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Biostatistics and methods

Section edited by Shankar Viswanathan.

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The homeless population of France has increased by 50% over the last 10 years. Studies have shown that homelessness is associated with a high risk of premature death. The aim of this study was to estimate the ...

    Authors: Cécile Vuillermoz, Albertine Aouba, Lise Grout, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Fanny Tassin, Layla Vazifeh, Walid Ghosn, Eric Jougla and Grégoire Rey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:690

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of major birth defects in Sichuan, the most populous province in China. The detailed etiology of CHD is unknown but some environmental factors are suspect...

    Authors: Li-Guang Ma, Jun Zhao, Zhou-Peng Ren, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Zuo-Qi Peng, Jin-Feng Wang and Xu Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:595

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Although there are a number of studies examining the effect of migration on obesity, these studies tend to focus on the role of acculturation in this relationship. However, there are indications that the chang...

    Authors: Maryam Delavari, Anders Larrabee Sønderlund, David Mellor, Mohammadreza Mohebbi and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:567

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of the SC-StepRx pedometer to assess moderate and vigorous physical activity during treadmill walking and running in a heterogeneous sample of children a...

    Authors: Travis John Saunders, Casey Ellen Gray, Michael Marc Borghese, Allison McFarlane, Afekwo Mbonu, Zachary Michael Ferraro and Mark Stephen Tremblay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:519

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Walking for transport is increasingly considered an important component for meeting physical activity guidelines. This is true for individuals of all ages, and particularly important for seniors, for whom othe...

    Authors: Md Moniruzzaman, Antonio Páez and Catherine Morency

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:511

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Targeted interventions for the long-term sick-listed may prevent permanent exclusion from the labour force. We aimed to develop a prediction method for identifying high risk groups for continued or recurrent l...

    Authors: Jacob Pedersen, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Jakob Bue Bjorner and Karl Bang Christensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:494

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Random digit dialing is often used in public health research initiatives to accrue and establish a study sample; however few studies have fully described the utility of this approach. The primary objective of ...

    Authors: Jeff K Vallance, Dean T Eurich, Paul A Gardiner, Lorian M Taylor, Gillian Stevens and Steven T Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:486

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mobile populations are at a high risk of malaria infection and suspected to carry and spread resistant parasites. The Myanmar National Malaria Control Programme focuses on preventive interventions and vector c...

    Authors: Khin Thet Wai, Myat Phone Kyaw, Tin Oo, PeThet Zaw, Myat Htut Nyunt, Moe Thida and Thar Tun Kyaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:463

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge exchange portals are emerging as web tools that can help facilitate knowledge management in public health. We conducted a review to better understand the nature of these portals and their contributio...

    Authors: Emma Quinn, Carmen Huckel-Schneider, Danielle Campbell, Holly Seale and Andrew J Milat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:443

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  10. Content type: Research article

    National data on body mass index (BMI), computed from self-reported height and weight, is readily available for many populations including the Canadian population. Because self-reported weight is found to be s...

    Authors: Daniel J Dutton and Lindsay McLaren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:430

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Environmental characteristics are known to be associated with patterns of physical activity (PA). Although several validated tools exist, to measure the environment characteristics, these instruments are not n...

    Authors: Shreenika H De Silva Weliange, Dulitha Fernando and Jagath Gunatilake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:423

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To frame interventions, it is useful to understand context- and time-specific correlates of children’s physical activity. To do this, we need accurate assessment of these correlates. There are currently no mea...

    Authors: Rebecca M Stanley, Kate Ridley, Timothy S Olds and James Dollman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:412

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Mass media is used to inform individuals regarding diseases within a population. The effects of mass media during disease outbreaks have been studied in the mathematical modelling literature, by including ‘med...

    Authors: Shannon Collinson and Jane M Heffernan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:376

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Nearly five percent of Americans suffer from functional constipation, many of whom may benefit from increasing dietary fiber consumption. The annual constipation-related healthcare cost savings associated with...

    Authors: Jordana K Schmier, Paige E Miller, Jessica A Levine, Vanessa Perez, Kevin C Maki, Tia M Rains, Latha Devareddy, Lisa M Sanders and Dominik D Alexander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:374

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There have been large-scale outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Mainland China over the last decade. These events varied greatly across the country. It is necessary to identify the spatial risk...

    Authors: Yan-Chen Bo, Chao Song, Jin-Feng Wang and Xiao-Wen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:358

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Nonrandom sampling of populations in developing nations has limitations and can inaccurately estimate health phenomena, especially among hard-to-reach populations such as rural residents. However, random sampl...

    Authors: Michelle C Kondo, Kent DW Bream, Frances K Barg and Charles C Branas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:338

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Few researchers have the data required to adequately understand how the school environment impacts youth health behaviour development over time.

    Authors: Scott T Leatherdale, K Stephen Brown, Valerie Carson, Ruth A Childs, Joel A Dubin, Susan J Elliott, Guy Faulkner, David Hammond, Steve Manske, Catherine M Sabiston, Rachel E Laxer, Chad Bredin and Audra Thompson-Haile

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:331

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have investigated the impact of a wide range of social events on suicide-related behaviour. However, these studies have predominantly examined national events. The aim of this study is to provide ...

    Authors: Vasiliy S Usenko, Sergey N Svirin, Yan N Shchekaturov and Eduard D Ponarin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:308

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Bowel disorders have destructive impacts on the patients social and mental aspects of life and can cause emotional distress. The risk of developing bowel incontinence also increases with age. The rate of incid...

    Authors: Mahmoud Torabi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:285

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  20. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated the performance of a new weight estimation strategy (Mercy Method) with four existing weight-estimation methods (APLS, ARC, Broselow, and Nelson) in children from Ouelessebougou, Mali.

    Authors: Alassane Dicko, Mohamed Lamine Alhousseini, Bouran Sidibé, Moussa Traoré and Susan M Abdel-Rahman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:270

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The report of the fifth national tuberculosis (TB) epidemiological survey in P. R. China, 2010, roughly showed that pulmonary TB (PTB) prevalence was higher in western China than in central and eastern China. ...

    Authors: Xin-Xu Li, Li-Xia Wang, Hui Zhang, Shi-Wen Jiang, Qun Fang, Jia-Xu Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:257

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Lived health is a person’s level of functioning in his or her current environment and depends both on the person’s environment and biological health. Our study addresses the question whether biological health ...

    Authors: Cristina Bostan, Cornelia Oberhauser, Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach and Alarcos Cieza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:189

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Evaluations are essential to judge the success of public health programmes. In Europe, the proportion of public health programmes that undergo evaluation remains unclear. The European Centre for Disease Preven...

    Authors: Jonathan R Latham, Anna-Pelagia Magiorakos, Dominique L Monnet, Sophie Alleaume, Olov Aspevall, Alexander Blacky, Michael Borg, Maria Ciurus, Ana Cristina Costa, Robert Cunney, Mojca Dolinšek, Uga Dumpis, Sabine Erne, Olafur Gudlaugsson, Dana Hedlova, Elisabeth Heisbourg…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:131

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Longitudinal studies have shown that objectively measured walking behaviour is subject to seasonal variation, with people walking more in summer compared to winter. Seasonality therefore may have the potential...

    Authors: Stefanie L Williams and David P French

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:120

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Some aspects of the neighborhood built environment may influence residents’ physical activity, which in turn, affects their health. This study aimed to develop an urban built environment evaluation tool and co...

    Authors: Meng Su, Yu-kun Du, Qing-min Liu, Yan-jun Ren, Ichiro Kawachi, Jun Lv and Li-ming Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:109

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The overuse of antibiotics is becoming an increasing concern. Antibiotic resistance, which increases both the burden of disease, and the cost of health services, is perhaps the most profound impact of antibiot...

    Authors: Arwa Alumran, Xiang-Yu Hou, Jiandong Sun, Abdullah A Yousef and Cameron Hurst

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:73

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  27. Content type: Research article

    More than 75% of the total of Ethiopia is malarious. Therefore, malaria is a leading public health problem in Ethiopia. This study aims to identify socio-economic, geographic and demographic factors contributi...

    Authors: Dawit G Ayele, Temesgen T Zewotir and Henry G Mwambi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:31

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is a global public health challenge. National prevalence estimates can conceal important differences in prevalence in subnational areas. This paper aims to develop a consistent set of national and...

    Authors: Steve Barron, Kevin Balanda, John Hughes and Lorraine Fahy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:24

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Significant variation exists in published Aboriginal mortality and life expectancy (LE) estimates due to differing and evolving methodologies required to correct for inadequate recording of Aboriginality in de...

    Authors: Bronwen Phillips, Stephen Morrell, Richard Taylor and John Daniels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1

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  30. Content type: Software

    There is an increasing need for processing and understanding relevant information generated by the systematic collection of public health data over time. However, the analysis of those time series usually requ...

    Authors: Wladimir J Alonso and Benjamin JJ McCormick

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:982

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  31. Content type: Research article

    States’ pandemic influenza plans and school closure statutes are intended to guide state and local officials, but most faced a great deal of uncertainty during the 2009 influenza H1N1 epidemic. Questions remai...

    Authors: Margaret A Potter, Shawn T Brown, Phillip C Cooley, Patricia M Sweeney, Tina B Hershey, Sherrianne M Gleason, Bruce Y Lee, Christopher R Keane, John Grefenstette and Donald S Burke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:977

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Environmental exposure may play an important role in the incidences of neural tube defects (NTD) of birth defects. Their influence on NTD may likely be non-linear; few studies have considered spatial autocorre...

    Authors: Lianfa Li, Jinfeng Wang and Jun Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:951

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Attrition is one of the major methodological problems in longitudinal studies. It can deteriorate generalizability of findings if participants who stay in a study differ from those who drop out. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Kristin Gustavson, Tilmann von Soest, Evalill Karevold and Espen Røysamb

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:918

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Dengue, a mosquito-borne febrile viral disease, is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions and is now extending its range to temperate regions. The spread of the dengue viruses mainly depends on vector popu...

    Authors: Muhammad Shahzad Sarfraz, Nitin K Tripathi, Taravudh Tipdecho, Thawisak Thongbu, Pornsuk Kerdthong and Marc Souris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:853

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS) is part of the recently established national health monitoring conducted by the Robert Koch Institute. DEGS combines a nationally representa...

    Authors: Christa Scheidt-Nave, Panagiotis Kamtsiuris, Antje Gößwald, Heike Hölling, Michael Lange, Markus A Busch, Stefan Dahm, Rüdiger Dölle, Ute Ellert, Judith Fuchs, Ulfert Hapke, Christin Heidemann, Hildtraud Knopf, Detlef Laussmann, Gert BM Mensink, Hannelore Neuhauser…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:730

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Although daily emergency department (ED) data is a source of information that often includes residence, its potential for space-time analyses at the individual level has not been fully explored. We propose tha...

    Authors: Verónica M Vieira, Janice M Weinberg and Thomas F Webster

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:687

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents a serious health care problem in the Czech Republic, introducing a need for a prospective modelling of the incidence and prevalence rates. The prevalence of patients requirin...

    Authors: Tomáš Pavlík, Ondřej Májek, Jan Mužík, Jana Koptíková, Lubomír Slavíček, Jindřich Fínek, David Feltl, Rostislav Vyzula and Ladislav Dušek

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:117

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Reasons for the widespread declines in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in high income countries are controversial. Here we explore how the type of metric chosen for the analyses of these declines affect...

    Authors: Hebe N Gouda, Julia Critchley, John Powles and Simon Capewell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2012 12:88

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Much remains unknown about the effect of timing and prioritization of vaccination against pandemic (pH1N1) 2009 virus on health outcomes. We adapted a city-level contact network model to study different campai...

    Authors: Jessica M Conway, Ashleigh R Tuite, David N Fisman, Nathaniel Hupert, Rafael Meza, Bahman Davoudi, Krista English, P van den Driessche, Fred Brauer, Junling Ma, Lauren Ancel Meyers, Marek Smieja, Amy Greer, Danuta M Skowronski, David L Buckeridge, Jeffrey C Kwong…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:932

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The demand for induced abortions in Uganda is high despite legal and moral proscriptions. Abortion seekers usually go to illegal, hidden clinics where procedures are performed in unhygienic environments by und...

    Authors: Joseph B Babigumira, Andy Stergachis, David L Veenstra, Jacqueline S Gardner, Joseph Ngonzi, Peter Mukasa-Kivunike and Louis P Garrison

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:904

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