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Biostatistics and methods

Section edited by Shankar Viswanathan.

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

Page 1 of 5

  1. In populations that lack vital registration systems, under-5 mortality (U5M) is commonly estimated using survey-based approaches, including indirect methods. One assumption of indirect methods is that a mother...

    Authors: John Quattrochi, Joshua A. Salomon, Kenneth Hill and Marcia C. Castro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1516

    Content type: Research article

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  2. We have developed an approach for modelling the health impact of introducing new smoke-free tobacco products. We wished to compare its estimates with those of alternative approaches, when applied to snus, used...

    Authors: Smilja Djurdjevic, Laszlo Pecze, Rolf Weitkunat, Frank Luedicke, John Fry and Peter Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1411

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Screen time among adults represents a continuing and growing problem in relation to health behaviors and health outcomes. However, no instrument currently exists in the literature that quantifies the use of mo...

    Authors: Maricarmen Vizcaino, Matthew Buman, C. Tyler DesRoches and Christopher Wharton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1386

    Content type: Research article

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  4. School absenteeism data have been collected daily by the public health unit in Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph, Ontario since 2008. To date, a threshold-based approach has been implemented to raise alerts for commu...

    Authors: Madeline A. Ward, Anu Stanley, Lorna E. Deeth, Rob Deardon, Zeny Feng and Lise A. Trotz-Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1232

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The United States appears to be in the midst of an opioid epidemic. National data indicate a rise in emergency department visits for opioid-related causes over the past decade. This data, while important in he...

    Authors: John R. Litaker, Naomi Tamez, Wesley Durkalski and Richard Taylor

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1091

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Approximately 17% of children in the U.S. are obese. Children that are overweight or obese are also more likely to be obese as adults and suffer from various chronic diseases and premature death. Maternal obes...

    Authors: Michele J. Josey, Lauren E. McCullough, Cathrine Hoyo and ClarLynda Williams-DeVane

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1062

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The current demographic trends indicate that breast cancer will pose an even greater public health concern in future for Pakistan. Details on the incidence, disease severity and mortality in respect of breast ...

    Authors: Sidra Zaheer, Nadia Shah, Syed Amir Maqbool and Noor Muhammad Soomro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1001

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Inverse probability weighting (IPW) methods can be used to estimate the total number of cases from the sample collected through sentinel surveillance. Central to these methods are the inverse weights which can...

    Authors: Toon Braeye, Sophie Quoilin and Niel Hens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:982

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Childhood morbidities are a major cause of mortality of children in the developing countries particularly in Ethiopia. Regardless of the noticeable improvement in the reduction of under-five death in Ethiopia,...

    Authors: Kasahun Takele, Temesgen Zewotir and Denis Ndanguza

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:942

    Content type: Research article

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  10. When studying the influence of socioeconomic position (SEP) on health from data where individual-level SEP measures may be missing, ecological measures of SEP may prove helpful. In this paper, we illustrate th...

    Authors: Sébastien Lamy, Florence Molinié, Laetitia Daubisse-Marliac, Anne Cowppli-Bony, Stéphanie Ayrault-Piault, Evelyne Fournier, Anne-Sophie Woronoff, Cyrille Delpierre and Pascale Grosclaude

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:857

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Recently, we have shown that the age-specific prevalence of a disease can be related to the transition rates in the illness-death model via a partial differential equation (PDE). The transition rates are the i...

    Authors: Ralph Brinks, Thaddäus Tönnies and Annika Hoyer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:844

    Content type: Technical advance

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  12. Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) have similar symptoms to those caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). The modes of transmission and dynamics of time series data still remain poorly understood. Climatic ...

    Authors: Raymond Nyoka, Thomas N. O. Achia, Jimmy Omony, Samuel M. Musili, Anthony Gichangi and Henry Mwambi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:807

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Drowning is a leading and preventable cause of death that has suffered an attention deficit. Improving drowning data in countries would assist the understanding of the full extent and circumstances of drowning...

    Authors: Amy E. Peden, Richard C. Franklin and Tessa Clemens

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:794

    Content type: Research article

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  14. When communicating risks to the general population, the format of the epidemiological results may affect individual reactions. In environmental epidemiology, no study has compared the use of different statisti...

    Authors: Michela Baccini, Laura Ghirardi, Domenica Farinella and Annibale Biggeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:733

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The slope (SII) and relative (RII) indices of inequality are commonly recommended to monitor health inequality policies. As an upwards shift of the educational level distribution (ELD) can be part of those pol...

    Authors: Françoise Renard, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Niko Speybroeck and Patrick Deboosere

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:662

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Area-level measures of socioeconomic deprivation are important for understanding and describing health inequalities. The aim of this study was the development and validation of a small-area index of socioecono...

    Authors: Demetris Lamnisos, Galatia Lambrianidou and Nicos Middleton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:627

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In Ethiopia, pregnancy, and childbearing begin at an early age. Teenage pregnancy has long-term implications for girls, their families, and communities. However, multilevel predictors of teenage pregnancy are ...

    Authors: Betelhem Eshetu Birhanu, Deresse Legesse Kebede, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay and Abate Bekele Belachew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:601

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Recently, exploratory spatial data analysis is for problem solving, hypothesis generation and knowledge construction. Unless geographically weighted regression, sophisticated spatial regression models best con...

    Authors: Sylvester Dodzi Nyadanu, Gavin Pereira, Derek Ngbandor Nawumbeni and Timothy Adampah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:514

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Completing mortality data by information on possible socioeconomic inequalities in mortality is crucial for policy planning. The aim of this study was to build deprivation-specific life tables using the Portug...

    Authors: Luís Antunes, Denisa Mendonça, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Camille Maringe and Bernard Rachet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:276

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Wrist-worn accelerometers are increasingly used in epidemiological studies to record physical activity. The accelerometer data are usually only analyzed if the convention for compliant wear time is met (i.e. ≥...

    Authors: Raphael Knaier, Christoph Höchsmann, Denis Infanger, Timo Hinrichs and Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:244

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Lack of regular physical activity, high sedentary behavior and presence of unbalanced alimentary practices are attitudes associated with an inadequate lifestyle among female adolescents.

    Authors: Valter Paulo Neves Miranda, Paulo Roberto dos Santos Amorim, Ronaldo Rocha Bastos, Vitor Gabriel Barra Souza, Eliane Rodrigues de Faria, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini and Silvia Eloiza Priore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Despite significant declines in under five mortality (U5M) over the last 3 decades, Kenya did not achieve Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) by 2015. To better understand trends and inequalities in child mo...

    Authors: Peter M. Macharia, Emanuele Giorgi, Pamela N. Thuranira, Noel K. Joseph, Benn Sartorius, Robert W. Snow and Emelda A. Okiro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  23. With increasing interest in exposure effects across generations, it is crucial to assess the validity of information given on behalf of others.

    Authors: Kathrine Pape, Cecilie Svanes, Andrei Malinovschi, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Caroline Lodge, Christer Janson, Jesus Moratalla, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Lennart Bråbäck, Mathias Holm, Rain Jögi, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen, Torben Sigsgaard, Ane Johannessen and Vivi Schlünssen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:94

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Stress is a common psychological condition usually associated with many psycho-physical disorders. Stress and its risk factors are frequently seen in Ethiopians including university students. In such circumsta...

    Authors: Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Sony Peter, Ahmad Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmed S. Bahammam and Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:41

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Research into the effects of Socioeconomic Position (SEP) on health will sometimes compare effects from multiple, different measures of SEP in “mutually adjusted” regression models. Interpreting each effect es...

    Authors: Michael J. Green and Frank Popham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:10

    Content type: Correspondence

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  26. The incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) differs among countries and contributes to morbidity and mortality especially in the developing countries. Trends and seasonal changes in the number of patients presenting wi...

    Authors: George Aryee, Ernest Kwarteng, Raymond Essuman, Adwoa Nkansa Agyei, Samuel Kudzawu, Robert Djagbletey, Ebenezer Owusu Darkwa and Audrey Forson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1292

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Measurement error in self-report questionnaires is a common source of bias in epidemiologic studies. The study aim was to assess information bias of the educational gradient in sickness absence among participa...

    Authors: Petter Kristensen, Karina Corbett, Ferdinand A. Mohn, Therese N. Hanvold and Ingrid S. Mehlum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1275

    Content type: Research article

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  28. HIV programs are often assessed by the proportion of patients who are alive and retained in care; however some patients are categorized as lost to follow-up (LTF) and have unknown vital status. LTF is not an o...

    Authors: Deanna P. Jannat-Khah, Michelle Unterbrink, Margaret McNairy, Samuel Pierre, Dan W. Fitzgerald, Jean Pape and Arthur Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1269

    Content type: Technical advance

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  29. Timely monitoring HIV epidemic among key populations is a formidable challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the agreement between data collected from an enhanced HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS+) and an HIV se...

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Huifang Xu, Fei Zhong, Stephen Pan, Joseph D. Tucker, Sharon Weir, Jinkou Zhao and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1268

    Content type: Research article

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  30. A task force of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) has developed a classification of chronic pain for the ICD-11 consisting of seven major categories. The objective was to test whether ...

    Authors: Antonia Barke, Beatrice Korwisi, Hans-Raimund Casser, Egil A. Fors, Christian Geber, Stephan A. Schug, Audun Stubhaug, Takahiro Ushida, Thomas Wetterling, Winfried Rief and Rolf-Detlef Treede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1239

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Material and behavioural factors play an important role in explaining educational inequalities in mortality, but gender differences in these contributions have received little attention thus far. We examined t...

    Authors: Karen van Hedel, Frank J. van Lenthe, Joost Oude Groeniger and Johan P. Mackenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1105

    Content type: Research article

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  32. An estimate of the prevalence of an activity derived from a sample survey is potentially subject to non-response bias, whereby people not involved in the activity are less likely to respond than those involved...

    Authors: J. T. Harvey, M. J. Charity, N. A. Sawyer and R. M. Eime

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:895

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Modern activity trackers, including the Fitbit Zip, enable the measurement of both the step count as well as physical activity (PA) intensities. However, there is a need for field-based validation studies in a...

    Authors: Kerli Mooses, Marek Oja, Sulev Reisberg, Jaak Vilo and Merike Kull

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:858

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Comparability of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) measurements is hampered by method-related differences in measurement values. International standardization of laboratory assays has been suggested to solve this ...

    Authors: Martina Rabenberg, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Markus A. Busch, Michael Thamm, Nina Rieckmann, Ramón A. Durazo-Arvizu, Kirsten G. Dowling, Zuzana Škrabáková, Kevin D. Cashman, Christopher T. Sempos and Gert B. M. Mensink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:845

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Knowledge of the reproducibility of domain-specific accelerometer-determined physical activity (PA) estimates are a prerequisite to conduct high-quality epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to de...

    Authors: Eivind Aadland, Lars Bo Andersen, Ulf Ekelund, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen and Geir Kåre Resaland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:821

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Food system function is vulnerable to disruption from a variety of sources. Disruption of the processes required for food provision may result in decreases in food security in affected communities. Currently, ...

    Authors: Gwen M. Chodur, Xilei Zhao, Erin Biehl, Judith Mitrani-Reiser and Roni Neff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:817

    Content type: Technical advance

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  37. Body composition alterations, or lipodystrophy, can lead to serious health problems in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The objectives of this study are to predict and validate sex-specific anthropometric ...

    Authors: André P. dos Santos, Anderson M. Navarro, Andiara Schwingel, Thiago C. Alves, Pedro P. Abdalla, Ana Claudia R. Venturini, Rodrigo C. de Santana and Dalmo R. L. Machado

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:806

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Health and socioeconomic status (SES) are linked in studies worldwide. Measures of SES exist for many countries, however not for Saudi Arabia (SA). We describe two indices of area-based SES for SA.

    Authors: Reem S. AlOmar, Roger C. Parslow and Graham R. Law

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:791

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Tackling the social determinants of Tuberculosis (TB) through social protection is a key element of the post-2015 End TB Strategy. However, evidence informing policies are still scarce. Mathematical modelling ...

    Authors: D. Boccia, W. Rudgard, S. Shrestha, K. Lönnroth, P. Eckhoff, J. Golub, M. Sanchez, E. Maciel, D. Rasella, P. Shete, D. Pedrazzoli, R. Houben, S. Chang and D. Dowdy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:786

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In low-income countries it is difficult to obtain complete data that show spatial heterogeneity in the risk of tuberculosis within-and-between smaller administrative units. This may contribute to the partial e...

    Authors: Sebsibe Tadesse, Fikre Enqueselassie and Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:783

    Content type: Research article

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  41. With declining rates of participation in epidemiological studies there is an important need to attempt to understand what factors might affect response. This study examines the pattern of response at different...

    Authors: Emma Green, Holly Bennett, Carol Brayne and Fiona E. Matthews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:760

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Accurate measurement of body composition in children and adolescents is important as the quantities of fat and fat-free mass have implications for health risk. The objectives of the present study were: to dete...

    Authors: Catherine T. Ndagire, John H. Muyonga, Dan Isabirye, Benard Odur, Serge M. A. Somda, Richard Bukenya, Juan E. Andrade and Dorothy Nakimbugwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:687

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Syndromic surveillance complements traditional public health surveillance by collecting and analysing health indicators in near real time. The rationale of syndromic surveillance is that it may detect health t...

    Authors: Felipe J. Colón-González, Iain R. Lake, Roger A. Morbey, Alex J. Elliot, Richard Pebody and Gillian E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:544

    Content type: Research article

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