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Table 1 Prospective associations between occupational factors and the incidence of poor SRH among the study sample of 15,971 employees

From: Prospective associations between psychosocial work factors and self-reported health: study of effect modification by gender, age, and occupation using the national French working conditions survey data

  RR 95% CI p-value
Demands at work
 Quantitative demands 1.36 1.21 1.53 < 0.001
 Cognitive demands 1.11 0.99 1.25 0.086
 Emotional demands 1.13 1.00 1.27 0.044
 Demands for hiding emotions 1.24 1.10 1.39 < 0.001
Work organization and job content
 Low influence 1.14 1.02 1.28 0.018
 Low degree of freedom 1.23 1.10 1.37 < 0.001
 Low possibilities for development 1.19 1.06 1.33 0.003
 Low meaning of work 1.32 1.19 1.47 < 0.001
Interpersonal relations
 Low predictability 1.13 1.01 1.26 0.032
 Low role clarity 1.44 1.26 1.64 < 0.001
 Role conflict 1.39 1.24 1.56 < 0.001
 Low social support 1.22 1.09 1.38 0.001
 Low sense of community 1.38 1.24 1.54 < 0.001
Work–individual interface
 Low job satisfaction 1.27 1.13 1.42 < 0.001
 Work–family conflict 1.17 1.04 1.32 0.010
 Job insecurity 1.20 1.05 1.37 0.007
 High changes at work 1.34 1.19 1.50 < 0.001
 Temporary employment 1.10 0.86 1.39 0.445
Workplace violence
 Internal violence 1.27 1.14 1.43 < 0.001
 External violence 1.22 1.08 1.37 0.001
Working time/hours
 Long working hours (> 48 h/week) 0.84 0.67 1.04 0.113
 Shift work 0.95 0.79 1.15 0.624
 Unsocial work days 1.03 0.90 1.19 0.641
 Night work 0.97 0.75 1.26 0.833
Physical exposures
 Biomechanical exposure 1.28 1.14 1.43 < 0.001
 Fumes/dust 1.21 1.06 1.39 0.006
 Toxic/dangerous products 1.05 0.92 1.20 0.476
 Noise 1.23 1.07 1.41 0.004
  1. RR: incidence rate ratio, CI: confidence interval
  2. Each occupational factor was studied separately using discrete time Poisson regression models and weighted data, with adjustment for gender, age, marital status, life events, and occupation
  3. Low or high exposure groups were defined using the initial coding for the factors based on one item (emotional demands, role clarity, work–family conflict, job insecurity, temporary employment) and using the median of the total sample in 2013 as cut-off for the factors based on the sum of two or more items
  4. p > 0.05 after correction for multiple testing (FDR)
  5. 28 tests were done, 1 or 2 would be significant at 5% even if the null hypotheses were true, and 21 were found to be significant (before correction for multiple testing, FDR, and 20 after correction)