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Table 1 Characteristics of adolescent girls and young women, aged 15–24 years, interviewed in the 2019/20 Rwanda DHS (N = 5,732)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported HIV testing among adolescent girls and young women in Rwanda: evidence from 2019/20 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey

Characteristics N (%)& 95%CI
Socio-demographic
Age group, in years
15–19 3308 (57.4) 56.0—58.9
20–24 2424 (42.6) 41.1–44.0
Living with a man
No 4828 (83.4) 82.3–84.5
Yes 904 (16.6) 15.5–17.7
Residence
Rural 4305 (79.9) 78.5–81.2
Urban 1427 (20.1) 18.8–21.5
Region
Kigali 750 (14.4) 13.2–15.4
South 1327 (20.3) 18.9–21.7
West 1275 (21.4) 22.0 -22.9
North 903 (15.5) 14.4—16.7
East 1477 (28.5) 26.8—30.3
Highest education
None 76 (1.4) 1.0—1.8
Primary 2830 (49.7) 47.8—51.6
Secondary 2703 (46.7) 44.9—48.5
Higher 123 (2.2) 1.7—2.9
Employed in the past 12 months
No 2563 (44.7) 43.1–46.3
Yes 3169 (55.3) 53.7–56.9
Wealth index
Poorest 952 (16.1) 14.7–17.7
Poorer 1058 (18.9) 17.5–20.3
Middle 1064 (18.8) 17.4–20.2
Richer 1135 (20.4) 19.0–21.9
Richest 1523 (25.8) 23.7–28.0
Communication strategies
Accesses at least one of the three media at least once a week
No 1631 (28.2) 26.6 – 29.9
Yes 4101 (72.8) 70.1—73.4
Pregnancy Outcome
Ever been pregnant in the past 24 months
No 4625 (80) 78.8—81.1
Yes 1107 (20) 18.9—21.2
HIV Knowledge
Comprehensive HIV knowledge
No 3080 (53.5) 51.9–55.1
Yes 2652 (46.5) 44.9–48.1
HIV discriminatory attitudes
Yes 3763 (65.6) 64.1–67.1
No 1969 (34.4) 32.9–35.9
MTCT knowledge
No 1935 (33.7) 32.3–35.2
Yes 3797 (66.3) 64.8–67.7
HIV sexual risk factors
Ever had sex
No 3665 (63.1) 61.7—64.5
Yes 2067 (36.9) 35.5—38.3
  n (%)&  
Cash in return for sex*
No 560 (90.8) 87.2—93.5
Yes 55 (9.2) 6.5—12.8
Multiple sex partners*
1 Partner 1368 (65.9) 63.6—68.1
2 Partners 460 (22.3) 20.5—24.1
3 + Partners 238 (11.8) 10.3—13.6
Condom use during last sex*
No 1093 (79.8) 77.3—82.1
Yes 297 (20.2) 17.9—22.7
Experienced gender-based violence**
No 135 (62.4) 55.4—68.9
Yes 84 (37.6) 31.1—44.6
  1. &—Percentages are weighted. *The question was only asked from those who had sex, and those with missing data were not included. n—reduced sample size. **Fewer participants answered these questions, CI=Confidence Interval, MTCT=Mother-To-Child-Transmission of HIV. N of the missing values in the cash in return for sex is 5,117, multiple sex partners is 3,666, condom use during last sex is 4,342, and experienced gender-based violence is 5,513