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Table 3 Infant and young child feeding practices for children under 59 months in Dhanusha district

From: Feeding, caregiving practices, and developmental delay among children under five in lowland Nepal: a community-based cross-sectional survey

Indicators collected when children were median age 46 days                                                                         n (%) n (%)
Ever breastfed (N = 1358)
 No 8 (0.6)  
 Yes 1350 (99.3)  
Breastfeeding initiation (recall of the first days of life) (N = 1350)
 Within 1 hour of birth 215 (15.9)  
 1 to 24-hours 348 (25.8)  
 After 24-hours 787 (58.3)  
Colostrum feeding (recall of the first days of life) (N = 1343)
 No 449 (33.4)  
 Yes 894 (66.6)  
No pre-lacteal feeding (recall of the first days of life) (N = 1342)
 No 627 (46.7)  
 Yes 715 (53.3)  
Exclusive breastfeeding for past 24-hours amongst children 0–5 months at interview (at median age 45 days) (N = 1314)
 No 141 (10.7)  
 Yes 1173 (89.3)  
Indicators collected when children were median age 38 months (7–59 months) at follow-up
Timing of introduction of solid-semi-solid or soft foods (recall for all children sampled), median (IQR)a (N = 1313) 8 (4)  
 Before six months 53 (4.0)  
 6–8 months 731 (55.7)  
 At nine months and after 529 (40.3)  
  All children 7 to 59 months (median 38 m) (N = 1352) Children 7 to 23 months only (median 14 m) (N = 412)
Minimum dietary diversity achieved in past 24-hours
 mean (SD) 3.8 (1.2) 3.4 (1.4)
  No 506 (37.4) 211 (51.2)
  Yes 846 (62.6) 201 (48.8)
 Consumption of animal-source foods (eggs and flesh food) in the past 24-hours (N = 1352)
  No 961 (71.1) 317 (77)
  Yes 391 (28.9) 95 (23.1)
 Consumption of fruits and vegetables in past 24-hours (N = 1352)
  No 214 (15.8) 127 (30.8)
  Yes 1138 (84.2) 285 (69.2)
  1. aIQR Interquartile Range