Skip to main content

Table 5 Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent girls before and after intervention from four urban and rural schools of Bangladesh, 2018 (Reported)

From: Evaluation of a menstrual hygiene intervention in urban and rural schools in Bangladesh: a pilot study

Indicators Baseline
n (%)
Endline
n (%)
Prevalence difference (CI)
Absorbent used during last menstrual period while inside the home (multiple responses): N = 404 N = 382  
 disposable pad 276 (68) 236 (62) −7 (− 15,2)
 scrap cloth 170 (42) 93 (24) −17 (−24, − 11)
 tissue/cotton wool/fabric scraps from garment factory 25 (6) 29 (8) 1 (−2, 5)
 reusable cloth pad 0 129 (34) 34 (29, 38)
Absorbent used during last menstrual period while inside the home (Single response)
 disposable pad only 211 (52) 161 (42) −10 (−16, −4)
 scrap cloth only 117 (29) 51 (13) −16 (−23, −8)
 tissue only 5 (1) 2 (1) −1 (−2, 1)
 cotton wool only 0 1 (0.3) 0 (0, 1)
 fabric scraps from garment factory only 2 (0.5) 1 (0.2) 0 (−1, 0)
 reusable cloth pad only 0 67 (18) 18 (14, 21)
 scrap cloth and reusable cloth pad 0 16 (4) 6 (3, 8)
 scrap cloth and disposable pad 50 (13) 19 (5) −9 (−15, 0)
 disposable pad and reusable cloth pad 0 35 (9) 9 (6, 12)
 disposable pad and tissue 13 (3) 13 (3) 0 (−3, 3)
Absorbent used during last menstrual period while outside the home (multiple responses):
 disposable pad 320 (79) 269 (70) −9 (−13, −4)
 scrap cloth 88 (22) 58 (15) −7 (−8, −5)
 tissue/cotton wool/fabric scraps from garment factory 27 (7) 22 (6) −1 (− 5, 3)
 reusable cloth pad 0 99 (26) 26 (22, 30)
Absorbent used during last menstrual period while outside the home (single responses):
 disposable pad only 279 (69) 219 (57) −12 (−15,−8)
 scrap cloth only 63 (16) 31 (8) -8 (−13, −2)
 tissue only 2 (1) 2 (1) 0 (−1, 1)
 reusable cloth pad only 0 54 (14) 14 (11, 18)
 cotton only 0 1 (0.3) 0 (0, 1)
 fabric scraps from garment factory only 2 (1) 1 (0.3) 0 (−1, 0)
 scrap cloth and reusable cloth pad 0 14 (4) 4 (2, 6)
 scrap cloth and disposable pad 21 (5) 11 (3) −2 (−7, 3)
 scrap cloth and cotton 0 0 −1 (−1, 1)
 disposable pad and reusable cloth pad 0 13 (3) 3 (1, 5)
 disposable pad and tissue 11 (3) 11 (3) 0 (−3,4)
Reasons to use reusable cloth pads: N = 72 N = 246  
 Easy to use 17 (24) 100 (41) 18 (13, 24)
 Washable 24 (33) 78 (32) −2 (−11, 7)
 Reduce germs/urinary tract infections 10 (14) 20 (8) −5 (−10,0)
 Easy to put on and off/dispose 6 (8) 19 (8) −1 (−5,4)
 Low cost and available 5 (7) 8 (3) −3 (−7, 1)
 More privacy 4 (6) 10 (4) −1 (−6, 3)
 No need to wash 3 (4) 0 −4 (−2, −7)
Number of times per day girls typically changed menstrual materials during last menstrual period (mean, SD) 3.4 (1.3) 4.2 (1.6) 0.79 (0.52,1.05)
Longest time (hours) spent without changing menstrual material during last menstrual period 11 (3.5) 8 (3.3) −3.2 (−3.9, −2.5)
Disposed the disposable pad during last menstrual period: (multiple responses allowed) N = 319 N = 276  
 In waste bin/chute disposal system 174 (55) 172 (62) 8 (1, 14)
 Other than waste bin 76 (24) 50 (18) −6 (−13,2)
 Burried at home 74 (23) 62 (23) −1 (−4, 3)
Washed reusable menstrual materials during last menstrual period: N = 166 N = 214  
 With soap and water 160 (96) 211 (99) 2 (−3, 7)
 With water only 6 (4) 3 (1)  
Dried reusable menstrual materials during last menstrual period: N = 166 N = 214  
 In sunlight 35 (21) 128 (60) 36 (29, 42)
 In hiding place 131 (79) 86 (40)  
Location of storing reusable menstrual materials for next use during last menstrual period:
 In a hidden place 116 (70) 105 (49)  
 Normally like other clothes 39 (24) 101 (47) 23 (15, 32)
Experienced leakage or staining on outer garments during last menstrual period N = 404
176 (44)
N = 382
122 (32)
−12 (−22, −1)
  1. Other than waste bin: disposed openly, in the bush, in the toilet pan, in the canal/open drain