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Table 5 Proportion of AHD patients with TB retained in care (12-Months) before and after the introduction of the WHO package of care for AHD stratified by age, sex and location of district, n = 78

From: Implementation of WHO guidelines on management of advanced HIV disease and its impact among TB co-infected patients in Tanzania: a retrospective follow-up study

Retention in care Overall (July 2013-Sept 2018) Before guideline for AHD guideline (Jan 2013-June 2017) During guideline for AHD guideline (July 2017-Sept 2018) P-value
Sex
Males, n = 47
  Retained 31 (66.0) 19 (79.2) 12 (52.2) 0.051
  Not Retained 16 (34.0) 5 (20.9) 11 (47.8)
Females, n = 29
 Retained 21 (72.4) 12 (92.3) 9 (56.3) 0.044*
 Not Retained 8 (27.6) 1 (7.7) 7 (43.8)
Age b
15–54, n = 67
  Retained 46 (68.7) 28 (82.4) 18 (54.6) 0.014
  Not Retained 21 (31.3) 6 (17.7) 15 (45.5)
55 + , n = 8
 Retained 4 (50.0) 3 (75.0) 1 (25.0) 0.486*
 Not Retained 4 (50.0) 1 (25.0) 3 (75.0)
Location of a district
Rural, n = 21
  Retained 11 (52.4) 7 (77.8) 4 (33.3) 0.08*
  Not Retained 10 (47.6) 2 (22.2) 8 (66.7)
Urban, n = 57
 Retained 42 (73.7) 25 (83.3) 17 (63.0) 0.131*
 Not Retained 15 (26.3) 5 (16.7) 10 (37.0)
  1. b there were 3 patients aged below 15 years, 1 in before introduction of the guideline era and 2 after introduction of the guideline, all of them retained in care