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Biostatistics and methods

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation and monitoring methods are often unable to identify crucial elements of success or failure of integrated community-wide approaches aiming to tackle childhood overweight and obesity, yet difficult to...

    Authors: K. Mantziki, C. M. Renders, M. J. Westerman, J. Mayer, J. M. Borys and J. C. Seidell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:189

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Failure to include socio-economically deprived or ethnic minority groups in physical activity (PA) trials may limit representativeness and could lead to implementation of interventions that then increase healt...

    Authors: Sally M. Kerry, Katy E. Morgan, Elizabeth Limb, Derek G. Cook, Cheryl Furness, Iain Carey, Steve DeWilde, Christina R. Victor, Steve Iliffe, Peter Whincup, Michael Ussher, Ulf Ekelund, Julia Fox-Rushby, Judith Ibison and Tess Harris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:170

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A wide range of diseases show some degree of clustering in families; family history is therefore an important aspect for clinicians when making risk predictions. Familial aggregation is often quantified in ter...

    Authors: Morten Valberg, Mats Julius Stensrud and Odd O. Aalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:135

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increasing interest in place effect to explain health inequalities, there is currently no consensus on which kind of area-based socioeconomic measures researchers should use to assess neighborhood ...

    Authors: Sofia Temam, Raphaëlle Varraso, Carole Pornet, Margaux Sanchez, Aurélie Affret, Bénédicte Jacquemin, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Grégoire Rey, Stéphane Rican and Nicole Le Moual

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:956

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  5. Content type: Research article

    A person’s participation is acknowledged as an important outcome of the rehabilitation process. The Participation Scale (P-Scale) is an instrument that was designed to assess the participation of individuals w...

    Authors: Mariana Angélica Peixoto Souza, Wendy Jane Coster, Marisa Cotta Mancini, Fabiana Caetano Martins Silva Dutra, Jessica Kramer and Rosana Ferreira Sampaio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:934

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  6. Content type: Research article

    After the re-introduction of poliovirus to Syria in 2013, Lebanon was considered at high transmission risk due to its proximity to Syria and the high number of Syrian refugees. However, after a large-scale nat...

    Authors: Ali Alawieh, Zahraa Sabra, E. Farris Langley, Abdul Rahman Bizri, Randa Hamadeh and Fadi A. Zaraket

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:902

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) has yet to be eliminated despite the implementation of routine infant immunization programs. There is no consensus regarding the number of prima...

    Authors: Nadia A. Charania and Seyed M. Moghadas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:705

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Humanitarian agencies working in refugee camp settings require rapid assessment methods to measure the needs of the populations they serve. Due to the high level of dependency of refugees, agencies need to car...

    Authors: Elizabeth Harding, Colin Beckworth, Jean-Francois Fesselet, Annick Lenglet, Richard Lako and Joseph J. Valadez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:643

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite a body of evidence on racial/ethnic minority enrollment and retention in research, literature specifically focused on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse older adults for social science studies is l...

    Authors: Mary E. Northridge, Michele Shedlin, Eric W. Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Leydis De La Cruz, Rogelina Peralta, Stacia Birdsall, Sara S. Metcalf, Bibhas Chakraborty and Carol Kunzel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:563

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  10. Content type: Research article

    As service provision and patient behaviour varies by day, healthcare data used for public health surveillance can exhibit large day of the week effects. These regular effects are further complicated by the imp...

    Authors: Elizabeth Buckingham-Jeffery, Roger Morbey, Thomas House, Alex J. Elliot, Sally Harcourt and Gillian E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:477

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The media serves as an important link between medical research, as reported in scholarly sources, and the public and has the potential to act as a powerful tool to improve public health. However, concerns abou...

    Authors: Dena Zeraatkar, Michael Obeda, Jeffrey S. Ginsberg and Jack Hirsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:343

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador’s suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as o...

    Authors: Carlos Carcach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:339

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Public health surveillance is not ethically neutral and yet, ethics guidance and training for surveillance programmes is sparse. Development of ethics guidance should be based on comprehensive and transparentl...

    Authors: Corinna Klingler, Diego Steven Silva, Christopher Schuermann, Andreas Alois Reis, Abha Saxena and Daniel Strech

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:295

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In public health monitoring of young people it is critical to understand the effects of selective non-response, in particular when a controversial topic is involved like substance abuse or sexual behaviour. Re...

    Authors: Kei Long Cheung, Peter M. ten Klooster, Cees Smit, Hein de Vries and Marcel E. Pieterse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:276

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Social exclusion (SE) refers to the inability of certain groups or individuals to fully participate in society. SE is associated with socioeconomic inequalities in health, and its measurement in routine public...

    Authors: Addi P. L. van Bergen, Stella J. M. Hoff, Hanneke Schreurs, Annelies van Loon and Albert M. van Hemert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:253

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  16. Content type: Technical advance

    Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) quantify the loss of healthy years of life due to dying prematurely and due to living with diseases and injuries. Current methods of attributing DALYs to underlying risk ...

    Authors: Hendriek C. Boshuizen, Wilma J. Nusselder, Marjanne H.D. Plasmans, Henk H. Hilderink, Bianca E.P. Snijders, René Poos and Coen H. van Gool

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:197

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In aggregate studies, ecological indices are used to study the influence of socioeconomic status on health. Their main limitation is ecological bias. This study assesses the misclassification of individual soc...

    Authors: Josephine Bryere, Carole Pornet, Nane Copin, Ludivine Launay, Gaëlle Gusto, Pascale Grosclaude, Cyrille Delpierre, Thierry Lang, Olivier Lantieri, Olivier Dejardin and Guy Launoy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:86

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To date, many epidemiologic studies examining associations between obesity and dietary and sedentary/physical activity behaviors have focused on assessing Body Mass Index (BMI) at one point in time. Recent dev...

    Authors: Maaike Koning, Trynke Hoekstra, Elske de Jong, Tommy L. S. Visscher, Jacob C. Seidell and Carry M. Renders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1128

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Several low and middle-income countries (LMIC) use Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and/or Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) to monitor the health of their population. The level and trends ...

    Authors: Amare Deribew, John Ojal, Boniface Karia, Evasius Bauni and Mark Oteinde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1118

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid cancer has been rapidly rising in incidence in Canada; however, in contrast, lung cancer appears to be decreasing in incidence in Canadian men and stable in women. Moreover, disease-related mortality r...

    Authors: Patrick Brown, Hedy Jiang, Shereen Ezzat and Anna M. Sawka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:950

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    The distribution of birth intervals can be used to draw attention to important characteristics of dynamics of fertility process. The main objective of this paper is to examine the effects of socioeconomic, dem...

    Authors: Jahidur Rahman Khan, Wasimul Bari and A. H. M. Mahbub Latif

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:934

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:1088

  22. Content type: Research article

    Long-term multicentre studies are subject to numerous factors that may affect the integrity of their conclusions. Quality control and standardization of data collection are crucial to minimise the biases induc...

    Authors: Fabrice Ruiz, Marcel Goldberg, Sylvie Lemonnier, Anna Ozguler, Evelyne Boos, Alain Brigand, Violaine Giraud, Thierry Perez, Nicolas Roche and Marie Zins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:877

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In Spain, several ecological studies have analyzed trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from all causes in urban areas over time. However, the results of these studies are quite heterogeneous find...

    Authors: Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Laia Palència, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Miguel A. Martinez-Beneito, Mónica Ballesta, Montse Calvo, Lluís Cirera, Antonio Daponte, Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, Ana Gandarillas, Natividad Izco Goñi, Carmen Martos, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Andreu Nolasco, Diego Salmerón…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:663

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Different analytical techniques have been used to study the determinants of overweight. However, certain commonly used techniques may be limited by the continuous nature and skewed distribution of body mass in...

    Authors: Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Raquel Martins Lana, Renata Cabrelli, Leonardo Soares Bastos, Aline Araújo Nobre, Lúcia Rotenberg and Rosane Härter Griep

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:642

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to propose the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operators procedure (LASSO) as an alternative to conventional variable selection models, as it allows for easy interpretation ...

    Authors: Susanne Mueller-Using, Torsten Feldt, Fred Stephen Sarfo and Kirsten Alexandra Eberhardt

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:563

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Influenza is rarely confirmed with laboratory testing and accurate assessment of the overall burden of influenza is difficult. We used statistical modelling methods to generate updated, granular estimates of t...

    Authors: Gonçalo Matias, Robert J. Taylor, François Haguinet, Cynthia Schuck-Paim, Roger L. Lustig and Douglas M. Fleming

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:481

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol-related harm is a major global health issue, and controls on alcohol marketing are one intervention utilized by governments. This study investigated the use of Google Street View (GSV) as a novel resea...

    Authors: Chris Clews, Roza Brajkovich-Payne, Emily Dwight, Ayob Ahmad Fauzul, Madeleine Burton, Olivia Carleton, Julie Cook, Charlotte Deroles, Ruby Faulkner, Mary Furniss, Anahera Herewini, Daymen Huband, Nerissa Jones, Cho Wool Kim, Alice Li, Jacky Lu…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:442

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Improving knowledge about influenza transmission is crucial to upgrade surveillance network and to develop accurate predicting models to enhance public health intervention strategies. Epidemics usually occur i...

    Authors: Marion Roussel, Dominique Pontier, Jean-Marie Cohen, Bruno Lina and David Fouchet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:441

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  29. Content type: Technical advance

    Estimates of the burden of disease caused by a particular agent are used to assist in making policy and prioritizing actions. Most estimations have employed the attributable fraction approach, which estimates ...

    Authors: Lin Fritschi, Jayzii Chan, Sally J. Hutchings, Tim R. Driscoll, Adrian Y. W. Wong and Renee N. Carey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:386

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  30. Content type: Research article

    It is important to screen for alcohol consumption and drinking customs in a standardized manner. The aim of this study was 1) to investigate whether the AUDIT score is useful for predicting hazardous drinking ...

    Authors: Hideki Fujii, Naoki Nishimoto, Seiko Yamaguchi, Osamu Kurai, Masato Miyano, Wataru Ueda, Hiroko Oba, Tetsuya Aoki, Norifumi Kawada and Kiyotaka Okawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:379

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The lifestyles of family caregivers pose risks to their physical, mental and social health. The capability to stay healthy may be protective in the context of poor socioeconomic conditions and risk behaviours,...

    Authors: Barbara Bucki, Elisabeth Spitz, Anne-Marie Etienne, Etienne Le Bihan and Michèle Baumann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:364

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To determine the clinical effectiveness of statins on cardiovascular mortality in practice, observational studies are needed. Control for confounding is essential in any observational study. Falsification end-...

    Authors: Maarten J. Bijlsma, Stijn Vansteelandt, Fanny Janssen and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:303

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Both adolescent substance use and adolescent depression are major public health problems, and have the tendency to co-occur. Thousands of articles on adolescent substance use or depression have been published....

    Authors: Shi-Heng Wang, Yijun Ding, Weizhong Zhao, Yung-Hsiang Huang, Roger Perkins, Wen Zou and James J. Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:279

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In order to begin to address the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa, high quality community-based epidemiological studies from the region are urgently needed. Cluster-designed sam...

    Authors: John W. Stanifer, Joseph R Egger, Elizabeth L. Turner, Nathan Thielman and Uptal D. Patel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:226

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is a world-wide epidemic whose prevalence is underestimated by BMI measurements, but CUN-BAE (Clínica Universidad de Navarra - Body Adiposity Estimator) estimates the percentage of body fat (BF) while ...

    Authors: Vicente Martín, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Jesús Castilla, Pere Godoy, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Nuria Soldevila, Antonio J. Molina, Tania Fernandez-Villa, Jenaro Astray, Ady Castro, Fernando González-Candelas, José María Mayoral, José María Quintana and Angela Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:82

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  36. Content type: Research article

    To improve understanding of the pathophysiology of hypertension in adolescents and pave the way for risk stratification, studies have sought to determine the correlates of blood pressure (BP). Inconsistencies ...

    Authors: Ashley L. Devonshire, Erin R. Hager, Maureen M. Black, Marie Diener-West, Nicholas Tilton and Soren Snitker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:78

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Construction workers in South Africa are regarded as a high-risk group in the context of HIV/AIDS. HIV testing is pivotal to controlling HIV transmission and providing palliative care and AIDS-related knowledg...

    Authors: Paul Bowen, Rajen Govender and Peter Edwards

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:70

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  38. Content type: Research article

    There is limited availability of context-specific physical activity questionnaires in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to develop and examine the validity of a new Indian physical act...

    Authors: Mika Matsuzaki, Ruth Sullivan, Ulf Ekelund, KV Radha Krishna, Bharati Kulkarni, Tim Collier, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Sanjay Kinra and Hannah Kuper

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:48

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The exponential increase in health-related online platforms has made the Internet one of the main sources of health information globally. The quality of health contents disseminated on the Internet has been a ...

    Authors: Gabriele Sak, Nicola Diviani, Ahmed Allam and Peter J. Schulz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:38

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  40. Content type: Technical advance

    The methods currently available to estimate age- and sex-specific mortality rates for sub-populations are subject to a number of important limitations. We propose two alternative multivariable approaches: a re...

    Authors: Bernard Rachet, Camille Maringe, Laura M. Woods, Libby Ellis, Devon Spika and Claudia Allemani

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:1240

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Lived health and biological health are two different perspectives of health introduced by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Since in the concept of lived health the ...

    Authors: Cristina Bostan, Cornelia Oberhauser, Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach and Alarcos Cieza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:508

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Health literacy, or the ability to access, understand, appraise and apply health information, is central to individuals’ health and well-being. A comprehensive, concept-based measure of most dimensions of heal...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Nakayama, Wakako Osaka, Taisuke Togari, Hirono Ishikawa, Yuki Yonekura, Ai Sekido and Masayoshi Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:505

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Accelerometry non-wear time rules might affect sedentary time, and the associations with health outcomes such as adiposity. However, the exact effect of different non-wear time rules on sedentary time and repo...

    Authors: Xanne Janssen, Laura Basterfield, Kathryn N. Parkinson, Mark S. Pearce, Jessica K. Reilly, Ashley J. Adamson and John J. Reilly

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:504

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  44. Content type: Review

    Though numbers alone may be insufficient to capture the nuances of population health, they provide a common language of appraisal and furnish clear evidence of disparities and inequalities. Over the past 30 ye...

    Authors: Richard Rothenberg, Christine Stauber, Scott Weaver, Dajun Dai, Amit Prasad and Megumi Kano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2015 15:494

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