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Table 3 General characteristics of study participants according to quintiles of major dietary patterns’ score

From: The association between major dietary patterns and severe mental disorders symptoms among a large sample of adults living in central Iran: Baseline data of YaHS-TAMYZ cohort study

  Sugar and Fats dietary pattern Processed meat and Fish dietary pattern Fruits dietary pattern Vegetables and Red Meat dietary pattern Total population
Q1 Q5 p Value Q1 Q5 p Value Q1 Q5 p Value Q1 Q5 p Value  
Body weight (kg) 72.51±14.17 73.40±15.03 0.39 72.82±14.17 72.93±14.79 0.61 72.62±14.55 72.78±14.89 0.95 72.01±14.57 73.44±14.47 0.11 72.74±1.45
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.16±5.11 27.16±5.27 0.14 27.27±5.21 26.95±5.12 0.15 26.77±5.15 26.95±5.25 0.04 26.85±5.14 27.19±5.02 0.34 27.00±5.17
Waist circumference (cm) 94.66±12.97 94.39±13.04 0.00 94.55±12.82 92.78±13.43 0.00 92.97±13.04 92.99±13.13 0.01 93.23±13.26 94.00±13.34 0.42 93.60±1.32
Hip circumference (cm) 103.28±10.55 100.88±12.07 0.00 102.10±11.07 101.22±11.82 0.26 100.97±11.77 101.59±11.34 0.02 101.40±11.62 102.42±11.35 0.06 101.74±11.48
Physical activity (MET-min/week) 831.22±866.15 911.47±912.93 0.00 840.88±880.24 968.66±936.27 0.00 981.80±949.77 909.97±905.53 0.00 884.12±921.41 931.80±926.61 0.55 901.16±905.16
Depression score 3.50±3.97 3.41±3.69 0.08 3.50±3.86 3.42±3.86 0.10 3.60±4.07 2.99±3.47 0.00 3.53±3.91 3.49±3.75 0.01 3.33±3.79
Anxiety score 3.33±3.83 2.81±3.37 0.00 3.11±3.67 2.74±3.51 0.04 3.22±3.88 2.70±3.48 0.00 3.15±3.76 3.18±3.71 0.01 2.99±3.65
Stress score 5.89±4.85 5.91±4.53 0.73 5.94±4.64 6.29±4.83 0.01 6.14±4.84 5.97±4.71 0.09 5.96±4.81 6.19±4.69 0.04 5.93±4.70
Age group (%)
20-29 18.8 22.5 0.00 19.4 23.4 0.01 23.1 21.8 0.07 21.1 21.3 0.56 20.9
30-39 19.5 23.5 21.0 23.1 21.2 23.7 22.0 21.7 21.1
40-49 21.6 21.6 22.0 21.6 21.5 21.9 21.6 21.3 20.9
50-59 20.9 17.3 19.5 18.0 19.7 18.2 18.3 20.6 18.5
60-69 19.2 15.1 18.2 13.9 14.5 14.4 17.1 15.0 16.0
Sex (female) (%) 52.2 49.6 0.40 51.9 48.9 0.39 47.8 49.5 0.19 49.9 49.8 0.62 49.0
Marital status (%)
Single 10.7 11.6 0.36 11.2 11.8 0.99 11.9 12.8 0.62 12.4 11.9 0.46 11.3
Married 85.8 85.6 85.5 84.9 84.8 84.2 85.2 84.9 82.7
Widowed or divorced 3.5 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.0 2.4 3.3 3.2
Education (%)
Uneducated 25.5 21.4 0.00 23.4 23.6 0.57 22.7 24.3 0.00 25.2 23.3 0.00 23.4
Middle school 28.8 32.0 30.6 26.8 32.0 25.6 28.8 27.5 27.7
High School 31.3 30.1 30.5 30.5 30.2 33.3 30.4 32.3 30.2
Bachelor’s degree 12.2 13.9 12.8 12.8 11.6 13.3 13.9 12.7 13.1
Master’s degree or higher 2.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 3.5 3.5 1.7 4.3 2.7
Job status (%)
Unemployed 18.4 22.6 0.00 20.8 19.5 0.27 20.4 18.5 0.25 20.2 20.6 0.62 18.7
Government-employed 52.5 45.4 49.4 46.1 46.4 48.2 48.6 46.4 46.7
Manual worker 3.3 4.1 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.3
Self-employed 25.7 28.0 26.6 30.8 29.7 29.8 27.6 29.8 27.0
Smoking status (%)
Never smoker 88.1 88.0 0.89 87.0 89.3 0.10 86.0 89.0 0.14 87.4 86.8 0.78 83.5
Current smoker 10.8 10.4 10.9 9.6 12.2 9.9 11.0 11.4 10.1
Ex-smoker 1.1 1.6 2.1 1.1 1.9 1.1 1.5 1.8 1.5
Home ownership (%)
Yes 21.7 22.5 0.12 22.2 21.3 0.84 23.8 20.4 0.02 23.4 20.5 0.21 20.8
No 78.3 77.5 77.8 78.7 76.2 79.6 76.6 79.5 76.1
  1. 1Values are reported as Mean ± Standard Deviation (SD) otherwise indicated
  2. 2The quantitative and qualitative variables were compared across quintiles of dietary patterns’ scores using the analysis of variance and Chi-square tests, respectively