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Table 4 Associations between changes in cognitive functions and changes in fitness/movement behaviors

From: The effect of two multi-component behavior change interventions on cognitive functions

  Δ Executive Function Δ Episodic Memory Δ Processing Speed Δ Global Cognition
  Estimates (95%CI) Estimates (95%CI) Estimates (95%CI) Estimates (95%CI)
Δ VO2max (mL·kg− 1·min− 1) − 0.00 (− 0.12–0.12) − 0.04 (− 0.24–0.16) −0.02 (− 0.14–0.10) − 0.00 (− 0.09–0.08)
Δ VO2max (L/min) 0.28 (−1.40–1.95) −1.89 (− 4.71–0.92) − 0.65 (− 2.30–1.00) −0.24 (− 1.46–0.99)
Δ ilr1 Time in bed −1.17 (− 3.13–0.78) 0.08 (− 3.15–3.31) 0.46 (−1.41–2.34) −0.79 (− 2.22–0.63)
Δ ilr1 Sedentary behavior −0.53 (− 2.47–1.41) −2.04 (− 5.34–1.27) 1.70 (−0.20–3.60) −0.24 (− 1.66–1.17)
Δ ilr1 Light physical activity −0.48 (− 2.29–1.33) −0.91 (− 3.98–2.16) −0.10 (− 1.88–1.68) −0.32 (− 1.63–1.00)
Δ ilr1 Moderate physical activity 0.61 (−1.12–2.33) 1.09 (− 1.87–4.05) −0.31 (− 2.01–1.39) 0.50 (− 0.75–1.76)
Δ ilr1 Vigorous physical activity 0.18 (− 0.54–0.89) 0.22 (−0.99–1.43) −0.23 (− 0.93–0.47) 0.09 (− 0.43–0.61)
No. of observations 134 138 138 133
* p < 0.05
  1. Linear mixed model estimates of the two-way interactions between changes in ilr1 movement behavior (i.e., Time in bed, Sedentary behavior, and Light, Moderate, and Vigorous physical activity) and changes in cognitive domain (i.e., Executive function, Episodic memory, and Processing speed) with 95% confidence interval. Significant moderations are marked with *