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Table 3 Causes of neonatal deaths by zone (weighted)

From: Causes of deaths in neonates and children aged 1–59 months in Nigeria: verbal autopsy findings of 2019 Verbal and Social Autopsy study

  Physician Coded Verbal Autopsy
Causes of deaths (%)
Expert Algorithm Verbal Autopsy
Causes of deaths (%)
Zone Intrapartum injury (95% CI) Preterm (95% CI) Severe infection (95% CI) Other (95% CI) Intrapartum injury (95% CI) Preterm (95% CI) Severe infection (95% CI) Others (95% CI)
North Central 16.7 (10.1 – 26.3) 6.7 (2.9 – 14.3) 45.0 (34.7 – 55.8) 31.7 (22.6 – 42.4) 32.6 (23.4 – 43.3) 0.4 (0.0 – 0.1) 38.3 (28.5 – 49.1) 28.7 (20.0 – 39.3)
North East 18.3 (13.1 – 25.0) 4.0 (1.9 – 8.4) 53.7 (46.0 – 61.2) 24.0 (18.0 – 31.2) 21.8 16.1 – 28.8) 1.3 (0.0 – 0.1) 51.2 (43.5 – 58.8) 25.7 (19.6 – 33.0)
North West 18.9 (15.2 – 23.3) 7.3 (5.1 – 10.5) 47.1 (42.0 – 52.3) 26.7 (22.4.- 31.5) 29.0 (24.6 – 33.9) 1.22 (0.3 – 4.9) 46.2 (41.1 – 51.4) 23.6 (19.5 – 28.2)
South East 32.4 (20.9 – 46.4) 3.2 (0.7 – 13.8) 21.7 (11.8 – 34.4) 43.5 (30.5 – 57.4) 37.4 (25.2 – 51.5) 0 30.5 (19.3 – 44.5) 32.1 (20.7 – 46.2)
South South 22.0 (12.0 – 36.7) 8.3 (3.0 – 21.2) 41.7 (28.0 – 56.7) 28.1 (16.7 – 43.2) 23.8 (13.4 – 38.7) 0.9 (0.0 – 1.7) 43.6 (29.7 – 58.6) 31.8 (19.6 – 47.0)
South West 39.3 (25.2 – 55.5) 24.5 (13.4 – 40.6) 21.3 (11.0 – 37.1) 14.9 (6.6 – 30.0) 39.6 (25.4 – 55.7) 1.5 (0.1 – 17.3) 25.0 (13.7 – 41.0) 33.9 (20.7 – 50.2)
Total 20.7 (17.9 – 23.8) 7.2 (5.5 – 9.3) 44.9 (41.3 – 48.5) 27.3 (24.2 – 30.6) 28.7 (25.5 – 32.0) 1.1 (0.5 – 2.1) 44.1 (40.5 – 47.7) 26.2 (23.2 – 29.5)
  1. CI Confidence interval; “Other”: cases suggestive of haemorrhagic disease of the newborn, skin infection, sudden death, and jaundice