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Table 2 Factors associated with self-reported HIV testing among 15–24 years adolescent girls and young women interviewed in the 2019/20 Rwanda DHS (N = 5,732)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported HIV testing among adolescent girls and young women in Rwanda: evidence from 2019/20 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey

  Univariate analysis Multivariable/Adjusted analysis
Characteristics %HIV Testing Crude OR 95%CI P-value Adjusted OR 95%CI P-value
Socio-demographic
Age group, in years
15–19 36.5 1.00    1.00   
20–24 80.9 7.38 6.41–8.49  < 0.001* 2.85 2.42–3.34  < 0.001*
Living with a man
No 47.4 1.00    1.00   
Yes 95.5 23.77 17.18–32.89  < 0.001* 2.33 1.50–3.61  < 0.001*
Residence
Rural 52.9 1.00    1.00   
Urban 65.3 1.68 1.42–1.98  < 0.001* 1.27 1.101–1.61 0.045*
Region
Kigali 65.6 1.72 1.36–2.17  < 0.001* 1.29 0.95—1.74 0.102
South 52.7 1.004 0.84–1.20 0.961 1.17 0.92—1.49 0.208
West 53.0 1.02 0.83–1.25 0.864 1.20 0.92—1.55 0.176
North 57.9 1.24 1.004–1.54 0.046* 1.50 1.15—1.96 0.003*
East 52.6 1.00    1.00   
Highest education
None/Primary 49.6 1.00    1.00   
Secondary 60.7 1.57 1.40–1.77  < 0.001* 2.24 1.91–2.63  < 0.001*
Higher 77.6 3.53 2.21–5.64  < 0.001* 2.44 1.50–3.98  < 0.001*
Employed in the past 12 months
No 46 1.00    1.00   
Yes 63 1.99 1.76–2.26  < 0.001* 1.26 1.09–1.47 0.002*
Wealth index
Poorest 49.4 1.00    1.00   
Poorer 52.3 1.12 0.93–1.36 0.226 1.42 1.10–1.83 0.007*
Middle 52.8 1.15 0.94–1.39 0.172 1.41 1.08–1.83 0.010*
Richer 59.6 1.51 1.24–1.84  < 0.001* 1.81 1.37–2.39  < 0.001*
Richest 59.9 1.53 1.27–1.85  < 0.001* 1.53 1.15–2.03  < 0.001*
Communication strategies
All media
No 54.8 1.00    1.00   
Yes 70.9 1.44 1.26–1.65  < 0.001* 1.36 1.14–1.63 0.001*
Pregnancy
Ever been pregnant
No 44.7 1.00    1.00   
Yes 98 60.65 37.74–97.46  < 0.001* 16.83 10.03–28.27  < 0.001*
HIV sexual risks
Ever had sex
No 38.8 1.00    1.00   
Yes 83.8 8.19 6.95–9.63  < 0.001* 2.38 1.94–2.92  < 0.001*
HIV Knowledge
Comprehensive HIV knowledge
No 49.2 1.00    1.00   
Yes 62.5 1.71 1.53–1.92  < 0.001* 1.32 1.15–1.52  < 0.001*
HIV discriminatory attitudes
No 60.8 1.4 1.24–1.58  < 0.001* 0.33 0.17–0.65 0.001
Yes 52.6 1.00    1.00   
MTCT knowledge
No 52.5 1.00    1.00   
Yes 56.8 1.19 1.05–1.35  < 0.001* 1.08 0.93–1.25 0.311
  1. *p—value < 0.05, 95% CI—95% confidence interval