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Table 6 Factors associated with external contributors to strengthening service delivery at national and subnational levels

From: How service delivery implementation strategies can contribute to attaining universal health coverage: lessons from polio eradication using an implementation science approach

Main external contributor: Social environment Odds Ratio p-value [95% Conf. Interval]
Organizational affiliation
 GPEI partner institutions (ref) 1   
 Government 1.102 0.665 [0.710, 1.712]
 Implementers 1.099 0.717 [0.659, 1.834]
 Others (researchers, etc.) 0.723 0.277 [0.403, 1.298]
Years of experience
 0—4 (ref) 1   
 5—9 1.076 0.725 [0.716, 1.617]
 10—14 1.611** 0.038 [1.027, 2.528]
 15—19 1.305 0.289 [0.798, 2.135]
 20 +  0.91 0.725 [0.504, 1.612]
Role
 Advisory (ref) 1   
 Management 0.517 0.288 [0.153, 1.745]
 Supervisory 0.600 0.288 [0.234, 1.539]
 Frontline 0.674 0.416 [0.261, 1.744]
 Other 0.648 0.375 [0.249, 1.689]
Region
 Africa (ref) 1   
 South-East Asia 0.911 0.621 [0.628, 1.321]
 Eastern Mediterranean 1.610** 0.043 [1.015, 2.554]
 Western Hemisphere 0.776 0.521 [0.358, 1.683]
 Number of observations 743
  1. *** p < .01, ** p < .05, * p < .1