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Table 2 Association between socioeconomic status and tobacco cessation among Indian men and women above 15 years of age during 2009–2010 and 2016–2017

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in tobacco cessation among Indians above 15 years of age from 2009 to 2017: evidence from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS)

Population Characteristics Tobacco Cessation POR (95% CI)
Smoking Smokeless
Men Women Men Women
SES
 Wealth Index
  Low ®  
  Medium 0.81 (0.72,0.90) 0.77 (0.54,1.10) 0.73 (0.63,0.86) 0.88 (0.71,1.10)
  High 0.73 (0.65,0.83) 0.63 (0.91,0.55) 0.65 (0.55,0.78) 0.70 (0.56,0.89)
 Educational Attainment
  No formal education®  
  Primary 1.19 (1.06,1.33) 1.10 (0.79,1.53) 1.12 (0.94,1.34) 1.17 (0.97,1.41)
  Secondary 1.39 (1.23,1.58) 0.88 (0.53,1.44) 1.42 (1.19,1.70) 1.22 (0.97,1.54)
  Higher and Above 1.49 (1.28,1.74) 0.65(0.26,1.60) 1.31 (1.05,1.64) 1.89 (1.35,2.64)
Demographic Characteristics
 Age
   < 25 ®  
  25–44 0.94 (0.80,1.11) 0.81 (0.50,1.32) 1.02 (0.84,1.25) 0.90 (0.72,1.13)
  45–64 1.59 (1.35,1.87) 0.98 (0.60,1.61) 1.39 (1.13,1.72) 0.73 (0.56,0.94)
  65 +  3.08 (2.58,3.69) 1.17 (0.68,1.99) 2.22 (1.73,2.84) 0.94 (0.69,1.28)
 Residence
  Rural ®  
  Urban 0.91 (0.83,1.00) 1.20 (0.89,1.61) 1.05 (0.92,1.20) 1.17 (0.99,1.38)
 Region
  North ®  
  Central 1.29 (1.11,1.49) 0.62 (0.40,0.96) 1.04 (0.84,1.27) 0.53 (0.39,0.72)
  East 1.23 (1.07,1.41) 1.87 (1.32,2.66) 0.55 (0.44,0.68) 0.74 (0.56,0.97)
  North East 0.64 (0.57,0.73) 0.43 (0.31,0.59) 0.64 (0.54,0.78) 0.25 (0.19,0.33)
  West 1.21 (1.01,1.45) 0.81 (0.42,1.58) 0.99 (0.79,1.24) 0.57 (0.41,0.79)
  South 1.79 (1.58,2.02) 0.56 (0.33,0.98) 1.66 (1.34,2.05) 0.68 (0.50,0.92)
Knowledge, Attitude, and Practise
 Awareness
  No ®  
  Yes 0.65 (0.58,0.73) 0.65 (0.51,0.84) 0.78 (0.66,0.91) 0.72 (0.61,0.84)
 Perception
  No ®  
  Yes 2.05 (1.64,2.55) 2.19 (1.42,3.38) 1.16 (0.92,1.47) 1.52 (1.17,1.97)
 Round
  GATS 1 (2009–2010) ®     
  GATS 2 (2016–2017) 0.95 (0.87,1.04) 0.78 (0.61,1.00) 0.83 (0.73,0.93) 0.77 (0.66,0.90)
  1. Values in bold are significant at a 5% level of significance