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Table 3 Effects of predictor variables on intention to quit tobacco, represented by the total- direct- and indirect-standardized coefficients

From: Poor implementation of tobacco control measures and lack of education influences the intention to quit tobacco: a structural equation modelling approach

Pathway
(IV ➔ DV)
Total effect Direct effect Indirect effects (Mediation)
Tobacco Control Measures ➔ Quit 0.176 *** 0.167*** 006* (Frequency)
0.002 NS (Duration)
0.001 NS (Dependency)
Education ➔ Quit 0.14*** 0.13*** 0.006* (Frequency)
0.005 NS (Duration)
0 NS (Dependency)
Frequency ➔ Quit -0.257*** -0.257*** Only direct effects are available
Duration ➔ Quit -0.028 NS -0.028 NS
Dependency ➔ Quit -0.035 NS 0.035 NS
N Influencers ➔ Quit 0.686*** 0.686*** Only direct effects are available
HCP vs. None ➔ Quit 0.425*** 0.425*** Only direct effects are available
Rel vs. None ➔ Quit 0.399*** 0.399***
Friends vs. None ➔ Quit 0.417*** 0.417***
Parents vs. None ➔ Quit 0.288*** 0.288***
Bidis ➔ Quit -0.115*** Only total effects were of interest as these variables were included as controlling factors
Cig ➔ Quit -0.058**
Tambakoo ➔ Quit 0.186***
Bidis ➔ Frequency 0.142*** 0.142*** Only direct effects are available
Cig ➔ Frequency -0.048* -0.048*
Tambakoo ➔ Frequency -0.135*** -0.135***
Bidis ➔ Duration 0.199*** 0.199*** Only direct effects are available
Bidis ➔ Dependency 0.078** 0.078** Only direct effects are available
Betel ➔ Dependency 0.07** 0.07**
Shisha ➔ Dependency 0.103** 0.103**
  1. Results represent the standardized coefficients
  2. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001, NS Non-significant (P > 0.05)
  3. N Influencers: Number of influencers