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Table 4 Comparison of age, sex and energy adjusted dietary food groups and nutrients intake according to quintiles of dietary food patterns

From: The association between major dietary patterns and severe mental disorders symptoms among a large sample of adults living in central Iran: Baseline data of YaHS-TAMYZ cohort study

  Sugar and Fats dietary pattern Processed meat and Fish dietary pattern Fruits dietary pattern Vegetables and Red Meat dietary pattern
Q1 Q5 p value Q1 Q5 p value Q1 Q5 p value Q1 Q5 p value
Food groups             
Whole grains (g/day) 90.37±1.90 37.63±2.21 <0.001 97.70±1.83 55.81±2.04 <0.001 79.85±1.88 63.14±2.01 <0.001 95.84±1.86 68.55±1.93 <0.001
Refined grains (g/day) 306.53±4.46 73.29±5.18 <0.001 183.08±4.58 234.01±5.10 <0.001 211.22±4.64 217.09±4.95 0.03 283.75±4.55 211.52±4.72 <0.001
Low fat dairy products (g/day) 52.85±3.16 50.54±3.67 <0.001 77.34±3.04 37.66±3.38 <0.001 34.24±3.04 87.26±3.24 0.00 68.37±3.06 63.62±3.18 <0.001
High fat dairy products (g/day) 205.13±4.85 124.57±5.62 <0.001 141.86±4.64 247.84±5.16 <0.001 197.15±4.75 176.30±5.06 0.01 133.28±4.63 246.15±4.81 <0.001
Nuts (g/day) 12.09±0.88 51.63±1.02 <0.001 26.10±0.89 13.09±0.99 <0.001 23.39±0.90 15.51±0.96 <0.001 25.25±0.89 14.56±0.93 <0.001
Legumes (g/day) 52.53±1.63 35.93±1.89 <0.001 33.67±1.54 76.63±1.71 <0.001 69.00±1.56 40.80±1.67 <0.001 34.56±1.56 64.90±1.62 <0.001
Processed meats (g/day) 20.80±1.02 3.86±1.18 <0.001 6.13±0.94 40.48±1.05 <0.001 15.74±0.99 13.40±1.06 <0.001 23.46±0.98 8.29±1.02 <0.001
Red meat (g/day) 44.93±1.60 44.25±1.85 <0.001 65.31±1.54 35.40±1.72 <0.001 78.13±1.54 45.58±1.65 <0.001 30.60±1.44 99.56±1.50 <0.001
Fruits (g/day) 707.00±11.94 180.94±13.85 <0.001 604.56±11.91 346.87±13.26 <0.001 302.88±11.61 726.14±12.38 <0.001 303.53±11.27 800.44±11.72 <0.001
Vegetables (g/day) 302.11±6.89 187.65±7.99 <0.001 299.75±6.73 337.21±7.49 <0.001 304.94±6.78 327.17±7.23 <0.001 161.02±5.73 563.46±5.95 <0.001
Nutrients  
Total energy2 (Kcal/day) 2289.21±27.94 4482.36±27.81 <0.001 2825.11±30.81 4140.07±31.09 <0.001 2979.57±32.07 3969.11±31.86 <0.001 3046.58±33.51 3710.97.58±33.56 <0.001
Total fat (g/day) 97.61±0.95 137.03±1.10 <0.001 113.95±0.96 116.26±1.06 <0.001 116.69±0.96 107.76±1.03 <0.001 109.80±0.96 107.00±1.00 <0.001
Saturated fat (g/day) 30.50±0.30 28.80±0.35 <0.001 30.63±0.29 32.55±0.32 <0.001 33.05±0.29 30.09±0.31 <0.001 29.60±0.29 33.83±0.30 <0.001
Mono-unsaturated fat (g/day) 29.80±0.38 41.26±0.44 <0.001 36.21±0.37 36.58±0.42 <0.001 36.23±0.38 33.93±0.40 <0.001 33.75±0.38 33.35±0.39 0.08
Poly-unsaturated fat (g/day) 23.24±0.48 39.64±0.56 <0.001 31.93±0.48 25.16±0.53 <0.001 28.05±0.48 28.33±0.52 0.23 29.32±0.48 26.67±0.50 <0.001
Total protein (g/day) 123.63±0.96 78.11±1.11 <0.001 103.21±0.96 137.43±1.07 <0.001 115.38±1.00 121.05±1.07 <0.001 115.63±0.99 123.57±1.03 <0.001
Total carbohydrate (g/day) 416.33±2.42 425.48±2.81 <0.001 402.75±2.35 399.64±2.62 <0.001 400.42±2.36 397.02±2.52 <0.001 405.93±2.35 391.88±2.44 <0.001
Simple sugar (g/day) 19.24±1.04 63.69±1.20 <0.001 34.84±1.04 25.66±1.16 <0.001 52.92±1.01 18.05±1.08 <0.001 35.16±1.04 27.68±1.08 <0.001
Vitamin C (μm /d) 270.59±4.40 101.05±5.10 <0.001 249.20±4.38 185.70±4.87 <0.001 145.65±4.15 328.40±4.43 <0.001 148.87±4.14 322.08±4.30 <0.001
Vitamin E (μm /d) 21.98±0.82 28.65±0.95 <0.001 26.79±0.79 19.68±0.88 <0.001 19.50±0.79 26.82±0.85 <0.001 18.85±0.79 29.48±0.82 <0.001
Thiamine (μm/d) 2.58±0.01 1.45±0.01 <0.001 2.12±0.01 2.41±0.02 <0.001 2.16±0.01 2.29±0.01 <0.001 2.21±0.01 2.54±0.01 <0.001
Riboflavin (μm/d) 2.48±0.01 1.88±0.02 <0.001 2.17±0.01 2.74±0.02 <0.001 2.42±0.01 2.42±0.02 <0.001 2.19±0.01 2.76±0.01 <0.001
Vitamin B6 (μm/d) 2.58±0.02 2.47±0.03 0.03 2.45±0.02 2.68±0.02 <0.001 2.36±0.02 2.69±0.02 <0.001 2.32±0.02 2.88±0.02 <0.001
Folic Acid (μm/d) 407.79±4.27 309.76±4.95 <0.001 381.01±4.18 389.22±4.65 <0.001 364.65±4.18 418.47±4.46 <0.001 318.62±3.91 490.02±4.06 <0.001
Vitamin B12 (μm/d) 6.73±0.15 3.25±0.17 <0.001 4.86±0.14 9.29±0.16 <0.001 5.98±0.14 6.91±0.15 <0.001 5.68±0.14 7.19±0.15 <0.001
Magnesium (mg/day) 364.56±2.55 279.82±2.96 <0.001 331.10±2.52 364.24±2.81 <0.001 315.68±2.50 376.36±2.67 <0.001 307.03±2.39 402.45±2.49 <0.001
Calcium (mg/day) 1011.01±9.02 755.45±10.45 <0.001 911.54±8.93 1035.37±9.94 <0.001 959.18±9.03 994.37±9.64 <0.001 862.64±8.57 1170.15±8.90 <0.001
Iron (mg/day) 46.00±2.19 32.24±2.55 <0.001 45.62±2.12 44.32±2.36 0.41 36.79±2.13 54.27±2.27 <0.001 37.45±2.12 48.13±2.21 <0.001
  1. 1Values are reported as Mean ± Standard Error (SE)
  2. 2Values are adjusted for age and sex