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Table 1 Frequency analysis of immediate psychological responses to the wildfires (baseline) (N = 206)

From: Mental health effects of the Gangwon wildfires

Somatic Insomnia Chest tightness Fatigue Changes in appetite Pain Indigestion Tension Nausea Hyperpnea Total
122 (59.2) 70 (34) 57 (27.7) 48 (23.3) 45 (21.8) 42 (20.4) 35 (17) 17 (8.3) 14 (6.8) 157 (76.2)
Emotional Anxiety Grief Depression Fear Helplessness Hopelessness Anger Guilt Miserableness Shame Total
103 (50) 68 (33) 67 (32.5) 61 (29.6) 50 (24.3) 35 (17) 29 (14.1) 14 (6.8) 16 (7.8) 3 (1.5) 148 (71.8)
Cognitive Flashbacks Difficulty concentrating Memory decline Nightmares Poor judgment Suicidal ideation Denial of death Total
68 (33) 44 (21.4) 39 (18.9) 28 (13.6) 17 (8.3) 14 (6.8) 1 (0.5) 103 (50)
Behavioral Confusion Caution/Suspicion Isolation Alcohol Avoidance/Denial Violence/Impulsiveness Smoking Drug use Self-harm Total
11 (5.3) 10 (4.9) 9 (4.4) 8 (3.9) 6(2.9) 2 (1) 2 (1) 1 (0.5) 34 (16.5)