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Table 1 Sample characteristics by different modern contraceptive methods, 2015-16 (NFHS-4), India

From: Inequalities in short-acting reversible, long-acting reversible and permanent contraception use among currently married women in India

Variables Short Acting Reversible (SARC) (n = 49,370) Long Acting Reversible (LARC) (n = 7,652) Permanent Contraception (n = 181,170) Total (n = 238,194)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age     
 15–19 1,519 (8.4) 87 (0.5) 1,58 (0.9) 1,765 (9.8)
 20–24 9,807 (12.5) 1,295 (1.7) 7,196 (9.2) 18,298 (23.3)
 25–29 13,705 (13.7) 2,166 (2.2) 25,965 (25.9) 41,836 (41.7)
 30–34 11,199 (12.6) 1,890 (2.1) 36,330 (40.9) 49,420 (55.6)
 35–39 7,590 (9.2) 1,282 (1.6) 40,803 (49.6) 49,674 (60.4)
 40–49 5,550 (4.2) 9,32 (0.7) 70,718 (53.7) 77,201 (58.6)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
Children ever born
 0 2,527 (5.1) 21 (0.04) 2,34 (0.5) 2,782 (5.6)
 1 15,405 (16.9) 2,564 (2.8) 5,572 (6.1) 23,541 (25.8)
 2–3 24,810 (9.5) 4,293 (1.6) 131,844 (50.4) 160,946 (61.5)
 4 +  6,629 (6.8) 7,74 (0.8) 43,521 (44.8) 50,925 (52.4)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
Women education
 No Education 8,802 (5.3) 1,002 (0.6) 7,1241 (43.0) 81,046 (48.9)
 1–5 years 6,220 (8.8) 7,35 (1.0) 30,342 (42.9) 37,296 (52.8)
 6–9 years 13,282 (11.5) 1,887 (1.6) 41,019 (35.4) 56,188 (48.4)
 10–11 years 6,958 (11.8) 1,198 (2.0) 19,700 (33.4) 27,857 (47.2)
 12–14 years 6,305 (14.0) 1,269 (2.8) 10,550 (23.5) 18,125 (40.3)
 15 +  7,803 (18.0) 1,562 (3.6) 8,318 (19.2) 17,683 (40.9)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
Residence
 Urban 21,397 (12.8) 3,951 (2.4) 60,036 (36.0) 85,383 (51.2)
 Rural 27,974 (8.4) 3,702 (1.1) 121,135 (36.4) 152,812 (45.9)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
Religion
 Hindu 35,776 (8.8) 5,872 (1.4) 156,750 (38.5) 198,399 (48.8)
 Muslim 10,233 (15.6) 9,23 (1.4) 13,751 (20.9) 24,907 (37.9)
 Others 3,362 (12.5) 8,57 (3.2) 10,669 (39.6) 14,888 (55.2)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
Caste
 Schedule Caste and Tribes 12,167 (8.3) 1,813 (1.2) 56,197 (38.3) 70,177 (47.8)
 Other Backward Caste (OBC) 16,368 (7.5) 3,053 (1.4) 81,813 (37.5) 101,235 (46.4)
 Others 20,836 (15.5) 2,787 (2.1) 43,160 (32.0) 66,783 (49.6)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001 p < 0.001  < 0.001
Wealth
 Poorer 5,787 (6.4) 4,91 (0.5) 26,625 (29.3) 32,904 (36.2)
 Poor 8,994 (9.1) 8,96 (0.9) 35,130 (35.6) 45,021 (45.7)
 Middle 8,849 (8.7) 1,073 (1.1) 41,384 (40.5) 51,307 (50.2)
 Richer 10,464 (10.0) 1,909 (1.8) 41,958 (40.0) 54,331 (51.8)
 Richest 15,276 (14.8) 3,283 (3.2) 36,073 (35.0) 54,632 (53)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
Region
 North 9,911 (15.7) 2,245 (3.6) 63,146 (36.3) 35,092 (55.6)
 Central 12,515 (10.7) 1,223 (1.1) 116,739 (27.5) 45,799 (39.2)
 East 15,394 (13.3) 1,031 (0.9) 115,524 (26.3) 46,752 (40.5)
 Northeast 3,827 (22.6) 3,96 (2.3) 16,948 (9.9) 5,894 (34.8)
 West 6,182 (8.6) 1,511 (2.1) 72,077 (45.1) 40,164 (55.7)
 South 1,542 (1.3) 1,246 (1.1) 115,194 (53.6) 64,493 (56)
p value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001