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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants by country

From: Knowledge deficit and fear of COVID-19 among higher education students during the first wave of the pandemic and implications for public health: a multi-country cross-sectional survey

Country Age (in years) Total n(%) Gender  
17–20 n(%) 21–24 n(%) > = 25 n(%) Male n(%) Female n(%) X n(%)
Belgium 9234(9.5) 9110(9.3) 2753(2.8) 21,099(21.6) 5493(5.6) 15,508(15.9) 98(0.1)
Canada 768(0.8) 1414(1.5) 1904(2.0) 4096(4.2) 1221(1.3) 2826(2.9) 49(0.1)
Czech 1382(1.4) 3853(4.0) 1792(1.8) 7027(7.2) 1943(2.0) 5050(5.2) 34(00.1)
Denmark 104(0.1) 995(1.0) 1175(1.2) 2275(2.3) 487(0.5) 1774(1.8) 14(< 0.01)
Finland 101(0.1) 434(0.4) 545(0.6) 1080(1.1) 224(0.2) 839(0.9) 17(< 0.01)
France 2202(2.3) 1650(1.7) 499(0.5) 4351(4.4) 1194(1.2) 3124(3.2) 33(< 0.01)
Germany 867(0.9) 2269(2.3) 1833(1.9) 4972(5.0) 1467(1.5) 3449(3.5) 56(0.01)
Greece 183(0.2) 300(0.3) 115(0.1) 598(0.6) 175(0.2) 419(0.4) 4(< 0.01)
Hungary 614(0.6) 1158(1.2) 764(0.8) 2537(2.6) 795(0.8) 1730(1.8) 12(< 0.01)
Iceland 37(0.001) 132(0.1) 339(0.3) 514(0.5) 105(0.1) 403(0.4) 6(< 0.01)
Israel 52(0.1) 153(0.2) 210(0.2) 416(0.4) 99(0.1) 316(0.3) 1(< 0.01)
Italy 2082(2.1) 5017(5.1) 2266(2.3) 9374(9.6) 2362(2.4) 6960(7.1) 52(0.1)
Netherland 3556(3.6) 5790(5.9) 2102(2.2) 11,450(11.7) 3330(3.4) 8038(8.2) 82(0.1)
Norway 297(0.3) 1305(1.3) 1582(1.6) 3186(3.2) 1012(1.0) 2160(2.2) 14(< 0.01)
Portugal 359(0.4) 324(0.3) 181(0.2) 865(0.8) 138(0.1) 723(0.7) 4(< 0.01)
Romania 202(0.2) 409(0.4) 59(0.1) 670(0.6) 140(0.1) 530(0.5) 0(< 0.01)
Russia 1561(1.6) 1033(1.1) 120(0.1) 2714(2.7) 642(0.7) 2072(2.1) 0(< 0.01)
Slovakia 194(0.2) 481(0.5) 159(0.2) 835(0.8) 237(0.2) 596(0.6) 2(< 0.01)
South Africa 508(0.5) 405(0.4) 221(0.2) 1134(1.1) 275(0.3) 849(0.9) 10(< 0.01)
Spain 274(0.3) 398(0.4) 234(0.2) 908(0.9) 267(0.3) 630(0.6) 11(< 0.01)
Sweden 136(0.1) 494(0.5) 625(0.6) 1262(1.2) 428(0.4) 824(0.8) 10(< 0.01)
Switzerland 559(0.6) 1937(2.0) 1109(1.1) 3607(3.6) 941(1.0) 2625(2.7) 41(< 0.01)
Turkey 3035(3.1) 4808(4.9) 2197(2.3) 10,043(10.3) 2994(3.1) 6994(7.2) 55(0.1)
UK 634(0.7) 727(0.7) 670(0.7) 2039(2.0) 436(0.4) 1588(1.6) 15(< 0.01)
USA 81(0.1) 61(0.1) 19(0.001) 161(0.1) 28(0.01) 128(0.1) 5(< 0.01)
Cyprus 104(0.1) 124(0.1) 54(0.1) 282(0.2) 71(0.1) 210(0.2) 1(< 0.01)
Total 29,126 (29.9) 44,781 (45.7) 23,527 (24.1) 97,495(100) 26,504(27.2) 70,365(72.1) 626(0.006)