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Table 4 Proportions for select steps in HCV targeted testing cascade among persons who experience homelessness, by recruitment venue/type

From: Viral blood-borne infections testing and linkage to care cascade among persons who experience homelessness in the United States: a systematic review and meta-analysis

HCV cascade: Healthcare facility-based
Cascade steps Study N Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached No studies - - -
 Valid results of recruited Rosenblum 2001[38] 167 100% 97.3%,100%
 Positive of valid results Sena 2016 [40]; Rosenblum 2001[38] 88 28.6% 22.8%,34.7%
 Given results of positive No studies - - -
 Referred to treatment of given results No studies - - -
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment No studies - - -
HCV cascade: Other service-based
Cascade steps Study N Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached Gelberg 2012 [30]; Preston 2016 [36]; Hall 2004 [31] 1168 69% 23.7%,98.6%
 Valid results of recruited Gelberg 2012 [30]; Preston 2016 [36]; Schwarz 2008 [39]; Hall 2004 [31]; Boyce 2009 [27] 1508 97.6% 91.4%,100%
 Positive of valid results Gelberg 2012 [30]; Preston 2016 [36]; Schwarz 2008 [39]; Hall 2004 [31]; Boyce 2009 [27]; Page 2017 [35]; Benitez 2019[]; Khalili 2019 [33]; Gelberg 2019 [14] 1508 25.3% 13.4%,39.3%
 Given results of positive Swarchtz 2008 [39]; Benitez 2019[] 399 84.5% 81%,87.7%
 Referred to treatment of given results Benitez 2019[] 375 100% 99.5%,100%
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment No studies - - -
HCV cascade: Outreach
Cascade steps Study N Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached No studies[] - - -
 Valid results of recruited No studies - - -
 Positive of valid results Klinkenberg 2003[5] 34 29% -
 Given results of positive No studies - - -
 Referred to treatment of given results No studies - - -
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment No studies - - -