Skip to main content

Table 6 Logistic regressions predicting the development of difficulty with self-care from health behaviours in the month prior to COVID-19 infection, weighted (N = 293)

From: Health behaviours the month prior to COVID-19 infection and the development of self-reported long COVID and specific long COVID symptoms: a longitudinal analysis of 1581 UK adults

  Difficulty with self-care
OR SE T P 95% CI 95% CI
Model 1
 Exercise frequency (ref no exercise)       
   < 30 min to 2 hours 0.82 0.58 −0.28 0.78 0.20 3.30
  3h hours 0.27 0.26 −1.33 0.18 0.04 1.85
  Days of fresh air (>  15 minutes) 0.83 0.08 − 1.89 0.06 0.68 1.01
 Sleep quality (ref very good/good)       
  Average 0.94 0.65 −0.09 0.93 0.24 3.66
  Not good/very poor 2.36 1.56 1.29 0.20 0.64 8.63
  Smoking (ref non-smoker) 1.75 0.98 1.00 0.32 0.58 5.26
  More than 14 weekly alcoholic drinks (ref = <  14) 1.39 0.85 0.55 0.59 0.42 4.61
  Number of mental health care behaviours 0.97 0.17 −0.14 0.89 0.69 1.38
Model 2
 Exercise frequency (ref no exercise)       
   < 30 min to 2 hours 0.78 0.64 −0.30 0.76 0.16 3.84
  3h hours 0.25 0.28 −1.22 0.22 0.03 2.31
  Days of fresh air (>  15 minutes) 0.82 0.09 −1.73 0.08 0.66 1.03
 Sleep quality (ref very good/good)       
  Average 0.93 0.75 −0.08 0.93 0.19 4.49
  Not good/very poor 2.02 1.59 0.89 0.37 0.43 9.45
  Smoking (ref non-smoker) 1.83 1.23 0.90 0.37 0.49 6.83
  More than 14 weekly alcoholic drinks (ref = <  14) 1.70 1.20 0.75 0.45 0.43 6.80
  Number of mental health care behaviours 0.89 0.16 −0.66 0.51 0.62 1.27
Model 3
 Exercise frequency (ref no exercise)       
   < 30 min to 2 hours 0.99 0.79 −0.01 0.99 0.21 4.74
  3h hours 0.16 0.15 −1.95 0.05 0.03 1.01
  Days of fresh air (>  15 minutes) 0.84 0.09 −1.52 0.13 0.68 1.05
 Sleep quality (ref very good/good)       
  Average 0.54 0.45 −0.74 0.46 0.11 2.73
  Not good/very poor 0.69 0.58 −0.44 0.66 0.13 3.56
  Smoking (ref non-smoker) 3.95 2.75 1.97 0.05 1.01 15.46
  More than 14 weekly alcoholic drinks (ref = <  14) 1.85 1.47 0.77 0.44 0.39 8.80
  Number of mental health care behaviours 0.78 0.16 −1.17 0.24 0.52 1.18
Model 4
 Exercise frequency (ref no exercise)       
   < 30 min to 2 hours 0.66 0.48 −0.56 0.57 0.16 2.78
  3h hours 0.05 0.05 −2.83 < 0.01 0.01 0.39
  Days of fresh air (>  15 minutes) 0.80 0.10 −1.85 0.06 0.63 1.01
 Sleep quality (ref very good/good)       
  Average 0.41 0.37 −0.99 0.32 0.07 2.36
  Not good/very poor 0.71 0.66 −0.37 0.71 0.12 4.35
  Smoking (ref non-smoker) 8.39 6.45 2.76 0.01 1.86 37.91
  More than 14 weekly alcoholic drinks (ref = <  14) 1.01 0.81 0.01 0.99 0.21 4.88
  Number of mental health care behaviours 0.86 0.23 −0.57 0.57 0.50 1.46
  1. Note. Data were weighted to the proportions of gender, age, ethnicity, country, and education obtained from the Office for National Statistics. Model 1 included only health behaviours (in the same model), Model 2 additionally adjusted for COVID-19 infection variables, Model 3 additionally adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics, and Model 4 additionally adjusted for pre-existing conditions