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Table 3 Odds ratios and confidence intervals for associations between covariates and long sleep duration among U.S. foreign-born adults aged ≥18 years, from models 1-3, with normal sleep duration as reference, National Health Interview Survey, 2013-2018, N = 27,253

From: Examining the relationship of sociodemographic factors, neighborhood cohesion and abnormal sleep duration among U.S. foreign-born subpopulations in the National Health Interview Survey

  Long Sleep Duration (≥9 Hours) Adjusted Odd Ratios
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
95% CI 95% CI 95% CI
AOR Lower Upper AOR Lower Upper AOR Lower Upper
Intercept 0.61 0.46 0.80 0.48 0.36 0.65 0.50 0.32 0.77
Neighborhood Cohesion
 Low 0.94 0.80 1.11 0.93 0.79 1.10 0.94 0.79 1.11
 Medium 0.86 0.73 1.00 0.86 0.74 1.01 0.86 0.74 1.01
 High ref. - - ref. - - ref. - -
Sex
 Male ref. - - ref. - - ref. - -
 Female 1.18 1.03 1.37 1.23 1.06 1.43 1.24 1.07 1.44
Age category
 18 – 44 0.34 0.28 0.43 0.35 0.28 0.43 0.33 0.26 0.41
 45 – 54 0.28 0.22 0.37 0.28 0.22 0.37 0.28 0.21 0.36
 55 – 64 0.29 0.22 0.38 0.28 0.22 0.37 0.28 0.21 0.37
 65 – 74 0.43 0.34 0.55 0.43 0.33 0.55 0.42 0.33 0.54
 ≥75 ref. - - ref. - - ref. - -
Marital Status
 Single/Never Married ref. - - ref. - - ref. - -
 Married/Living with Partner 0.69 0.58 0.82 0.68 0.57 0.81 0.68 0.58 0.82
 Divorced/Separated 0.69 0.54 0.89 0.66 0.52 0.85 0.67 0.52 0.86
 Widowed 0.61 0.46 0.81 0.60 0.45 0.80 0.61 0.46 0.80
Education
 Less than High School ref. - - ref. - - ref. - -
 High School Graduate/GED 0.96 0.80 1.15 0.97 0.81 1.17 0.97 0.80 1.17
 Some College/Associate Degree 0.84 0.69 1.03 0.86 0.70 1.04 0.86 0.69 1.07
 Bachelor's Degree or More 0.59 0.49 0.71 0.62 0.51 0.75 0.62 0.49 0.77
Employment Status
 Employed 0.54 0.46 0.64 0.54 0.46 0.64 0.55 0.47 0.65
 Not Employed ref. - - ref. - - ref. - -
BMI Category
 <18.50, Underweight     1.91 1.27 2.88 1.88 1.26 2.79
 18.50 – 24.99, Normal     ref. - - ref. - -
 25.00 – 29.99, Overweight     1.02 0.87 1.20 1.02 0.87 1.20
 ≥30.00, Obese     1.38 1.16 1.64 1.38 1.16 1.64
Smoking Status
 Never     ref. - - ref. - -
 Former     1.10 0.92 1.32 1.11 0.92 1.33
 Current     1.16 0.92 1.46 1.16 0.92 1.46
Alcohol Drinking Statusa
 Lifetime Abstainer     ref. - - ref. - -
 Former Drinker     1.25 1.01 1.53 1.25 1.01 1.54
 Current Drinker     1.08 0.92 1.27 1.08 0.91 1.27
Hispanic Ethnicity
 Mexican        1.09 0.89 1.33
 Puerto Rican        1.16 0.85 1.58
 Cuban        1.07 0.73 1.57
 Dominican        1.12 0.55 2.27
 Central or South American        0.87 0.67 1.14
 Other/Multiple Hispanic/Latino        0.99 0.51 1.93
 Non-Hispanic/Latino        ref. - -
Years Lived in the U.S.
 <10 Years        ref. - -
 ≥10 Years        0.84 0.70 1.02
Language of Interview
 English Only        1.13 0.81 1.60
 Spanish Only        1.00 0.68 1.47
 English and Spanish        1.28 0.83 1.97
 Other        ref. - -
  1. aLifetime abstainer (≤12 drinks in life); Former drinker (no drinks past year); Current drinker (1+ drinks past year)