their control.

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  1. Penetration and participation of real life implementation of lifestyle change programs to prevent type 2 diabetes has been challenging. This is particularly so among low income individuals in the United States...

    Authors: Jay R. Desai, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Gretchen Taylor, Sara Johnson, Julie Anderson, Joyce E. Garrett, Todd Gilmer, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Katelyn Engel, Jeff Schiff and Patrick J. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1587

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Associations between childbirths and subsequent risk of low back pain (LBP) have not been clarified. Changes in sex hormone levels or lumbar posture during pregnancy may have an impact on LBP later in life. Th...

    Authors: Ingrid Heuch, Ivar Heuch, Knut Hagen, Kjersti Storheim and John-Anker Zwart

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1556

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Disability has become a public health issues in China and around the world. This study aimed to report prevalence of children with disability by gender, delivery mode, birth weight, gestational age, birth defe...

    Authors: Xue Zhong, Xiaoli Zhao, Zhuoya Liu, Yuqin Guo and Liya Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1540

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Insulin is an effective therapeutic agent in the management of diabetes, but also sensitive to the external environment. Consequently, diabetic patients’ adherence to insulin delivery recommendations is critic...

    Authors: Adeladlew Kassie Netere, Eyayaw Ashete, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes and Sewunet Admasu Belachew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1537

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Recent improvements in life expectancy in many countries stem from reduced mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer above the age of 60. This is the combined result of decreased incidence and improved ...

    Authors: Marcus Ebeling, Anna C. Meyer and Karin Modig

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1523

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death. Alarmingly Iranian populations had a high rank of CHD worldwide. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of CHD across different gly...

    Authors: Seyyed Saeed Moazzeni, Hamidreza Ghafelehbashi, Mitra Hasheminia, Donna Parizadeh, Arash Ghanbarian, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1510

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Based on Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) conducted by Ministry of Health, Indonesia, prediabetes prevalence tends to increase from 2007 until 2018. The numbers are relatively higher in rural than those in ur...

    Authors: Frans Dany, Rita Marleta Dewi, Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini, Julianty Pradono, Delima Delima, Kambang Sariadji, Sarwo Handayani and Nunik Kusumawardani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1509

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The present study was conducted to investigate the association of dietary insulin index(II), insulin load(IL), glycemic index(GI), and glycemic load(GL) with the risk of cardiovascular disease(CVD).

    Authors: Farshad Teymoori, Hossein Farhadnejad, Parvin Mirmiran, Milad Nazarzadeh and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1496

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease condition associated with aging and a frequent cause of primary care consultations. Few longitudinal studies have been conducted to investigate the incidence of sym...

    Authors: Yan Ren, Jiang Hu, Jing Tan, Xiaoming Tang, Qianrui Li, Huazhen Yang, Chunrong Liu, Qiao He, Kang Zou, Xin Sun and Bo Tan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1491

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The increasing aging population has been posing a significant challenge to disease burden in developing countries. In particular, the contribution of population aging to and long term changes of disease burden...

    Authors: Zheng Luo, Yuan He, Guifen Ma, Yang Deng, Yichen Chen, Yi Zhou, Xiaoyun Xu, Xiaopan Li and Yan Du

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1489

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Four decades of population-based tobacco control strategies have contributed to substantial reduction in smoking prevalence in Australia. However, smoking prevalence is still double in socially disadvantaged g...

    Authors: Haider Mannan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1478

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To externally validate the Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (PAR) risk equation for predicting the 5-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in the Uyghur and Kazakh populations from rural a...

    Authors: Yunxing Jiang, Rulin Ma, Heng Guo, Xianghui Zhang, Xinping Wang, Kui Wang, Yunhua Hu, Mulatibieke Keerman, Yizhong Yan, Jiaolong Ma, Yanpeng Song, Jingyu Zhang, Jia He and Shuxia Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1471

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Lung cancer is the most diagnosed cancer worldwide. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), lung cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage due to poor knowledge and awareness of its signs and symptoms. In...

    Authors: Ugochinyere I. Nwagbara, Themba G. Ginindza and Khumbulani W. Hlongwana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1466

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A number of studies have investigated the association between reproductive factors and lung cancer risk, however findings are inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between female r...

    Authors: Xin Yin, Zhiying Zhu, H. Dean Hosgood, Qing Lan and Wei Jie Seow

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1458

    Content type: Research article

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  15. People living with HIV (PLHIV) are more likely to suffer from pain compared to the general public. Pain often clusters with mental health symptoms and substance use. This study sought to evaluate mental health...

    Authors: Verlin Joseph, Abenaa Jones, Shantrel Canidate, Zachary Mannes, Huiyin Lu, Nichole Ennis, Gladys Ibanez, Charurut Somboonwit and Robert Cook

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1424

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patient journeys for hypertensive individuals after detection at screening have not been well examined in a general population. Thus, we aimed to assess the medical treatment status and subsequent longitudinal...

    Authors: Shingo Fukuma, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yoshiyuki Saito, Yukari Yamada, Yusuke Saigusa, Toshihiro Misumi and Masataka Taguri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1419

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Tehran, the 22nd most populous city in the world, has the highest mortality rate due to respiratory system diseases (RSDs) in Iran. This study aimed to investigate spatiotemporal patterns of mortality due to t...

    Authors: Elahe Pishgar, Zohre Fanni, Jamileh Tavakkolinia, Alireza Mohammadi, Behzad Kiani and Robert Bergquist

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1414

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Trend data on hypertension prevalence and attainment indicators at each step of the care cascade (awareness, treatment, control) are required in Chile. This study aims to quantify trends (2003–2017) in prevale...

    Authors: Álvaro Passi-Solar, Paula Margozzini, Jennifer S. Mindell, Milagros Ruiz, Carlos A. Valencia-Hernandez and Shaun Scholes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1397

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Growth retardation is a common health problem, which requires early prevention and detection. This study was conducted to define the approximate age at which stunting starts among the Iranian boys and girls.

    Authors: Mohammad Javad Fatemi, Mostafa Dianatinasab, Golnaz Sharifnia, Hossein Moravej and Mohammad Fararouei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1392

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite available information on trends in behavioral factors for Brazil and Argentina, little is known about the association of these trends with mortality. Understanding this association is important to avoi...

    Authors: Leonardo Pozza Santos, Fernanda de Oliveira Meller, Valeria Romina Amann and Antônio Augusto Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1390

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The co-morbidity of cardiometabolic diseases in patients with Tuberculosis adds a significant burden in current health systems in developing countries including Nepal. The main objective of this study was to e...

    Authors: Indra Prasad Poudyal, Pratik Khanal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Milan Malla, Prakash Poudel, Raj Kumar Jha, Anil Phuyal, Abiral Barakoti and Bipin Adhikari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1364

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Cardiovascular diseases are among the most common causes of hospital admissions and deaths in Zanzibar. This study assessed prevalence of, and antecedent factors and care access for the two common cardiovascul...

    Authors: Jutta M. Adelin Jorgensen, Kaya Helene Hedt, Omar Mwalim Omar and Justine I. Davies

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1352

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hypertension is one of the leading risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in India and Nepal. Socio-economic disparity in these two countries has created wide gap in management of hypertension. However, ineq...

    Authors: Santosh Kumar Rauniyar, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Md. Shafiur Rahman, Sarah Krull Abe, Shuhei Nomura and Kenji Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1341

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a condition of metabolic disorders, is now causing large disease burden around the world. This study aimed to update the prevalence of MetS in Jiangsu Province of China and evaluate ...

    Authors: Ting Tian, Jingxian Zhang, Qianrang Zhu, Wei Xie, Yuanyuan Wang and Yue Dai

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1317

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Chronic widespread pain (CWP) and common mental disorders (CMDs) are common public health problems, but little is known about the role of CWP and CMDs on future adverse outcomes among work disabled individuals...

    Authors: Mo Wang, Annina Ropponen, Jurgita Narusyte, Björg Helgadóttir, Gunnar Bergström, Victoria Blom and Pia Svedberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1301

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. The effect of socioeconomic factors on cause-specific mortality and burden of CVD is rarely evaluated in low- and middle-income countri...

    Authors: Lijuan Zhang, Qi Li, Xue Han, Shuo Wang, Peng Li, Yibo Ding, Tao Zhang, Jia Zhao, Yifan Chen, Jiluo Liu, Jue Li, Xiaojie Tan, Wenbin Liu, Rong Zhang and Guangwen Cao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1291

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Evidence on historical trends extracted embedded in recent data can advance our understanding of the epidemiology of breast cancer for Chinese women. China is a country with significant political, socioeconomi...

    Authors: Yani Ding, Xinguang Chen, Qingjun Zhang and Qing Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1280

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The rapid epidemiologic transition of diseases has adverse implications for low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) like Nigeria due to their limited healthcare, weaker health systems and the westernization of...

    Authors: Israel Oluwaseyidayo Idris, Ayodipupo Sikiru Oguntade, Ekow Adom Mensah and Noriko Kitamura

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1258

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Ovarian cancer is a silent and largely asymptomatic cancer, leading to late diagnosis and worse prognosis. The late-stage detection and low survival rates, makes the study of the space-time evolution of ovaria...

    Authors: Paula Camelia Trandafir, Aritz Adin and María Dolores Ugarte

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1244

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Diabetes is a huge growing problem, and causes high and escalating costs to society. Self- care practice for adults with diabetes is not well addressed in sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. To prevent seri...

    Authors: Asmare Getie, Biftu Geda, Tadesse Alemayhu, Agenehu Bante, Zeleke Aschalew and Biresaw wassihun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1232

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death in Saudi Arabia. We aimed to assess associated demographic, behavioral, and CVD risk factors as part of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) ...

    Authors: Khalid F. Alhabib, Mohammed A. Batais, Turky H. Almigbal, Mostafa Q. Alshamiri, Hani Altaradi, Sumathy Rangarajan and Salim Yusuf

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1213

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Asthma control is influenced by multiple factors. These factors must be considered when appraising asthma interventions and their effectiveness in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait,...

    Authors: Saeed Noibi, Ahmed Mohy, Raef Gouhar, Fadel Shaker, Tamara Lukic and Hamdan Al-Jahdali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1211

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There is increasing evidence linking environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure at homes to the development of asthma among adolescents. Few studies have addressed this issue in the Middle Eastern countries in...

    Authors: Hussain Booalayan, Mosa Abdualrasool, Saad Al-Shanfari, Abdulwahab Boujarwa, Abdullah Al-Mukaimi, Omar Alkandery and Saeed Akhtar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1210

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Obesity is a major risk factor for the global burden of disease in countries that are economically developed or not. This study aimed to investigate the association between diet quality and obesity indicators ...

    Authors: Lu Jia, Haiwen Lu, Jing Wu, Xuemei Wang, Wenrui Wang, Maolin Du, Peiyu Wang, Sha Du, Yuenan Su and Nan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1165

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Anaemia is a global health problem and women in reproductive age (WRA) are amongst the most affected population. Its consequences include low birth weight and maternal mortality. This study aimed to assess the...

    Authors: Khalid Abdelmutalab Elmardi, Ishag Adam, Elfatih Mohammed Malik, Tarig Abdalla Abdelrahim, Mousab Siddig Elhag, Abdalla Ahmed Ibrahim, Mariam Adam Babiker, Asma Hashim Elhassan, Hmooda Toto Kafy, Azza Tageldin Elshafie, Lubna Mohammed Nawai, Mujahid Sheikhedin Abdin and Stef Kremers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1125

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is limited information about the predictors of multimorbidity (MM) among ethnic minority older adults in Iran. This study aimed to examine the impact of sociodemographic and lifestyle factors on the prev...

    Authors: N. Aminisani, L. Rastgou, S. M. Shamshirgaran, P. Sarbakhsh, S. Ghaderi and M. Hyde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1094

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Obesity is a public health problem in Micronesia. The objective of the study was to assess obesity, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%) among adults, and determine the ...

    Authors: P. E. Eme, B. Burlingame, N. D. Kim, S. Foliaki, C. Wham and J. Douwes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1092

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Hyperlipidemia is associated with arterial stiffness. Herein, We examined the effect of prolonged exposure to hyperlipidemia on the risk of arterial stiffness in young adults.

    Authors: Haojia Chen, Youren Chen, Weiqiang Wu, Zekai Chen, Zefeng Cai, Zhichao Chen, Xiuzhu Yan and Shouling Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1091

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Cumulative mortality rate and cumulative mortality risk are two commonly used indicators to measure the impact and severity of diseases. However, they are calculated during a defined life span and assume the s...

    Authors: Ping Yuan, Jianjun Xiang, Matthew Borg, Tiehui Chen, Xiuquan Lin, Xiane Peng and Kuicheng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1090

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Achieving the blood pressure treatment target in individuals with hypertension is a serious global health challenge. Furthermore, the actual burden of uncontrolled hypertension is poorly understood, especially...

    Authors: Charity Masilela, Brendon Pearce, Joven Jebio Ongole, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi and Mongi Benjeddou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1069

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence has increased continuously over the last 30 years in China. Dyslipidemia is an important modifiable risk factor in CVD. We aimed to collect current data on the prevalenc...

    Authors: Yunfeng Xi, Liwei Niu, Ning Cao, Han Bao, Xiaoqian Xu, Hao Zhu, Tao Yan, Nan Zhang, Liying Qiao, Ke Han, Gai Hang, Wenrui Wang and Xingguang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1068

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Prevention and control of cardiometabolic conditions and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China may contribute to sustainable CVD reduction globally, given the fact that one-fifth of the worldwide population is...

    Authors: Lijie Ding, Yajun Liang, Edwin C. K. Tan, Yin Hu, Chi Zhang, Yanxun Liu, Fuzhong Xue and Rui Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1062

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Hypertension remains a significant modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and a major determinant of morbidity and mortality. We aimed to describe sex-stratified age-standardized estimates of preva...

    Authors: Samuel Muli, Christa Meisinger, Margit Heier, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters and Ute Amann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2020 20:1049

    Content type: Research article

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