Skip to main content

Table 4 Separate means and SD (the numbers in parentheses are standard deviations) of 6 dimensions of Protection Motivation according to demographic characteristics and their correlation (n = 716)

From: Motivation for protection in sexual relationship during the COVID-19 quarantine: analysis of the sociodemographic variables of the Iranian population

Variables Perceived vulnerability Perceived severity Perceived costs Perceived response efficacy Perceived self-efficacy Protection motivation
  M(SD) T or F P M(SD) T or F P M(SD) T or F P M(SD) T or F P M(SD) T or F P M(SD) T or F P
Sex
  Female 75.71 (21.02) 0.689 0.491 72.20 (23.25) 0.498 0.618 74.32 (19.54) 0.488 0.626 79.72 (23.09) 1.614 0.107 69.89 (20.30) 0.091 0.927 76.68 (19.53) 0.354 0.723
  Male 74.18 (22.63)    73.42 (23.16)   73.30 (21.69) 75.75 (25.15) 70.09 (20.20)   77.41 (20.54)
Marital Status
  Married 75.29 (21.38) 0.755 0.47 72.10 (23.43) 0.6 0.549 74.12 (19.95) 1.993 0.137 78.94 (23.60) 0.622 0.537 69.83 (20.47) 0.992 0.371 76.66 (19.88) 0.374 0.688
  Divorced & Widow 75.49 (21.91) 74.83 (21.91) 70.72 (20.29) 78.94 (22.10) 68.09 (17.96) 76.75 (19.19)
  Temporary marriage 80.72 (16.57) 76.30 (19.41) 80.98 (15.25) 84.37 (21.01) 75.26 (18.10) 80.20 (14.07)
Job
  Full-time 77.77 (19.98) 2.727 *0.019 71.73 (23.41) 0.725 0.605 75.28 (20.34) 0.705 0.62 80.09 (24.10) 1.964 0.082 71.64 (20.29) 2.039 0.071 76.09 (20.42) 1.893 0.093
  Part-time 65.70 (24.23) 66.55 (23.85) 71.11 (15.19) 72.46 (22.93) 65.20 (16.57) 75.22 (21.01)
  Self-employment 79.61 (20.31) 72.55 (23.21) 75.81 (21.17) 86.14 (17.26) 76.63 (19.78) 78.98 (11.75)
  Else 74.23 (19.40) 72.63 (24.43) 75.08 (17.78) 75.92 (21.71) 67.56 (18.23) 77.59 (16.02)
  No job 74.92 (21.88) 73.64 (22.93) 74.09 (19.88) 82.83 (20.86) 71.00 (20.81) 82.53 (18.66)
  Housewife 74.00 (22.60) 73.87 (22.55) 72.50 (20.53) 77.69 (24.41) 67.78 (21.13) 75.17 (20.35)
Education
  Diploma 78.12 (21.56) 1.092 0.275 75.08 (21.10)    74.19 (18.91)    74.82 (23.45)    69.55 (20.82)    77.26 (17.19)   
  University 75.20 (21.22) 72.09 (23.44)    74.16 (19.98)    79.59 (23.40) 1.621 0.105 69.96 (20.23)    76.74 (19.93) 0.21 0.834
Spouse's Education
  Diploma 75.89 (22.06)    72.38 (24.09)    73.84 (19.68)    77.18 (23.52)    69.47 (20.58)    78.42 (18.22)   
  University 75.44 (21.07) 0.227 0.821 72.41 (23.14) 0.013 0.989 74.57 (19.95) 0.393 0.694 79.75 (23.31) 1.177 0.24 70.23 (20.34) 0.398 0.691 76.28 (20.09) 1.159 0.247
Live Location
  Tehran 73.41 (22.50) 3.281 *0.021 71.07 (24.51) 1.41 0.239 73.36 (20.76) 0.282 0.838 81.14 (22.97) 1.494 0.215 69.84 (21.75) 0.957 0.412 75.03 (21.03) 1.772 0.151
  Another city 77.13 (20.32) 73.43 (22.49) 74.61 (19.72) 78.40 (23.52) 70.17 (19.53) 77.95 (18.73)
  Tehran & my spouse other city 72.79 (21.64) 72.42 (23.80) 75.73 (12.07) 75.73 (25.47) 72.05 (21.77) 70.58 (19.56)
  Another city & my spouse Tehran 63.39 (22.17) 62.50 (20.80) 72.32 (16.57) 70.53 (25.05) 61.16 (13.01) 78.57 (22.34)
Information Source
  TV 75.98 (21.38) 1.61 0.17 72.81 (23.06) 1.816 0.124 74.15 (19.96) 0.222 0.926 79.44 (23.68) 0.658 0.622 71.21 (19.34) 1.618 0.168 75.81 (19.51) 1.772 0.133
  BBC & VOA 76.11 (20.61) 68.37 (25.48) 73.69 (18.64) 75.65 (25.40) 69.02 (20.19) 73.01 (19.35)
  Telegram 72.55 (22.62) 72.11 (22.90) 73.20 (20.37) 78.19 (23.25) 66.95 (20.15) 79.54 (18.17)
  Ministry of Health 79.49 (18.45) 77.21 (20.77) 75.45 (21.03) 80.33 (21.96) 72.10 (20.15) 78.76 (21.83)
  Else 73.60 (21.03) 68.84 (24.65) 75.18 (18.36) 81.43 (22.40) 67.63 (24.78) 77.48 (20.66)
Corona
  I catch and my spouse did not 74.45 (20.28) 0.533 0.66 70.60 (22.39) 0.364 0.779 71.52 (22.00) 1.963 0.118 77.23 (24.31) 0.617 0.604 66.74 (22.07) 1.964 0.118 76.13 (20.86) 1.06 0.365
  I did not catch and my spouse caught 78.08 (21.77) 71.69 (24.88) 78.52 (19.60) 76.91 (24.39) 66.54 (21.18) 73.72 (21.38)
  I and my spouse did not catch 75.31 (21.54) 72.55 (23.16) 73.75 (19.59) 79.88 (23.22) 71.04 (19.96) 77.57 (18.86)
  I and my spouse caught 74.53 (19.49) 74.65 (22.75) 75.11 (18.86) 78.47 (22.76) 69.79 (18.20) 75.46 (22.16)
  1. *<.05