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Biostatistics and methods

Section edited by Shankar Viswanathan.

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

Page 3 of 5

  1. Lived health and biological health are two different perspectives of health introduced by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Since in the concept of lived health the ...

    Authors: Cristina Bostan, Cornelia Oberhauser, Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach and Alarcos Cieza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:508

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Health literacy, or the ability to access, understand, appraise and apply health information, is central to individuals’ health and well-being. A comprehensive, concept-based measure of most dimensions of heal...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Nakayama, Wakako Osaka, Taisuke Togari, Hirono Ishikawa, Yuki Yonekura, Ai Sekido and Masayoshi Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:505

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Accelerometry non-wear time rules might affect sedentary time, and the associations with health outcomes such as adiposity. However, the exact effect of different non-wear time rules on sedentary time and repo...

    Authors: Xanne Janssen, Laura Basterfield, Kathryn N. Parkinson, Mark S. Pearce, Jessica K. Reilly, Ashley J. Adamson and John J. Reilly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:504

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Though numbers alone may be insufficient to capture the nuances of population health, they provide a common language of appraisal and furnish clear evidence of disparities and inequalities. Over the past 30 ye...

    Authors: Richard Rothenberg, Christine Stauber, Scott Weaver, Dajun Dai, Amit Prasad and Megumi Kano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:494

    Content type: Review

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  5. Behaviour risk factor surveillance (BRFS) data can be an important source of information for studying changes in various health outcomes and risk factors. Results obtained from surveillance data analysis are v...

    Authors: Shireen Assaf and Stefano Campostrini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:489

    Content type: Research Article

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  6. Other forms of tobacco use are increasing in prevalence, yet most tobacco control efforts are aimed at cigarettes. In light of this, it is important to identify individuals who are using both cigarettes and al...

    Authors: Yang Lei, Nikki Nollen, Jasjit S Ahluwahlia, Qing Yu and Matthew S Mayo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:341

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Traditional linear regression analyses have detected increasing trends in the incidence of overweight/obesity among both genders in China. However, these previous regression analyses were limited in their abil...

    Authors: Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Chang Su, Zhihong Wang, Yiqi Song, Yingting Xiao, Wenwen Du and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:278

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The risk of a child dying before reaching five years of age is highest in Sub-Saharan African countries. But Child mortality rates have shown substantial decline in Ethiopia. It is important to identify factor...

    Authors: Dawit G Ayele, Temesgen T Zewotir and Henry G Mwambi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:268

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The relationship between social capital and self-rated health has been documented in many developed compared to developing countries. Because social capital and health play important roles in development, it m...

    Authors: Yan Kwan Lau and John E Ataguba

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:266

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In recent years publications have called for increased use of administrative data for research; predicted that use would rise; and discussed possible ethical parameters for that use. This paper describes the n...

    Authors: Lucy F Telfar Barnard, Michael G Baker, Simon Hales and Philippa Howden-Chapman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:246

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Tanzanian Government started scaling up its antiretroviral treatment (ART) program from referral, regional and district hospitals to primary health care facilities in October 2004. In 2010, most ART clinic...

    Authors: Francis Levira, Abela Mpobela Agnarson, Honorati Masanja, Basia Zaba, Anna Mia Ekström and Anna Thorson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:195

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Smoking prevalence varies over time and place due to various social, environmental and policy influences. However, its spatio-temporal patterns at small-area level are poorly understood. This paper attempts to...

    Authors: Gang Meng, K Stephen Brown and Mary E Thompson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:182

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Psychosocial stress at work has been recognised as one of the most important factors behind the increase in sick leave due to stress-related mental disorders. It is therefore important to be able to measure pe...

    Authors: Emina Hadzibajramovic, Gunnar Ahlborg Jr, Anna Grimby-Ekman and Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:180

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Aggregated measures are often employed when prevalence, risk factors and consequences of alcohol use in the population are monitored. In order to avoid time-dependent bias in aggregated measures, reference per...

    Authors: Ann Kristin Knudsen and Jens Christoffer Skogen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:172

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Emerging novel influenza outbreaks have increasingly been a threat to the public and a major concern of public health departments. Real-time data in seamless surveillance systems such as health insurance claim...

    Authors: Ta-Chien Chan, Yung-Chu Teng and Jing-Shiang Hwang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:168

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Existing physical activity surveys have not been validated for use with low-income overweight and obese young mothers. This study aimed to validate the Pregnancy Infection and Nutrition 3 (PIN3) physical activ...

    Authors: Mei-Wei Chang, Derek Hales, Roger Brown, Dianne Ward, Ken Resnicow and Susan Nitzke

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:121

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Most projections of type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence are simply based on demographic change (i.e. ageing). We developed a model to predict future trends in T2D prevalence in Tunisia, explicitly taking into acc...

    Authors: Olfa Saidi, Martin O’Flaherty, Nadia Ben Mansour, Wafa Aissi, Olfa Lassoued, Simon Capewell, Julia A Critchley, Dhafer Malouche and Habiba Ben Romdhane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:104

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A large number of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreaks was reported during 2008 in China. However, little is known about the effects of meteorological conditions on different temporal and spatial scal...

    Authors: Yilan Liao, Renbin Ouyang, Jinfeng Wang and Bing Xu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:71

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Self-report may not be an accurate method of determining cervical, breast and colorectal cancer screening rates due to recall, acquiescence and social desirability biases, particularly for certain sociodemogra...

    Authors: Aisha Lofters, Mandana Vahabi and Richard H Glazier

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:28

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Obesity is a major independent risk factor for chronic diseases such as hypertension and coronary diseases, it might not be only related to the amount of body fat but its distribution. The single body mass ind...

    Authors: Shukang Wang, Yanxun Liu, Fangyu Li, Hongying Jia, Longjian Liu and Fuzhong Xue

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:7

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Multimorbidity is highly prevalent in the elderly and relates to many adverse outcomes, such as higher mortality, increased disability and functional decline. Many studies tried to reduce the heterogeneity of ...

    Authors: Ingmar Schäfer, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Hans-Otto Wagner, Gerhard Schön, Martin Scherer and Hendrik van den Bussche

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1285

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although stigmatization has long been recognized as a major obstacle to HIV prevention. The lack of a valid and reliable measurement tool for stigmatization is a major gap in the research. This study aimed to:...

    Authors: Marianne Beaulieu, Alix Adrien, Louise Potvin and Clément Dassa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1246

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Accelerometers objectively assess physical activity (PA) and are currently used in several large-scale epidemiological studies, but there is no consensus for processing the data. This study compared the impact...

    Authors: Sarah Kozey Keadle, Eric J Shiroma, Patty S Freedson and I-Min Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1210

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Health literacy (HL) is seen as an increasingly relevant issue for global public health and requires a reliable and comprehensive operationalization. By now, there is limited evidence on how the development of...

    Authors: Sibel Vildan Altin, Isabelle Finke, Sibylle Kautz-Freimuth and Stephanie Stock

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1207

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Childhood obesity is a major public health issue in many countries, including China. The importance of parenting relative to the healthy development of children requires the development of instruments for asse...

    Authors: Wilson Tam, Vera Keung, Albert Lee, Kenneth Lo and Calvin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1194

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Growing evidence suggests that mixed methods approaches to measuring neighborhood effects on health are needed. The Wisconsin Assessment of the Social and Built Environment (WASABE) is an objective audit tool ...

    Authors: Kristen C Malecki, Corinne D Engelman, Paul E Peppard, F Javier Nieto, Maggie L Grabow, Milena Bernardinello, Erin Bailey, Andrew J Bersch, Matthew C Walsh, Justin Y Lo and Ana Martinez-Donate

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1165

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Prevalence estimates of chronic medical conditions and their multiples (multimorbidity) in the general population are scarce and often rather speculative in Switzerland. Using complementary data sources, we as...

    Authors: Ueli Zellweger, Matthias Bopp, Barbara M Holzer, Sima Djalali and Vladimir Kaplan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1157

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To assess the nonresponse rates in a questionnaire survey with respect to administrative register data, and to correct the bias statistically.

    Authors: Tommi Härkänen, Risto Kaikkonen, Esa Virtala and Seppo Koskinen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1150

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is an ongoing debate on the potential association between obesity and atopy. However, no previous studies have investigated whether this relationship depends on sex and smoking status in Chinese adults.

    Authors: Xiao Luo, Yupeng Wang, Zhiqiang Wang, Xiao-hua Zhou, Jing Zhao, Jianing Suo, Xiaohui Dong and Meina Liu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1105

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The psychometric properties of the Korean Short Form-12 Health Survey, version 2 (SF-12 v2) have not been assessed in the general population. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the psychometric pr...

    Authors: Seon-Ha Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Jeonghoon Ahn, Minsu Ock, Sangjin Shin and Jooyeon Park

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1086

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Dengue is a public health problem that presents complexity in its dissemination. The physical means of spreading and the dynamics of the spread between municipalities need to be analyzed to guide effective pub...

    Authors: Hugo Saba, Vera C Vale, Marcelo A Moret and José Garcia V Miranda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1085

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The main aim of this study, using a spatial-temporal model, is to analyse the link between a deprivation index and the incidence of prostate and cervical cancer in the Girona Health Region (GHR).

    Authors: Gemma Renart Vicens, Marc Saez Zafra, Judit Moreno-Crespi, Bernat C Serdà Ferrer and Rafael Marcos-Gragera

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1079

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Despite extensive studies on exposure and disease misclassification, few studies have investigated misclassification of confounders. This study aimed to identify differentially misclassified confounders in a c...

    Authors: Mirko Di Martino, Danilo Fusco, Paola Colais, Luigi Pinnarelli, Marina Davoli and Carlo Alberto Perucci

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1049

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Agent based models (ABM) are useful to explore population-level scenarios of disease spread and containment, but typically characterize infected individuals using simplified models of infection and symptoms dy...

    Authors: Sarah Lukens, Jay DePasse, Roni Rosenfeld, Elodie Ghedin, Ericka Mochan, Shawn T Brown, John Grefenstette, Donald S Burke, David Swigon and Gilles Clermont

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:1019

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Projection analyses can provide estimates of the future health burden of increasing BMI and represent a relevant and useful tool for public health planning. Our study presents long-term (2013–2030) projections...

    Authors: Ernest Lo, Denis Hamel, Yun Jen, Patricia Lamontagne, Sylvie Martel, Colin Steensma, Chantal Blouin and Russell Steele

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:996

    Content type: Research article

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  36. An earlier attempt to adapt the REALM (Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine) word recognition test to Dutch was not entirely successful due to ceiling effects. In contrast to REALM, the Short Assessmen...

    Authors: Henk Pander Maat, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot, Karlijn EF Leenaars and Mirjam P Fransen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:990

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The social and cultural positions of both researchers and research participants influence qualitative methods and study findings. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), as in other contexts, gender is a key organising cha...

    Authors: Michelle L Redman-MacLaren, Unia K Api, Matupit Darius, Rachael Tommbe, Tracie A Mafile’o and David J MacLaren

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:922

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Most sedentary behavior measures focus on occupational or leisure-time sitting. Our aim was to develop a comprehensive measure of adult sedentary behavior and establish its measurement properties.

    Authors: Brigid M Lynch, Christine M Friedenreich, Farah Khandwala, Andrew Liu, Joshua Nicholas and Ilona Csizmadi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:899

    Content type: Research article

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  39. TV and other screen use are common among elementary school aged children with both potential benefits and harms. It is not clear why some parents restrict their children’s screen use and others do not. Parent’...

    Authors: Teresia M O’Connor, Tzu-An Chen, Betty del Rio Rodriguez and Sheryl O Hughes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:894

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Infectious disease surveillance is a process the product of which reflects both actual disease trends and public awareness of the disease. Decisions made by patients, health care providers, and public health p...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Ali Arab, Benjamin J Cowling and Michael A Stoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:850

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Almost all studies in health research control or investigate socioeconomic position (SEP) as exposure or confounder. Different measures of SEP capture different aspects of the underlying construct, so efficien...

    Authors: Lesley Fairley, Baltica Cabieses, Neil Small, Emily S Petherick, Debbie A Lawlor, Kate E Pickett and John Wright

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:835

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Presently, there is no consensus on how to define multimorbidity. In this paper we investigate the connection between prevalence estimates for two or more and three or more chronic conditions to improve compar...

    Authors: Barbara M Holzer, Klarissa Siebenhuener, Matthias Bopp and Christoph E Minder

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:780

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The workplace is a setting where sedentary behaviour is highly prevalent. Accurately measuring physical activity and sedentary behaviour is crucial to assess the impact of behavioural change interventions. Thi...

    Authors: Jonine Jancey, Marian Tye, Sarah McGann, Krysten Blackford and Andy H Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2014 14:762

    Content type: Research article

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