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Table 1 Risk factor definitions

From: The tide of dietary risks for noncommunicable diseases in Pacific Islands: an analysis of population NCD surveys

Risk factor/Condition Definition
Fruit and vegetable consumption Proportion of participants consuming less than 5 servings of fruits & vegetables per day
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption Mean number of servings of sugary drinks consumed per day (defined as one can or one large glass of fizzy drink, squash, cordial, drink concentrates and juice drinks, excluding pure unsweetened fruit juice).
Added salt Proportion of people who reported always or often added salt or to food before or while eating
Salt intake Mean salt intake (g/day) based urinary sodium and creatinine
Overweight and obesity Proportion of participants living with overweight or obesity (BMI greater than or equal to 25)
Hypertension Proportion of people with SBP > 140 and/or DBP > 90 mmHg and/or currently on medication for raised BP
Hypercholesterolemia Number of participants with raised total cholesterol (≥5.2 mmol/L or ≥ 200 mg/dl)