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Table 8 Perceived barriers to physical activity among Syrian refugees

From: Assessment of physical activity and its facilitators and barriers among Syrian refugees living in Amman City, Jordan: a cross-sectional study

Barrier Total
No (%)
n = 173
Physically
Active
No (%)
n = 159
Physically
Inactive
No (%)
n = 14
p-value a Meeting WHO recs
No (%)
n = 96
Not meeting WHO recs
No (%)
n = 77
p-value a
Time limitations 75 (43.4) 69 (60.5) 6 (42.9) 0.97 46 (47.9) 29 (37.7) 0.18
Lack of accessible and suitable sports places 39 (22.5) 36 (31.6) 3 (21.4) 0.92 16 (16.7) 23 (29.9) 0.04
Lack of safe sports places 36 (20.8) 32 (28.1) 4 (28.6) 0.46 19 (19.8) 17 (22.1) 0.71
Lack of support and encouragement from others 42 (24.3) 41 (36.0) 1 (7.1) 0.12 25 (26.0) 17 (22.1) 0.55
Lack of friends to encourage me 31 (17.9) 30 (26.3) 1 (7.1) 0.27 20 (20.8) 11 (14.3) 0.26
Have other important priorities 74 (42.8) 71 (62.3) 3 (21.4) 0.09 43 (44.8) 31 (40.3) 0.55
Lack of sports programs that suit my physical fitness 13 (7.5) 13 (11.4) 0 (0.0) 0.27 9 (9.4) 4 (5.2) 0.30
Not interested in sports 19 (11.0) 16 (14.0) 3 (21.4) 0.19 11 (11.5) 8 (10.4) 0.82
Lack of motivation 12 (6.9) 11 (9.6) 1 (7.1) 0.98 8 (8.3) 4 (5.2) 0.42
High cost 100 (57.8) 95 (83.3) 5 (35.7) 0.08 62 (64.6) 38 (49.4) 0.04
Lack of sports skills 9 (5.2) 9 (7.9) 0 (0.0) 0.36 4 (4.2) 5 (6.5) 0.49
Fear of failure in sports competition 14 (8.1) 13 (11.4) 1 (7.1) 0.89 4 (4.2) 10 (13.0) 0.04
Fear of injury 25 (14.5) 24 (21.1) 1 (7.1) 0.42 13 (13.5) 12 (15.6) 0.70
Fear of deterioration of physical illness 19 (11.0) 17 (14.9) 2 (14.3) 0.68 9 (9.4) 10 (13.0) 0.45
Nobody to care for my family 63 (36.4) 60 (52.6) 3 (21.4) 0.22 42 (43.8) 21 (27.3) 0.03
Feeling tired on physical activity 33 (19.1) 32 (28.1) 1 (7.1) 0.24 17 (17.7) 16 (20.8) 0.61
Ignorance about benefits of sports 4 (2.3) 4 (3.5) 0 (0.0) 0.55 4 (4.2) 0 (0.0) 0.07
Prefer not to attend sports place 5 (2.9) 5 (4.4) 0 (0.0) 0.50 3 (3.1) 2 (2.6) 0.84
Lack of or low physical power 24 (13.9) 22 (19.3) 2 (14.3) 0.96 11 (11.5) 13 (16.9) 0.31
Feeling unable to practice sports adequately 18 (10.4) 17 (14.9) 1 (7.1) 0.68 7 (7.3) 11 (14.3) 0.13
Objection of others 5 (2.9) 5 (4.4) 0 (0.0) 0.50 3 (3.1) 2 (2.6) 0.84
Body cannot tolerate physical activity 30 (17.3) 28 (24.6) 2 (14.3) 0.75 16 (16.7) 14 (18.2) 0.79
Unsuitable (hot or cold) weather 15 (8.7) 14 (12.3) 1 (7.1) 0.83 6 (6.3) 9 (11.7) 0.21
Previous bad experience with physical sport activity 9 (5.2) 9 (7.9) 0 (0.0) 0.36 5 (5.2) 4 (5.2) 1.00
No barriers 11 (6.4) 11 (9.6) 0 (0.0) 0.31 8 (8.3) 3 (3.9) 0.24
Median (IQR) no. of barriers   3 (1, 5) 2.5 (1,3)   3 (1, 5) 3 (1, 5)  
  1. IQR Interquartile range (first-third quartiles)
  2. a Chi-square test