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Biostatistics and methods

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

Page 1 of 4

  1. Content type: Research article

    Measurement error in self-report questionnaires is a common source of bias in epidemiologic studies. The study aim was to assess information bias of the educational gradient in sickness absence among participa...

    Authors: Petter Kristensen, Karina Corbett, Ferdinand A. Mohn, Therese N. Hanvold and Ingrid S. Mehlum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1275

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  2. Content type: Technical advance

    HIV programs are often assessed by the proportion of patients who are alive and retained in care; however some patients are categorized as lost to follow-up (LTF) and have unknown vital status. LTF is not an o...

    Authors: Deanna P. Jannat-Khah, Michelle Unterbrink, Margaret McNairy, Samuel Pierre, Dan W. Fitzgerald, Jean Pape and Arthur Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1269

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Timely monitoring HIV epidemic among key populations is a formidable challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the agreement between data collected from an enhanced HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS+) and an HIV se...

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Huifang Xu, Fei Zhong, Stephen Pan, Joseph D. Tucker, Sharon Weir, Jinkou Zhao and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1268

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  4. Content type: Research article

    A task force of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) has developed a classification of chronic pain for the ICD-11 consisting of seven major categories. The objective was to test whether ...

    Authors: Antonia Barke, Beatrice Korwisi, Hans-Raimund Casser, Egil A. Fors, Christian Geber, Stephan A. Schug, Audun Stubhaug, Takahiro Ushida, Thomas Wetterling, Winfried Rief and Rolf-Detlef Treede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1239

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Material and behavioural factors play an important role in explaining educational inequalities in mortality, but gender differences in these contributions have received little attention thus far. We examined t...

    Authors: Karen van Hedel, Frank J. van Lenthe, Joost Oude Groeniger and Johan P. Mackenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1105

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  6. Content type: Research article

    An estimate of the prevalence of an activity derived from a sample survey is potentially subject to non-response bias, whereby people not involved in the activity are less likely to respond than those involved...

    Authors: J. T. Harvey, M. J. Charity, N. A. Sawyer and R. M. Eime

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:895

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Modern activity trackers, including the Fitbit Zip, enable the measurement of both the step count as well as physical activity (PA) intensities. However, there is a need for field-based validation studies in a...

    Authors: Kerli Mooses, Marek Oja, Sulev Reisberg, Jaak Vilo and Merike Kull

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:858

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Comparability of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) measurements is hampered by method-related differences in measurement values. International standardization of laboratory assays has been suggested to solve this ...

    Authors: Martina Rabenberg, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Markus A. Busch, Michael Thamm, Nina Rieckmann, Ramón A. Durazo-Arvizu, Kirsten G. Dowling, Zuzana Škrabáková, Kevin D. Cashman, Christopher T. Sempos and Gert B. M. Mensink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:845

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  9. Content type: Technical advance

    Food system function is vulnerable to disruption from a variety of sources. Disruption of the processes required for food provision may result in decreases in food security in affected communities. Currently, ...

    Authors: Gwen M. Chodur, Xilei Zhao, Erin Biehl, Judith Mitrani-Reiser and Roni Neff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:817

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of the reproducibility of domain-specific accelerometer-determined physical activity (PA) estimates are a prerequisite to conduct high-quality epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to de...

    Authors: Eivind Aadland, Lars Bo Andersen, Ulf Ekelund, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen and Geir Kåre Resaland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:821

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Body composition alterations, or lipodystrophy, can lead to serious health problems in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The objectives of this study are to predict and validate sex-specific anthropometric ...

    Authors: André P. dos Santos, Anderson M. Navarro, Andiara Schwingel, Thiago C. Alves, Pedro P. Abdalla, Ana Claudia R. Venturini, Rodrigo C. de Santana and Dalmo R. L. Machado

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:806

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Tackling the social determinants of Tuberculosis (TB) through social protection is a key element of the post-2015 End TB Strategy. However, evidence informing policies are still scarce. Mathematical modelling ...

    Authors: D. Boccia, W. Rudgard, S. Shrestha, K. Lönnroth, P. Eckhoff, J. Golub, M. Sanchez, E. Maciel, D. Rasella, P. Shete, D. Pedrazzoli, R. Houben, S. Chang and D. Dowdy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:786

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Health and socioeconomic status (SES) are linked in studies worldwide. Measures of SES exist for many countries, however not for Saudi Arabia (SA). We describe two indices of area-based SES for SA.

    Authors: Reem S. AlOmar, Roger C. Parslow and Graham R. Law

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:791

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In low-income countries it is difficult to obtain complete data that show spatial heterogeneity in the risk of tuberculosis within-and-between smaller administrative units. This may contribute to the partial e...

    Authors: Sebsibe Tadesse, Fikre Enqueselassie and Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:783

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  15. Content type: Research article

    With declining rates of participation in epidemiological studies there is an important need to attempt to understand what factors might affect response. This study examines the pattern of response at different...

    Authors: Emma Green, Holly Bennett, Carol Brayne and Fiona E. Matthews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:760

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Accurate measurement of body composition in children and adolescents is important as the quantities of fat and fat-free mass have implications for health risk. The objectives of the present study were: to dete...

    Authors: Catherine T. Ndagire, John H. Muyonga, Dan Isabirye, Benard Odur, Serge M. A. Somda, Richard Bukenya, Juan E. Andrade and Dorothy Nakimbugwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:687

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Syndromic surveillance complements traditional public health surveillance by collecting and analysing health indicators in near real time. The rationale of syndromic surveillance is that it may detect health t...

    Authors: Felipe J. Colón-González, Iain R. Lake, Roger A. Morbey, Alex J. Elliot, Richard Pebody and Gillian E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:544

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  18. Content type: Research article

    As a common infectious disease, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is affected by multiple environmental and socioeconomic factors, and its pathogenesis is complex. Furthermore, the transmission of HFMD is ch...

    Authors: Lianfa Li, Wenyang Qiu, Chengdong Xu and Jinfeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:274

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The decreasing suicide rate in China has been regarded as a major contributor to the decline of global suicide rate in the past decade. However, previous estimations on China’s suicide rates might not be accur...

    Authors: Feng Sha, Qingsong Chang, Yik Wa Law, Qi Hong and Paul S. F. Yip

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:239

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Venues form part of the sampling frame for time-location sampling, an approach often used for HIV surveillance. While sampling location is often regarded as a nuisance factor, venues may play a central role in...

    Authors: Lydia N. Drumright, Sharon S. Weir and Simon D. W. Frost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:225

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation and monitoring methods are often unable to identify crucial elements of success or failure of integrated community-wide approaches aiming to tackle childhood overweight and obesity, yet difficult to...

    Authors: K. Mantziki, C. M. Renders, M. J. Westerman, J. Mayer, J. M. Borys and J. C. Seidell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:189

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Failure to include socio-economically deprived or ethnic minority groups in physical activity (PA) trials may limit representativeness and could lead to implementation of interventions that then increase healt...

    Authors: Sally M. Kerry, Katy E. Morgan, Elizabeth Limb, Derek G. Cook, Cheryl Furness, Iain Carey, Steve DeWilde, Christina R. Victor, Steve Iliffe, Peter Whincup, Michael Ussher, Ulf Ekelund, Julia Fox-Rushby, Judith Ibison and Tess Harris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:170

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  23. Content type: Research article

    A wide range of diseases show some degree of clustering in families; family history is therefore an important aspect for clinicians when making risk predictions. Familial aggregation is often quantified in ter...

    Authors: Morten Valberg, Mats Julius Stensrud and Odd O. Aalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:135

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increasing interest in place effect to explain health inequalities, there is currently no consensus on which kind of area-based socioeconomic measures researchers should use to assess neighborhood ...

    Authors: Sofia Temam, Raphaëlle Varraso, Carole Pornet, Margaux Sanchez, Aurélie Affret, Bénédicte Jacquemin, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Grégoire Rey, Stéphane Rican and Nicole Le Moual

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:956

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  25. Content type: Research article

    A person’s participation is acknowledged as an important outcome of the rehabilitation process. The Participation Scale (P-Scale) is an instrument that was designed to assess the participation of individuals w...

    Authors: Mariana Angélica Peixoto Souza, Wendy Jane Coster, Marisa Cotta Mancini, Fabiana Caetano Martins Silva Dutra, Jessica Kramer and Rosana Ferreira Sampaio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:934

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  26. Content type: Research article

    After the re-introduction of poliovirus to Syria in 2013, Lebanon was considered at high transmission risk due to its proximity to Syria and the high number of Syrian refugees. However, after a large-scale nat...

    Authors: Ali Alawieh, Zahraa Sabra, E. Farris Langley, Abdul Rahman Bizri, Randa Hamadeh and Fadi A. Zaraket

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:902

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) has yet to be eliminated despite the implementation of routine infant immunization programs. There is no consensus regarding the number of prima...

    Authors: Nadia A. Charania and Seyed M. Moghadas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:705

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Humanitarian agencies working in refugee camp settings require rapid assessment methods to measure the needs of the populations they serve. Due to the high level of dependency of refugees, agencies need to car...

    Authors: Elizabeth Harding, Colin Beckworth, Jean-Francois Fesselet, Annick Lenglet, Richard Lako and Joseph J. Valadez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:643

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite a body of evidence on racial/ethnic minority enrollment and retention in research, literature specifically focused on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse older adults for social science studies is l...

    Authors: Mary E. Northridge, Michele Shedlin, Eric W. Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Leydis De La Cruz, Rogelina Peralta, Stacia Birdsall, Sara S. Metcalf, Bibhas Chakraborty and Carol Kunzel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:563

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  30. Content type: Research article

    As service provision and patient behaviour varies by day, healthcare data used for public health surveillance can exhibit large day of the week effects. These regular effects are further complicated by the imp...

    Authors: Elizabeth Buckingham-Jeffery, Roger Morbey, Thomas House, Alex J. Elliot, Sally Harcourt and Gillian E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:477

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The media serves as an important link between medical research, as reported in scholarly sources, and the public and has the potential to act as a powerful tool to improve public health. However, concerns abou...

    Authors: Dena Zeraatkar, Michael Obeda, Jeffrey S. Ginsberg and Jack Hirsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:343

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador’s suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as o...

    Authors: Carlos Carcach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:339

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Public health surveillance is not ethically neutral and yet, ethics guidance and training for surveillance programmes is sparse. Development of ethics guidance should be based on comprehensive and transparentl...

    Authors: Corinna Klingler, Diego Steven Silva, Christopher Schuermann, Andreas Alois Reis, Abha Saxena and Daniel Strech

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:295

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In public health monitoring of young people it is critical to understand the effects of selective non-response, in particular when a controversial topic is involved like substance abuse or sexual behaviour. Re...

    Authors: Kei Long Cheung, Peter M. ten Klooster, Cees Smit, Hein de Vries and Marcel E. Pieterse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:276

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Social exclusion (SE) refers to the inability of certain groups or individuals to fully participate in society. SE is associated with socioeconomic inequalities in health, and its measurement in routine public...

    Authors: Addi P. L. van Bergen, Stella J. M. Hoff, Hanneke Schreurs, Annelies van Loon and Albert M. van Hemert

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:253

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  36. Content type: Technical advance

    Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) quantify the loss of healthy years of life due to dying prematurely and due to living with diseases and injuries. Current methods of attributing DALYs to underlying risk ...

    Authors: Hendriek C. Boshuizen, Wilma J. Nusselder, Marjanne H.D. Plasmans, Henk H. Hilderink, Bianca E.P. Snijders, René Poos and Coen H. van Gool

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:197

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In aggregate studies, ecological indices are used to study the influence of socioeconomic status on health. Their main limitation is ecological bias. This study assesses the misclassification of individual soc...

    Authors: Josephine Bryere, Carole Pornet, Nane Copin, Ludivine Launay, Gaëlle Gusto, Pascale Grosclaude, Cyrille Delpierre, Thierry Lang, Olivier Lantieri, Olivier Dejardin and Guy Launoy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:86

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  38. Content type: Research article

    To date, many epidemiologic studies examining associations between obesity and dietary and sedentary/physical activity behaviors have focused on assessing Body Mass Index (BMI) at one point in time. Recent dev...

    Authors: Maaike Koning, Trynke Hoekstra, Elske de Jong, Tommy L. S. Visscher, Jacob C. Seidell and Carry M. Renders

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1128

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Several low and middle-income countries (LMIC) use Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and/or Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) to monitor the health of their population. The level and trends ...

    Authors: Amare Deribew, John Ojal, Boniface Karia, Evasius Bauni and Mark Oteinde

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:1118

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid cancer has been rapidly rising in incidence in Canada; however, in contrast, lung cancer appears to be decreasing in incidence in Canadian men and stable in women. Moreover, disease-related mortality r...

    Authors: Patrick Brown, Hedy Jiang, Shereen Ezzat and Anna M. Sawka

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:950

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    The distribution of birth intervals can be used to draw attention to important characteristics of dynamics of fertility process. The main objective of this paper is to examine the effects of socioeconomic, dem...

    Authors: Jahidur Rahman Khan, Wasimul Bari and A. H. M. Mahbub Latif

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:934

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Public Health 2016 16:1088

  42. Content type: Research article

    Long-term multicentre studies are subject to numerous factors that may affect the integrity of their conclusions. Quality control and standardization of data collection are crucial to minimise the biases induc...

    Authors: Fabrice Ruiz, Marcel Goldberg, Sylvie Lemonnier, Anna Ozguler, Evelyne Boos, Alain Brigand, Violaine Giraud, Thierry Perez, Nicolas Roche and Marie Zins

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:877

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In Spain, several ecological studies have analyzed trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from all causes in urban areas over time. However, the results of these studies are quite heterogeneous find...

    Authors: Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Laia Palència, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Miguel A. Martinez-Beneito, Mónica Ballesta, Montse Calvo, Lluís Cirera, Antonio Daponte, Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, Ana Gandarillas, Natividad Izco Goñi, Carmen Martos, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Andreu Nolasco, Diego Salmerón…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:663

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Different analytical techniques have been used to study the determinants of overweight. However, certain commonly used techniques may be limited by the continuous nature and skewed distribution of body mass in...

    Authors: Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Raquel Martins Lana, Renata Cabrelli, Leonardo Soares Bastos, Aline Araújo Nobre, Lúcia Rotenberg and Rosane Härter Griep

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2016 16:642

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