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Table 2 Causes of neonatal deaths by age (weighted)

From: Causes of deaths in neonates and children aged 1–59 months in Nigeria: verbal autopsy findings of 2019 Verbal and Social Autopsy study

  Physician Coded Verbal Autopsy Expert Algorithm Verbal Autopsy
Causes of deaths (%)   Causes of deaths (%)  
Age Group Intrapartum injury (95% CI) Preterm (95% CI) Severe infection (95% CI) Other (95% CI) P-value Intrapartum injury (95% CI) Preterm (95% CI) Severe infection (95% CI) Others (95% CI) P-value
0 days 40.5 (34.7 – 46.9) 11.3 (7.9 – 15.8) 18.8 (14.4 – 24.1) 29.3 (24.0 – 35.3)   50.4 (44.1 – 56.5) 0.8 (0.3 – 3.3) 28.2 (22.8 – 34.0) 20.6 (16.1- 26.2)  
1 day 26.1 (19.1 – 35.1) 8.7 (4.7 – 15.4) 48.7 (39.2 – 57.4) 16.5(11.0 – 24.8)   34.5 (26.2 – 43.4) 0.5 (0.0 – 6.3) 40.5 (32.3 – 50.1) 24.1 (17.3 – 33.0)  
2–6 days 7.7 (4.8 – 12.2) 3.8 (2.0 – 7.7) 62.5 (55.6 – 68.8) 26.0 (20.3 – 32.3)   18.3 (13.6 – 24.1) 1.4 (0.5 – 4.5) 52.9 (46.1 –59.7) 27.4 (21.6 – 33.7)  
7–27 days 3.9 (1.8 – 8.0) 4.0 (2.0 – 8.4) 59.0 (51.5 – 66.1) 32.9 (26.4 – 40.4)  < 0.0001 6.3 (3.5 – 11.0) 1.2 (0.2 – 4.4) 58.4 (51.0 – 65.6) 34.1 (27.5 – 41.6)  < 0.0001
1–59 months Diarrhoea (95% CI) Pneumonia (95% CI) Malaria (95% CI) Other (95% CI)   Diarrheal (95% CI) Pneumonia (95% CI) Malaria (95% CI) Other (95% CI)  
1–11 months 21.5 (18.4 – 24.9) 12.6 (10.2 – 15.5) 20.2 (17.3 – 23.6) 45.6 (41.8 – 49.6)   23.5 (20.3 – 27.0) 15.1 (12.5 – 18.1) 31.7 (28.1 – 35.4) 29.8 (26.3 – 33.5)  
1–5 years 21.4 (19.4 – 23.5) 8.7 (7.4 – 10.2) 23.8 (21.7 – 26.0) 46.2 (43.7 – 48.7) 0.027 28.8 (26.6 – 31.2) 11.1 (9.6 – 12.8) 37.0 (34.6 – 39.4) 23.1 (21.1 – 25.3) 0.002
  1. CI Confidence Interval; “Other” for neonatal deaths: include cases suggestive of haemorrhagic disease, skin infections and sudden deaths, and jaundice. “Other” for age 1–59 months include: severe anaemia (without a specific cause), sickle cell anaemia, haemorrhagic fever, skin infections and sudden death