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Table 1 Descriptive analyses of the study variables among Japanese and Egyptian civil workers

From: A comparative study of the work-family conflicts prevalence, their sociodemographic, family, and work attributes, and their relation to the self-reported health status in Japanese and Egyptian civil workers

  Japan Egypt
Women Men Women Men
Age, years1 38.8 (11.0) 44.2 (10.8) 38.4 (10.1) 43.3 (10.3)
Education
  Junior high/High 80 (5.0) 201 (6.1) 218 (13.5) 383 (25.6)
  Vocational 501 (31.4) 217 (6.7) 305 (18.9) 354 (23.6)
  University or more 1013 (63.6) 2847 (87.2) 1091 (67.6) 760 (50.8)
Marital status
  Married 925 (58.1) 2454 (75.2) 1258 (77.9) 1353 (90.4)
  Divorced/Separated 77 (4.8) 68 (2.1) 42 (2.6) 12 (0.8)
  Widow 13 (0.8) 17 (0.5) 79 (4.9) 10 (0.7)
  Single 578 (36.3) 725 (22.2) 235 (14.6) 122 (8.2)
Cohabitants
  Spouse 905 (56.7) 2428 (74.3) 1210 (75.0) 1283 (85.7)
  Children 707 (44.3) 1895 (58.0) 1123 (69.6) 1212 (81.0)
  Father 394 (24.7) 622 (19.0) 232 (14.4) 250 (16.7)
  Mother 500 (31.3) 851 (26.1) 292 (18.1) 334 (22.3)
  Others 275 (17.2) 295 (9.0) 126 (7.8) 87 (5.8)
  Alone 176 (11.0) 248 (7.6) 10 (0.6) 13 (0.8)
Number of family members1 2.2 (1.4) 2.4 (1.4) 3.1 (1.9) 3.9 (1.8)
Number of children < 14 years old1 0.7 (0.9) 0.7 (0.9) 1.1 (1.2) 1.4 (1.4)
Occupation
  Professional 861 (54.0) 1424 (43.6) 1070 (66.3) 715 (47.8)
  Clerks 735 (46.0) 1842 (56.4) 374 (23.2) 521 (34.8)
  Technical/worker –––– –––– 170 (10.5) 260 (17.4)
Regular daytime work
  Yes 1201 (75.4) 2977 (91.2) 1352 (83.8) 1165 (77.8)
  No 392 (24.6) 286 (8.8) 262 (16.2) 332 (22.2)
Job hours per day1 8.2 (1.3) 8.4 (1.1) 6.8 (1.5) 7.5 (1.7)
Time to reach work, minutes1 45.8 (24.0) 56.4 (26.2) 30.0 (21.7) 31.1 (21.0)
Working overtime/Extra job
  No 1394 (87.3) 2797 (85.6) 1396 (86.5) 1396 (86.5)
  Yes 202 (12.7) 469 (14.4) 218 (13.5) 218 (13.5)
Family-to-work conflict
  Weak (score < 2) 746 (46.7) 1874 (57.4) 690 (42.8) 773 (51.6)
  Moderate (score 2–4) 611 (38.3) 1137 (34.8) 717 (44.4) 577 (38.6)
  Strong (> = 5) 239 (15.0) 255 (7.5) 207 (12.8) 147 (9.8)
Family-to-work conflict score1 2.2 (2.1) 1.6 (1.9) 3.1 (2.1) 2.6 (2.1)
Work-to-family conflict (WFC)
  Weak (Score < 2) 562 (35.2) 1428 (43.7) 557 (34.5) 563 (37.6)
  Moderate (score 2–4) 835 (52.3) 1593 (48.8) 664 (41.1) 592 (39.6)
  Strong (> = 5) 199 (12.5) 245 (7.5) 393 (24.4) 342 (22.8)
Work-to-family conflict score1 2.3 (1.8) 2.0 (1.7) 3.7 (2.4) 3.5 (2.4)
Total work-family conflicts (W_F_Cs)
  Weak 859 (53.8) 2103 (64.4) 752 (46.6) 787 (52.6)
  Moderate 447 (28.0) 821 (25.1) 479 (29.7) 424 (28.3)
  Strong 290 (18.2) 342 (10.5) 383 (23.7) 286 (19.1)
Total work-family conflict score1 4.5 (3.3) 3.6 (3.0) 6.8 (3.7) 6.1 (3.8)
Self-reported health
  Good 1288 (80.7) 2703 (82.8) 1341 (83.1) 1414 (94.5)
  Poor 308 (19.3) 563 (17.3) 273 (16.9) 83 (5.5)
  1. 1Mean (SD), all such variables. Other variables in the table were presented as numbers (proportions)