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Biostatistics and methods

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Despite extensive studies on exposure and disease misclassification, few studies have investigated misclassification of confounders. This study aimed to identify differentially misclassified confounders in a c...

    Authors: Mirko Di Martino, Danilo Fusco, Paola Colais, Luigi Pinnarelli, Marina Davoli and Carlo Alberto Perucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1049

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Agent based models (ABM) are useful to explore population-level scenarios of disease spread and containment, but typically characterize infected individuals using simplified models of infection and symptoms dy...

    Authors: Sarah Lukens, Jay DePasse, Roni Rosenfeld, Elodie Ghedin, Ericka Mochan, Shawn T Brown, John Grefenstette, Donald S Burke, David Swigon and Gilles Clermont

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1019

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Projection analyses can provide estimates of the future health burden of increasing BMI and represent a relevant and useful tool for public health planning. Our study presents long-term (2013–2030) projections...

    Authors: Ernest Lo, Denis Hamel, Yun Jen, Patricia Lamontagne, Sylvie Martel, Colin Steensma, Chantal Blouin and Russell Steele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:996

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  4. Content type: Research article

    An earlier attempt to adapt the REALM (Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine) word recognition test to Dutch was not entirely successful due to ceiling effects. In contrast to REALM, the Short Assessmen...

    Authors: Henk Pander Maat, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot, Karlijn EF Leenaars and Mirjam P Fransen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:990

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The social and cultural positions of both researchers and research participants influence qualitative methods and study findings. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), as in other contexts, gender is a key organising cha...

    Authors: Michelle L Redman-MacLaren, Unia K Api, Matupit Darius, Rachael Tommbe, Tracie A Mafile’o and David J MacLaren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:922

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Most sedentary behavior measures focus on occupational or leisure-time sitting. Our aim was to develop a comprehensive measure of adult sedentary behavior and establish its measurement properties.

    Authors: Brigid M Lynch, Christine M Friedenreich, Farah Khandwala, Andrew Liu, Joshua Nicholas and Ilona Csizmadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:899

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  7. Content type: Research article

    TV and other screen use are common among elementary school aged children with both potential benefits and harms. It is not clear why some parents restrict their children’s screen use and others do not. Parent’...

    Authors: Teresia M O’Connor, Tzu-An Chen, Betty del Rio Rodriguez and Sheryl O Hughes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:894

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Infectious disease surveillance is a process the product of which reflects both actual disease trends and public awareness of the disease. Decisions made by patients, health care providers, and public health p...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Ali Arab, Benjamin J Cowling and Michael A Stoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:850

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Almost all studies in health research control or investigate socioeconomic position (SEP) as exposure or confounder. Different measures of SEP capture different aspects of the underlying construct, so efficien...

    Authors: Lesley Fairley, Baltica Cabieses, Neil Small, Emily S Petherick, Debbie A Lawlor, Kate E Pickett and John Wright

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:835

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Presently, there is no consensus on how to define multimorbidity. In this paper we investigate the connection between prevalence estimates for two or more and three or more chronic conditions to improve compar...

    Authors: Barbara M Holzer, Klarissa Siebenhuener, Matthias Bopp and Christoph E Minder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:780

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Health impact assessment (HIA) studies are increasingly predicting the health effects of mode shifts in traffic. The challenge for such studies is to combine the health effects, caused by injuries, with the di...

    Authors: Marko Tainio, Dorota Olkowicz, Grzegorz Teresiński, Audrey de Nazelle and Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:765

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The workplace is a setting where sedentary behaviour is highly prevalent. Accurately measuring physical activity and sedentary behaviour is crucial to assess the impact of behavioural change interventions. Thi...

    Authors: Jonine Jancey, Marian Tye, Sarah McGann, Krysten Blackford and Andy H Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:762

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Health is associated with amount of daily physical activity. Recently, the identification of sedentary time as an independent factor, has gained interest. A valid and easy to use activity monitor is needed to ...

    Authors: Brenda AJ Berendsen, Marike RC Hendriks, Kenneth Meijer, Guy Plasqui, Nicolaas C Schaper and Hans HCM Savelberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:749

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Buruli ulcer (BU) disease is a chronic debilitating skin disease caused by Mycobacteriumulcerans. It is associated with areas where the water is slow-flowing or stagnant. Policy makers take the necessary strategi...

    Authors: Ernest Kenu, Vincent Ganu, Benedict NL Calys-Tagoe, Gerald AB Yiran, Margaret Lartey and Richard Adanu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:724

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The homeless population of France has increased by 50% over the last 10 years. Studies have shown that homelessness is associated with a high risk of premature death. The aim of this study was to estimate the ...

    Authors: Cécile Vuillermoz, Albertine Aouba, Lise Grout, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Fanny Tassin, Layla Vazifeh, Walid Ghosn, Eric Jougla and Grégoire Rey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:690

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of major birth defects in Sichuan, the most populous province in China. The detailed etiology of CHD is unknown but some environmental factors are suspect...

    Authors: Li-Guang Ma, Jun Zhao, Zhou-Peng Ren, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Zuo-Qi Peng, Jin-Feng Wang and Xu Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:595

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although there are a number of studies examining the effect of migration on obesity, these studies tend to focus on the role of acculturation in this relationship. However, there are indications that the chang...

    Authors: Maryam Delavari, Anders Larrabee Sønderlund, David Mellor, Mohammadreza Mohebbi and Boyd Swinburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:567

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of the SC-StepRx pedometer to assess moderate and vigorous physical activity during treadmill walking and running in a heterogeneous sample of children a...

    Authors: Travis John Saunders, Casey Ellen Gray, Michael Marc Borghese, Allison McFarlane, Afekwo Mbonu, Zachary Michael Ferraro and Mark Stephen Tremblay

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:519

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Walking for transport is increasingly considered an important component for meeting physical activity guidelines. This is true for individuals of all ages, and particularly important for seniors, for whom othe...

    Authors: Md Moniruzzaman, Antonio Páez and Catherine Morency

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:511

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Targeted interventions for the long-term sick-listed may prevent permanent exclusion from the labour force. We aimed to develop a prediction method for identifying high risk groups for continued or recurrent l...

    Authors: Jacob Pedersen, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Jakob Bue Bjorner and Karl Bang Christensen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:494

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Random digit dialing is often used in public health research initiatives to accrue and establish a study sample; however few studies have fully described the utility of this approach. The primary objective of ...

    Authors: Jeff K Vallance, Dean T Eurich, Paul A Gardiner, Lorian M Taylor, Gillian Stevens and Steven T Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:486

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Mobile populations are at a high risk of malaria infection and suspected to carry and spread resistant parasites. The Myanmar National Malaria Control Programme focuses on preventive interventions and vector c...

    Authors: Khin Thet Wai, Myat Phone Kyaw, Tin Oo, PeThet Zaw, Myat Htut Nyunt, Moe Thida and Thar Tun Kyaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:463

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge exchange portals are emerging as web tools that can help facilitate knowledge management in public health. We conducted a review to better understand the nature of these portals and their contributio...

    Authors: Emma Quinn, Carmen Huckel-Schneider, Danielle Campbell, Holly Seale and Andrew J Milat

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:443

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  24. Content type: Research article

    National data on body mass index (BMI), computed from self-reported height and weight, is readily available for many populations including the Canadian population. Because self-reported weight is found to be s...

    Authors: Daniel J Dutton and Lindsay McLaren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:430

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Environmental characteristics are known to be associated with patterns of physical activity (PA). Although several validated tools exist, to measure the environment characteristics, these instruments are not n...

    Authors: Shreenika H De Silva Weliange, Dulitha Fernando and Jagath Gunatilake

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:423

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To frame interventions, it is useful to understand context- and time-specific correlates of children’s physical activity. To do this, we need accurate assessment of these correlates. There are currently no mea...

    Authors: Rebecca M Stanley, Kate Ridley, Timothy S Olds and James Dollman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:412

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Mass media is used to inform individuals regarding diseases within a population. The effects of mass media during disease outbreaks have been studied in the mathematical modelling literature, by including ‘med...

    Authors: Shannon Collinson and Jane M Heffernan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:376

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Nearly five percent of Americans suffer from functional constipation, many of whom may benefit from increasing dietary fiber consumption. The annual constipation-related healthcare cost savings associated with...

    Authors: Jordana K Schmier, Paige E Miller, Jessica A Levine, Vanessa Perez, Kevin C Maki, Tia M Rains, Latha Devareddy, Lisa M Sanders and Dominik D Alexander

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:374

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  29. Content type: Research article

    There have been large-scale outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Mainland China over the last decade. These events varied greatly across the country. It is necessary to identify the spatial risk...

    Authors: Yan-Chen Bo, Chao Song, Jin-Feng Wang and Xiao-Wen Li

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:358

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Nonrandom sampling of populations in developing nations has limitations and can inaccurately estimate health phenomena, especially among hard-to-reach populations such as rural residents. However, random sampl...

    Authors: Michelle C Kondo, Kent DW Bream, Frances K Barg and Charles C Branas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:338

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Few researchers have the data required to adequately understand how the school environment impacts youth health behaviour development over time.

    Authors: Scott T Leatherdale, K Stephen Brown, Valerie Carson, Ruth A Childs, Joel A Dubin, Susan J Elliott, Guy Faulkner, David Hammond, Steve Manske, Catherine M Sabiston, Rachel E Laxer, Chad Bredin and Audra Thompson-Haile

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:331

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have investigated the impact of a wide range of social events on suicide-related behaviour. However, these studies have predominantly examined national events. The aim of this study is to provide ...

    Authors: Vasiliy S Usenko, Sergey N Svirin, Yan N Shchekaturov and Eduard D Ponarin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:308

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Bowel disorders have destructive impacts on the patients social and mental aspects of life and can cause emotional distress. The risk of developing bowel incontinence also increases with age. The rate of incid...

    Authors: Mahmoud Torabi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:285

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated the performance of a new weight estimation strategy (Mercy Method) with four existing weight-estimation methods (APLS, ARC, Broselow, and Nelson) in children from Ouelessebougou, Mali.

    Authors: Alassane Dicko, Mohamed Lamine Alhousseini, Bouran Sidibé, Moussa Traoré and Susan M Abdel-Rahman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:270

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The report of the fifth national tuberculosis (TB) epidemiological survey in P. R. China, 2010, roughly showed that pulmonary TB (PTB) prevalence was higher in western China than in central and eastern China. ...

    Authors: Xin-Xu Li, Li-Xia Wang, Hui Zhang, Shi-Wen Jiang, Qun Fang, Jia-Xu Chen and Xiao-Nong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:257

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Lived health is a person’s level of functioning in his or her current environment and depends both on the person’s environment and biological health. Our study addresses the question whether biological health ...

    Authors: Cristina Bostan, Cornelia Oberhauser, Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach and Alarcos Cieza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:189

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Evaluations are essential to judge the success of public health programmes. In Europe, the proportion of public health programmes that undergo evaluation remains unclear. The European Centre for Disease Preven...

    Authors: Jonathan R Latham, Anna-Pelagia Magiorakos, Dominique L Monnet, Sophie Alleaume, Olov Aspevall, Alexander Blacky, Michael Borg, Maria Ciurus, Ana Cristina Costa, Robert Cunney, Mojca Dolinšek, Uga Dumpis, Sabine Erne, Olafur Gudlaugsson, Dana Hedlova, Elisabeth Heisbourg…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:131

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Longitudinal studies have shown that objectively measured walking behaviour is subject to seasonal variation, with people walking more in summer compared to winter. Seasonality therefore may have the potential...

    Authors: Stefanie L Williams and David P French

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:120

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