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Table 6 The likelihood of developing severe depression, anxiety and stress symptoms according to quintile of dietary food patterns

From: The association between major dietary patterns and severe mental disorders symptoms among a large sample of adults living in central Iran: Baseline data of YaHS-TAMYZ cohort study

  Severe Depression Severe anxiety Severe Stress
Crude Model 12 Model 23 Crude Model 1 Model 2 Crude Model 1 Model 2
Factor 1: Sugar and Fats
Q1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Q2 0.83 (0.64-1.10) 0.82 (0.64-1.06) 0.88 (0.66-1.16) 0.84 (0.67-1.06) 0.83 (0.66-1.05) 0.90 (0.70-1.17) 1.20 (0.81-1.77) 1.17 (0.80-1.73) 1.30 (0.85-2.00)
Q3 0.70 (0.54-0.92) 0.71 (0.55-0.93) 0.72 (0.54-0.97) 0.77 (0.60-0.98) 0.78 (0.61-0.99) 0.81 (0.62-1.06) 0.93 (0.62-1.40) 0.94 (0.62-1.42) 1.01 (0.64-1.58)
Q4 0.66 (0.50-0.87) 0.69 (0.52-0.91) 0.76 (0.56-1.03) 0.80 (0.63-1.01) 0.82 (0.64-1.04) 0.90 (0.69-1.18) 0.81 (0.53-1.24) 0.82 (0.53-1.27) 0.91 (0.56-1.47)
Q5 0.83 (0.64-1.09) 0.97 (0.71-1.32) 1.08 (0.77-1.52) 0.91 (0.72-1.14) 1.00 (0.76-1.32) 1.12 (0.83-1.52) 0.92 (0.61-1.39) 1.00 (0.61-1.63) 1.06 (0.62-1.81)
p for trend 0.043 0.164 0.544 0.345 0.530 0.863 0.233 0.460 0.661
Factor 2: Processed meats and Fish
Q1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Q2 0.83 (0.64-1.10) 0.80 (0.61-1.04) 0.83 (0.62-1.11) 0.81 (0.64-1.02) 0.78 (0.62-0.99) 0.81 (0.62-1.05) 1.15 (0.78-1.70) 1.11 (0.75-1.65) 1.04 (0.68-1.59)
Q3 0.72 (0.56-0.95) 0.70 (0.53-0.92) 0.75 (0.56-1.01) 0.71 (0.56-0.90) 0.69 (0.54-0.88) 0.78 (0.60-1.01) 0.72 (0.47-1.12) 0.70 (0.45-1.09) 0.66 (0.41-1.05)
Q4 0.85 (0.66-1.11) 0.86 (0.66-1.12) 0.92 (0.69-1.23) 0.79 (0.62-1.00) 0.79 (0.62-1.00) 0.85 (0.66-1.11) 1.08 (0.72-1.60) 1.06 (0.71-1.58) 0.97 (0.63-1.50)
Q5 0.92 (0.71-1.19) 1.06 (0.80-1.40) 1.15 (0.85-1.55) 0.96 (0.77-1.20) 1.06 (0.83-1.35) 1.17 (0.90-1.53) 0.92 (0.61-1.40) 1.02 (0.66-1.58) 0.94 (0.59-1.51)
p for trend 0.609 0.698 0.008 0.664 0.214 0.062 0.607 0.851 0.605
Factor 3: Fruits
Q1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Q2 0.93 (0.72-1.21) 0.93 (0.72-1.21) 0.92 (0.69-1.23) 0.92 (0.73-1.15) 0.92 (0.73-1.16) 0.88 (0.68-1.14) 0.68 (0.47-0.98) 0.66 (0.45-0.97) 0.65 (0.42-1.00)
Q3 0.78 (0.60-1.01) 0.77 (0.59-1.02) 0.84 (0.62-1.12) 0.74 (0.59-0.94) 0.75 (0.59-0.96) 0.78 (0.60-1.01) 0.50 (0.33-0.75) 0.49 (0.32-0.74) 0.55 (0.35-0.85)
Q4 1.02 (0.80-1.31) 1.02 (0.79-1.31) 1.04 (0.79-1.37) 0.90 (0.72-1.14) 0.90 (0.72-1.13) 0.91 (0.71-1.17) 0.69 (0.48-1.00) 0.68 (0.47-0.99) 0.74 (0.50-1.11)
Q5 0.61 (0.45-0.81) 0.62 (0.47-0.84) 0.63 (0.46-0.87) 0.64 (0.50-0.80) 0.63 (0.49-0.82) 0.64 (0.48-0.84) 0.45 (0.30-0.68) 0.47 (0.30-0.72) 0.46 (0.29-0.74)
p for trend 0.008 0.019 0.057 0.001 0.002 0.007 0.001 0.839 0.081
Factor 4: Vegetables and Red Meat
Q1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Q2 0.91 (0.70-1.19) 0.87 (0.66-1.13) 0.82 (0.61-1.11) 0.84 (0.66-1.06) 0.82 (0.64-1.04) 0.81 (0.62-1.06) 0.82 (0.54-1.22) 0.77 (0.51-1.16) 0.67 (0.43-1.06)
Q3 0.87 (0.66-1.13) 0.83 (0.63-1.09) 0.87 (0.65-1.17) 0.86 (0.68-1.09) 0.85 (0.67-1.08) 0.90 (0.69-1.17) 0.88 (0.59-1.32) 0.84 (0.56-1.26) 0.82 (0.53-1.28)
Q4 0.90 (0.69-1.16) 0.88 (0.68-1.15) 0.92 (0.69-1.22) 0.94 (0.74-1.18) 0.93 (0.74-1.18) 0.95 (0.74-1.23) 0.90 (0.61-1.33) 0.89 (0.60-1.33) 0.92 (0.60-1.40)
Q5 0.95 (0.73-1.24) 1.00 (0.77-1.31) 1.00 (0.75-1.34) 0.98 (0.77-1.23) 1.01 (0.80-1.28) 1.01 (0.78-1.30) 0.82 (0.55-1.23) 0.85 (0.57-1.29) 0.87 (0.56-1.35)
p for trend 0.705 0.965 0.812 0.831 0.666 0.615 0.493 0.774 0.074
  1. 1Data are odds ratio (95% CI)
  2. 2Adjusted for age, sex and energy intake
  3. 3Adjusted for age, sex, energy intake, BMI, physical activity, marital status, smoking status, job status, education status, home ownership, diabetes and hypertension