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Table 2 Multinomial logit model estimates examining the association of multimorbidity with socio-demographic variables

From: Burden, patterns, and impact of multimorbidity in North India: findings from a rural population-based study

Variables One disease versus no disease Multimorbidity versus no disease
  AOR (95%CI) P value AOR (95%CI) P value
Age category (Ref-30-44 years)
 45–59 years 1.49 [1.2–1.8] < 0.001 2.41 [1.8–3.2] < 0.001
 60 years and above 1.88 [1.5–2.4] < 0.001 4.28 [3.1–6.0] < 0.001
 Gender (Ref- Male) 1.43 [1.1–1.9] < 0.001 1.25 [0.8–1.9] 0.3
Marital status (Ref: Never married)
 Currently married 3.10 [1.2–8.2] < 0.001 1.68 [0.5–5.6] 0.4
 Widow/widower 2.26 [0.8–6.2] 0.1 1.60 [0.5–5.6] 0.4
 Separated / divorced 1.00 [0.1–9.0] 1.0 3.35 [0.4–25.2] 0.2
Education (Ref: high school)
 College graduation and above 1.36 [0.9–2.1] 0.2 0.81 [0.4–1.6] 0.5
 Up to primary 1.23 [1.0–1.5] 0.1 1.26 [1.0–1.7] 0.2
Occupation (Ref: unskilled/semiskilled)
 Professional/medium and big business 1.45 [1.0–2.2] 0.1 1.41 [0.8–2.5] 0.3
 Skilled labourer/small business 1.11 [0.8–1.5] 0.5 1.22 [0.8–1.9] 0.4
 Homemaker 1.44 [1.1–1.9] < 0.001 3.29 [2.2–4.9] < 0.001
Wealth Index (Ref: Low)
 Medium 1.24 [1.0–1.6] 0.1 1.12 [0.8–1.5] 0.5
 High 1.41 [1.1–1.8] < 0.001 1.43 [1.1–1.9] < 0.001
Physical activity
 Yes 1.22 [0.9–1.6] 0.1 1.27 [0.9–1.8] 0.1
Ever alcohol use
 Yes 0.88 [0.6–1.2] 0.4 1.51 [1.0–2.2] < 0.001
Ever tobacco use
 Yes 1.08 [0.8–1.5] 0.6 1.29 [0.9–2.0] 0.3
BMIa
 Under-weight 1.10 [0.7, 1.8] 0.6 0.81 [0.4–1.5] 0.6
 Overweight 1.29 [0.9–1.8] 0.1 0.99 [0.7–1.5] 0.9
 Obese 1.41 [1.1–1.8] < 0.001 1.63 [1.2–2.2] < 0.001
  1. aUsed south Asian cut off for BMI i.e. BMI 23–24.9 kg/m2 for overweight and ≥ 25 kg/m2 for obesity [23]