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Table 1 Description of strategies mapped to the parental workshop

From: Parent-focused online intervention to promote parents’ physical literacy and support children’s physical activity: results from a quasi-experimental trial

Workshop theme Key concepts and activities Behavioral change techniques Domains of physical literacy
Time management, the role of parents, reduce the screen time -Definition of “PA” and “MVPA”
-PA prevalence and trends and importance of PA
-Introducing the PA guideline (child and adult)
-Role of parents on PA (support, encouragement, and involvement)
-Time management & Goal setting
-Formulating family routines, including PA and Co-PA routines
-Suggestions and tips to parent–child co-activity (increase opportunities for PA)
-Reduce recreational screen-time
Activity:
PA while housekeeping (introduce six activities while housekeeping, e.g., deep squat when sweeping the floor)
-1. Goals and planning
-2. Feedback and monitoring
-5. Natural consequences
-8. Repetition and substitution
-Self-concept and affect
-Motivation/Confidence -Social/experiential
-Knowledge and understanding
Quality physical activity experience -Importance of quality of physical education
Role of the family in physical education (Parents can also be coaches for their children)
Strengthen parents' awareness of physical education and PA
Quality physical education is more than just fun; however, it is also a crucial academic discipline in primary school-aged children
Activity:
-Balance game (Coordination ability; Static balance; Dynamic balance; Cardiorespiratory Endurance)
-3. Social support
-12. Antecedents
-Knowledge and understanding
-Self-concept and affect
-Social/experiential
Health-related fitness -Definition of Health-related fitness and clarifications of fitness
-Fitness prevalence and trends and importance of fitness for various academic and health outcomes
-Highlight the Health-related fitness with examples: Flexibility & Cardiorespiratory Endurance & Muscular strength and endurance & Body composition
-The concept of FITT (frequency, intensity, type, and time)
-Assessing and training for health-related fitness
-WHO recommendations on the intensity of the fitness
Activity:
-Fitness dice game including four domains: Flexibility, Cardiorespiratory Endurance, Muscular strength and endurance, and Balance
-2. Feedback and monitoring
-4. Shaping knowledge
-Physical/Motor competence
-Motivation/Confidence
-Knowledge and understanding
Motivation & Enjoyment in PA -Recap the critical points of the previous three workshops and sharing completed worksheets as examples
-Underline the spirit of the “Victory without arrogance, defeat without discouragement” in the sport participation and daily lives
-Improve exercise motivation, especially the intrinsic motivation
-Self-management strategies and how to face the failure
-Whole-person development through PA and sport
Activity:
-Stretching exercises
-4. Shaping knowledge
-5. Natural consequences
-Motivation/Confidence
-Enjoyment
-Self-concept and affect
-Social/experiential
-Knowledge and understanding
Fundamental movement skills -The importance of FMS: building blocks
-Skill types: locomotor skills, ball skills, stability
-Skill transfer: from FMS to sports
Activity:
-Movement skill teaching
-Highlighting critical elements of each skill to instruct the FMS
-4. Shaping knowledge
-5. Natural consequences
-Physical/Motor competence
-Motivation/Confidence
-Knowledge and understanding
Physical literacy -Reinforcing the key messages of the six workshops
-Key concepts of PL (i.e., I know, I can, I want, I do)
-Linking PL to contents of previous workshops
-Development of PL and sustaining behavior
Activity:
-The PL “North-East-South-West” game
(note: the “North-East-South-West” is a traditional game that involves folding a square sheet of paper into a specific shape)
Graduation ceremony:
-summarizing the key points of the overall workshops
-announcing parent ambassadors
-parent sharing sessions (share the learning experience and suggestions)
-all participating families were commended with certificates and gifts
-4. Shaping knowledge
-7. Associations
-Self-concept and affect
-Motivation/Confidence -Knowledge and understanding
-Social/experiential