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Table 4 Odds Ratios explaining effects of religion on anaemia among women in India and Bangladesh: Result of logistic regression

From: Identifying risk factors in explaining women’s anaemia in limited resource areas: evidence from West Bengal of India and Bangladesh

Determinants OR
Demographic and health factors
Age
  30& above ®
  Below 20 1.20 *(1.02 1.41)
  20–24 1.09 (0.95 1.15)
  25–29 0.93 (0.86 1.02)
Body Mass Index
  Normal ®
  Thin 1.25***(1.13 1.37)
  Overweight/obese 0.84***(0.76 0.94)
Current contraceptive method
  Female sterilization ®
  Not Using 0.97 (0.82 1.02)
  Pill/ injection/IUD 0.69***(0.61 0.78)
  Othersa 0.96 (0.80 1.04)
Children ever born
  No child ®
  1–2 1.30***(1.14 1.48)
  2 +  1.35**(1.14 1.59)
Socioeconomic factors
Education
  Secondary ®
  Illiterate/primary 1.17***(1.06 1.28)
  Higher 1.01 (0.9 1.14)
Wealth
  Rich ®
  Poor 1.24***(1.10 1.41)
  Middle 1.05(0.93 1.18)
Source of drinking water
  Distributed water ®
  Groundwater 1.08***(1.02 1.13)
  Others 0.65 ***(0.56 0.75)
Practicing open defecation
  No ®
  Yes 1.34 ***(0.1.23 1.44)
Have agricultural land
  No ®
  Yes 1.19***(1.09 1.29)
Place of residence
  Urban ®
  Rural 1.04 (0.94 1.16)
Interaction of Country &Religion
 Bangladesh × Muslim ®
  Bangladesh × Hindu 1.58***(1.26 1.96)
  West Bengal × Hindu 2.85***(2.55 3.18)
  West Bengal × Muslim 1.93***(1.70 2.19)
  1. Reference category; ® and significant level; *p < 0.10. **p < 0.05. ***p < 0.01
  2. aOther category of Contraceptive use; condom, male sterilization, rhythm/periodic abstinence, withdrawal, lactational amenorrhea, female condom and foam or jelly