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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and clinical data of the parents and their children

From: The willingness of parents to vaccinate their children younger than 12 years against COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia

Parameters Total respondents,
n = 3,528
Age, (mean ± SD, 95% CI) Years 38.6 ± 6.64, 38.37 – 38.83
Gender, n (%)
 Mother 2,495 (70.7)
 Father 1,033 (29.3)
Marital status, n (%)
 Married couple 3,337 (94.6)
 Single parent 191 (5.4)
Region, n (%)
 Central 2,057 (58.3)
 Southern 488 (13.8)
 Northern 325 (9.2)
 East coast 125 (3.5)
 Borneo 533 (15.1)
Education level, n (%)
 Tertiary 2,951 (83.6)
 Secondary and below 577 (16.4)
Household income, n (%)
 B40 1,201 (34.0)
 M40 1,517 (43.0)
 T20 810 (23.0)
Employment status, n (%)
 Employed 2,793 (79.2)
 Unemployed 700 (19.8)
 Retired 35 (1.0)
Healthcare workers, n (%)
 No 3,006 (85.2)
 Yes 522 (14.8)
Lived with elderly or someone with chronic illness, n (%)
 No 2,576 (73.0)
 Yes 952 (27.0)
History of contact with COVID-19, n (%)
 No 2,668 (75.6)
 Yes 860 (24.4)
Required quarantine 344 (9.8)
Required self-surveillance 516 (14.6)
Had been diagnosed with COVID-19, n (%)
 No 3,297 (93.5)
 Yes 198 (5.6)
 Prefers not to answer 33 (0.9)
Families, relatives, colleagues diagnosed with COVID-19, n (%)
 No 1,140 (32.3)
 Yes 2,388 (67.7)
Vaccinated for COVID-19, n (%)
 No 130 (3.7)
 Yes 3,332 (94.4)
 Prefers not to answer 66 (1.9)
Children under 12 years, (median, IQR)
 Number 2, 1 – 3
Age groups of children, n (%)
 5 – 11 years 2,703 (76.6)a
 2 – 4 years 1,691 (47.9)a
 Below 2 years 567 (16.1)a
Children had chronic illness, n (%)
 No 3,345 (94.8)
 Yes 132 (3.7)
 Prefers not to answer 51 (1.4)
  1. afrom the total of 3,528 respondents
  2. Italic: subgroup of parents with COVID-19 contact
  3. SD Standard deviation, CI Confidence interval, COVID-19 Coronavirus 2019, B40, lowest 40% of family income group, M40 Middle 40% of family income group, T20 Top 20% of the family income group, IQR Interquartile range