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Table 1 Multiple linear relationship between COVID-19 death rate and influenza vaccination prevalence in NYC residents

From: Ecologic study of influenza vaccination uptake and COVID-19 death rate in New York City

Variable (%) COVID-19 Cumulative Death Rate per 100,000a
Median (IQR) Q1 Q3 Coefficients p 95% Confidence
B Lower Upper
Influenza Vaccination Prevalenceb 44 (7.2) 40.7 47.9 -5.17  < 0.0001 -7.4 -2.93
Diabetes Prevalenceb 11.2 (6.0) 9 15 3.86 0.1736 -1.72 9.44
Asthma Prevalenceb 13.4 (7.2) 10 17.2 1.28 0.4169 -1.82 4.38
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 Prevalenceb 23.3 (11.3) 19.1 30.4 0.89 0.6007 -2.45 4.22
Hypertension Prevalenceb 28.2 (9.0) 23.5 32.5 -2.05 0.3635 -6.5 2 .39
Proportion White Residentsc 46.4 (45.2) 22.62 67.87 -1.71  < 0.0001 -2.42 -1
Proportion Hispanic Residentsc 18.9 (26.2) 10.91 37.12 1.58 0.0002 0.76 2.4
Proportion Residents ≥ 65 Yearsc 13.6 (6.0) 11.11 17.07 11.98  < 0.0001 9.1 14.86
  1. aNew York City Department of Health. NYC Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) data. https://github.com/nychealth/coronavirus-data. Accessed December 2, 2020
  2. bDepartment of Health and Mental Hygiene NYCDoHaMH EpiQuery. https://nyc.gov/health/epiquery. Accessed November 12, 2020
  3. cBureau USC. American Community Survey. 2017 American Community Survey 5-Year estimates. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/. Accessed April 28, 2020