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Table 3 All-cause and suicide mortality in mental health disorders

From: Achieving health equity in US suicides: a narrative review and commentary

Diagnosis All-cause mortality risk estimate (95% CI) Statistic Men (95% CI) Women (95% CI) Suicide risk estimate (95% CI) Statistic Men (95% CI) Women (95% CI) AMSTAR score
Opioid use (6,14) 14.7 (12.8-16.5) SMR    13.5 (10.5-17.2) SMR 7.6 (4.4-12.1) 3.6 (0.1-19.9) 7, 1
Amphetamine use (15) 6.2 (4.6-8.3) SMR* 5.9 (4.1-8.1)      31.0 (21.0-44.0) 8
Cocaine use (16) 4 to 8 SMRs        7
Anorexia nervosa (17,18) 5.9 (4.2-8.3) SMR     SMR*    2, 3
Alcohol use disorder (19,20) 4.6 (2.7-7.7) RR 3.4 (3.0-3.8)    SMR 8.8 (6.4-12.1) 16.4 (10.7-25.2) 5, 5
Autism spectrum disorder (21) 2.8 (1.8-4.2) SMR 2.1 (1.7-2.7)       7
Heavy smoking (22)   RR - WA 2.4 2.7      2
Schizophrenia (1) 2.5 (2.2-2.4) SMR 3.0 2.4 12.9 (0.7-174.3)** SMR*    6
Dementia (23) 1.5 to 3.0 RRs        5
Moderate smoking (22,24)   RR -WA 2.0 2.0 1.8 (1.5-2.2) RR 1.7 (1.4-2.1) 1.8 (1.2-2.7) 2, 6
Bulimia nervosa (17,18) 1.9 (1.4-2.6) SMR     SMR*   7.5 (1.6-11.6) 2, 3
Eating disorder NOS (17) 1.9 (1.5-2.5) SMR        2
Depression (25,26) 1.6 (1.6-1.7) RR    19.7 (12.2-32.0) SMR    7, 3
Depression in the elderly (27) 1.6 (1.4-1.8) RR        4
Dysthymic disorder (27) 1.4 (0.9-2.0) RR        4
Cannabis use (28)   RRs 1.2 to 1.3 1.1 (0.8-1.5)      4
Borderline personality disorder (29)      45.1 (29.0-61.3) SMR*    1
Bipolar disorder (26)      17.1 (9.8-29.5) SMR    3
Personality disorders (30)       RR 4.1 (3.0-5.8) 1.8 (0.7-5.2) 3
Anxiety disorder (any type) (31)      3.3 (2.1-5.3) OR    7
Post-traumatic stress disorder (31)      2.5 (0.5-13.4) OR    7
  1. SMR – standardized mortality ratio, OR – odds ratio, RR – relative risk, WA – weighted average, AMSTAR – Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews, NOS – not otherwise specified
  2. *Not adjusted for random effects, **90% confidence intervals
  3. Table 3 is reprinted from [61] with permission