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Table 2 Participant Characteristics

From: Feeding, caregiving practices, and developmental delay among children under five in lowland Nepal: a community-based cross-sectional survey

Variables n (%)
Household characteristicsa
 Wealth Quintile (N = 1299)
  Lowest 243 (18.7)
  Second 260 (20.0)
  Middle 292 (22.5)
  Fourth 243 (18.7)
  Highest 261 (20.1)
 Months of adequate food provisioning (MAHFP) (N = 1347)
  For up to 7 months 169 (12.5)
  For 8 to 11 months 312 (23.2)
  For 12 months 866 (64.3)
 Migration of at least one household member (N = 1343)
  No 654 (48.7)
  Yes 689 (51.3)
 Household size (N = 1340)
  1–5 members 311 (23.2)
  6–10 members 806 (60.1)
   ≥ 11 members 223 (16.6)
 Health care access (N = 1250)
  No 1077 (86.2)
  Yes 173 (13.8)
 Ethnicity/Caste (N = 1352)
  Dalit/Muslim (most disadvantaged group) 418 (30.9)
  Janajati/other terai caste (Sudi/Teli) 639 (47.3)
  Yadav/Brahmin (least disadvantaged group) 295 (21.8)
 Religion (N = 1352)
  Hindu 1194 (88.3)
  Non-Hindu (mostly Muslim) 158 (11.7)
Parental characteristicsa
 Maternal age, mean (SD) (N = 1351) 26.5 (5.0)
  15–24 years 521 (38.6)
  25–34 years 729 (54.0)
  35–45 years 101 (7.5)
 No of previous pregnancies (N = 1351)
  One 430 (31.8)
  Two 366 (27.1)
  Three 256 (18.9)
  Four or more 299 (22.1)
 Maternal education (N = 1352)
  Never went to school 1097 (81.1)
  Primary 98 (7.2)
  Secondary and above 157 (11.6)
 Mother’s literacy (N = 1345)
  Cannot read or with some difficulty 1107 (82.3)
  Can read easily 238 (17.7)
 Father’s education (N = 1352)
  Never went to school 867 (64.1)
  Primary 161 (11.9)
  Secondary and above 324 (24.0)
 Antenatal visits (N = 1352)
  None 435 (32.2)
  1–3 visits 642 (47.5)
  4 + 275 (20.3)
 Place of delivery (N = 1326)
  Home 1038 (78.3)
  Health facility 288 (21.7)
Child characteristics
 Child sex (N = 1352)
  Male 723 (53.5)
  Female 629 (46.5)
 Child age group in days at 6-week interview a, median (IQR)b (N = 1360) 46 (34)
   < 46 days 678 (49.9)
  46 to 91 days 503 (37.0)
  92 to 182 days (3–5 months) 135 (9.9)
  183 to 366 days (6–12 months) 44 (3.2)
 Children age in months at follow-upmedian (IQR) (N = 1352) 38 (29.7)
  7–11 124 (9.2)
  12–23 288 (21.3)
 24–35 219 (16.2)
  36–47 300 (22.2)
  48–59 421 (31.1)
Trial allocation (N = 1352)
 Control 459 (34.0)
  Women’s group only 372 (28.0)
  Women’s group and sepsis 320 (23.7)
  Sepsis only 201 (14.9)
  1. aCollected in the post-neonatal period when the index child was median 46 days old
  2. bIQR Interquartile Range
  3. cCollected in the follow-up cross-sectional survey questionnaire when the child was median age 38 month