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Table 5 Unadjusted and adjusted relationship between social capital and hypertension by country

From: Differences in the relationship between social capital and hypertension in emerging vs. established economies in Sub-Saharan Africa

  South Africa Ghana
Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
Odds Ratio for Hypertension (self-reported)
 High Social Capital Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Low Social Capital 1.36 (1.18, 1.56) 0.89 (0.72, 1.09) 1.45 (1.22, 1.72) 1.13 (0.93, 1.39)
Odds Ratio for Hypertension (≥140/90)
 High Social Capital Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Low Social Capital 1.13 (0.99, 1.28) 1.14 (0.96, 1.35) 1.47 (1.30, 1.67) 1.35 (1.18, 1.55)
Beta Coefficient for Systolic Blood Pressure (mean difference in mmHg) 1.93 (0.25, 3.60) 2.32 (0.04, 4.60) 5.36 (3.90, 6.83) 3.25 (1.71, 4.79)
Beta Coefficient for Diastolic Blood Pressure (mean difference in mmHg) -.23 (-1.36, 0.91) -.02 (-1.61, 1.56) 2.60 (1.62, 3.59) 2.37 (1.32, 3.41)
  1. Adjusted models include age, gender, income quintile, marital status, education, area of residence, work status, comorbidities (arthritis, stroke, angina, diabetes, chronic lung disease, asthma, depression)
  2. Bold indicates significance at the p<0.05 level
  3. Logistic regression used to report OR of Hypertension and linear regression used to report coefficient of blood pressure.