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Table 2 Respondent characteristics by level of implementation involvement (n = 887)

From: How service delivery implementation strategies can contribute to attaining universal health coverage: lessons from polio eradication using an implementation science approach

  % within levels of involvement (95% CI)
  Global National Subnational
Respondent characteristics (n = 26) (n = 63) (n = 798)
Organizational affiliation
 GPEI partners 46.2 (28.0–65.3) 27.0 (17.4—39.3) 15.6 (13.2–18.3)
 Government 27.0 (13.2–47.2) 30.2 (20.1–42.6) 52.5 (49.0–56.0)
 Implementers 7.7 (1.9–26.7) 20.6 (12.3–32.5) 18.6 (16.0–21.4)
 Research and others 19.2 (8.1–39.2) 22.2 (13.6–34.2) 13.3 (11.1–15.9)
Years of experience
 0–4 69.2 (49.0—84.0) 34.9 (24.1—47.5) 24.1 (21.2–27.2)
 5–9 11.5 (3.7–30.8) 19.1 (11.1–30.7) 30.3 (27.2–33.6)
 10–14 7.7 (1.9–26.7) 22.2 (13.6–34.2) 20.2 (17.5–23.1)
 15–19 7.7 (1.9–26.7) 17.5 (9.9–29.0) 15.3 (13.0–18.0)
 20 and above 3.9 (0.5–23.5) 6.3 (0.2–15.9) 10.2 (8.3–12.5)
Role
 Advisory 7.7 (1.9–26.7) 4.8 (1.5–13.9) 2.5 (1.6–3.9)
 Management 19.2 (8.1–39.2) 6.3 (2.4–15.9) 3.5 (2.4–5.0)
 Supervisory 19.2 (8.1–39.2) 42.9 (31.2–55.4) 34.1 (31.0–37.5)
 Frontline 23.1(10.6–43.2) 20.7 (12.1–32.5) 35.3 (32.1–38.7)
 Other 31 (16.0–51.0) 25.4 (16.1–37.6) 24.6 (21.7–27.7)
Region
 Africa 63.6 (41.8–81.0) 58.9 (45.6–71.1) 57.6 (53.9–61.3)
 South-East Asia 0 12.5 (6.0–24.1) 25.5 (22.4–28.9)
 Eastern Mediterranean 31.8 (15.7–53.9) 25.0 (15.3–38.1) 12.6 (10.3–15.3)
 Western hemisphere(Europe, America, Western Pacific regions) 4.5 (0.6–27.1) 3.6 (0.9–13.4) 4.2 (2.9–6.0)
  1. 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. GPEI partners: WHO, UNICEF, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, US Centers for Disease Control, Rotary International
  3. Frontline roles: polio vaccinators, surveillance officers; Subnational level of involvement: state, province, district or subdistrict. Western hemisphere: Europe, Americas and Western Pacific regions