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Table 5 Costs, benefits and ROIs at five and 15 years, by intervention package (trillion IRR)

From: Prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in iran: the case for Investment

  5 years 15 years
Intervention package Total costsa Total benefitsa ROI Total costsa Total benefitsa ROI
Policy interventions
 Tobacco 5.10 45.03 8.83 12.52 176.48 14.09
 Physical inactivity 0.93 31.13 33.47 2.57 119.68 46.56
 Salt 1.74 31.13 17.89 4.22 119.68 28.36
Clinical interventions
 CVD and Diabetes 137.42 31.55 .23 490.79 126.36 0.26
 Total 145.17 138.86 0.95 510.1 542.22 1.06
The results for sensitivity analysis of the ROIs
  5 years 15 years
Intervention package Median ROI (2.5th and 97.5th percentiles) Median ROI (2.5th and 97.5th percentiles)
Tobacco 8.79 (3.43—23.40) 14.12 (5.36—36.71)
Physical inactivity 33.44 (12.44—91.30) 47.89 (17.75—128.32)
Salt 18.18 (6.72—46.46) 28.71 (10.72—71.34)
Clinical interventions
 CVD and Diabetes 0.23 (0.09—0.58) 0.26 (0.10—0.64)
 Total 0.99 (0.49—2.08) 1.09 (0.57—2.18)
  1. aIncluding direct, and indirect, costs or benefits