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Biostatistics and methods

This section aims to publish studies looking at statistical models and methods and their application to problems of human health and disease.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, pregnancy, and childbearing begin at an early age. Teenage pregnancy has long-term implications for girls, their families, and communities. However, multilevel predictors of teenage pregnancy are ...

    Authors: Betelhem Eshetu Birhanu, Deresse Legesse Kebede, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay and Abate Bekele Belachew

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:601

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Recently, exploratory spatial data analysis is for problem solving, hypothesis generation and knowledge construction. Unless geographically weighted regression, sophisticated spatial regression models best con...

    Authors: Sylvester Dodzi Nyadanu, Gavin Pereira, Derek Ngbandor Nawumbeni and Timothy Adampah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:514

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Completing mortality data by information on possible socioeconomic inequalities in mortality is crucial for policy planning. The aim of this study was to build deprivation-specific life tables using the Portug...

    Authors: Luís Antunes, Denisa Mendonça, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Camille Maringe and Bernard Rachet

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:276

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Wrist-worn accelerometers are increasingly used in epidemiological studies to record physical activity. The accelerometer data are usually only analyzed if the convention for compliant wear time is met (i.e. ≥...

    Authors: Raphael Knaier, Christoph Höchsmann, Denis Infanger, Timo Hinrichs and Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:244

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Lack of regular physical activity, high sedentary behavior and presence of unbalanced alimentary practices are attitudes associated with an inadequate lifestyle among female adolescents.

    Authors: Valter Paulo Neves Miranda, Paulo Roberto dos Santos Amorim, Ronaldo Rocha Bastos, Vitor Gabriel Barra Souza, Eliane Rodrigues de Faria, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini and Silvia Eloiza Priore

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:184

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Despite significant declines in under five mortality (U5M) over the last 3 decades, Kenya did not achieve Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) by 2015. To better understand trends and inequalities in child mo...

    Authors: Peter M. Macharia, Emanuele Giorgi, Pamela N. Thuranira, Noel K. Joseph, Benn Sartorius, Robert W. Snow and Emelda A. Okiro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:146

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  7. Content type: Research article

    With increasing interest in exposure effects across generations, it is crucial to assess the validity of information given on behalf of others.

    Authors: Kathrine Pape, Cecilie Svanes, Andrei Malinovschi, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Caroline Lodge, Christer Janson, Jesus Moratalla, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Lennart Bråbäck, Mathias Holm, Rain Jögi, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen, Torben Sigsgaard, Ane Johannessen and Vivi Schlünssen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:94

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Stress is a common psychological condition usually associated with many psycho-physical disorders. Stress and its risk factors are frequently seen in Ethiopians including university students. In such circumsta...

    Authors: Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Sony Peter, Ahmad Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmed S. Bahammam and Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:41

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  9. Content type: Correspondence

    Research into the effects of Socioeconomic Position (SEP) on health will sometimes compare effects from multiple, different measures of SEP in “mutually adjusted” regression models. Interpreting each effect es...

    Authors: Michael J. Green and Frank Popham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:10

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) differs among countries and contributes to morbidity and mortality especially in the developing countries. Trends and seasonal changes in the number of patients presenting wi...

    Authors: George Aryee, Ernest Kwarteng, Raymond Essuman, Adwoa Nkansa Agyei, Samuel Kudzawu, Robert Djagbletey, Ebenezer Owusu Darkwa and Audrey Forson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1292

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Measurement error in self-report questionnaires is a common source of bias in epidemiologic studies. The study aim was to assess information bias of the educational gradient in sickness absence among participa...

    Authors: Petter Kristensen, Karina Corbett, Ferdinand A. Mohn, Therese N. Hanvold and Ingrid S. Mehlum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1275

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  12. Content type: Technical advance

    HIV programs are often assessed by the proportion of patients who are alive and retained in care; however some patients are categorized as lost to follow-up (LTF) and have unknown vital status. LTF is not an o...

    Authors: Deanna P. Jannat-Khah, Michelle Unterbrink, Margaret McNairy, Samuel Pierre, Dan W. Fitzgerald, Jean Pape and Arthur Evans

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1269

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Timely monitoring HIV epidemic among key populations is a formidable challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the agreement between data collected from an enhanced HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS+) and an HIV se...

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Huifang Xu, Fei Zhong, Stephen Pan, Joseph D. Tucker, Sharon Weir, Jinkou Zhao and Weiming Tang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1268

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A task force of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) has developed a classification of chronic pain for the ICD-11 consisting of seven major categories. The objective was to test whether ...

    Authors: Antonia Barke, Beatrice Korwisi, Hans-Raimund Casser, Egil A. Fors, Christian Geber, Stephan A. Schug, Audun Stubhaug, Takahiro Ushida, Thomas Wetterling, Winfried Rief and Rolf-Detlef Treede

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1239

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Material and behavioural factors play an important role in explaining educational inequalities in mortality, but gender differences in these contributions have received little attention thus far. We examined t...

    Authors: Karen van Hedel, Frank J. van Lenthe, Joost Oude Groeniger and Johan P. Mackenbach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1105

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  16. Content type: Research article

    An estimate of the prevalence of an activity derived from a sample survey is potentially subject to non-response bias, whereby people not involved in the activity are less likely to respond than those involved...

    Authors: J. T. Harvey, M. J. Charity, N. A. Sawyer and R. M. Eime

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:895

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Modern activity trackers, including the Fitbit Zip, enable the measurement of both the step count as well as physical activity (PA) intensities. However, there is a need for field-based validation studies in a...

    Authors: Kerli Mooses, Marek Oja, Sulev Reisberg, Jaak Vilo and Merike Kull

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:858

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Comparability of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) measurements is hampered by method-related differences in measurement values. International standardization of laboratory assays has been suggested to solve this ...

    Authors: Martina Rabenberg, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Markus A. Busch, Michael Thamm, Nina Rieckmann, Ramón A. Durazo-Arvizu, Kirsten G. Dowling, Zuzana Škrabáková, Kevin D. Cashman, Christopher T. Sempos and Gert B. M. Mensink

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:845

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of the reproducibility of domain-specific accelerometer-determined physical activity (PA) estimates are a prerequisite to conduct high-quality epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to de...

    Authors: Eivind Aadland, Lars Bo Andersen, Ulf Ekelund, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen and Geir Kåre Resaland

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:821

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  20. Content type: Technical advance

    Food system function is vulnerable to disruption from a variety of sources. Disruption of the processes required for food provision may result in decreases in food security in affected communities. Currently, ...

    Authors: Gwen M. Chodur, Xilei Zhao, Erin Biehl, Judith Mitrani-Reiser and Roni Neff

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:817

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Body composition alterations, or lipodystrophy, can lead to serious health problems in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The objectives of this study are to predict and validate sex-specific anthropometric ...

    Authors: André P. dos Santos, Anderson M. Navarro, Andiara Schwingel, Thiago C. Alves, Pedro P. Abdalla, Ana Claudia R. Venturini, Rodrigo C. de Santana and Dalmo R. L. Machado

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:806

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Health and socioeconomic status (SES) are linked in studies worldwide. Measures of SES exist for many countries, however not for Saudi Arabia (SA). We describe two indices of area-based SES for SA.

    Authors: Reem S. AlOmar, Roger C. Parslow and Graham R. Law

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:791

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Tackling the social determinants of Tuberculosis (TB) through social protection is a key element of the post-2015 End TB Strategy. However, evidence informing policies are still scarce. Mathematical modelling ...

    Authors: D. Boccia, W. Rudgard, S. Shrestha, K. Lönnroth, P. Eckhoff, J. Golub, M. Sanchez, E. Maciel, D. Rasella, P. Shete, D. Pedrazzoli, R. Houben, S. Chang and D. Dowdy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:786

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In low-income countries it is difficult to obtain complete data that show spatial heterogeneity in the risk of tuberculosis within-and-between smaller administrative units. This may contribute to the partial e...

    Authors: Sebsibe Tadesse, Fikre Enqueselassie and Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:783

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  25. Content type: Research article

    With declining rates of participation in epidemiological studies there is an important need to attempt to understand what factors might affect response. This study examines the pattern of response at different...

    Authors: Emma Green, Holly Bennett, Carol Brayne and Fiona E. Matthews

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:760

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Accurate measurement of body composition in children and adolescents is important as the quantities of fat and fat-free mass have implications for health risk. The objectives of the present study were: to dete...

    Authors: Catherine T. Ndagire, John H. Muyonga, Dan Isabirye, Benard Odur, Serge M. A. Somda, Richard Bukenya, Juan E. Andrade and Dorothy Nakimbugwe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:687

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Syndromic surveillance complements traditional public health surveillance by collecting and analysing health indicators in near real time. The rationale of syndromic surveillance is that it may detect health t...

    Authors: Felipe J. Colón-González, Iain R. Lake, Roger A. Morbey, Alex J. Elliot, Richard Pebody and Gillian E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:544

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  28. Content type: Research article

    As a common infectious disease, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is affected by multiple environmental and socioeconomic factors, and its pathogenesis is complex. Furthermore, the transmission of HFMD is ch...

    Authors: Lianfa Li, Wenyang Qiu, Chengdong Xu and Jinfeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:274

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The decreasing suicide rate in China has been regarded as a major contributor to the decline of global suicide rate in the past decade. However, previous estimations on China’s suicide rates might not be accur...

    Authors: Feng Sha, Qingsong Chang, Yik Wa Law, Qi Hong and Paul S. F. Yip

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:239

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Venues form part of the sampling frame for time-location sampling, an approach often used for HIV surveillance. While sampling location is often regarded as a nuisance factor, venues may play a central role in...

    Authors: Lydia N. Drumright, Sharon S. Weir and Simon D. W. Frost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:225

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation and monitoring methods are often unable to identify crucial elements of success or failure of integrated community-wide approaches aiming to tackle childhood overweight and obesity, yet difficult to...

    Authors: K. Mantziki, C. M. Renders, M. J. Westerman, J. Mayer, J. M. Borys and J. C. Seidell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:189

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Failure to include socio-economically deprived or ethnic minority groups in physical activity (PA) trials may limit representativeness and could lead to implementation of interventions that then increase healt...

    Authors: Sally M. Kerry, Katy E. Morgan, Elizabeth Limb, Derek G. Cook, Cheryl Furness, Iain Carey, Steve DeWilde, Christina R. Victor, Steve Iliffe, Peter Whincup, Michael Ussher, Ulf Ekelund, Julia Fox-Rushby, Judith Ibison and Tess Harris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:170

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  33. Content type: Research article

    A wide range of diseases show some degree of clustering in families; family history is therefore an important aspect for clinicians when making risk predictions. Familial aggregation is often quantified in ter...

    Authors: Morten Valberg, Mats Julius Stensrud and Odd O. Aalen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:135

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increasing interest in place effect to explain health inequalities, there is currently no consensus on which kind of area-based socioeconomic measures researchers should use to assess neighborhood ...

    Authors: Sofia Temam, Raphaëlle Varraso, Carole Pornet, Margaux Sanchez, Aurélie Affret, Bénédicte Jacquemin, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Grégoire Rey, Stéphane Rican and Nicole Le Moual

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:956

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  35. Content type: Research article

    A person’s participation is acknowledged as an important outcome of the rehabilitation process. The Participation Scale (P-Scale) is an instrument that was designed to assess the participation of individuals w...

    Authors: Mariana Angélica Peixoto Souza, Wendy Jane Coster, Marisa Cotta Mancini, Fabiana Caetano Martins Silva Dutra, Jessica Kramer and Rosana Ferreira Sampaio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:934

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  36. Content type: Research article

    After the re-introduction of poliovirus to Syria in 2013, Lebanon was considered at high transmission risk due to its proximity to Syria and the high number of Syrian refugees. However, after a large-scale nat...

    Authors: Ali Alawieh, Zahraa Sabra, E. Farris Langley, Abdul Rahman Bizri, Randa Hamadeh and Fadi A. Zaraket

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:902

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) has yet to be eliminated despite the implementation of routine infant immunization programs. There is no consensus regarding the number of prima...

    Authors: Nadia A. Charania and Seyed M. Moghadas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:705

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Humanitarian agencies working in refugee camp settings require rapid assessment methods to measure the needs of the populations they serve. Due to the high level of dependency of refugees, agencies need to car...

    Authors: Elizabeth Harding, Colin Beckworth, Jean-Francois Fesselet, Annick Lenglet, Richard Lako and Joseph J. Valadez

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:643

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Despite a body of evidence on racial/ethnic minority enrollment and retention in research, literature specifically focused on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse older adults for social science studies is l...

    Authors: Mary E. Northridge, Michele Shedlin, Eric W. Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Leydis De La Cruz, Rogelina Peralta, Stacia Birdsall, Sara S. Metcalf, Bibhas Chakraborty and Carol Kunzel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:563

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  40. Content type: Research article

    As service provision and patient behaviour varies by day, healthcare data used for public health surveillance can exhibit large day of the week effects. These regular effects are further complicated by the imp...

    Authors: Elizabeth Buckingham-Jeffery, Roger Morbey, Thomas House, Alex J. Elliot, Sally Harcourt and Gillian E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:477

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The media serves as an important link between medical research, as reported in scholarly sources, and the public and has the potential to act as a powerful tool to improve public health. However, concerns abou...

    Authors: Dena Zeraatkar, Michael Obeda, Jeffrey S. Ginsberg and Jack Hirsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:343

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador’s suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as o...

    Authors: Carlos Carcach

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:339

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Public health surveillance is not ethically neutral and yet, ethics guidance and training for surveillance programmes is sparse. Development of ethics guidance should be based on comprehensive and transparentl...

    Authors: Corinna Klingler, Diego Steven Silva, Christopher Schuermann, Andreas Alois Reis, Abha Saxena and Daniel Strech

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2017 17:295

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