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Biostatistics and methods

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    In Spain, several ecological studies have analyzed trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from all causes in urban areas over time. However, the results of these studies are quite heterogeneous find...

    Authors: Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Laia Palència, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Miguel A. Martinez-Beneito, Mónica Ballesta, Montse Calvo, Lluís Cirera, Antonio Daponte, Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, Ana Gandarillas, Natividad Izco Goñi, Carmen Martos, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Andreu Nolasco, Diego Salmerón…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:663

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Different analytical techniques have been used to study the determinants of overweight. However, certain commonly used techniques may be limited by the continuous nature and skewed distribution of body mass in...

    Authors: Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Raquel Martins Lana, Renata Cabrelli, Leonardo Soares Bastos, Aline Araújo Nobre, Lúcia Rotenberg and Rosane Härter Griep

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:642

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to propose the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operators procedure (LASSO) as an alternative to conventional variable selection models, as it allows for easy interpretation ...

    Authors: Susanne Mueller-Using, Torsten Feldt, Fred Stephen Sarfo and Kirsten Alexandra Eberhardt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:563

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Influenza is rarely confirmed with laboratory testing and accurate assessment of the overall burden of influenza is difficult. We used statistical modelling methods to generate updated, granular estimates of t...

    Authors: Gonçalo Matias, Robert J. Taylor, François Haguinet, Cynthia Schuck-Paim, Roger L. Lustig and Douglas M. Fleming

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:481

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Improving knowledge about influenza transmission is crucial to upgrade surveillance network and to develop accurate predicting models to enhance public health intervention strategies. Epidemics usually occur i...

    Authors: Marion Roussel, Dominique Pontier, Jean-Marie Cohen, Bruno Lina and David Fouchet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:441

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol-related harm is a major global health issue, and controls on alcohol marketing are one intervention utilized by governments. This study investigated the use of Google Street View (GSV) as a novel resea...

    Authors: Chris Clews, Roza Brajkovich-Payne, Emily Dwight, Ayob Ahmad Fauzul, Madeleine Burton, Olivia Carleton, Julie Cook, Charlotte Deroles, Ruby Faulkner, Mary Furniss, Anahera Herewini, Daymen Huband, Nerissa Jones, Cho Wool Kim, Alice Li, Jacky Lu…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:442

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  7. Content type: Technical advance

    Estimates of the burden of disease caused by a particular agent are used to assist in making policy and prioritizing actions. Most estimations have employed the attributable fraction approach, which estimates ...

    Authors: Lin Fritschi, Jayzii Chan, Sally J. Hutchings, Tim R. Driscoll, Adrian Y. W. Wong and Renee N. Carey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:386

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  8. Content type: Research article

    It is important to screen for alcohol consumption and drinking customs in a standardized manner. The aim of this study was 1) to investigate whether the AUDIT score is useful for predicting hazardous drinking ...

    Authors: Hideki Fujii, Naoki Nishimoto, Seiko Yamaguchi, Osamu Kurai, Masato Miyano, Wataru Ueda, Hiroko Oba, Tetsuya Aoki, Norifumi Kawada and Kiyotaka Okawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:379

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The lifestyles of family caregivers pose risks to their physical, mental and social health. The capability to stay healthy may be protective in the context of poor socioeconomic conditions and risk behaviours,...

    Authors: Barbara Bucki, Elisabeth Spitz, Anne-Marie Etienne, Etienne Le Bihan and Michèle Baumann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:364

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To determine the clinical effectiveness of statins on cardiovascular mortality in practice, observational studies are needed. Control for confounding is essential in any observational study. Falsification end-...

    Authors: Maarten J. Bijlsma, Stijn Vansteelandt, Fanny Janssen and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:303

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Both adolescent substance use and adolescent depression are major public health problems, and have the tendency to co-occur. Thousands of articles on adolescent substance use or depression have been published....

    Authors: Shi-Heng Wang, Yijun Ding, Weizhong Zhao, Yung-Hsiang Huang, Roger Perkins, Wen Zou and James J. Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:279

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In order to begin to address the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa, high quality community-based epidemiological studies from the region are urgently needed. Cluster-designed sam...

    Authors: John W. Stanifer, Joseph R Egger, Elizabeth L. Turner, Nathan Thielman and Uptal D. Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:226

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is a world-wide epidemic whose prevalence is underestimated by BMI measurements, but CUN-BAE (Clínica Universidad de Navarra - Body Adiposity Estimator) estimates the percentage of body fat (BF) while ...

    Authors: Vicente Martín, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Jesús Castilla, Pere Godoy, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Nuria Soldevila, Antonio J. Molina, Tania Fernandez-Villa, Jenaro Astray, Ady Castro, Fernando González-Candelas, José María Mayoral, José María Quintana and Angela Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:82

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To improve understanding of the pathophysiology of hypertension in adolescents and pave the way for risk stratification, studies have sought to determine the correlates of blood pressure (BP). Inconsistencies ...

    Authors: Ashley L. Devonshire, Erin R. Hager, Maureen M. Black, Marie Diener-West, Nicholas Tilton and Soren Snitker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:78

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Construction workers in South Africa are regarded as a high-risk group in the context of HIV/AIDS. HIV testing is pivotal to controlling HIV transmission and providing palliative care and AIDS-related knowledg...

    Authors: Paul Bowen, Rajen Govender and Peter Edwards

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:70

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  16. Content type: Research article

    There is limited availability of context-specific physical activity questionnaires in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to develop and examine the validity of a new Indian physical act...

    Authors: Mika Matsuzaki, Ruth Sullivan, Ulf Ekelund, KV Radha Krishna, Bharati Kulkarni, Tim Collier, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Sanjay Kinra and Hannah Kuper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:48

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The exponential increase in health-related online platforms has made the Internet one of the main sources of health information globally. The quality of health contents disseminated on the Internet has been a ...

    Authors: Gabriele Sak, Nicola Diviani, Ahmed Allam and Peter J. Schulz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:38

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