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Table 2 Unadjusted global and stratified prevalence of health outcomes by SDH factors in Chilean born population (n = 16.843.471)

From: A comparative analysis of health status of international migrants and local population in Chile: a population-based, cross-sectional analysis from a social determinants of health perspective

Social determinant of health Negative self-perceived health Chronic morbidity Disability
n = 985.235 n = 4.374.959 n = 1.939.571
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI
5.91% [5.7–6.1%] 25.97% [25.6–26.4%] 23.89% [23.6–24.2%]
Sex
 Female 6.61% [6.4–6.9%] 30.55%**** [30.0–31.1%] 12.59%*** [12.2–13.0%]
 Male 5.14%** [4.9–5.4%] 21.47%**** [21.1–21.9%] 10.43%**** [10.1–10.7%]
Age categories
 < 6 2.81%*** [2.5–3.2%] 7.95%*** [7.2–8.7%] 5.10%*** [5.4–6.4%]
 6–14 years 2.61%*** [2.3–2.9%] 8.56%*** [8.1–9.1%] 5.10%*** [4.6–5.6%]
 15–29 years 2.48%*** [2.3–2.7%] 8.85%*** [8.4–9.3%] 5.87%*** [5.4–6.4%]
 30–44 years 4.25%*** [3.9–4.6%] 16.29%*** [15.7–17.0%] 5.87%*** [5.4–6.4%]
 45–64 years 7.98%*** [7.7–8.3%] 39.44%*** [38.8–40.1%] 8.93%*** [8.6–9.2%]
 65 years or more 14.23%*** [13.7–14.8%] 67.80%*** [67.0–68.6%] 32.04%*** [31.1–32.9%]
Ethnicity
 Yes 5.69% [5.2–6.2%] 21.36%**** [20.5–22.2%] 11.24%* [10.6–11.9%]
 No 5.93%* [5.7–6.1%] 26.78%**** [26.4–27.2%] 11.61%**** [11.3–11.9%]
Marital Status
 Single 3.77% [3.6–4.0%] 13.57%** [13.1–14.0%] 8.17% [7.9–8.5%]
 Married/cohabitant 7.15%**** [6.9–7.4%] 35.04%**** [34.4–35.7%] 12.43%**** [12.0–12.9%]
 Separated/divorced/annuled 8.54% [7.9–9.2%] 40.18%**** [39.0–41.3%] 15.12%*** [14.3–16.0%]
 Widow 14.54% [13.7–15.4%] 67.53%**** [66.4–68.7%] 35.48% [34.2–36.8%]
Area
 Urban 5.80% [5.6–6.0%] 25.93%**** [25.5–26.4%] 11.45%**** [11.1–11.8%]
 Rural 6.67%** [6.3–7.1%] 28.31%**** [27.4–29.2%] 12.34%*** [11.7–13.0%]
Educational level
 None 6.32% [5.9–6.8%] 18.08%**** [17.2–19.0%] 13.89%* [13.2–14.6%]
 University 2.92% [2.7–3.2%] 19.89%* [19.2–20.6%] 6.78%** [6.3–7.3%]
 Technical 3.71%** [3.3–4.2%] 21.58%**** [20.5–22.7%] 7.57%** [6.9–8.3%]
 High School 5.71% [5.5–6.0%] 26.68%**** [26.1–27.2%] 10.60%* [10.3–11.0%]
 Primary 8.30%** [8.0–8.6%] 33.48%**** [32.8–34.1%] 15.74%**** [15.2–16.3%]
Income quintile
 I 7.89%* [7.5–8.3%] 27.31%**** [26.6–28.0%] 14.24%**** [13.7–14.8%]
 II 6.60% [6.3–7.0%] 26.08%**** [25.4–26.7%] 12.34%** [11.8–12.9%]
 III 6.08% [5.7–6.5%] 26.58%**** [25.8–27.4%] 11.92% [11.4–12.5%]
 IV 5.02%**** [4.7–5.4%] 26.45%**** [25.7–27.2%] 10.20%**** [9.7–10.7%]
 V 2.99% [2.7–3.3%] 24.33%**** [23.4–25.3%] 7.90%**** [7.3–8.5%]
Occupation
 Does not study 2.91% [2.4–3.5%] 6.59% [5.8–7.5%] 5.03% [4.4–5.8%]
 Unemployed 11.88% [11.5–12.3%] 48.73%**** [48.1–49.4%] 23.46%** [22.9–24.1%]
 Studying 2.10% [1.9–2.4%] 9.49% [8.9–10.2%] 5.51% [5.1–6.0%]
 Employed 4.20%** [4.0–4.4%] 23.54%**** [23.1–24.0%] 7.61%**** [7.3–7.9%]
 Studying or/and employed 2.94%* [2.2–3.9%] 10.76%** [9.5–12.2%] 5.71% [4.6–7.1%]
Access to healthcare
 None 4.98%** [4.1–6.1%] 13.63%**** [12.3–15.1%] 8.01%* [6.9–9.2%]
 Public health system affiliation 6.54% [6.3–6.7%] 27.77%**** [27.3–28.2%] 12.68%**** [12.4–13.0%]
 Private health system affiliation 2.86% [2.5–3.2%] 20.68% [19.7–21.7%] 6.34%**** [5.8–6.9%]
 Others 5.66% [4.9–6.6%] 28.49%** [26.4–30.7%] 11.22%** [9.9–12.6%]
Social Support
 Yes 7.54%*** [7.3–7.8%] 40.40%**** [39.8–41.0%] 15.00%**** [14.5–15.5%]
 No 14.06% [11.8–16.6%] 40.92%**** [36.7–45.3%] 20.26% [17.4–23.5%]
Social capital
 Yes 6.36%** [6.1–6.7%] 36.23%**** [35.6–36.9%] 13.71%**** [13.2–14.2%]
 No 6.41%* [6.2–6.6%] 26.18%**** [25.7–26.6%] 12.05%**** [11.7–12.4%]
  1. *p value < 0.05; **p value < 0.01; ***p value < 0.001; ****p value < 0.0001 when comparing the same category between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations (Chi-square test). CI confidence interval