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Table 4 Decomposition of the rural–urban gap in prevalence of undiagnosed, untreated and undertreated hypertension among older adults in India (2017–18)

From: Decomposing the rural–urban gap in the prevalence of undiagnosed, untreated and under-treated hypertension among older adults in India

  Undiagnosed Hypertension Untreated Hypertension Undertreated Hypertension
Urban 0.3441   0.0492   0.2325  
Rural 0.4678   0.0665   0.161  
Difference (U-R) -0.1236   -0.0174   0.0715  
  Coefficients % Coefficients % Coefficients %
Sex 0.0002 -0.16 -0.00007 0.4 0.0001 0.14
Age 0.0012** -0.97 -0.00005 0.29 -0.0011** -1.54
Marital Status 0.0001 -0.08 0.00005 -0.29 -0.0002 -0.28
Religion -0.0021* 1.7 -0.00004 0.23 0.0014* 1.96
Social Group -0.0074*** 5.99 0.00013 -0.75 0.0032 4.48
Economic Status 0.0017*** -1.38 0.00022 -1.26 -0.0006** -0.84
Education -0.0167*** 13.51 -0.00011 0.63 0.0088* 12.31
Work Status -0.0069*** 5.58 0.00045 -2.59 0.005*** 6.99
Health Insurance 0.0002 -0.16 0.00005 -0.29 -0.0002 -0.28
Comorbidity -0.0164*** 13.27 0.00087** -5.00 0.0076*** 10.63
Physical Activity -0.0018* 1.46 -0.00049 2.82 0.0004 0.56
Tobacco Consumption -0.0081*** 6.55 -0.00039 2.24 0.007*** 9.79
Body Mass Index -0.0032** 2.59 0.00006 -0.34 0.0031** 4.34
Region 0.009*** -7.28 -0.00652*** 37.47 0.0017 2.38
Explained -0.0502 40.61 -0.00584 33.56 0.0362 50.63
Unexplained -0.0734 59.39 -0.01156 66.44 0.0353 49.37
  1. *** p < 0.001 ** p < 0.05 and * p < 0.1
  2. Source: Authors’ own calculations from Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, 2017–18 (LASI-Wave I)