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Table 2 Intervention approaches

From: Implementation practice models for development in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review of peer-reviewed literature

Author/date Use of formative research Intervention channels
Longfield 2011 [46] IDI; quantitative Unpaid mass media; posters; community outreach
Meekers 2005 [47] Focus groups; IDI; quantitative Paid mass media; unpaid mass media; posters
Gutierrez 2010 [48] IDI; quantitative Unpaid mass media; community outreach
Kassegne 2011 [49] IDI; quantitative Paid mass media; unpaid mass media; posters; community outreach
Wood 2012 [50] IDI Paid mass media; unpaid mass media; community outreach; community mobilization
Agha 2021 [27] Quantitative Unpaid mass media; community outreach
Sarrassat 2015 [51] None Paid mass media
Engl 2019 [49] Focus groups; IDI; quantitative Unpaid mass media; community outreach
Ingabire 2018 [50 Focus groups; quantitative Unpaid mass media; community outreach; community mobilization
Kim 2019 [54] Focus groups; IDI Unpaid mass media; posters; community outreach
Sabin 2020 [55] None Unpaid mass media; mobile phones
Coulibaly 2020 [56] IDI Unpaid mass media; community mobilization
Wang 2016 [57] None Community outreach
Cummings 2017 [58] Quantitative Unpaid mass media; community mobilization
Johri 2020 [59] Quantitative Unpaid mass media; community mobilization; mobile phones
Agha 2019 [26] Quantitative Paid mass media
Saggurti 2013 [60] None Community mobilization
Sharma 2020 [61] None Posters; community outreach; community mobilization
Dickson-Gomez 2018 [62] IDI Unpaid mass media; community outreach
Wichaidit 2019 [63] IDI Posters; community outreach
Penn-Kekana 2018 [64] None Paid mass media; unpaid mass media; community outreach; community mobilization
Ma 2018 [65] Focus groups; IDI Community outreach; community mobilization
Hoddinott 2018 [66] Focus groups; Quantitative Unpaid mass media; community outreach
Babazadeh 2019 [67] IDI Community outreach
Murray 2015 [68] Focus groups; IDI Unpaid mass media