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Table 3 Odds Ratios explaining anaemia among women in West Bengal and Bangladesh: Result of logistic regression

From: Identifying risk factors in explaining women’s anaemia in limited resource areas: evidence from West Bengal of India and Bangladesh

Determinants West Bengal Bangladesh
Demographic and health factors
Age
  30& above ®
  Below 20 1.23***(1.06 1.42) 1.01 (0.75 1.36)
  20–24 1.13**(1.00 1.25) 0.99 (0.79 1.23)
  25–29 1.01 (0.92 1.12) 0.90 (0.75 1.07)
Body Mass Index
  Normal ®
  Thin 1.22***(1.10 1.36) 1.39***(1.19 1.62)
  Overweight/obese 0.87**(0.78 0.97) 0.64***(0.52 0.77)
Current contraceptive method
  Female sterilization ®
  Not Using 0.96 (0.86 1.08) 0.98 (0.72 1.33)
  Pill/injection/IUD 0.68***(0.59 0.78) 0.71***(0.52 0.98)
  Othersa 0.95 (0.83 1.10) 0.98 (0.72 1.35)
Children ever born
  No child ®
  1–2 1.34***(1.15 1.54) 1.14 (0.86 1.51)
  2 +  1.36***(1.13 1.63) 1.31* (0.94 1.82)
Socioeconomic factors
Education
  Secondary ®
  Illiterate/primary 1.18***(1.04 1.38) 1.06 (0.90 1.22)
  Higher 1.02 (0.91 1.21) 0.83 (0.62 1.10)
Religion
  Muslim ®
  Hindu 1.46***(1.31 1.61) 1.60*** (1.28 1.99)
Wealth
  Rich ®
  Poor 1.20***(1.05 1.38) 1.45***(1.18 1.77)
  Middle 1.02 (0.95 1.16) 1.12 (0.92 1.38)
Source of drinking water
  Distributed water ®
  Groundwater 1.14***(1.05 1.23) 1.25**(1.02 1.52)
  Others 0.74***(0.59 0.90) 1.29*(0.99 1.68)
Practicing open defecation
  No ®
  Yes 1.31 ***(1.201.42) 1.26 (0.92 1.71)
Have agricultural land
  No ®
  Yes 1.19***(1.08 1.31) 1.22***(1.05 1.40)
Place of residence
  Urban ®
  Rural 1.09 **(1.00 1.19) 1.00 (0.81 1.22)
Food related factors
Food security Index
  Secure ® NA  
  Not secure NA 1.12 **(0.99 1.21)
Consume pulses
  Daily ®   NA
  Never/weekly/occasionally 1.02 (0.96 1.1) NA
Consume fruits   NA
  Daily ®   NA
  Never/occasionally 1.16**(1.03 1.31) NA
  Weekly 1.21***(1.07 1.36) NA
Consume chicken or meat   NA
  Daily/ weekly ®   NA
  Never 1.28**(1.06 1.56) NA
  Occasionally 1.06 (0.99 1.13) NA
Region
  A ®
  B 1.10 (0.97 1.24) 1.50 ***(1.11 2.02)
  C 1.06 (0.95 1.18) 1.20 (0.92 0.59)
  D 1.09 (0.98 1.22) 1.53 ***(1.17 1.99)
  E 1.17*** (1.04 1.31) 1.20 (0.89 1.63)
  F   1.49 ***(1.12 1.99)
  G   1.68 ***(1.27 2.20)
  1. Reference category; ® and significant level; *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01
  2. Administrative regions of west Bengal in the table A; Jalpaiguri, B;Burdwan, C;Presidency, D;Maldah, E;Medinipur and in Bangladesh A;Sylhet B;Barisal, C;Chittagong, D;Dhaka, E;Khulna, F;Rajshahi, and  G;Rangpur
  3. aOther category of Contraceptive use; condom, male sterilization, rhythm/periodic abstinence, withdrawal, lactational amenorrhea, female condom and foam or jelly. N.A.; Data not available