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Table 2 Participant Characteristics

From: Feeding, caregiving practices, and developmental delay among children under five in lowland Nepal: a community-based cross-sectional survey

Variables

n (%)

Household characteristicsa

 Wealth Quintile (N = 1299)

  Lowest

243 (18.7)

  Second

260 (20.0)

  Middle

292 (22.5)

  Fourth

243 (18.7)

  Highest

261 (20.1)

 Months of adequate food provisioning (MAHFP) (N = 1347)

  For up to 7 months

169 (12.5)

  For 8 to 11 months

312 (23.2)

  For 12 months

866 (64.3)

 Migration of at least one household member (N = 1343)

  No

654 (48.7)

  Yes

689 (51.3)

 Household size (N = 1340)

  1–5 members

311 (23.2)

  6–10 members

806 (60.1)

   ≥ 11 members

223 (16.6)

 Health care access (N = 1250)

  No

1077 (86.2)

  Yes

173 (13.8)

 Ethnicity/Caste (N = 1352)

  Dalit/Muslim (most disadvantaged group)

418 (30.9)

  Janajati/other terai caste (Sudi/Teli)

639 (47.3)

  Yadav/Brahmin (least disadvantaged group)

295 (21.8)

 Religion (N = 1352)

  Hindu

1194 (88.3)

  Non-Hindu (mostly Muslim)

158 (11.7)

Parental characteristicsa

 Maternal age, mean (SD) (N = 1351)

26.5 (5.0)

  15–24 years

521 (38.6)

  25–34 years

729 (54.0)

  35–45 years

101 (7.5)

 No of previous pregnancies (N = 1351)

  One

430 (31.8)

  Two

366 (27.1)

  Three

256 (18.9)

  Four or more

299 (22.1)

 Maternal education (N = 1352)

  Never went to school

1097 (81.1)

  Primary

98 (7.2)

  Secondary and above

157 (11.6)

 Mother’s literacy (N = 1345)

  Cannot read or with some difficulty

1107 (82.3)

  Can read easily

238 (17.7)

 Father’s education (N = 1352)

  Never went to school

867 (64.1)

  Primary

161 (11.9)

  Secondary and above

324 (24.0)

 Antenatal visits (N = 1352)

  None

435 (32.2)

  1–3 visits

642 (47.5)

  4 +

275 (20.3)

 Place of delivery (N = 1326)

  Home

1038 (78.3)

  Health facility

288 (21.7)

Child characteristics

 Child sex (N = 1352)

  Male

723 (53.5)

  Female

629 (46.5)

 Child age group in days at 6-week interview a, median (IQR)b (N = 1360)

46 (34)

   < 46 days

678 (49.9)

  46 to 91 days

503 (37.0)

  92 to 182 days (3–5 months)

135 (9.9)

  183 to 366 days (6–12 months)

44 (3.2)

 Children age in months at follow-upmedian (IQR) (N = 1352)

38 (29.7)

  7–11

124 (9.2)

  12–23

288 (21.3)

 24–35

219 (16.2)

  36–47

300 (22.2)

  48–59

421 (31.1)

Trial allocation (N = 1352)

 Control

459 (34.0)

  Women’s group only

372 (28.0)

  Women’s group and sepsis

320 (23.7)

  Sepsis only

201 (14.9)

  1. aCollected in the post-neonatal period when the index child was median 46 days old
  2. bIQR Interquartile Range
  3. cCollected in the follow-up cross-sectional survey questionnaire when the child was median age 38 month